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DAV-2012-06 - ACCDT MD-83
Formed and started operations in 1979. Domestic, regional & international, scheduled & charter, passenger & cargo, jet airplane services.
Murtala Muhammed Airport
Terminal 2, MMA2
Ikeja, Lagos, Nigeria
The Federal Republic of Nigeria was established in 1960, it covers an area of 923,768 sq km, its population is 125 million, its capital is Abuja, and its official language is English.
April 2008: MD-83 (53020, 5N-SRI), ex-Alaska Airlines (ASA), ex-(N947AL).
May 2008: MD-83 (53018, 5N-SAI), ex-Alaska Airlines (ASA), ex-(N943AL).
August 2008: Iberia (IBE) signed a maintenance and support contract with Nigeria's Dana Airlines (DAV) under which it will be responsible for the inspection, maintenance and repair of its 6 MD-80s and components at Iberia (IBE) Maintenance installations in Madrid.
November 2008: Received its Air Operator Certificate (AOC) and launched domestic services with 2 MD-83s.
January 2009: MD-83 (53019, 5N-RAM), ex-(N944AS), ex-Alaska Airlines (ASA).
May 2009: MD-83 (53016, 5N-JAI), ex-Alaska Airlines (ASA), ex-(N968AS).
December 2011: Dana Air (DAV) is Nigeria's 1st low cost carrier (LCC) operating frequent flights between Lagos, Abuja, Kana, Port Harcourt, and Uyo. Also offers (VIP) charter jet services using business jets.
(IATA) Code: 9J. (ICAO Code: DAN.
Parent organization/shareholders: DANA Group (100%).
Main base: Lagos Murtala Muhammed Airport (LOS).
June 2012: ACCDT: "REUTERS" reported a Dana Air (DAV) MD-83 (JT8D-219) (1783-53019, /90 5N-RAM), ex-Alaska Airlines (ASA) carrying 153 people crashed into a densely populated part of Lagos on June 3rd, in what looked like a major disaster in Nigeria’s commercial hub. All 153 (7 (FC & CA) Crew/146 Passengers) on board were killed and at least 10 people were killed on the ground. It was flying Flight 9J-992 from Abuja to Lagos. A source at the national emergency management agency said the airplane belonged to privately owned, domestic carrier (DAV) had 153 people on board.
Thousands of people crowded around the wreckage, which was billowing black smoke, in the Agege suburb of the city, not far from Lagos’s Murtala Muhammed International Airport (LOS). Witnesses said they saw the plane strike a building and burst into flames.
Some looked stunned, while others took pictures with their mobile phones of the crash scene, in a run down part of the city where ramshackle tin-roofed houses line mud roads.
Air crashes are not uncommon in Nigeria, Africa’s 2nd biggest economy, which has a poor airline safety record. Harold Demuren, Director General of the Nigerian Civil Aviation Authority was at the scene and the Nigerian President, Goodluck Jonathan, visited the wreckage the following day, saying the crash was a setback to Nigeria's Aviation Ministry. "We will make sure this will not repeat itself in this country" he said.
According to the Aviation Minister, the flight crew (FC) declared an emergency 11 nautical miles from the airport mentioning engine problems.
Later, Dana Air (DAV) at least temporarily lost its air operator certificate (AOC) after the crash on Sunday, June 3 that killed all people on board the flight and several people on the ground. The Nigerian government also temporarily banned all MD-80 operations in the country (no other carriers operate MD-80s though) and suspended the Director General of the Nigerian Civil Aviation Authority until the investigation into the fatal accident is completed. Dana Air (DAV) operated a total of 5 MD-83s prior to the crash.
July 2012: ACCDT Report (continuation): A dual engine failure brought Dana Air (DAV) Flight 992 down in a densely populated residential area, killing all 153 passengers and crew (FC - CA) and another 10 people on the ground, according to Nigeria’s Accident Investigation Bureau (AIC).
A preliminary report on the June 3 crash released by the (AIC) does not reach a conclusion as to why the MD-83’s 2 Pratt & Whitney (PRW) (JT8D-219) engines each experienced “a total loss of power” during final approach. It noted an examination of maintenance records and fuel used by the flight showed the airplane had enough fuel and it was not contaminated.
“The airplane was on the 4th flight segment of the day, consisting of 2 round-trips between Lagos [LOS] and Abuja,” the (AIC) report, completed with assistance from the USA National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB), stated. “The accident occurred during the return leg of the 2nd trip. [Flight] 992 was on final approach for runway 18R at (LOS) when the flight crew (FC) reported the total loss of power.”
The cockpit voice recorder (CVR) has about 31 minutes of recordings from the MD-83’s pilots (FC), and reveals that they were engaged in pre-landing tasks including deployment of the slats and extension of the flaps and landing gear.
As this was happening, according to the (CVR) transcript, the first officer asked, “Both engines coming up?” The captain replied, “Negative.” They then radioed an emergency distress call stating “dual engine failure” and “negative response from throttle."
The MD-83 “crashed in a residential area about 5.8 miles north of (LOS),” the (AIC) report said. “The airplane wreckage was on approximately the extended center line of runway 18R. During the impact sequence, the airplane struck an incomplete building, 2 trees and 3 buildings. The wreckage was confined, with the separated tail section and engines located at the beginning of the debris field. The airplane was mostly consumed by post-crash fire.”
According to Flight Safety Foundation’s Aviation Safety Network (ASN), wind at the time of the crash was just 7 knots, visibility was 10 km-plus and there were “scatter[ed] clouds at 1,400 ft.”
September 2012: Nigeria has lifted the ban on Dana Air (DAV), which was grounded after one of its MD-83s crashed on approach to Lagos’ Murtala Muhammed Airport on June 3.
(DAN 992) suffered a dual engine failure and came down in a densely populated area, claiming the lives of 153 people on board, plus a further 10 on the ground.
(CEO) Jacky Hathiramani said (DAV) has now undergone a “rigorous technical, operational and financial audit” and was cleared to resume operations on September 5. He added that flight operations will resume shortly.
January 2013: Dana Air (DAV) resumed commercial operations with flights operating between Lagos and Abuja.
(DAV)’s operating license was suspended by the Nigerian government 2 days after 1 of its MD-83 airplanes crashed into a suburb of Lagos city in June, killing all 153 passengers and crew as well as 10 people on the ground.
In September, the government lifted the ban on (DAV) following “a rigorous technical, operational and financial audit.” It has launched a re-certification program and began refresher training for staff. However, an investigation is ongoing into what caused the simultaneous failure of the MD-83's 2 engines.
Initially, Dana Air (DAV) will operate only on the Lagos and Abuja route, but an airline spokesman said that in “a couple of weeks” it will look to increase frequency and introduce more destinations.
February 2013: Dana Air ((IATA) Code: 9J, based at Lagos Murtala Muhammad (LOS)) (DAV) still is the topic of heated political debates in Nigeria with the country's senate asking the government in one of its resolutions on January 29 to revoke (DAV)'s air operator certificate (AOC) again and to sack the Director General of the Nigerian Civil Aviation Authority, Harold Demuren. (DAV) has resumed operations on domestic routes with its fleet of MD-83s on January 4 after it has been cleared to resume operations by the Civil Aviation Authority 7 months after a fatal crash of 1 of its airplanes on approach to Lagos Murtala Muhammad airport (LOS).
March 2013: Nigeria’s (CAA) has given Dana Air (DAV) permission to resume flights after temporarily suspending its license, although domestic carrier Aero Contractors (NIG) remains grounded.
Dana Air (DAV), which suffered a fatal MD-83 crash on approach to Lagos’ Muhammed Murtala Airport in June 2012, had its operations halted by the Nigerian (CAA) on March 16. (DAV) re-launched operations on March 19.
(DAV) was also banned immediately after the June crash, but the (NCAA) lifted the ban in September and (DAV) resumed operations in January.
In a separate case, the (NCAA) has also halted operations of the country’s 2nd largest domestic airline, Aero Contractors (AERO) (NIG). The move followed several days of strike action by (NIG)’s workers. “Aero management apologizes for a lack of service. This is due to industrial action of some staff. Management is endeavoring to resolve the situation as quickly as possible and will further communicate on the website and through the media once this matter is resolved. We unreservedly apologize for the cease of operations and look forward to seeing you on board soon,” Aero Contractors said on its website.
According to local media reports, Aero Contractors (NIG) initially suspended its own operations on March 15 due to the strike, but the (NCAA) has since stepped in and blocked the carrier from resuming flights pending technical checks.
Aero Contractors (AERO) (NIG) operates 737s and Bombardier Dash 8s to destinations including Accra, Lagos, Abuja, Port Harcourt, Calabar, Warri, Owerri, Uyo, Benin, Enugu, and Kano.
June 2013: MD-83 (49944, 5N-JOY), ex-(N935JM) delivery.
September 2013: Dana Air (DAV) has applied to the Nigerian Civil Aviation Authority (NCAA) for regional traffic rights with flights to tentatively launch before year-end. According to "The Nation," the specific routes are to be determined according to bilateral air services agreements Nigeria has with various countries. A planned increase in (DAV)'s fleet from its current 5 MD-83s to 7 airplanes is expected to bolster the expansion. (DAV) has gone on record in the past as stating it plans to add a 737-700 and an A319-100 to its fleet from September onwards. Meanwhile, the Lagos-based carrier also intends to increase its domestic coverage with the addition of Uyo, Calabar and other Southern Nigerian destinations such as Enugu and Owerri.
October 2013: Dana Air (DAV) has again been grounded by the Nigerian Civil Aviation Authority (NCAA) for an operational and technical audit on (DAV) as of Sunday, October 6. The decision to ground Dana (DAV) comes after an incident involving a (DAV) MD-83 returning to Port Harcourt Omagwa on a flight from Port Harcourt to Lagos, following a technical problem developing after take-off.
(DAV) operates a fleet of 5 MD-83s and had been grounded from June 3, 2012 to January 4, 2013 already following a fatal crash of 1 of its MD-83s on approach to Lagos back in June of last year. (DAV) hopes to be able to resume operations again shortly following the audit.
February 2014: Dana Air ((IATA) Code: 9J, based at Lagos) (DAV) has resumed operations after passing an operational audit by the Nigerian Civil Aviation Authority (NCAA). The "News Agency" of Nigeria reports that 1 of (DAV)'s 5 MD-83s (49944, 5N-JOY)), departed Lagos bound for Abuja on January 27. (DAV) was grounded in October 2013 over what Nigerian Minister of Aviation, Stella Oduah, termed as "operational concerns." This is the 3rd time the (NCAA) has grounded the carrier over safety and other related issues. In an effort to spruce up the airline's battered image, Chief Operating Officer Mr Yvan Drewinsky, confirmed that Dana Air (DAV)'s 1st of 2 Egyptian 737-500s would arrive before month-end with the 2nd due in mid-February.
737-5C9 (26438, SU-KHM) Alexandria Air (KHH) wet-leased.
July 2015: The Nigerian government on July 10 said it has no plan to ban Liberian airlines from coming into the country, following a fresh outbreak of the Ebola Virus Disease in the West African nation.
A fresh case of Ebola was detected in Liberia, nearly 2 months after the West African country was declared free of the virus by the World Health Organization (WHO).
The Liberian authorities are monitoring at least 100 people thought to have been in contact with a 17-year-old boy, Abraham Memaigar, who died on June 28 in Margibi County, Liberia.
Spokesperson for the Nigerian Civil Aviation Authority (NCAA) Fan Ndubuoke said in Lagos, the country's commercial hub, that both inbound and outbound passengers were being screened for the virus by Port Health Officials.
He told reporters that the Ebola Prevention and Control was a collaborative effort by relevant agencies, saying adequate facilities were in place at the Port Health Office, where inbound and outbound passengers were adequately screened.
According to him, rather than banning the airlines, the various agencies have intensified necessary preventive measures at all the international airports in the country.
He assured the public and intending passengers that all government agencies were on their guard not to allow any passenger who refused to be screened into the country.
He added that the authority would not hesitate to sanction any airline that violated the mandatory screening at its various check points.
January 2016: MD-83 (49947, 5N-DEV), delivery.
Click below for photos:
DAV-A318 - 2012-09
2 737-5C9 (CFM56-3C) (26438, SU-KHM), ALEXANDRIA AIRLINES (KHH) WET-LEASED.
1 MD-83 (JT8D-219) (49944, 5N-JOY), EX-(N935JM) 2013-06. 12F, 128Y.
1 MD-83 (JT8D-219) (49947, 5B-DEV), 2016-01.
5 MD-83 (JT8D-219) (1779-53018, /90 5N-SAI, 2008-05 - - SEE PHOTO - - "DAV-MD-83 2009-10;" 1783-53019, 5N-RAM, 2009-01 - - DESTROYED IN CRASH - SEE ACCIDENT REPORT 2012-06; 1789-53020, /90 5N-SRI, 2009-04; 1850-53016, 5N-JAI, 2009-05), EX-(ASA). 12F, 128Y.
1 A318-112 ACJ ELITE (CFM56-5B9/P) (1599, /02 A6-AAM), 2007-07. EXECUTIVE.
1 BOMBARDIER LEARJET 45. EXECUTIVE.
2 ORDERS EMBRAER PHENOM 100.
1 ORDER EMBRAER PHENOM 300.
2 DORNIER 228-201 (TPE331-5-252D) (8013, /83 5N-ARP; 8076, /85 5N-AUN), 18Y.
12 DORNIER 228-202, 18Y.
4 DORNIER 328 (PW119B) (3016, /95 5N-SAG; 3026, /94 5N-IEP; 3031, /95 5N-DOZ; 3089, 5N-DOY), 33Y.
RAMESH HATHIRAMARI, CHAIRMAN.
JACKY HATHIRAMARI, CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER (CEO).
YVAN DREWINSKY, CHIEF OPERATING OFFICER (COO).