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FORMED AND STARTED OPERATIONS IN 1946. A K A COMMERCIAL AIRWAYS. DOMESTIC & REGIONAL, SCHEDULED & CHARTER, PASSENGER AND CARGO, JET AIRPLANE SERVICES.
PO BOX 7015
GAUTENG 1622, SOUTH AFRICA
SOUTH AFRICA (REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA) WAS ESTABLISHED IN 1910. THE OFFICIAL LANGUAGES ARE: AFRIKAANS, & ENGLISH. IT COVERS AN AREA OF 1.12 MILLION SQ KM. THE POPULATION IS 44 MILLION. THE CAPITAL IS PRETORIA.
JUNE 1993: HEADQUARTERS AT BONAERO PARK. LOCATED AT KEMPTON PARK, TRANSVAAL.
TO CAPE TOWN, DURBAN, HARARE, SKUKUZA, GABARONE (BOTSWANA), MANZINI (SWAZILAND), RICHARDS BAY, AND WINDHOEK. STARTED JOHANNESBURG TO CAPE TOWN OPERATIONS.
HUBS: CAPE TOWN, & DURBAN.
JULY 1994: 1ST SIX MONTHS 1994 = +60.9% PASSENGERS (PAX), +54.3% RPK (TRAFFIC).
AUGUST 1994: 1ST 7 MONTHS = +54.3% RPK, +60.9% PAX.
JUNE 1995: 2 ATR 42'S, 44 PAX.
JANUARY 1996: >.700 MILLION PAX.
JUNE 1996: SIGNS UP AS BRITISH AIRWAYS (BAB)'S 8TH FRANCHISE PARTNER. PAINTS AIRPLANES IN (BAB) LIVERY AND UNIFORMS, NO EQUITY, JUST MARKETING ASSISTANCE, CODE SHARING, FREQUENT FLYER BENEFITS.
SEPTEMBER 1996: 2 727-200'S SAFAIR (SFA) LEASED, CAPE TOWN TO WINDHOEK. FLEET IS 2 727-200'S, 6 737-200'S, 4 F27-200'S, AND 2 ATR 42-300'S IN BRITISH AIRWAYS (BAB) COLORS.
NSA INVESTMENTS INCREASES ITS STAKE FROM 20% TO 30% (#30M RAND).
DECEMBER 1996: 2 727-200'S ADVANCED (JT8D-15), EX-SAFAIR (SFA).
SEPTEMBER 1997: CONSORTIUM WITH RETHABILE, WINS BID FROM GOVERNMENT FOR PRIVATIZATION OF SUN AIR (SUQ). RETHABILE IS BLACK EMPOWERMENT GROUP, WITH AN INVESTMENT COMPANY, THAT OWNS 55%. COMAIR (CML) OWNS 25% (SUQ), EMPLOYEES 5%, AND 15% FOR SALE TO NATIONAL EMPOWERMENT FUND. (CML) & (SUQ) TO COMBINE FLIGHT SCHEDULES, JOHANNESBURG (JNB) TO CAPE TOWN & DURBAN, TO PROVIDE MORE COMPETITION TO SOUTH AFRICAN AIRWAYS (SAA).
TO GIVE ITS F27 & ATR42 ROUTES TO SKUKUSA (INSIDE KRUGER NATIONAL PARK), HOEDSPRUIT, GABORONE (BOTSAWANA) AND MANZINI (SWAZILAND) TO SA EXPRESS, IN 11/97.
LOOKING FOR +1 737-200 IN FALL (7TH). AIR TRAFFIC TO SOUTH AFRICA HAS GROWN SINCE DEMOCRATIC GOVERNMENT TOOK OVER. 1991 - 1994, NUMBER OF AIRLINES GREW FROM 18 TO 47 (24 FROM AFRICA), NOW >80 FOREIGN AIRLINES.
JOHANNESURG (JNB) IS AFRICA'S BUSIEST AIRPORT.
1995 = 6.6 Million PASSENGERS (PAX), 1996 = 7.9 Million.
OCTOBER 1997: BOUGHT 25% OF Sun Air (SUQ), FOR $11 Million.
NOVEMBER 1997: 5 YEAR #300M RAND MAINTENANCE & ENGINEERING CONTRACT FOR 6 737-200'S.
FEBRUARY 1998: 3RD 727-200, SAFAIR (SFA) LEASED, TO CAPETOWN. +30
FREQUENCIES, FROM JOHANNESBURG - DURBAN, & PORT ELIZABETH. NOW
250 FLIGHTS/WEEK, INCLUDING TO HARARE, VICTORIA FALLS, & WINDHOEK.
APRIL 1998: 570 EMPLOYEES (INCLUDING 75 FLIGHT CREW (FC) & 8 MAINTENANCE TECHNICIANS (MT)).
1 727-200 ADV (20792), SAFAIR (SFA) 2 YEAR LEASED. LOOKING FOR 4TH 727-200.
MAY 1998: 1ST SOUTH AFRICAN AIRLINE TO LIST ON JOHANNESBURG STOCK EXCHANGE.
1 727-230 (21623), EX-LUFTHANSA (DLH), (SFA) LEASED.
JUNE 1998: 727-230 (20792) HAS BRITISH AIRWAYS LIVERY, WITH
"COLUM" TAIL DESIGN BY IRISH ARTIST TOMOTHY O'NEILL, IN CELTIC CALLIGRAPHY MEANING "DOVE" MADE UP OF INTERLACED KEY, AND DOTTED PATTERN.
AUGUST 1998: CODE SHARE WITH AIR NAMIBIA (NAM) TO WINDHOEK, &
WINDHOEK - CAPETOWN.
727-230 ADV (21623), SAFAIR (SFA) LEASED.
SEPTEMBER 1998: F27-200 FRIENDSHIP (10227) SOLD TO SOUTHERN CROSS AVIATION.
OCTOBER 1998: 727-230's (1433-21623 "BENYHONE TARTAN;" 1176-21113 "FLOWERFIELD;" 1178-21114 "DELFTBLUE DAYBREAK").
FEBRUARY 1999: +3 ORDERS (4/99) 737-236's (22028; 22032; 22034), EX-BRITISH (BAB), & EX-TRANSAERO (TRX).
APRIL 1999: (http://www.comair.co.za). SITA: JNBRRMN.
575 EMPLOYEES (INCLUDING 93 FLIGHT CREW (FC), 152 CABIN ATTENDANTS (CA), & 6 MAINTENANCE TECHNICIANS (MT)).
MAY 1999: 2 737-236'S (23163; 23167), BRITISH AIRWAYS (BAB) LEASED.
JUNE 1999: 1 727-294 (ZS-OBM), EX-QATAR AIRWAYS (QTA), SAFAIR (SFA) WET-LEASED.
JULY 1999: 727-230 (922-20673, ZS-NVR), BOUGHT FROM SAFAIR (SFA).
SEPTEMBER 1999: 5TH 727-230, EX-SAFAIR (SFA).
JANUARY 2000: BRITISH AIRWAYS (BAB) BUYS 18.3% STAKE IN COMAIR (CML) FOR $28M.
OPERATES 400 FLIGHTS/WEEK.
1 737-230 (22119), EX-CROATIA AIRLINES (CRH). +2 ORDERS 737-200'S, BY END OF 2000.
MARCH 2000: CODE SHARE AND AIRPLANE WET-LEASE AGREEMENT, WITH ZAMBIAN
AIRWAYS, FOR SERVICE TO LUSAKA. COMAIR (CML) OPERATES NEARLY 400 SERVICES/WEEK BETWEEN JOHANNESBURG AND CAPE TOWN, DURBAN, AND PORT ELIZABETH; CAPE TOWN AND DURBAN; AND TO NEIGHBORING NAMBIA, ZIMBABWE, AND ZAMBIA. FLIGHTS TO MALAWI, ARE PLANNED.
1 737-236 (653-21797, ZS-NNH "UNION FLAG"), EX-RITISH AIRWAYS (BAB).
APRIL 2000: TO LUSAKA (DAILY).
575 EMPLOYEES (INCLUDING 134 FC, 222 CA, & 3 MT)).
JUNE 2000: 737-230 (714-22119, ZS-OLC) SOLD TO SAFAIR (SFA) AND LEASED BACK.
JULY 2000: 1999 = +$14.61M (+$9.05M) (NET PROFIT).
SEPTEMBER 2000: 1 737-236 (JT8D-15A) (21803, ZS-OKD), RITISH AIRWAYS (BAB) LEASED.
OCTOBER 2000: COMMERCIAL AGREEMENT WITH AIR NAMIBIA (NAM), FOR SERVICE TO WINDHOEK. TO ADD SERVICE TO NAIROBI, AND NDOLA.
FEBRUARY 2001: 1 ORDER 737-236 (710-21807, /80), EX-BRITISH AIRWAYS (BAB).
APRIL 2001: 575 EMPLOYEES (INCLUDING 134 FC, 222 CA, & 3 MT)).
JUNE 2001: STARTS NEW SUBSIDIARY, LOW-COST AIRLINE, NAMED
"kulula.com" (KUL) AND INITIALLY WILL OPERATE 2 737-200'S, (CML) WET-LEASED. IN ZULU, KULULA MEANS "EASY." WILL OPERATE TO CAPE TOWN (3/DAY).
NOVEMBER 2001: SUBSIDIARY kulula.com (KUL) OPERATES 727-230 (1023-20792, /74 61 29 ZS-NZV) IN ITS OWN GREEN AND BLUE COLOR SCHEME TO CAPE TOWN.
1 +4 ORDERS 737-436'S, EX-RITISH AIRWAYS (BAB), 2 SAFAIR (SFA) LEASED, ALL (SFA) MAINTAINED. WILL REPLACE 727-200'S.
DECEMBER 2001: "kulula.com" (KUL) SERVICE TO DURBAN (2/DAY). (KUL) AIRPLANES HAVE "NOW ANYONE CAN FLY" UNDER WINDOW LINE.
2 737-436's (2147-25305, ZS-OTF; 2197-25840, ZS-OTJ), RITISH AIRWAYS (BAB) LEASED.
MARCH 2002: (TELEPHONE: (11) 921 01 11). (FAX: (11) 973 39 13).
APRIL 2002: MAIN BASE: JOHANNESBURG - JAN SMUTS INTERNATIONAL (JNB).
OWNERS: LOCAL INSTITUTIONS & PUBLIC (40%); MANAGEMENT SHAREHOLDERS (37%); BRITISH AIRWAYS (BAB) (18%); STAFF SHARE SCHEME (5%).
848 EMPLOYEES (INCLUDING 162 FC; 239 CA; & 4 MT)).
October 2002: 1 737-436 (2221-25841, ZS-OTI), British Airways (BAB) leased.
November 2002: 1st flight of 1 of 3 737-436's, transferred from parent Comair (COI), to "kulula.com" (KUL) to replace its 727-200's.
December 2002: In January 2003, code share with (KLM) on Johannesburg, Cape Town, Durban, and Port Elizabeth.
2 737-236's (670-21892, ZS-SIN; 669-12189, ZS-SIS), Safair (SFA) leased.
April 2003: 848 employees (including 162 FC, 239 CA, & 4 MT)).
Parent organization/shareholders: Institutions & public (40%); management (37%); British Airways (BAB) (18%); & staff share scheme (5%).
Owns: kulula.com (KUL) (100%) (http://www.kulula.com).
Domestic, Scheduled Destinations: Cape Town; Durban; Johannesburg; & Port Elizabeth.
International, Scheduled Destinations: Harare; Lusaka; Ndola; Victoria Falls; & Windhoek.
Comair (CML) serves domestic trunk routes and destinations with weekly flights within southern Africa, operating as a British Airways franchisee.
May 2003: 737-230 (701-22116, ZS-SIP) & 737-236 (697-21805, ZS-SIR), ex-South African Airways (SAA), Safair (SFA) leased.
July 2003: #ZAR 200 Million/$26.3 Million for 3 737-376's (23477; 23483; 23484), ex-Qantas Airways (QAN) for delivery 8-10/03.
September 2003: Applies for operations to Dar es Salaam and Livingstone.
October 2003: 737-376 (1264-23483, ZS-OKG), bought from Qantas Airways (QAN).
December 2003: kulula.com (KUL) operated its 1st MD-82 service.
3 MD-82's (1047-48059, ZS-OBH; 1135-49115, ZS-OBK; 1182-49164, ZS-OBL), Safair (SFA) wet-leased for kulula.com (KUL) operations.
February 2004: Last 6 months = -# ZAR 9.2M/-$1.4M (-68%).
All remaining 727-230'S have been withdrawn from use (WFU).
June 2004: 737-236 (21805, ZS-SIR) returned to Safair (SFA), leased to Trans Air Congo (TSG).
October 2004: Kulula.com (KUL), Cape Town - Port Elizabeth.
November 2004: 1,134 employees (including 137 FC; 265 CA; & 4 MT)).
February 2005: MD-82 (48020), ex-Spirit Airlines (SPR), to kulula.com (KUL).
June 2005: 1,189 employees (including 133 Flight Crew (FC); 286 Cabin Attendants (CA) and 4 Maintenance Technicians (MT)).
4 737-376's (23479, ZS-OKH; 23489, ZS-OKI; 23485, ZS-OKK; 23487, ZS-OKJ), bought from Qantas (QAN).
March 2006: Comair (CML) has applied to start service from Johannesburg to Mauritius. In the meantime, the airline will operate around 15 charter flights on the route during the month of April.
July 2006: Comair (CML) of South Africa said it will sell a 16.1% stake to a consortium of black investors, Thelo Group, for approximately ZAR130 million/$18.5 million as part of the country's Black Economic Empowerment program, according to press reports. The sale involves both the issuance of a new class of A shares and a cash purchase of existing shares.
August 2006: Cathay Pacific Airways (CAT) reached a code share agreement with Comair (CML) (South Africa) under which it will place its code on Comair (CML) flights from Johannesburg to Cape Town, Durban and Port Elizabeth from September 1. (CAT) operates daily Hong Kong -Johannesburg flights.
Comair (CML) (30%) and Safair (SFA) (70%) forms "Imperial Air Cargo (IMP)," using 727-230F (20757, ZS-NWA), 727-232F (20637, ZS-OBN), & HS 748-2B (1736, ZS-DBM), all three airplanes Safair (SFA) leased. 727-227F (21247, ZS-IAC), bought from Finova (GRB).
September 2006: Comair (CML) serves domestic trunk routes and other destinations within southern Africa, operating as a British Airways (BAB) franchisee. It also operates low-fare jet airplane flights under the kulula.com (KUL) brand.
Employees = 1,140.
(IATA) Code: MN - 161. (ICAO) Code: CAW (Callsign - COMMERCIAL).
Parent organization/shareholders: Institutions and public (38%); management (39%); British Airways (BAB) (18%); & staff share scheme (5%).
Owns: Kulula.com (KUL) (100%).
Alliances: British Airways (BAB); Iberia Airlines (IBE); & (KLM).
Main Base: Johannesburg International Airport (JNB).
Hubs: Cape Town International (CPT); & Durban Louis Botha International (DUR).
Domestic, Scheduled Destinations: Cape Town; Durban; George; Johannesburg; & Port Elizabeth.
International, Scheduled Destinations: Harare (HRE); Livingstone; Victoria Falls (VFA); & Windhoek (WDH).
September 2007: Intends to phase out its MD-80s by mid-2008 and stabdardize its entire fleet, including its subsidiary, kulula.com (KUL), to 737 equipment.
October 2007: 737-33A (24460, ZS-OAH), AWAS (AWW) leased.
November 2007: 737-33A (24030, ZS-0AI), AWAS (AWW) leased.
December 2007: 737-8K2 (30392, PH-HZM), Transavia (TAV) wet-leased.
April 2008: 737-4S3 (24164, ZS-OAM), ex-Air One (ADH), ex-(EI-DFE), Orix (OXA) leased, delivery.
August 2008: 737-4S3 (24167, ZS-OAP), ex-Air One (ADH), ex-(EI-DFF), Orix (OXA) leased, delivery.
September 2008: Comair (CML) may finally get a chance to expand beyond its home borders. It now has a deal to buy 49% of Air Malawi (AML), a carrier it’s tried to buy in the past. Comair (CML) also secured options to buy a majority stake in the future. Air Malawi (AML) serves just 7 routes from one of the world’s poorest countries.
February 2009: Comair (CML), which operates as a British Airways franchisee along with Low Cost Carrier (LCC) kulula.com (KUL), reported a +ZAR31.8 million/+$3.2 million profit in the fiscal half-year ended December 31, down -46.6% from the +ZAR59.5 million earned in the year-ago semester. (CML) said high oil prices in the fiscal 1st quarter were the main driver of the profit decrease. (CML) currently operates 10 737-400s, 9 737-300s and 6 737-200s across its 2 brands. It said its performance also was "hampered" by "aggressive price competition" from state-owned competitor South African Airways (SAA) and its Mango (MGO) subsidiary.
"The domestic market shrunk by -5% year-to-date and (CML) anticipates a further decline in the 2nd half," it said, although several upcoming events, like football's Confederations Cup in June, will offer "respite." Co-(CEO) Erik Venter said (CML) is focused on diversifying its revenue streams and is continuing to develop its online travel and tourism business and its outsourcing business, in which it provides services such as flight training and passenger handling to other carriers. Half-year revenue rose +27.7% year-over-year to ZAR1.61 billion, while expenses were up +33.2% to ZAR1.55 billion. Operating profit fell -41.2% to +ZAR54.2 million from +ZAR92.1 million earned in the six months ended December 31, 2007.
March 2009: Comair (CML) is an affiliate member of the Oneworld (ONW) alliance.
December 2009: VGS Aircraft Holding (Ireland) leased one 737-800 to Comair (CML) until March 2013.
January 2010: The South African Government is investigating charges of price collusion between South African Airways (SAA) with rival Comair (CML).
February 2010: The Competition Commission of South Africa (CCSA) said it has launched an investigation into collusion on fares and pricing strategies for flights during this summer's soccer World Cup.
The (CCSA) named British Airways (BAB) and its Comair (CML) subsidiary, along with South African Airways (SAA), Airlink, SA Express, 1Time (1TA) and Mango (MGO) as subjects of the inquiry.
The (CCSA) said the office of President, Jacob Zuma issued a November request asking it to look into World Cup soccer airfares. Last month, (SAA) applied for leniency from prosecution in exchange for full cooperation and provided the (CCSA) with "e-mail correspondence between the airlines in which there are indications that the airlines might adjust airfares ahead of the World Cup."
The (CCSA) said, "In particular, the e-mail suggests that since there is no indication as to which flights will represent peak demand flights, airlines have the option to either not provide any inventory for sale until such time, or price all inventory at peak time rates until such time as they have greater certainty." It added that the e-mail "suggests that airfares will have to be raised in order to cover various anticipated additional costs."
Commissioner, Shan Ramburuth said the body "is obliged to investigate all legitimate complaints" concerning anti-competitive conduct and that if it identifies wrongdoing it will refer to the case to the Competition Tribunal for a hearing. The World Cup tournament runs June 11 through July 11 in 9 South African cities.
February 2011: Comair (CML) ordered 8 737-800NGs valued at $646 million at list prices. The new airplanes will be flown by (CML)’s low-fare airline, kulula.com (KUL) and will feature the "Sky Interiors" cabin design. Launched in 2001, (KUL) operates 10 737s, a mix of NGs and Classics. "The purchase of new 737-800s is historic for our company and gives all our 1,800 staff a great feeling of pride," (CML) (CEO) Gidon Novick said. "The new fleet is an essential part of our efficiency drive, which will not only give us a cost leadership position in our industry but also provide our customers with exceptional levels of reliability and comfort with the spacious new interior." SEE ATTACHED "AIRLINERWORLD" ARTICLE ON 737 UPGRADES - - "CML-2011-02-737-800 ORDER."
(CML) in December phased out the last of its 12 737-200s. The 737-200s, which flew in both the kulula.com and British Airways (BAB) liveries, in aggregate clocked >200,000 flying hours and carried >15 million passengers, (CML) said.
“We’ve reached a new and exciting stage in the life of (CML), and we are pleased to welcome the new additions to our fleet, which sees us keeping abreast of technological advances while ensuring the ongoing comfort and safety of our customers,” Novick added.
In addition to the airplanes, (CML) will also purchase the Maintenance Performance Toolbox from Boeing Commercial Aviation Services (which integrates manufacturer and customer documentation), links airplane fault data to specific maintenance actions, and provides a comprehensive structural repair history for each airplane.
October 2011: Comair (CML), a British Airways (BAB) franchise partner that also owns the Low Cost Carrier (LCC) Kulula (KUL), will upgrade its reservation system to SabreSonic. It might feel the need to
enhance revenues by improving Information Technology (IT) systems given the large rise in South African airport fees.
January 2012: Comair (CML) and its Low Cost Carrier (LCC) subsidiary, Kulula (KUL) sustained a -$4 million loss from July - December, mainly due to high fuel prices and airport fees.
July 2012: 737-8LD (40851, ZS-ZWA), delivery in green Kulula (KUL) colors.
September 2012: Comair (CML) and its Low Cost Carrier (LCC) subsidiary, Kulula (KUL) earned a +$6 million net profit during the 1st 6 months of 2012, the 2nd half of its fiscal year, ensuring its full fiscal year will end up in the black. (CML) endured extremely high oil prices , with weaker local currency, and a +70% rise in South African airport fees which were effective in October. It also withdrew from its Johannesburg - Maputo (Mozambique) route. The (IAG) Group, including British Airways (BAB) and Iberia (IBE) owns 11% of (CML).
December 2012: British Airways (BAB), through its South African franchisee Comair (CML), launched its 1st domestic route out of Lanseria (HLA), the airport serving both Johannesburg and Pretoria. Only in September did (CML) launch operations at the airport. George (GRJ) on the South African south coast is the new destination. The airport will be served daily with ATR 72 airplanes, although only for a limited period until 18 January. (CML) already serves George from its main base at Johannesburg’s OR Tambo Airport.
(CML) will launch scheduled services from Johannesburg OR Tambo International airport to Maputo, Mozambique in May 2013. (CML) will operate 9 weekly flights through its British Airways (BAB) franchise. (CML) will compete with South African Airways (SAA) and Linhas Aereas de Mocambique (LAM) on the route.
February 2013: Comair (South Africa) (CML) has launched a lawsuit against the government of South Africa in a High Court in Johannesburg. (CML) argues that the recent government bailout and previous payments to competitor South African Airways (SAA) would violate the country's constitution and several laws on transportation policies and public finances and should therefore be declared illegal. (CML) is South Africa's 2nd largest airline and operates a franchise operation under the British Airways (BAB) brand as well as low-cost carrier (LCC) Kulula Air (KUL). It currently operates 9 737-300s, 10 737-400s and 9 737-800s.
May 2013: Kulula Air (KUL) is set to acquire a further 4 737-800s after parent Comair (South Africa) (CML) secured financing from Investec Aviation Finance. The 4 airplanes, due in 2015, are part of an ongoing fleet renewal program at (KUL) whose added fuel efficiency helped (CML) boost its interim profits and revenue during its last Financial Year. (KUL)'s fleet consists of 2 737-400s and 9 737-800s.
July 2013: Comair (South Africa) ((IATA) Code: MN, based at Johannesburg O R Tambo) (CML) will likely renegotiate "at least some" of its 8 737-800s options on order for low cost carrier (LCC), Kulula Air (based at Johannesburg O R Tambo) (KUL), into 737 MAX commitments, (CEO) Erik Venter has said. The South African group, which oversees a British Airways (BAB) franchise and (KUL), ordered the airplanes in 2011.
(CML) currently serves 1 country, 6 destinations, and 7 routes.
August 2013: Since the demise of 1time (1TA) last November, the South African domestic market has become a virtual duopoly between 2 companies, South African Airways (SAA) and Comair (CML). (SAA) operates flights under its own name, as well as its own Low Cost Carrier (LCC), Mango (MGO), while Comair (CML) operates full-service flights on behalf of British Airways (BAB), while also having its own (LCC), kulula.com (KUL).
Passenger numbers at South Africa’s 3 busiest airports (in Johannesburg, Cape Town and Durban) have fallen by -1.8% to 15.43 million in the 1st 6 months of 2013. Much of this can be explained by the collapse last November of 1time (1TA), a local (LCC), that had been operating primarily in the domestic market since February 2004. On the plus side, international passenger numbers at the country’s major international gateway of Johannesburg’s OR Tambo International airport, have risen by +4.8% in the period January to June.
Analysis of the traffic mix at Johannesburg airport over the last decade reveals that total passenger numbers peaked in 2007 at 19.3 million. Since then domestic traffic at the airport has fallen by -13% from 11 million to 9.6 million, while international traffic has risen by +9% from 7.5 million to 8.2 million.
With 1time (1TA)’s disappearance from the domestic market, passengers now basically have a choice between South African Airways (SAA), British Airways (BAB) (operated by Comair (CML)), Mango (MGO) ((SAA)’s in-house (LCC)), and kulula.com (KUL) (Comair (CML)’s own (LCC)). In March, kulala.com (KUL) added East London to its Johannesburg network with double-daily flights, while Mango (MGO) added daily flights to Port Elizabeth last December, from both Cape Town and Johannesburg.
Comair (CML) had 11 of its 737s grounded by the South African Civil Aviation Authority (SACAA) on August 2, after they were found to be flying with components (said to be the spindles) whose life-cycle expired in August 2012. According to the Afrikaans paper, "Rapport," the 11 airplanes included 5 737-300s and 737-400s, 4 of which were grounded by the (SACAA) in Cape Town and Durban King Shaka. The affected airplanes were then ferried to Johannesburg O R Tambo for the requisite parts replacement at (SAA) Technical. Captain Martin Louw, (CML)'s Flight Operations Director, said (SAA) Technical, Comair (CML)'s Maintenance Repair & Overhaul (MRO) provider, had checked the number of cycles but had not tracked the date in relation to the expiry of the parts leading to the debacle. With all necessary parts replaced and checks completed, the airplanes were expected to have returned to service by Monday, August 5.
Comair (CML) will shortly deploy its 1st 737-85R (30403), ex-(N801VL), into revenue service under its British Airways (BAB) franchise. The delivery of the 737-800 marks the 1st "new" metal for the franchise whose fleet currently consists of 7 737-300s and 11 737-400s. Comair (CML)'s low cost carrier (LCC) wing, Kulula Air (KUL), has been the sole benefactor of previous 737-800s delivered in recent years.
October 2013: Plans by South African low-cost carrier (LCC) FlySafair (SFA) (which was scheduled to begin Boeing 737-400 operations between Johannesburg and Cape Town on October 17) were stymied by a legal challenge from its two competitors.
British Airways (BAB) franchise carrier, Comair (CML) and low-cost start-up SkyWise successfully blocked (SFA) from launching flights on grounds the new carrier failed to meet South African ownership regulations. These stipulate an airline must be at least 75% owned by South Africans, who must have effective control of the company.
FlySafair is the newly created low-cost arm of South African ad hoc charter and services company Safair (SFA), which was formed in 1969. Safair (SFA) is part of Ireland’s (ASL) Aviation Group, which also includes Irish cargo carrier Air Contractors (HCA) and French 737 operator Europe Airpost (EUE).
Safair (SFA) says it has a 75% South African shareholding, with (ASL) owning the remaining 25%. However, the North Gauteng High Court issued an interim interdict that stops FlySafair from selling tickets or starting operations until a review can be conducted of the Air Services Licensing Council decision to grant it a scheduled services license. “Unfortunately and contrary to our expectations, the court has granted the interdict sought by our competitors,” FlySafair (CEO) Dave Andrew said.
“Our board is therefore currently considering all available options as we remain dedicated to the launch of FlySafair. We are taking every step to ensure that the [Air Services Licensing] Council’s decision is duly confirmed.”
In a twist to the judgment, the court accepted an offer by plaintiff Comair (CML) to accommodate FlySafair’s passengers by honoring their ticket prices and dates of travel. As FlySafair’s ticket prices are lower than Comair (CML)’s, this will mean it has to fly passengers at a loss. “It’s obviously not ideal,” a spokeswoman for Comair (CML) said.
“Comair (CML) welcomes competition in the South African aviation market, as evidenced by the fact that (CML) did not object to the recent SkyWise license application, but strongly believes that our market should not be exposed to exploitation by foreign-owned airlines, (CML) (CEO) Erik Venter said. “More importantly, we believe that the economic value of South Africa’s air space and the image and sustainability of our industry should be protected.”
No date for a new hearing has been set.
March 2014: Comair (CML) has placed a firm order for 8 Boeing 737 MAX 8s, valued at $830 million at list prices (SEE ATTACHED - - "CML-737 MAX 8-2014-03"). The order, which was placed in December 2013 and logged to an unidentified customer, marks the 1st 737 MAXs to be ordered by an African airline. Johannesburg-based, Comair (CML) said the airplanes will be used for fleet renewal and expansion.
Comair (CML) operates Africa’s 1st low cost carrier (LCC), kulula.com (KUL), offering flights to South Africa’s major cities. Comair (CML) is also the franchise partner of British Airways (BAB), operating its local and regional Southern African routes. The company currently flies an all-Boeing fleet of 25 Classic and Next-Generation 737s on its (KUL) and British Airways (BAB) (operated by Comair (CML)) brands. The order for 8 737 MAX 8s will support future fleet renewal and expansion.
April 2014: Comair (CML) low-cost carrier (LCC) subsidiary, kulula (KUL) has signed its 1st code share agreement with Kenya Airways (KEN). The bilateral code share, which takes effect May 1 has been approved by Kenyan and South African authorities. It builds on an interline agreement, which has been in place between the 2 carriers since 2013.
Under the new deal, kulula (KUL) will place its code on Kenya Airways (KEN)’s services between Johannesburg and Nairobi. In return, kulula (KUL) will add its partner’s designator on all its South African domestic routes (Cape Town, Durban, George, and East London). Kenya Airways (KEN) Commercial Director, Gerard Clark said there is potential to expand the relationship further in the future.
Earlier in April, Comair (CML) (CEO) Erik Venter said that kulula (KUL) was eyeing potential code share opportunities as it transitions to a hybrid model to attract more corporate travelers.
Comair (CML) recently switched to a new Sabre Information Technology (IT) system, opening up the potential for new Kulula (KUL) partnerships. “One opportunity that comes with Sabre is that we can now do code shares with kulula (KUL). A lot of airlines that fly to South Africa are not alliance members. If they are not partners with South African Airways (SAA) or British Airways (BAB), they have been out in the cold, so this gives up the opportunity to introduce code shares with the kulula (KUL) brand.
March 2015: South African airline Comair (CML) has been announced as preferred bidder for a new air service to St Helena, one of the world’s most remote inhabited outposts.
The tiny British Overseas Territory in the South Atlantic, which lies around 1,200 miles off the coast of Namibia and some 1,800 miles east of Brazil, is best known as the place of exile of Napoleon Bonaparte. Until now, its only regular contact with the outside world has been by a visit by mail ship from Cape Town every two weeks.
A £250 million/$370 million airport with a 1,950 m runway is now in the final stages of construction and is due to open in February 2016.
The tiny island (around 50 square miles in area) has a resident population of around 4,000 and is hoping that increased tourism, once the airport is open, will boost a faltering economy.
In its bid, Comair (CML) is proposing a weekly flight from Johannesburg’s OR Tambo International Airport using a Boeing 737-800. Flight time will be about 4-and-a-half hours.
Outbound passengers from St Helena will be able to connect to a range of European and Asian destinations through Johannesburg, including London, Paris, Sydney, and Hong Kong.
The St Helena government and the UK government’s Department for International Development will hold detailed discussions with Comair (CML) in coming weeks and will make a more detailed announcement on the planned service once these have concluded.
A UK-based startup, Atlantic Star Airlines (ASR), has for several years been aiming to begin services between London, Ascension Island, St Helena, and Cape Town, using a leased Boeing 757-200. It could not immediately be contacted for comment on what effect the appointment of Comair (CML) would have on its business plans.
See (ASR) about flying to visit the "Saints" in St Helena, along with seeing Napoleon's final resting place. A group of British Airways (BAB) pilots (FC) are planning to fly an Atlantic Star Airlines (ASR) 757 (leased from Icelandair (ICE) subsidiary "Loftleidir Icelandic") there, when the airport opens in 2016!
April 2015: The Saint Helena government said it has concluded negotiations for South African airline, Comair (CML) to provide an air bridge for the remote British island territory.
The (CML) service will operate as a British Airways (BAB) flight as part of its license agreement with (BAB), the UK flag carrier, flying once a week to the South Atlantic island using a Boeing 737-800 in a 2-class configuration from Johannesburg’s International Airport.
The new Saint Helena Airport is due to open in early 2016 after certification requirements have been met.
According to the Saint Helena government and the UK Department for International Development, which is funding the development of the airport, the agreement with Comair (CML) is for an initial term of 3 years from the date of the 1st flight, with the potential for up to 2 extensions of 2 years each (a maximum term of 7 years).
The opening of the airport and the start of air services will mean the island and its 4,000 inhabitants will no longer be entirely dependent on the 3-week cycle of the supply ship (RMS) St Helena, which brings in visitors, supplies and mail from Cape Town and Ascension Island.
The Boeing 737 will be restricted to 120 passengers and a limited amount of cargo because of the restricted runway length. The new airport will have a 1,850 meters/6,100 ft runway, but with a declared landing distance of 1,550 meters.
(CML) said it will add the island airport to its flight simulator database so that landings there can be practiced before operations begin.
Flight timings are under discussion, the Saint Helena government said, but it likely to see an early morning departure from Johannesburg. There will then be a one-hour turnaround so the airplane can return to Johannesburg and meet flight connections, particularly to Europe.
Increased frequency of flights will be considered if there is sufficient demand, government officials have stated. Consideration is also being given to the setting up of additional services to the other British island territory, Ascension Island, where many Saint Helenian’s currently work.
The new airport (which costs £201.5 million/$306 million paid by the British government) is expected to open Saint Helena up to tourism and set the island on a course to self-sustainability. Once the airport has opened, the British government plans to retire the (RMS) St Helena by June 2016.
June 2015: Comair (South Africa) ((IATA) Code: MN, based at Johannesburg O R Tambo airport) (CML) has announced that shareholder Thelo Aviation Consortium, has divested its entire stake in Comair Ltd for ZAR159.8 million/USD 13.1 million. Owned by Ronnie Ntuli and Khutso Mampeule, Thelo acquired a 15% stake in (CML) in 2007 as part of a Black Economic Empowerment deal.
At the same time, Dutch firm,the (HNA) Group (International) (Netherlands) One (BV), a wholly owned subsidiary of (HNA) International, has acquired a 6.2% stake in Comair L(CML). The (HNA) Group has already invested in two other African carriers, Africa World Airlines ((IATA) Code: AW, based in Accra) in Ghana and Astral Aviation ((IATA) Code: 8V, based at Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta) (ACP) in Kenya.
Comair (CML), which owns a British Airways (BAB) franchise alongside its low cost carrier (LCC) unit, Kulula Air ((IATA) Code: MN, based at Johannesburg O R Tambo airport) (KUL), specializes in domestic South African operations as well as flights to neighboring Zimbabwe, Mauritius, Namibia, Tanzania, and Zambia.
(CML) currently operates 28 airplanes.
September 2015: News Item A-1: The 1st aircraft ever to land on the island of St Helena in the South Atlantic has arrived to carry out calibration flights prior to the opening of its new airport.
A Beech King Air 200, of South Africa’s Flight Calibration Services, arrived September 15 on the rocky outcrop, whose only current link with the outside world is a mail ship that arrives every three weeks from South Africa. The island is a British possession.
The airport, which costs just >£200 million/$310 million, will have a 1,950-meter paved runway, although declared landing distance available is just 1,550 m.
South African airline Comair (CML) will operate a weekly, Boeing 737-800 on the route from Johannesburg, with service due to start in February 2016. Passenger numbers will be restricted to 120, due to the short runway.
St Helena is one of the world’s most remote inhabited outposts, best known as the place where French emperor Napoleon Bonaparte died in exile in 1821.
News Item A-2: (CML) has announced that it has invested in the acquisition of 2 additional pre-owned 737-400s that will allow it to fully retire its remaining fleet of 2 737-300s by the end of the year.
(CML) currently uses its 737-300s on the services it operates under a franchise agreement with British Airways (BAB), mainly on the routes from Johannesburg O R Tambo to Harare International and Victoria Falls in Zimbabwe. The last scheduled 737-300 service is currently planned for October 18.
(CML) currently operates 2 737-300s, 11 737-400s and 3 737-800s under the (BAB) franchise with an additional single 737-400 and 9 737-800s operating for its low-cost carrier (LCC) Kulula Air (KUL).
October 2015: INCDT: An investigation has begun after a Comair (CML) 737-4L7, operating a British Airways (BAB) franchise flight, suffered a landing gear failure after touching down at Johannesburg’s Tambo International Airport.
The 737-4L7 (CFM56-3C1) (2483-26960, /93 ZS-OAA), was operating flight number BA6234 from Port Elizabeth to Johannesburg, when the incident happened just after 1200 local time on October 26.
“The airplane was on the runway for a short period, performing standard landing procedures, when the flight crew (FC) noticed an unusual vibration which was followed shortly by the collapse of the left landing gear. Airports Company South Africa (ACSA) emergency services were dispatched and responded to the scene immediately,” Comair (CML) said.
According to (CML) and (ACSA), there were no injuries among the 6 crew and 94 passengers on board. The runway was temporarily closed.
“After the relevant authorities did their preliminary investigation, Comair (CMR) received clearance to remove the airplane,” (CML) said. “The safety of or passengers and crew is our top priority and (CML) and the relevant authorities will be conducting the necessary investigation over the coming days.”
Photos from the scene show the airplane resting on its left engine and wing, with the tail on the runway and the nose elevated. Some media reports said the left main gear separated from the airplane.
South African airline (CML), which is (IATA) Operational Safety Audit (IOSA) approved, launched in 1946 and has posted 69 consecutive years of operating profits.
Comair (CML) performs flights in British Airways (BAB) livery under a license agreement and also operates low-cost carrier (LCC) kulula.com.
March 2016: Comair (CML) took delivery of a new Boeing 737-800, which will be used to serve St Helena Airport from Johannesburg.
April 2016: The remote British island outpost of St Helena has heralded the arrival of the 1st passenger airplane to land at the island’s new airport. (See photo: British Airways (operated by South African carrier Comair (CML) 737-800).
December 2016: News Item A-1: "St Helena Seeks More Air Service Providers" by (ATW) Alan Dron email@example.com, December 9, 2016.
The remote British South Atlantic territory of St Helena is pushing ahead with plans to start regular air services to the island, despite windshear problems discovered on the northerly approach to its new airport’s sole runway.
The windshear problem was found to be more severe than anticipated in April 2016 when a Boeing 737-800 of South African airline Comair (CML), which had been scheduled to provide an air link from Johannesburg, South Africa, made an initial trial flight to St Helena’s new, £285 million/$360 million airport.
The opening of the airport for commercial services has been delayed indefinitely, while officials grapple with the problem. The St Helena Government (SHG) has now kicked off a tendering process for 1 or more companies capable of using the runway’s southerly approach (which habitually has a tailwind) to provide a minimum frequency of a weekly flight “to a recognized international hub airport or to an airport with direct connections to the UK or South Africa.”
The service must include a flight between the island and another remote British possession, Ascension Island, some 700 miles to the NW, where some St Helenians work. Ascension has an airfield, Wideawake, operated by the UK and USA military and is used mainly as a staging post for UK military aircraft heading to the Falkland Islands.
In a briefing document, the (SHG) said it “wishes to appoint an operator or operators using an aircraft type capable of landing on the southern approach (Runway 02), which involves a tailwind component. “This will be for a period of time, while we continue to explore the potential for scheduled services into the northern approach (Runway 20).”
“Intensive work has continued to mitigate the challenges of wind shear at the airport,” an (SHG) spokeswoman said. “We have always said that getting this right involves complex work and will take some time. We now have 9 months of weather data relating to both approaches, plus reports of the experience of each of the many flights that have so far operated into the airport. Computer and physical modeling are adding to this and building a stronger picture of the conditions under which we will be asking airplanes to operate.” A final contract award for the new tender is penciled in for the end of May 2017.
Meanwhile, an Embraer E195-100 regional jet, operated by Embraer Commercial Aviation (EMB) as a trial and demonstration flight, visited the airport November 30 - December 2 to undertake trial circuits and landings from both runway approaches. The flight, carrying 11 crew, including 2 pilots (FC) from South African carrier (SA) Airlink, arrived from Recife, Brazil. According to (SHG), the E195 “is one of a number of potential solutions to operating regular flights to St Helena. “Over the 2 days at the airport, the Embraer (EMB) team experienced a variety of wind conditions, including turbulence on Runway 20.”
News Item A-2: "UK Lawmakers Lambast New St Helena Airport in South Atlantic" by (ATW) by (ATW) Alan Dron firstname.lastname@example.org, December 20, 2016.
An influential UK parliamentary committee has described as “a fiasco” the building of a £285 million/$355 million airport on the remote UK South Atlantic possession of St Helena. The airport has been discovered to be unusable to commercial flights by wind shear on the approach. The tiny island, some 1,100 miles off the coast of SW Africa, has hitherto had a mailboat that visits once every 3 weeks as its sole means of communication with the outside world. The island’s economy in recent years has been faltering and building an airport was deemed to be the best way to stimulate both the general economy and tourism to the island.
Comair (CML), a South African British Airways (BAB) franchise holder, planned to serve the island with a weekly flight from Johannesburg, using a Boeing 737-800.
However, early trial flights discovered wind shear problems on the northerly approach to Runway 20; airplanes landing from the southerly approach (Runway 02) have to cope with a habitual tailwind.
The island’s administration had said that an extensive research program was underway to understand the problem and offer a solution that would allow scheduled flights to begin.
However, in its report, the UK parliament’s Public Accounts Committee (PAC) said it was “staggering” that the UK’s Department for International Development (DfID), which funded the project, had not foreseen the wind shear problem, given that descriptions of the phenomenon had been recorded by the evolutionary theory scientist Charles Darwin as early as 1836.
In unusually strong language for a parliamentary committee, the (PAC) said that "The [DfID] was evasive on the question of who should be held responsible, and is yet to hold anyone to account, either internally or externally, for the failure to identify this fundamental issue. Nor has it identified the extent or cost of remedial action required.” The committee added it was “extremely skeptical” over the projected tourist numbers.
"The Government has an obligation to support St Helena but a £285 million "white elephant" serves neither its people nor the taxpayers footing the bill,” (PAC) Chairwoman Meg Hillier said. “The failure to undertake robust due diligence on this project is truly appalling. I also have had serious concerns about the airport’s business case, which was marginal at best”.
“A more modest airport could have addressed the practical needs of the [island]. Scaling up the project may have made sense, were it not done on the back of such unconvincing projections,” Hillier continued. “The result has been a disaster: a commercial airport that is not fit for purpose, no credible plan to salvage value for money, and no clarity on exactly who is responsible for the whole sorry mess."
The (DfID) is holding an internal review into the affair. “An external expert was brought in to review evidence of (DfID)’s actions while an independent panel has been tasked with finding a solution to challenges presented by wind shear,” the (DfID) said.
The St Helena administration had said that it had intended to appoint an interim operator, or operators, that could cope with the southerly approach’s tailwind component.
February 2016: Comair (South Africa) ((IATA) Code: MN, based in Johannesburg O R Tambo) (CML) has confirmed it will be submitting a proposal to the Botswana government concerning its privatization of Air Botswana.
Click below for photos:
CML-737 MAX 8-2014-03
0 727-230 (JT8D-15) (922-20673, /73 ZS-NVR, EX-(DLH)/(OKD)/(SFA); 1176-21113, /75 ZS-NOU "FLOWERFIELD," EX-(CDF)/(THY), (SFA) LSD 1996-10; 1178-21114, /75 ZS-NOV "DELFTBLUE DAYBREAK," EX-(CDF)/(STR), (SFA) LSD 1996-09; 1433-21623, /79 ZS-OBO "BENYHONE TARTAN," EX-(DLH)/(GEL), (SFA) LSD 1998-05. ALL WFU BY 2004-02. 148Y.
0 727-230 (JT8D-15) (1023-20792, /74 ZS-NZV), (SFA) LSD, WET-LST (KUL) 2001-09. WFU. 148Y.
0 737-2L9 (JT8D) (550-21686, /79 ZS-NLN), EX-(MRS), ST (SFA), LST (NAM) 2000-11.
0 737-230 (JT8D-15) (701-22116, /81 ZS-SIP, 2003-04; 714-22119, /81 ZS-OLC), (SFA) LSD, 2 RTND. 35C, 58Y.
0 737-236 (JT8D-15A) (635-21793, /80 ZS-NNG; 653-21797, /80 ZS-NNH "UNION FLAG;" 677-21803, /80 ZS-OKD; 656-22028, /80; 742-22032, /81; 751-22034, /81), EX-(BAT), EX-(BAB), (BOU) LSD, IN (BAB) COLORS. 5 RTND. 35C, 58Y.
0 737-236 (JT8D-15A) (710-21807, /80 ZS-OKE; 1058-23163, /84 ZS-OLA; 1074-23167, /85 ZS-OLB), EX-(BAB) 1999-05, (FVN) LST (TRX). IN (BAB) COLORS. 3 RTRD BY 2010-12. 23167; TO BHO 2012-02. 35C, 58Y.
0 737-236 (JT8D-15A) (669-21801, /80 ZS-SIS; 670-21802, /80 ZS-SIN; 697-21805, /80 ZS-SIR, 2003-05), (SFA) LSD 2002-12. 21805 RTND 2004-06, LST (TSG). RTND. 108Y.
0 737-244 (JT8D-9) (214-20229, /69 ZS-SBN; 250-20329, /70 ZS-SBO; 260-20331, /70 ZS-SBR), EX-(SAA), 20329 WFU 2004-07. 102Y.
2 737-33A (CFM56-3B1) (1654-24030, /88 ZS-OAI, 2007-11; 1831-24460, /90 ZS-OAH, 2007-10), 24030 (BAB) COLORS, (AWW) LSD. 24460 WET-LST (KUL). ALL TO BE RETIRED BY END OF 2015. 22C, 94Y.
7 737-376 (CFM56-3C1) (1225-23477, /86 ZS-OKB, 2003-08; 1259-23479, /86 ZS-OKH, 2005-05; 1264-23483, /86, ZS-OKG, 2003-10; 1270-23484, /86 ZS-OKC; 1277-23485, /86 ZS-OKK 2006-01; 1306-23487, /86 ZS-OKJ, 2005-08; 1356-23489, /87 ZS-OKI, 2005-06), EX-(QAN). IN (BAB) COLORS. ALL TO BE RETIRED BY END OF 2015. 22C, 94Y.
1 737-4L7 (CFM56-3C1) (2483-26960, /93 ZS-OAA), 43C, 84Y.
2 737-4S3 (CFM56-3C1) (1702-24164, /89 ZS-OAM, 2008-04, EX-(EI-DFE); 1736-24167, /89 ZS-OAP, 2008-08, EX-(EI-DFF)), EX-(ADH), (OXA) LSD. WET-LST (KUL). 168Y.
4 737-400 (CFM56-3C1), 168Y.
5 737-436 (CFM56-3C1) (2147-25305, /91 ZS-OTF, 2001-12; 2197-25840, /92 ZS-OTG; 2222-25841, /92 ZS-OTH, 2002-10), EX-(BAB), 2 (SFA) LSD, ALL (SFA) MAINT, WET-LST (KUL). 43C, 84Y.
1 737-85R (CFM56-7B24) (749-30403, /01), EX-(N801VL), EX-(PIA)/(JPL). 1ST FOR (CML) OPS 2013-08. OPS BY (KUL). WITH WINGLETS. 24C, 120Y.
1 737-8K2 (CFM56-7B27) (51-28373, /98 ZS-ZWO), VGS AIRCRAFT LSD 2009-12 UNTIL 2013-03. WET-LST (KUL) GREEN COLORS "THIS WAY UP" WITH WINGLETS. 186Y.
1 737-8K2 (CFM56-7B27) (57-28374, /98 ZS-ZWQ), 2010-11 UNTIL 2013-03. WET-LST (KUL). 186Y.
0 737-8K2 (CFM56-7B) (30392, PH-HZM), (TAV) WET-LSD 2007-12. RTND. 186Y.
1 737-8LD (40851, ZS-ZWA), DELIVERED TO (CML) IN GREEN KULULA (KUL) COLORS 2012-07. WET-LST (KUL).
4 737-800 (CFM56-7B26), WET-LSD TO (KUL). 189Y.
1 737-86N (CFM56-7B26) (455-28612, /99 ZS-ZWP), WET-LST (KUL) IN "flying 101" COLORS. 189Y.
8 ORDERS 737-MAX 8 (LEAP-1B):
0 MD-82 (JT8D-217C) (1001-48019, /81 ZS-OBF), (SFA) LSD 2004-06, WET-LST (KUL). RTND. 150Y.
0 MD-82 (JT8D-217C) (48020; 1078-48021, /83), EX-(SPR), (SFA) LSD 2005-02. RTND. 150Y.
0 MD-82 (JT8D-217C) (1047-48059, /82 ZS-OBH; 1135-49115, /84 ZS-OBK; 1182-49164, /85 ZS-OBL), (SFA) WET-LSD 2003-12, WET-LST (KUL). RTND. 150Y.
0 B AE 146, RETIRED.
0 ATR 42 MK320, LSD FROM AEROSPATIALE, 2 TO SA EXPRESS, 44 PAX.
1 DORNIER DO 228.
0 DC-3. GROUNDED.
DONALD (DAVE) NOVICK, CHAIRMAN.
MARTIN MORITZ, DEPUTY CHAIRMAN.
GIDON NOVICK, JOINT CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER (CEO).
ERIK VENTER, JOINT (CEO).
PIETER VAN HOVEN, MANAGING DIRECTOR.
CAPTAIN MARTIN LOUW, FLIGHT OPERATIONS DIRECTOR,
BERT VAN DER LINDEN, SERVICE DELIVERY DIRECTOR.
GIDON NOVICK, COMMERCIAL DIRECTOR (kulula.com).
ERIK VENTER, FINANCIAL DIRECTOR.
AVI BHATT, EXECUTIVE MANAGER TECHNICAL & ROUTE DEVELOPMENT(email@example.com).
C SCHOLTZ, EXECUTIVE MANAGER INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY (IT) & DISTRIBUTION.
EVE LIEBETRAU, EXECUTIVE MANAGER HUMAN RESOURCES (HR).
S COCHRANE, EXECUTIVE MANAGER MARKETING & COMMUNICATIONS.
DEREK KIRKLAND, MANAGER AVIATION SAFETY & SECURITY (firstname.lastname@example.org).
S REILING, QUALITY ASSURANCE (QA) MANAGER.