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ESTABLISHED AND STARTED OPERATIONS IN 1993. SCHEDULED, DOMESTIC & INTERNATIONAL, PASSENGER, JET AIRPLANE SERVICES.
74200 KARACHI, PAKISTAN
Pakistan (Islamic Republic of Pakistan) was established in 1947, it covers an area of 796,095 sq km, its population is 144 million, its capital city is Islamabad, and its official languages are Urdu and English.
JUNE 1995: DOMESTIC SERVICES TO LAHORE, KARACHI & QUETTA. START-UP BASED ON PAKISTAN DEREGULATION.
RESTARTED SERVICES WITH 4 +2 ORDERS (JUNE 1996) YAKOLEV YAK-42'S.
APRIL 1996: 3 COMMUTER AIRPLANES BASED IN PUNJAB. HOPES TO REPLACE YAK'S WITH 727 OR 737'S SOON. POSSIBLE CARGO FLIGHT TO EUROPE WITH IL-76. OWNED BY BHOJA GROUP, ACTIVITIES INCLUDE SHIPPING, DREDGING & COCONUT TRADE.
SEPTEMBER 1997: PURCHASED LITHUANIAN AIRLINES FLEET OF 7 YAK-42'S.
DECEMBER 1997: PLANS SCHEDULED FREIGHTER SERVICE TO USA, CONSIDERING 707, 747, OR IL-76 AIRPLANES.
ACCDT: YAK-42 CRASHED ON LANDING AT MULTAN, PAKISTAN.
APRIL 1999: (http://www.jamals.com/bhoja). SITA: KHIHOB4.
APRIL 2000: (http://www.bhojaair.com.pk)
MAY 2000: 1 YAK-42 (4520422219055, RA-42412), CHELYABINSK AIR ENTERPRISE LEASED. TO START OPERATIONS TO UK AND USA AS RESULT OF JOINT VENTURE WITH FALCON AIR LEASING (GFG) TO USE (GFG) FLEET OF 707, 727, & 747 AIRPLANES. WILL ALSO DEPLOY A FREIGHT AIRPLANE FROM PAKISTAN TO DUBAI TO BOOST PAKISTAN EXPORTS TO (UAE).
SEPTEMBER 2000: 1 YAK-42D (4520422219066, RA-42413), CHELYABINSK AIR ENTERPRISE (CHE) LEASED.
MARCH 2001: 1 YAK-42D (4520422219055, RA-42412) RETURNED TO (CHE).
MARCH 2002: PLANS TO ACQUIRE 3 737-200'S. LATER TO ACQUIRE 2 747-200B'S FOR SERVICE TO UK AND USA.
October 2003: Plans to resume operations after a 2-year hiatus and has had its air operating certificate (AOC) renewed by Dubai. Plans to serve Dubai, Lahore, and Peshawar, from Karachi.
January 2012: Bhoja Air (BHO) operates jet airplanes over a small domestic scheduled network and links domestic cities to points in the United Arab Emirates (UAE).
(IAIA) Code: B4. (ICAO) Code: BHO - (Callsign - BHOJA).
Parent organization/shareholders: Bhoja Group (100%).
Main Base: Jinnah International Airport (KHI), Karachi, Pakistan.
Domestic destinations: Islamabad; Karachi; Lahore; Multan; and Sukkur.
February 2012: 737-236 (23167, AP-BKC), ex-(ComAir) (CML), ex-(ZS-OLB).
March 2012: Flights began between Karachi and Lahore. Later in the month, (BHO)'s network was extended to Faisalabad, Islamabad, Multan, and Sukkur.
April 2012: ACCDT: A Bhoja Air (BHO) 737-236 (JT8D-15A) (1074-23167, /84 AP-BKC) crashed near near Islamabad Chaklala airport (ISB), as reported by the BBC and CNN.
According to the BBC, flight BHO-213 was carrying 127 people (9 (FC) & (CA)/118 PAX) and was flying from Karachi to Islamabad. There were also bad weather conditions with lightning and pouring rain at the time of the landing.
(BHO) was relaunched last month under new management. (BHO) operates 737-200s and one 737-400.
Later, The Pakistan government mandated a new safety inspection for all privately run Pakistan airlines following the fatal crash of the Bhoja Air (BHO) 737-200.
The Associated Press (AP) reported that Pakistan Defense Minister, Chaudhry Ahmed Mukhtar told state TV that airplanes operated by private airlines will be inspected one by one, and any airplane that fails will be grounded. Planes currently in operation will be allowed to fly as they await inspection, he said.
The domestic flight, BHO 213, was en route from Karachi (KHI) and reportedly lost contact with the control tower about 10 minutes before it was supposed to land. At a news conference on Saturday, Nadeem Khan Yousafzai, Head of Pakistan's Civil Aviation Authority, said the airplane suddenly dropped from 2,900 ft to 2,000 ft as it was preparing to land.
Boeing (TBC) said it stood ready to provide technical assistance to the Civil Aviation Authority of Pakistan through the USA National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB).
The last major airline accident in Pakistan, which resulted in the destruction of an AirBlue (ABU) A321-231 (V2533-A5) (1218, /00 AP-BJP), occurred in July 2010 and also involved a failed approach to (ISB).
Later, Pakistan's Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) determined that the pilots (FC) of the domestic Bhoja Air Boeing 737 (a jetliner coming from Karachi that crashed in Rawalpindi, killing 127 people, including six crew members ((FC) - (CA)) were not adequately trained in how to use its automated flight deck. The airplane burst into flames as it approached the Benazir Bhutto International airport near Islamabad during a storm. No one survived the catastrophe (many of the dead bodies were charred beyond recognition) the second-deadliest air disaster in the country's history. (The worst air tragedy in Pakistan's history occurred in July 2010 when an Airblue plane crashed into the Margalla Hills just north of Islamabad, killing 152 people).
Specifically, the (CAA) found that the plane's captain, Noorullah Khan, 58, and his co-pilot (FC) were trained to fly the Boeing 737-200 but not the more advanced 737-236 (the craft that crashed on that fateful day), which features an automated flight deck. "The information with regards to automation capacities of airplane was not in the knowledge of [the] cockpit crew (FC) even after [their] formal ground schooling, as the ground schooling did not cater [to] the automation of airplanes," the report stated, according to "Agence France Presse."
The (CAA) also cited "ineffective management of the basic flight parameters" such as air speed and rate of descent as the principal factors behind the tragic incident.
The "Express Tribune" newspaper reported that Captain Khan was a veteran pilot (FC) from the Pakistan Air Force with more than >10,000 hours of flying experience under his belt. But the eight-member investigative team of investigators found that the pilot (FC) was gripped in panic during the inclement weather as he spoke to the control tower upon approach. He apparently did not trust the plane's automatic technology and even seemed confused by the fact that that the plane was moving at a speed of 220 knots instead of 190.
Bhoja (BHO)'s operations were suspended by the government shortly after the crash and has dissolved.
June 2012: Bhoja Air ((IATA) Code: B4, based at Karachi International) (BHO) has lost its air operator certificate (AOC), at least temporarily, following the crash of its 737-200 (23167, AP-BKC) at Islamabad on April 20. The Pakistani civil aviation authority has revoked its air operator certificate (AOC) on the basis that Bhoja Air (BHO) currently does not operate the minimum number of airplanes required to hold an (AOC) for scheduled passenger transportation. According to the (CAA)'s rules, at least three airplanes would be required, but Bhoja Air (BHO) is only left with one 737-200 and one 737-400 at the moment, although it had plans to add two more ex-Comair (South Africa) (CML) 737-200s at a later stage. Bhoja Air (BHO) is however still selling flights from June 10 onwards, so is apparently assuming it will be able to resume operations shortly.
July 2012: Bhoja Air (BHO) has sold its only remaining serviceable airplane, 737-400 (27004, AP-BKF) to Shaheen Air International (SHN). Bhoja (BHO) lost its air operating certificate (AOC) following the fatal crash of one of its two 737-200s on approach to Islamabad Chaklala Benazir Bhutto International airport (ISB) in April. This is (SHN)'s third 737-400 with additional 737-400s expected to be added to its fleet to replace its 737-200 fleet currently consisting of nine airplanes.