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ESTABLISHED AND STARTED OPERATIONS IN 1951. FORMERLY FOSHING AIRLINES. DOMESTIC & REGIONAL, & INTERNATIONAL, SCHEDULED & CHARTER, PASSENGER & CARGO, JET AIRPLANE SERVICES.
9F, 139 CHENG-CHOU RD
TAIPEI 103, TAIWAN
TAIWAN (REPUBLIC OF CHINA) WAS ESTABLISHED IN 1949, IT IS AN ISLAND COVERING AN AREA OF 36,179 SQ KM, ITS POPULATION IS 21.5 MILLION, ITS CAPITAL CITY IS TAIPEI, AND ITS OFFICIAL LANGUAGE IS CHINESE.
SEPTEMBER 1994: TRANSASIA AIRWAYS (FSH) IS A MEMBER OF THE GOLD SUN GROUP.
TO CEBU, HUALIEN, KAOHSIUNG, KINMEN, MAKUNG, MANILA, TAINAN, SURABAYA, AND PHNOM PENH.
+2 ORDERS (END OF 1996) A321-100'S.
JANUARY 1995: ACCDT: (FSH) ATR 72-200 (B22717) FLEW INTO A HILLSIDE ON TAIWAN, = ALL 4 FATALITIES.
APRIL 1995: 1 A320-200 (V2500-A1) DELIVERY.
JUNE 1995: 2 ORDERS (1998 & 1999) A320'S & 2 ORDERS (1998 & 1999). A321-131'S (V2500-A5) DELIVERY.
AUGUST 1995: A320, 162 PAX, 3/WEEK TO SURABAYA, INDONESIA. HAS 27% OF DOMESTIC SEATS.
JANUARY 1996: 1995 = +$2 MILLION (NET PROFIT) (-88%).
JULY 1996: 1 A321-100 (V2530-A5) DELIVERY.
SEPTEMBER 1996: CODE SHARE WITH XIAMEN AIRLINES (XIA) TO FUZHOU, VIA MACAU. TAIWAN'S 1ST SHUTTLE SERVICE. ESTABLISHED IN 1951.
APRIL 1997: 3 ATR 72-212A'S DELIVERIES.
AUGUST 1997: TAICHUNG TO TAITUNG (ATR 72, 74 PAX).
JAN 1998: 2 A321-131'S (V2530-A5) (731; 746) DELIVERIES.
MARCH 1998: GOVERNMENT CONCERNS OVER ISLAND'S POOR SAFETY RECORD MAKES IT SUGGEST A MERGER OF U-LAND AIRLINES (CHN) INTO EITHER FAR EASTERN AIR TRANSPORT (FAT) OR TRANSASIA AIRWAYS (FSH).
APRIL 1998: 1,300 EMPLOYEES.
1 A300B4-203F (147), EX-MALAYSIA AIRLINES (MAS) SOLD TO FINOVA. 1 A320-231 RETURNED TO LESSOR (478), TO KYRGYZSTAN AIRLINES (KYR).
JULY 1998: 1 A320-232 (822) DELIVERY.
AUGUST 1998: STRIKE BY 67 ATR PILOTS (FC). GROUNDS 13 ATR 42/ATR 72'S.
SEPTEMBER 1998: A320-231 (344) RETURNED TO AIRBUS TO VICTORIA
OCTOBER 1998: FISCAL YEAR (FY) 1997 = -$42 MILLION. WILL RETURN TO OPERATIONS NEXT MONTH.
NOVEMBER 1998: SELLS 3 ATR 72'S TO FINNAIR (FIN). ATR 72-500 (PW127) DELIVERY.
DECEMBER 1998: FAR EASTERN AIR TRANSPORT (FAT) BUYS 9.83% OF TRANSASIA AIRWAYS (FSH), FOR $43.4 MILLION.
ATR 72-500 (PW127) DELIVERY.
JANUARY 1999: EDWIN LEE, GENERAL MANAGER, REPLACES CHEN CHEH-MING.
MARCH 1999: A320 (V2500) (344) RETURNED TO LESSOR, LEASED TO CONSTELLATION (COT).
APRIL 1999: 1,300 EMPLOYEES.
MAY 1999: 2 A320-231'S (332; 369), RETURNED TO LESSOR. (369) LEASED TO MEXICANA (CMA).
AUGUST 1999: 1998 DOMESTIC PASSENGERS (PAX): 1 FAR EASTERN AIR TRANSPORT (FAT) 5.08 MILLION; 2 UNI AIRWAYS (MAK) 4.13 MILLION; 3 TRANSASIA AIRWAYS (FSH) 3.85 MILLION; 4 FORMOSA AIRLINES (FRM) 1.47 MILLION; 5 CHINA AIRLINES (CHI) 848,000; 6 U-LAND AIRLINES (CHN) 812,000; 7 (EVA) AIR 409,000.
1 A320 (V2500), DRAGONAIR (DRG) 2 YEAR LEASED, (812).
SEPTEMBER 1999: 10 YEAR MAINTENANCE REPAIR/OVERHAUL CONTRACT, TO LUFTHANSA TECHNIK (LHT) (DLH), FOR (V2500) ENGINES OF 11 A320/A321'S.
APRIL 2000: 1,587 EMPLOYEES (INCLUDING 129 FLIGHT CREW (FC), 178 CABIN ATTENDANTS (CA), & 288 MAINTENANCE TECHNICIANS (MT)).
JUNE 2000: A320-231 (332, B-22301) RETURNED TO GOLDSUN LEASING.
JULY 2000: 1 ATR 72-212A (642, B-22810) DELIVERY.
MARCH 2001: H H SUN, PRESIDENT, EX-MANDARIN AIRLINES (MDN).
2 A320-231'S (347, B-22307; 441, B-22306), KAWASAKI LEASED.
APRIL 2001: IN JUNE 2001, TO VLADIVOSTOK (CHARTERS).
1,587 EMPLOYEES (INCLUDING 129 FLIGHT CREW (FC), 178 CABIN ATTENDANTS (CA), & 288 MAINTENANCE TECHNICIANS (MT)).
December 2002: ACCDT: (FSH) ATR 72-212F (322, B-22708) crashed in the Taiwan Strait, off the Penghu Island chain, after takeoff from Taipei (CKS) = all 2 (FC) fatalities. The airplane was carrying a cargo of fabric and leather to Macau. Icing is acknowledged as a possible cause.
Taipei - Yangyang (charters, 4/week).
January 2003: A320-232 (812, B-22315) returned to Dragonair (DRG).
March 2003: INCDT: (FSH) A321-131 (602, B-22603) damaged beyond economical repair (W/O) after hitting a truck after landing at Taipei.
February 2004: Transasia Airways (FSH), Mandarin Airlines (MDN), UNI Airways (MAK), & Far Eastern Air Transport (FAT) met to consider possible merger to combat high-speed rail system to begin operations next year by June 2005 with link Taipei - Kaohsiung, projecting 100 million passengers/year for the 215 mile route, cutting 4 hours rail time to 90 minutes, with fares -30% of airfares.
August 2004: 1,550 employees.
May 2006: Transasia Airways (FSH) operates scheduled regional, domestic and charter, jet airplane services.
1,142 employees (including 110 Flight Crew (FC); 150 Cabin Attendants (CA); & 235 Maintenance Technicians (MT)).
(IATA) Code: GE - 170. (ICAO) Code: TNA (Callsign - TRANSASIA).
Parent organization/shareholders: Goldsun Development (46.66%); China Development Industrial Bank (19%); & Far Eastern Air Transport (FAT) (6%).
Main Base: Taipei Chiang Kai Shek International airport (TPE).
Domestic, Scheduled Destinations: Hengchun; Hualien; Kaohsiung; Kinmen; Makung; Pingtung; Tainan; & Taipei.
International, Scheduled Destination: Busan; Jeju; & Macau.
June 2006: TransAsia Airways (FSH) signed a contract for the purchase of two new ATR 72-500s plus one option. The deal, including the option, is valued at $53.7 million. The airplanes will be delivered in 2007 in a 72-seat configuration and will bring TransAsia (FSH)'s ATR fleet to 12.
August 2006: A321-131 (B-22605) wears sponsored livery promoting the Volkswagen Jetta - see photo.
May 2007: Sichuan Airlines (SIC) and TransAsia Airways (FSH) of Taiwan are in negotiations to launch a new carrier based in Shanghai, according to Lin Xiaoxin, President of Goldsun Group, TransAsia (FSH)'s biggest shareholder. "Currently, we are discussing relevant details with (FSH) to launch a new airline, but so far no agreement has been reached," a (SIC) source said. It is expected that (SIC) will have a controlling stake in the new entity, which would be in accordance with (CAAC) (CAC) regulations on foreign ownership.
(FSH) Managing Director, Tian Di said the (CAC) has approved the entity, which is expected to start service by year end. He noted that the new airline will focus on "China's domestic routes" first, and then add routes to Hong Kong and Macau. "International routes" will be considered in the future, according to Taiwanese press reports. (SIC) has 25 A320 family airplanes and five ERJ-145s with 15 Airbus (EDS) narrow bodies on order. Its network comprises 40 cities. (FSH) has eight A320 family airplanes and ten ATR72s.
ATR 72-212A (749, B-22811), delivery.
December 2007: ATR 72-212A (774, B-22812), delivery.
February 2008: For details regarding the "bullet" high speed rail effects on domestic services, see details in attached article - - "FSH-RAIL-FEB08."
July 2008: The first weekend of charter flights across the Taiwan Strait concluded with 11 carriers having offered services, which many regard as an important step toward the opening of scheduled flights between the Chinese mainland and Taiwan. The 11 airlines are Air China (BEJ), China Southern Airlines (GUN), China Eastern Airlines (CEA), Hainan Airlines (HNA), Shanghai Airlines (SHA), Xiamen Airlines (XIA), China Airlines (CHI), Mandarin Airlines (MDN), TransAsia Airways (FSH), Uni Air (MAK), and (EVA) Air.
Taiwanese aviation authorities reported that six airports handled 72 flights transporting 12,000 passengers July 4 through 7. Taipei Taoyuan handled 32 flights, followed by Taipei Songshan with 26. Makung (six), Kaohsiung (four), Taichung (two), and Hualien (two) handled the remainder. Corresponding statistics for the mainland were unavailable, but the (CAAC) (CAC) noted that there will be 144 round trip flights across the strait this month. Mainland carriers expect the flights to provide a new growth point as they have experienced slowing increases in demand, especially in May, when passenger volume dipped 1.1% year-over-year, the first decrease since 2003.
(GUN) Chairman Liu Shaoyong, who was aboard the inaugural A330 flight to Taipei, called the current allowance "too little" and said that "daily regular direct flights [without having to overfly Hong Kong] should be realized as soon as possible."
China Airlines (CHI)'s former Chairman, Zhao Guoshuai, who resigned this week, agreed with Liu. He argued that "it is far from enough to operate only 72 charter flights every weekend." He expressed confidence that the flights "will exert a positive effect on China Airlines (CHI)" as the mainland is a new market for the Taipei-based carrier.
Meantime, (CEA) already has established an office in Taipei. According to Managing Director, Cao Jianxiong, the Shanghai-based carrier plans to recruit staff and cabin crew in Taiwan in the future while (CHI) and (EVA) act as agents for ticket sales.
February 2009: The Goodrich Corporation (BFG) reached a three-year deal with TransAsia Airways (FSH) of Taiwan to provide Maintenance Repair & Overhaul (MRO) on seven A320s. The contract offers flight hour-based support and includes (BFG) sensors, actuation, engine control and electrical power products. The work will take place in Singapore, Xiamen and Sydney.
November 2010: TransAsia Airways (FSH) placed a firm order with Airbus (EDS) for two A330-300s and six A321s. The airplanes will be used primarily on direct services between Taiwan and mainland China, as well as on new regional routes. The A330s will become the first wide body airplanes to join (FSH)'s fleet. Engine selections for both the A330s and the A321s will be made in the near future, (FSH) said. "This new airplane order reflects the strong demand on our services to mainland China and the region," said Chairman, Vincent Lin. (FSH) operates five A321s and two A320s on domestic and regional services, including flights to 13 destinations in mainland China.
June 2011: TransAsia Airways (FSH) launched daily, Taipei - Singapore A320 service.
(FSH) announced that it has placed a firm order for six A321neo airplanes. SEE ATTACHED - - "FSH-A321NEO-2011-06" AND "FSH-VINCENT LIN-2011-06." The new airplanes will enable (FSH) to respond to strong growth on regional services, especially on direct routes between Taiwan and mainland China.
(FSH) currently operates five A321s and two A320s on domestic and regional services. In addition to this order, (FSH) already has six sharklet-fitted A321s on order for future delivery.
August 2011: TransAsia Airways (FSH) launched weekly, Taoyuan - Shanghai Pudong A321 service on August 12.
December 2011: Last quarter ending September, TransAsia Airways (FSH) had net profit of +$10 million, and +$8 million less forex and other one time gains. (FSH) has done well on cross strait business, domestic routes and other markets to Korea and the (ASEAN) region. Also charters to Japan and markets to the south are doing well.
January 2012: TransAsia Airways (FSH) is considering an order for more than >2 A380s to facilitate its international expansion to the USA over the next few years.
An industry insider said Taiwan’s banks have expressed financial support to finance the A380 airplane deal. (FSH) plans to introduce a new A320 in March and a new A330 in November.
This year it is expected to open eight routes to Japan from Taipei and is also considering new routes to Korea, Thailand and Malaysia, pending approval from the Taiwan government.
TransAsia (FSH), one of the most profitable carriers in Taiwan, has reported a net income of +TWD629 million/+$20.9 million for the first nine months of 2011.
March 2012: TransAsia Airways (FSH) is planning to spend $200 million on new jets and set up a subsidiary in Japan to expand operations in Northeast Asia, the business.asiaone.com website has reported.
(FSH)'s board of directors has approved a plan to buy nine ATR72-600 jets from European airplane maker ATR, open a Japanese unit and buy a new building in Taipei, it said, without disclosing financial details.
The "Commercial Times" said (FSH) is expected to invest around $200 million in the plan. The company also aims to raise $30 million by selling up to 50 million new shares in a placement, the report said. A spokeswoman for the company said the additional funding would probably come from its own coffers and bank loans.
(FSH) has been expanding since getting a revenue boost from its new China routes in recent years. It operates services to Japan, Singapore, South Korea, and Vietnam.
It was reported in January that (FSH) is considering an order for more than two A380s to facilitate its international expansion to the USA over the next few years.
April 2012: In-flight Productions was selected by TransAsia Airways (FSH) to provide an in-flight entertainment audio and movie offering for its Taipei - Singapore route.
July 2012: TransAsia Airways (FSH) placed a firm order for 8 ATR 72-600s plus one option in a deal worth >$210 million.
August 2012: TransAsia Airways (FSH) is providing complimentary in-flight entertainment (IFE) content on iPad 3 devices for business class (C) passengers, in conjunction with content service provider (IFP) and iPad management company Jetpack. (FSH) said it plans to offer further options for passengers on all routes in the coming months.
September 2012: Transasia Airways (FSH) Chairman, Vincent Lim has proposed that the three major Taiwanese carriers, China Airlines (CHI), (EVA) Air, and Transasia (FSH) should join forces and set up an own Taiwanese low-cost carrier (LCC) to ensure they do not lose market share on regional markets given the fairly large number of Japanese, Korean and South East Asian (LCC)s now serving the island.
TransAsia Airways (FSH) selected the Rockwell Collins PAVES 2 in-flight entertainment (IFE) system with the embedded Airshow 3D Moving Map for a fleet of new Airbus (EDS) airplanes.
(FSH) selected the Rockwell Collins avionics components for six new A320s, with an option for an additional 12 airplanes.
“Rockwell Collins' enhanced Airshow 3D Moving Map system includes a new graphical design that utilizes (NASA)’s Blue Marble map data, which is based on actual satellite imagery, to provide a modernized view of real-time, flight information to passengers,” Rockwell Collins said.
Rockwell Collins recently announced an iPad version of its Airshow application.
October 2012: Singapore Technologies (ST) Aerospace signed a 10-year maintenance contract with TransAsia Airways (FSH) to support (FSH)’s two new A330s. The contract calls on ST Aerospace to provide support for component repairs and warranty management for (FSH).
TransAsia Airways (FSH) has converted all of its six options for additional A321neos to now bring its total number of firm commitments for A321neos to 12. It currently operates six A321-100s and also has orders for six standard A321-200s to be delivered in 2014 before deliveries of the A321neos start.
In other news, (FSH) has announced that it will likely use its two new A330-300s to be delivered in November of this and January of next year on its routes from Taipei Taoyuan International (TPE) to Osaka Kansai International (KIX) and Singapore Changi International (SIN). It currently has daily A320-200 services on both routes.
ST Aerospace has signed a 10-year component Maintenance-By-the-Hour (MBHTM) contract with TransAsia Airways (FSH), covering two A330s, which recently joined their fleet. ST Aerospace already supports TransAsia Airways (FSH)’s five A321s and four A320s. The contract is expected to begin November 1.
November 2012: TransAsia Airways (FSH) has converted options for six A321neo airplanes with Pratt & Whitney (PRW) PurePower® (PW1100G-JM) engines into firm orders. (PRW) will now power (FSH)’s order of 12 firm A321neo airplanes. The deal includes a 10-year PureSolutionSM maintenance service agreement for 27 engines, including spare engines. Deliveries are scheduled to start in 2017.
Established in 1951, TransAsia (FSH) was the first private airline in Taiwan and has since grown to be one of the nation’s three largest carriers. It is a publically listed company on the Taiwan Stock Exchange and is expanding rapidly to all the major Asian cities within a flight duration of nine hours including Australia, New Zealand and the Middle East.
(FSH) has told Taiwan's "Central News Agency" that it is considering launching a new route between Taipei Taoyuan International (TPE) and Honolulu International (HNL) as its first long-haul market next year. (FSH) will shortly be taking delivery of two A330-300s that will initially be deployed on its regional routes but besides Honolulu, it is also considering Guam International (GUM) as well as Australia, New Zealand and the Middle East as potential new long-haul routes.
(FSH) has taken delivery of the first of two A330-300s - - SEE PHOTO - - "FSH-A330-300 - 2012-11" ordered from Airbus (EDS). The A330 is the first wide body airplane to be operated by TransAsia (FSH). Featuring a high comfort, two class layout seating 300 passengers, the A330-300 will initially fly on services from Taipei to Japan and Singapore. These will be followed by new longer range operations to destinations currently under consideration, including Australia and New Zealand, as well as the Middle East. (FSH) selected Rolls-Royce (RRC) (Trent 700) engines to power its A330s.
TransAsia Airways (FDH) currently operates scheduled services to 46 destinations across Asia with a modern fleet that already includes nine A320 Family airplanes. In addition to its new A330s, (FSH) has orders for 18 A321s for future delivery, comprising six A321ceo and 12 A321neo.
January 2013: TransAsia Airways (FSH) commenced flights on the 760 km cross-strait route from Taichung (RMQ) to Macau (MFM) on 12 January, and now offers daily flights using A320s. Competition on the route comes from Mandarin Airways (MDN) and Uni Airways (MAK), which each serve the city pair also with daily frequencies. Notably, the latter only launched operations on the route in late December 2012.
March 2013: Taiwan’s TransAsia Airways (FSH)'s growth Part I: Expanding role in Northeast Asia - Southeast Asia traffic.
Part one of this report on the growth strategy for (FSH) looks at how it is seeking a greater role in Northeast Asia - Southeast Asia connecting traffic. To facilitate a greater range of destinations ( (FSH)'s sole Southeast Asian point is Singapore) (FSH) plans to open service to Bangkok as well as destinations in Indonesia and Malaysia. In Northeast Asia, a Tokyo service may be added, while frequency boosts will occur at existing Japanese destinations.
One Asian market (FSH) is not interested in, is Taipei - Hong Kong, the world's most populous international route and which is currently experiencing over-capacity following the opening of cross-Strait flights between Taiwan and mainland China, a market (FSH) is present in. (FSH)'s new A330s, its first wide bodies, will initially be used on blue-chip regional routes to raise awareness and also where demand justifies their presence.
TransAsia Airways (FSH) commenced services from Taipei Taoyuan (TPE) to the Thai capital of Bangkok (BKK) on 15 March. Daily departures are now offered by (FSH) on the 2,500 km route and operated using A330-200s. Competition on the route is provided by China Airlines (CHI) (28 weekly frequencies), (EVA) Air (15) and Thai Airways (TII) (14).
July 2013: TransAsia Airways (FSH) commenced operations on the 2,400 km route from Taipei Taoyuan (TPE) to Chiang Mai (CNX) in Thailand on July 3. The service is operated with twice-weekly frequencies using A321s in competition with China Airlines (CHI)’s twice-weekly schedule. In addition, on July 6, (FSH) commenced flights from the Taipei airport to Koror (ROR) in the Republic of Palau. Also twice-weekly frequencies are operated on the 2,400 km route using A320s. Again, China Airlines (CHI) provides competition with its four weekly flights.
October 2013: TransAsia Airways (FSH) has ventured into a highly competitive market by launching daily flights between Taipei Taoyuan (TPE) and Tokyo Narita (NRT) using a mix of A320s and A321s. As a result of an "open-skies" agreement between Japan and Taiwan that was signed in late 2011, TransAsia (FSH) will find itself going head-to-head with (ANA), China Airlines (CHI), (EVA) Air, Japan Airlines (JAL), Scoot (SCT), and Vanilla Air (WAJ), all of whom operate either daily or 2x-daily flights. Tokyo Narita is the second Japanese destination that TransAsia (FSH) has started this year, after flights to Ishigaki began in May.
February 2014: Taiwanese full service airline, TransAsia Airways (FSH) is targeting +30% annual growth for its passenger capacity this year, primarily driven by the launch of its low-cost carrier (LCC) brand, V Air (VAX) in the second half of this year. V Air (VAX), which focuses on regional passenger routes in Asia, also expects its consolidated revenue to grow by about +30% year-on-year this year.
(FSH) expanded its revenue by +20% last year to NT$12.13 billion/US$400 million from NT$10.03 billion in 2012. "This year remains a year of expansion for the company," (FSH) President, Chooi Yee-choong said. Chooi said growth in (FSH)'s passenger capacity this year would reach at least 30%, compared with +40% growth last year.
(FSH) is scheduled to launch its budget carrier, V Air (VAX), in September at the earliest, eyeing regions with "open-skies" agreements with Taiwan, as well as destinations with adequate market size for both full-service and low-cost carriers (LCC)s, such as Japan's Tokyo and Osaka, and Thailand's Bangkok.
Following the launch of V Air (VAX), TransAsia (FSH) plans to focus on expanding its flight services to second-tier cities in Japan, such as Fukuoka, Nagoya and Ibaraki, Chooi said.
V Air plans to recruit 80 flight attendants (CA) in preparation for its inauguration.
On March 30, TransAsia (FSH) plans to increase the frequency of its flights between Taipei and Osaka to two per day, from one per day.
(FSH) may also increase the frequency of its flights from Taipei to Tokyo in the second half of this year, while pursuing new destinations and more flights to China following a new round of negotiations with the Chinese government.
With the significant expansion in passenger capacity, Chooi expects TransAsia (FSH)'s consolidated revenue to show similar growth to last year. For the whole of last year, (FSH)'s revenue hit a record level of NT$12.13 billion, up +20.88% from 2012.
(FSH) took delivery of its first new ATR 72-600 (1133, B-22815) this month. The turboprop aircraft is the first of 12 ATR 72-600 planes ordered by the carrier as part of its fleet renewal and growth program.
The turboprop airplane flew from Taipei International Airport (Songshan airport) to Magong Airport in Penghu County.
TransAsia Airways (FSH) collected its first new ATR 72-600 plane at a ceremony with ATR in Toulouse, France. The plane is the first of 12 ATR 72-600s ordered by (FSH) as part of its fleet renewal and growth program. Other planes, which will gradually replace the airplanes currently operated by (FSH), are scheduled to be delivered within the next 2 years.
The investment in new planes is part of (FSH)’s modernization plan, which maintains (FSH) as one of Asia’s top regional airlines.
(FSH)’s ATR 72-600 is configured with 72Y seats in a high comfort all economy (Y) layout. This new generation airplane provides outstanding fuel and operational flexibility, high reliability at lowest costs.
Commenting on the deal, Vincent Lin, (FSH) Chairman, said that the investment in new airplanes with ATR will support the company’s ambitious growth plans. “TransAsia (FSH) welcomes the arrival of the first of 12 ATR 72-600s, the most eco-efficient among regional airplanes. We are ready to further expand our regional offering and to support the addition of new routes and frequencies on existing routes. The introduction of our new planes will support this growth. It is also an exciting experience for our customers as the new planes (ATR 72-600s) offer the most modern design in terms of cabin comfort for our passengers.”
April 2014: TransAsia Airways Corporation, which focuses on the regional passenger business in Asia, saw consolidated revenue of NT$990.05 million last month representing an increase of +1.17% from a year ago, but a decrease of -0.84% from February. Cumulative sales totaled NT$2.96 billion in the first three months, up +8.28% from a year earlier, data showed.
July 2014: ACCDT: A TransAsia Airways (FSH) ATR 72-212A (PW127F) (642, /00 B-22810) turboprop that crashed in Taiwan on July 23rd had aborted its first landing and was attempting a go-around, when it went down in a village near Magong Airport, on Penghu Island according to Taiwan Civil Aeronautics Administration Director General, Jean Shen.
Taiwanese officials put the death toll from the crash at 48. The 14-year-old ATR 72-500, operating as flight GE222, was carrying 54 passengers and four crew. Shen’s comments to journalists were reported by Taiwan’s "Central News Agency," the "South China Morning Post" and other Asian news outlets.
She said flight GE222, a domestic flight en route from Kaohsiung, first attempted to land at Magong, located on the island of Penghu, at 7:06 pm local time. The flight departed Kaohsiung nearly two hours late, because of heavy rain in the aftermath of Typhoon Matmo. It was also raining in Magong, when flight GE222 attempted to land.
Shen said that despite the rain, there was 1,600 m of visibility, and it was safe to make a landing. Two other airplanes landed safely at Magong just prior to the TransAsia (FSH) ATR 72-500 attempting a landing, she said.
Shen said flight GE222 made a request to the Magong control tower to make a go-around at 7:06 pm, when the pilots (FC) determined they needed to abort the first landing attempt. The tower then lost contact with the airplane.
The ATR 72-500 never made it back to the airport, instead crashing into Xixi, a village which is about 1 km/0.62 miles from Magong Airport, and catching fire. There were reports of severely damaged buildings and homes on the ground. There were also reportedly injuries on the ground, but no fatalities.
ATR said that the airplane was registered (B-22810) and had manufacturing serial number (MSN) 642. It was delivered to the airline from the production line in June 2000, according to ATR.
“At this time, the circumstances of the accident are still under investigation,” ATR said. “The Aviation Safety Council of Taiwan will lead the investigation and will be the official source of information.
TransAsia Airways (FSH) offered record compensation of NT$14.9 million/US$496,667 to the families of each victim, even though the cause of the crash is still unclear.
December 2014: News Item A-1: Taiwan’s oldest established airline, TransAsia Airways (FSH), is expanding operations with the launch of a new low-cost carrier (LCC) called V Air (VAX), and an application for a USA foreign air carrier permit.
V Air (VAX) is due to start operations later this month, and will fly initially using 194-seat Airbus A321s to Chiang Mai and Bangkok’s Don Mueang International Airport from Taiwan’s Taoyuan International. (VAX) plans to extend its route network in coming months to cover Cambodia, Korea, Japan, and Hong Kong.
TransAsia (FSH) operates a 21 airplane fleet, including Airbus A330-300s, A320s and ATR turboprops, mainly to secondary hub international destinations across Southeast Asia, including the Philippines, Cambodia, Thailand, Indonesia, and Vietnam.
In July, an (FSH) ATR 72-500 carrying 54 passengers and four crew crashed while attempting to land at Magong Airport in Taiwan, killing 51.
The application for the USA foreign air carrier permit may be for a new schedule from Taiwan to the USA mainland using A330s, but could also be used to extend the group’s existing Southeast Asian network to Guam, a popular route with Taiwanese tourists.
News Item A-2: TransAsia Airways (FSH), which focuses on flying regional passenger routes, on December 23rd announced a US$480 million plan to purchase four A330-800neo airplanes from Airbus (EDS), which is (FSH)'s first step to entering the long-haul passenger service.
The move would also help the company shift its business away from its budget airline subsidiary, V Air (VAX).
(FSH) is scheduled to take delivery of its first of four A330-800neo airplanes in the fourth quarter of 2018 at the earliest. After receiving the four planes, (FSH) has an option to purchase another four.
"The new planes will support the company's plan to launch intercontinental routes in the long-term," (FSH) Chairman Vincent Lin told a press conference.
Data offered by Airbus (EDS) showed the A330-800neo airplane offers -14% fuel savings compared with its same-sized peers, with the 251-seat plane capable of providing flights of up to 15 hours in duration.
Targeting the island's outbound market to the USA, (FSH) has filed an application with the USA government and it expects to launch a chartered flight service to Tinian (an island of the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands) and Guam from the second half of next year, Lin said.
(FSH) plans to lease two A330-300 airplanes next year to cope with the route expansion to the USA and other destinations in Asia, Lin said. (FSH) is set to operate 24 planes next year after the two leased planes join the fleet.
(FSH) announced it had hired former (EVA) Airways Corporation President, Peter Chen as (FSH)'s (CEO). Chen would be in charge of drawing a blueprint for (FSH)'s future development, as well as for all of its subsidiaries, it said.
By integrating (FSH) and its subsidiaries, including V Air (VAX), TransAsia Catering Services Ltd and Legend Travel Service Ltd, Lin said the company is targeting an annual growth of +15% in consolidated sales and unspecified growth in net profits over the next few years.
Despite (FSH)'s decision to pay compensation to people affected by July's crash in Penghu County by the end of this year, Lin remained bullish over the company's business prospects next year.
Outperforming its local rivals, (FSH)'s net income totaled +NT$292.34 million/+US$9.19 million, or NT$0.53 per share, in the first three quarters of the year, reversing a loss of -NT$80.63 million in the same period last year, company statistics showed.
February 2014: News Item A-1: ACCDT: TransAsia Airways (FSH) turboprop ATR 72-212A (PW127F) (1141, /14 B-22816) carrying 53 passengers and 5 crew (2 (FC & 3 (CA))crashed into the Keelung River, Taiwan, killing 26 on board, according to Shanshan Dong, Julia Zhou and Alastair Jamieson, NBC News.
See video "TransAsia Airways ATR Crash" on
Rescuers were searching into the night for possible survivors from a passenger plane that clipped an elevated highway and plunged into a river minutes after taking off in Taiwan on February 4th, 2015.
Dramatic dashcam footage (See attached photo "FSH-2015-02 - ATR ACCIDENT" and video: http://www.wsj.com/video/survivors-rescued-from-transasia-plane-crash/5AE87721-A679-475) showed the TransAsia (FSH) twin-engine ATR 72 banking almost 90 degrees and clipping a taxi and the road surface before crashing into the Keelung River.
Of the 58 passengers and crew, 15 survivors were ferried or swam to safety from the partially submerged airplane that had just taken off from the capital, Taipei. Death toll stands at 40 including the two pilots (FC). It said nine of the victims had been identified.
After dark, rescuers used a crane to hoist the fuselage onto the riverbank and resumed the search for the 17 people still missing.
"The water is not clean, rescuers cannot see clearly underwater," a member of the fire rescue team told reporters at the scene. "The most important thing now is to drag the plane to the bank. They will dive into the water."
"I've never seen anything like this. This is unprecedented," a volunteer rescuer surnamed Chen said, according to "Reuters."
Flight GE235 had just taken off from Songshan Airport, according to Ding-zhao Yi, an official with the New Taipei City Fire Department. The state-run Central News Agency said the flight was bound for Kinmen Airport in an outlying county, just off the southeastern coast of China, and took off at 11:35 am Wednesday local time.
Zhiming Ling, bureau chief of the aviation agency, said the plane was less than a year old and had completed a round of safety checks on January 26.
The plane's black boxes (the flight data recorder and cockpit voice recorder) were recovered, the agency said.
An unverified recording posted online appeared to indicate the pilot (FC) telling air traffic controllers that he was declaring an emergency because of an engine failure. "Mayday, mayday, engine flame out," the pilot (FC) purportedly told the controllers.
It was the second crash in little more than six months involving the same type of airplane belonging to TransAsia (FSH). Another of the airline's ATR 72s crashed on a Taiwanese island, killing 48 people, in July.
The (CEO) of TransAsia (FSH), Xinde Chen, apologized for the accident and thanked authorities for their help.
Chen said 31 of the passengers were Chinese nationals from mainland China, including three children. The remaining passengers were Taiwanese nationals, including one child, he said.
The airplane manufacturer ATR said that the circumstances of the incident were still under investigation. The company said it expressed its "deepest sympathy to the families, friends and to those affected by the accident."
(NBC) News' Shamar Walters, NBC News' Alexander Smith and Reuters contributed to this report.
Taipei's mayor hailed the pilot (FC) of the crashed TransAsia Airways (FSH) plane as a hero for narrowly avoiding buildings and ditching the stalled airplane in a river, likely averting a worse disaster.
At least 31 people were killed when Flight GE235 lurched between buildings, clipped a taxi and an overpass with one of its wings and crashed upside down into shallow water shortly after take-off on Wednesday. There were 15 known survivors and 3 more unaccounted for.
"He really tried everything he could," Taipei Mayor, Ko Wen-je said of the pilot (FC), his voice breaking with sobs. "The pilot (FC)'s immediate reaction saved many people," said Chris Lin, brother of one of the survivors.
Aerospace analysts said it was too early to say whether the pilots (FC) intentionally pulled the plane above the buildings, and noted that the flight crew (FC) may have been aiming for the river to reduce casualties.
A more conclusive picture will emerge only when authorities release details from the plane's cockpit voice and flight data recorders.
The pilot (FC) and co-pilot (FC) of the almost-new turboprop ATR 72-600 were among those killed, Taiwan's aviation regulator said. TransAsia (FSH) identified the pilot (FC) as 42-year-old, Liao Chien-tsung.
Taiwanese media reported that it appeared Liao had fought desperately to steer his stricken airplane between apartment blocks and commercial buildings.
Later, Taiwan’s Civil Aeronautics Administration (CAA) ordered Taiwanese airlines TransAsia Airways (FSH) and Uni Air (MAK) to ground their ATR 72s and conduct engine inspections on the turboprops following the February 4 crash of a TransAsia (FSH) ATR 72-600 in Taipei.
TransAsia (FSH) has four ATR 72-600s remaining in its fleet as well as six ATR 72-500s. Uni Air (MAK), a subsidiary of Eva Air (EVA), operates 12 ATR 72-600s. (FSH) said it is cooperating with the order, adding that the (CAA) will “confirm” the results of the inspections before the ATR 72s are allowed to fly again.
The (FSH) ATR 72-600 crashed into a river shortly after takeoff from Taipei. The airplane bound for Kinmen was carrying 53 passengers and five crew ((FC) - (CA)); the death toll stood at 31 on February 5, including the two pilots (FC).
The (CAA) stated that an audio recording of the last communication between the flight deck crew of TransAsia flight GE235 and air traffic controllers revealed one of the pilots (FC) issuing a mayday call in which he said, “engine flameout.”
The turboprop was powered by Pratt & Whitney Canada (PWC) (PW127M) engines. Pratt & Whitney Canada (PWC) said, “Firstly, our thoughts are with all those involved in this accident. (PWC) is fully cooperating with our customers and the authorities. As you can understand, (PWC) does not comment while an incident is under investigation by the regulatory authorities.”
The (CAA) said the crashed airplane was produced by ATR on April 14, 2014 and had been in operation with (FSH) for nine months. The last "A" maintenance check on the ATR 72-600 was conducted on January 26, according to the (CAA). It said the flight’s captain (FC) had accumulated 4,914 flight hours, including 3,400 hours flying ATR 72s. The co-pilot (FC) had accumulated 6,922 flight hours, including 6,500 hours flying ATR 72s.
Later it was determined that both of (FSH) flight GE235’s Pratt & Whitney Canada (PWC) (PW127M) engines stopped producing thrust during the brief flight of the ATR 72-600, investigators said.
The turboprop airplane crashed into a river in Taipei on February 4 just over three minutes after taking off. As of February 9, the death toll stood at 40 people, including the two pilots (FC). Fifteen passengers survived the crash, leaving three people still unaccounted for.
Data from the ATR 72-600’s flight data recorder (FDR) and cockpit voice recorder (CVR) indicates that a right engine flameout warning sounded in the cockpit shortly after takeoff, according to a February 6 preliminary report from Taiwan’s Aviation Safety Council (ASC). The airplane was only at an altitude of 1,200 feet when this occurred. However, the (ASC) said data indicates that the engine didn’t actually flame out, but went into auto-feather mode, which means it was operating at a reduced level and not producing thrust.
For unexplained reasons, the pilots (FC) then set the left engine (which data indicates was not malfunctioning) “to fuel shutoff position resulting in left engine shutdown,” according to the (ASC). Investigators said they did not know why the flight crew (FC) shut off the left engine, which should have provided enough thrust to keep the ATR 72-600 flying even with the right engine experiencing problems.
The (ASC) said the pilots (FC) could be heard on the (CVR) calling for an engine restart several times in the moments before the crash and data indicates the left engine did restart 16 seconds before the (FDR) stopped recording.
“All [our] 71 ATR pilots (FC) will take part in proficiency tests carried out by the [Taiwan] (CAA) and third-party professionals for an estimated four days,” (FSH) said.
A spokesperson for Taiwan’s Aviation Safety Council, Thomas Wang, confirmed that information from the flight data recorder (FDR) showed an alarm went off on flight GE235’s right engine only 37 seconds after takeoff from Taiwan, but that immediately afterward, the left engine was shut down. “The pilots (FC) had not followed normal procedure,” he added.
The pilot (FC) retraining recall follows an order from the (CAA) that both TransAsia (FSH) and its subsidiary Uni Air (MAK) carry out engine and fuel system inspections on all the (PW127M) power plants on their ATR 72 fleet.
Pratt & Whitney Canada (PWC) is cooperating with investigators, but not commenting while the crash probe is ongoing.
News Item A-2: "10 TransAsia (FSH) Pilots (FC) Grounded After Failing Proficiency Tests" February 12, 2015 by (ATW)'s Jeremy Torr and Linda Blachly:
Ten TransAsia (FSH) pilots (FC) have been grounded after failing basic oral tests on the correct handling procedure for an engine flameout after Taiwan’s Civil Aeronautics Administration (CAA) and (FSH) suspended flights to send all active ATR pilots (FC) for retraining following the fatal crash of an ATR 72-600, earlier this month.
The death toll stands at 42 people, including the two pilots (FC). Fifteen passengers survived the crash.
A spokesperson for Taiwan’s Aviation Safety Council, Thomas Wang, previously confirmed that information from the flight data recorder (FDR) showed an alarm went off on flight GE235’s right engine only 37 seconds after takeoff from Taiwan, but that immediately afterward, the left engine was shut down. “The pilots (FC) had not followed normal procedures,” he added.
The pilot (FC) retraining recall follows an order from the (CAA) that both TransAsia (FSH) and its subsidiary, Uni Air (MAK) carry out engine and fuel system inspections on all the (PW127M) power plants on their ATR 72 fleet.
The (CAA) said that another 19 pilots (FC) who were licensed to fly (FSH)’s ATR 72-600s have not yet been tested as they were either off duty, sick, or out of the country. All 29 pilots (FC) have been suspended, the (CAA) said.
“This result is not acceptable for us,” TransAsia (FSH) (CEO), Peter Chen said. “We will definitely strengthen their training.”
News Item A-3: Authorities investigating the fatal crash of a TransAsia (FSH) ATR 72-600 in Taiwan earlier in February have reported several local airlines have contravened local labor operating regulations for both ground (MT) and aircrew ((FC) & (CA)).
Taiwan’s Labor Ministry said the following airlines were found to have contravened “certain working standards”: National carrier, China Airlines (CHI), TransAsia subsidiary, V Air (VAX), Sunrise Airlines, Roc Aviation, Emerald Pacific Airlines, Dapeng Airlines, Great Wing Airline and Tigerair Taiwan (TTW).
The Ministry said the listed airlines had either failed to keep proper records of employee work hours, or to have required workers to exceed the 12-hour maximum working day. It said China Airlines (CHI) and TransAsia (FSH) had instructed cabin crews to work more than >12 hours consecutively on Taipei - Hong Kong and Taipei - Tianjin routes, and to potentially go over the mandated >46 hours overtime limit each month.
Both airlines have been given notice they could be fined up to NTD300,000/$9,530 for the overworking violations, with the contraventions recorded as being “in violation of the law,” the Ministry said.
The rigorous inspection of working methods was ordered following the TransAsia (FSH) crash of flight GE235.
On February 12, 10 TransAsia (FSH) pilots (FC) were grounded after failing basic oral tests on the correct handling procedure for an engine flameout after Taiwan’s Civil Aeronautics Administration (CAA) and the carrier suspended flights to send all active ATR pilots (FC) for retraining, following the fatal crash.
The new scrutiny adds to the potential disruption from a protracted dispute between China Airlines (CHI) and its staff that resulted in a mass blockade of the airline headquarters in Taipei last January.
The blockade highlighted an associated overtime dispute and staff complaints about reduced year-end bonuses. Several workers were suspended by the company as a result. China Airlines (CHI)’s staff has demanded (CHI) reinstate the workers and also hold transparent union elections.
The Ministry said the inspections of working conditions and regulatory conformance would be extended to international carriers in the coming weeks.
June 2015: News Item A-1: China’s Airlines Reroute Flights, Refund Tickets to South Korea after Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), Alert" by (ATW) Jeremy Torr, June 10, 2015.
Following a Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) Red Alert warning by the Hong Kong government, warning travelers against flying to Korea, Cathay Pacific Airways (CAT) and its subsidiary, Dragonair (DRG) have committed to refunds or re-routing for all existing tickets to Seoul, Busan and Jeju up to the end of August.
In addition, Taiwan-based China Airlines (CHI), (EVA) Air, TransAsia Airways (FSH), and Mandarin Airways (MDN) are also offering full-refund cancellations in the immediate term for Korean flights.
Korea has reported 95 cases of (MERS), with seven deaths in the country. As a result, the Hong Kong Security Bureau issued an Outbound Travel Alert (OTA), advising passengers to avoid “all non-essential travel” to the country.
In addition, Taiwan and Macau have both advised against unnecessary travel to any destination in South Korea, and are mandating that passengers wear facemasks disembarking from Korea-originating flights.
Since the virus was discovered in 2012 in Saudi Arabia, the (MERS) outbreak has killed more than >300 people in more than >20 countries. First identified in Saudi Arabia where it claimed the lives of more than >100, (MERS) is suspected of being spread by respiratory and direct contact vectors.
Cathay Pacific (CAT) and (DRG) say they are “monitoring the situation closely” and have provided extra facemasks, hand sanitizers and gloves for use on any airplanes traveling to Korea. Both carriers are looking at extra sanitation procedures in addition to routine cleaning on airplanes flying to potential infection areas.
July 2015: "Report: Pilot (FC) Shut Down Wrong Engine Prior to Taiwan Crash by (ATW) Jeremy Torr, July 3, 2015.
The Taiwanese Aviation Safety Council (ASC) report on the fatal crash of TransAsia Airways (FSH) Flight GE235 in February has detailed the captain (FC)’s voice on the cockpit voice recorder (CVR) as saying, “Wow, pulled back the wrong side throttle,” seconds before impact.
The ATR 72-600 crash killed 43 passengers and crew (FC - CA) after the airplane’s right hand engine lost power shortly after takeoff from Magong Airport and crashed into the Keelung River.
The report indicated the captain (FC), Liao Jian-zong, had failed a simulator assessment for an engine failure procedure in 2014.
The (ASC) investigators also said he had “insufficient knowledge of how to deal power loss on takeoff,” was prone to skipping on standard procedures and checks, and his overall cockpit management and flight planning were not up to standard.
Nonetheless, Liao passed a second simulator check at end of June 2014 and was promoted to captain (FC).
TransAsia (FSH) (CEO) Fred Wu said he was “not able to comment” on the report's indication of an engine abnormality in the right hand engine during taxiing, which should have led to the takeoff being aborted.
Wu said that as a result of the crash and the investigation report, (FSH) would now invest in two new training centers with its own ATR flight simulator. It will also subject all its pilots (FC) to external evaluation and certification programs, and will coordinate with Airbus (EDS) safety expert, Yannick Malinge to implement a specific safety improvement program.
(FSH) has also said it will increase Safety and Operations staff by +20% and will increase salaries to help retain experienced staff. It currently has 61 ATR pilots (FC) flying 10 ATR airplanes.
A321-231 (6693, B-22611), ex-(D-AVZM), delivery and ATR 72-600 (1251, B-22821), ex-(F-WWEC), (GEF) leased.
August 2015: News Item A-1: Next month, Taiwan-based airlines are to begin implementing new rules on the in-flight use of portable electronic devices, the Civil Aeronautics Administration (CAA) said.
The (CAA) has amended the Regulations Restricting Use of Different Kinds of Communication Devices or Other Appliances Disrupting Flight to allow passengers to use cellphones or smartphones during take-off or any other time during the flight, as long as they are on "airplane mode."
The move follows widespread passenger complaints about the previous rules that all electronic appliances had to be turned off after the doors to the cockpit were closed.
Under the new rules, if a plane's pilot (FC) gives clearance, passengers can use their portable devices during take-off and landing.
Electronic devices that can be in airplane mode or that can be easily stowed in a cabin seat pocket, are allowed to be used throughout the flight, whether domestic or international.
On international flights, oversized devices such as laptops weighing more than >1kg can be used once the plane has reached cruising altitude of more than >10,000ft/3,048m, but because of concerns about fixed cruising altitudes and different processes, use of laptops and other devices that cannot be easily stowed, will still be barred on domestic flights, the (CAA) said.
If a plane has the appropriate on-board communication facilities, such as Wi-Fi networks, devices that can receive such signals, are also allowed to be used after the on-board systems are turned on, the (CAA) said.
China Airlines (CHI), (EVA) Airlines, Uni Air (MAK), Mandarin Airlines (MDN), and Far Eastern Air Transport (FAT) said they are prepared to implement the changes, as of September.
TransAsia Airways (FSH) said it has already revised its regulations pertaining to usage of electrical devices, but it was still waiting for the (CAA) to approve the changes.
News Item A-2: TransAsia Airways (FSH) has secured a Foreign Air Carrier Permit as well as Route Exemption from the USA Department of Transportation (DOT) following an application lodged in December of last year.
(FSH) is now permitted to engage in charter flights ferrying persons, property, and mail between any point or points in Taiwan and any point or points in the USA, and between any point or points in the USA and any point or points in a 3rd territory or territories.
While it has yet to divulge details of its planned USA operations, TransAsia (FSH) has indicated it would use its pair of A330-300s to service any such route.
News Item A-3: TransAsia Airways (FSH) is set to lease a pair of ex-Singapore Airlines (SIA) A330-300s from Irish firm Lease Corporation International (LCI) the "Airfinance Journal" has reported.
The twinjets will join (FSH)'s existing pair of in-house A330-300s used on flights to Asahikawa, Hakodate, Osaka Kansai, Sapporo Chitose, and Tokyo Narita in Japan, and Shanghai Pudong in China.
September 2015: The Chairman of accident-plagued TransAsia Airways (FSH) was formally charged Tuesday for driving recklessly when he caused the injury of a motorcyclist earlier this year.
The Taipei District Prosecutors Office said that on March 14, Vincent Lin made an illegal lane change in his Porsche in a mountainous part of Xindian in New Taipei, forcing a motorcycle in the oncoming lane off the road. The motorcyclist, named Hsu Yun-hsuan, sustained multiple injuries after he crashed into the side of the mountainous road because of Lin's abrupt move.
Within a week after the incident, Lin said he was prepared to cooperate with authorities and also apologized for his action. He has since reached a settlement with Hsu. Prosecutors wanted to indict Lin for both negligence causing an injury and an offense against public safety, but decided not to go ahead with the 1st charge after the 2 sides reached the settlement.
They stressed on September 15, however, that his offense against public safety was clear and indicted him on that charge.
Lin's airline (FSH) has been plagued by a series of safety woes in the past two years, most notably two fatal accidents in July 2014 in Penghu and February 2015 in Taipei that left dozens dead.
February 2016: "Investigation Points to Pilot (FC) Error in TransAsia (FSH) Crash" by (ATW) Jeremy Torr, February 2, 2016.
The Taiwanese Aviation Safety Council (TASC) has concluded that the July 2014 TransAsia (FSH) ATR 72-500 crash was caused by non-compliance with Standard Operating Procedures (SOPS), poor flight crew (FC) coordination, lack of communication, and ineffective threat and error management.
“[All these] compromised the safety of the flight,” the report stated.
Flight GE222, carrying 58 passengers and crew, was flying from Kaohsiung to Magong island in June 2014, when it crashed when attempting to land during a thunderstorm at Magong Airport. Ten passengers survived and 5 people were injured on the ground after the aircraft hit trees and buildings during an unsuccessful go-around attempt.
This was the result of a culture of “recurring non-compliance with (SOP)s” (TASC) said, citing “an operating culture in which high risk practices were routine and considered normal.”
The report described (FSH)’s senior management as applying a “questionable commitment” to safety procedures, and recommended that measures should be implemented to prevent pilots (FC) from violating procedures and correct “multiple safety deficiencies.”
The (TASC) report recommended the airline should address staff shortages in key areas including aircrew (FC), flight training personnel and safety management, and that the Taiwan Civil Aeronautics Administration should apply more in-depth and regular inspections of aircrew (FC) adherence to (SOP)s.
The recent report comes a year after a 2nd TransAsia (FSH) ATR 72-600 crashed into the river at Taipei in February 2015, killing 43 passengers and flight crew (FC).
Initial reports indicate the pilot cut the wrong engine after a flameout, causing a total loss of power immediately after takeoff.
June 2016: News Item A-1: "Value Alliance: the Hubs, Focus Airports & Routes Where Alliance Members Might Gain Synergies", by (CAPA), June 20, 2016.
Since the "Value Alliance" was announced in May 2016 as the 2nd low cost carrier (LCC) alliance, there has been industry interest about how and where the alliance can deliver synergies. The 9 initial members of the Value Alliance include Cebu Pacific (CEB), Cebgo (SRQ), Jeju Air (JJA), Nok Air (NKA), NokScoot (NSC), Scoot (SCT), Tigerair Singapore (TGR), Tigerair Australia (TAU) and Vanilla Air (VNL).
Tokyo Narita is the alliance hub with more service from Value members (5) than any other. But Asia's most popular airports for Value members are not where the alliance has a local member: Taipei and Hong Kong.
In terms of frequency, Manila and Bangkok Don Mueang have the most Value flights, reflecting their local membership there. The local Value member based at an airport typically dominates the hub, accounting for over >90% of Value flights. That creates a strong feed network for other members but also (potentially) competition that may be too strong. Members overlap on only 6 routes so far and their combined frequency gives them a scale advantage against non-Value (LCC)s. Although it is premature to evaluate the effectiveness of the alliance (new members will join and existing members will grow) this analysis looks at where there are network opportunities for cooperation.
* Airports most frequented by the Value Alliance are not member hubs.
There are services from 3 or more members of the Value Alliance at 15 airports in Asia. This includes Tigerair (TGR) and Scoot (SCT), which have the same ownership, but excludes Cebu Pacific (CEB) and Cebgo (SRQ), since (CEB) owns (SRQ). (TGR) and (SCT) are expected to merge, with only 1 brand surviving.
5 airports have services from 4 or more alliance members. The 2 most popular airports (Taipei Taoyuan (6) and Hong Kong (5)) are not local hubs for the Value Alliance. 3 airports have services from 4 Value members: Hanoi, Osaka Kansai, and Tokyo Narita. Only Tokyo Narita is a Value hub (served by Vanilla Air (VNL)), although Osaka Kansai is a growing focal point for (VNL) and in time, will likely become a hub.
Taipei is home to 2 (LCC)s – Tigerair Taiwan (TTW) and V Air (VAX) (but neither is a member of Value (or of U-FLY)). Tigerair Taiwan (TTW) is 10% owned by the Tigerair Holdings but is not a member, and is expected to be wholly under control of the China Airlines (BEJ) Group, once the expected Tigerair (TGR)/Scoot (SCT) merger occurs. V Air (VAX) is owned by TransAsia (FSH) and has no partnership affiliations. TransAsia (FSH), a full service regional airline, is not a member of any global alliance.
It is not without coincidence that the most commonly served airports are in NE Asia. Taipei and Hong Kong are accessible from both SE Asia and northern Northeast Asia with narrow body aircraft, making the 2 airports accessible for all members. Only Jin Air (JIN) (not an alliance member) is a NE Asian wide body (LCC) operator, so NE Asia’s (LCC)s are restricted from flying deep into Southeast Asia.
In contrast, Southeast Asia has 3 wide body (LCC) operators that are belong to an alliance: Scoot (SCT), NokScoot (NSC) and Cebu Pacific (CEB). (CEB) can access Northeast Asia with narrow body aircraft, although it sometimes uses wide body aircraft on trunk/congested routes. There are services from 3 Value members at 10 airports, and all but 3 are Value member hubs.
* Measured by frequency, most services are at Value Alliance member hubs.
This analysis next looks at the largest airports in the Value Alliance based on weekly frequencies. This analysis comprises the 21 largest airports (the 20th and 21st largest have the same number of frequencies). The 6 largest airports are all member hubs.
The 4 largest (Manila, Bangkok (DMK), Singapore, and Cebu) are significantly larger than the rest. Of the 10 largest airports based on member frequency, only 2 (Hong Kong and Taipei Taoyuan) are not member hubs.
* Largest Value Alliance airports are dominated by their members.
13 of the region's largest airports have >7 daily flights from alliance members. Each is dominated by its local alliance member. At the 2 largest (Manila and Bangkok (DMK)) the local alliance hub member operates 98% and 94% of all flights by the alliance. In other words, of all Value flights at Manila, Cebu Airlines (CEB) operates 98% at Manila, while NokScoot (NSC) and Nok Air (NKA) operate 94% of all Value flights at Bangkok (DMK).
A Value Alliance member typically accounts for >90% of alliance flights at its home. 4 airports are around the 80% mark, while there is no Value Alliance member operating flights at Bangkok (BKK) (they instead operate out of Bangkok (DMK)).
* Value Alliance members overlap on 6 routes.
There is a possibility that the Value Alliance could help (LCC)s gain scale on routes, especially where due to infrastructure constraints ( slots, air traffic, bilaterals) organic growth may not be an option.
In the week commencing June 12, 2016, the Value Alliance members overlap on only 6 routes. This excludes overlap only between Scoot (SCT)/Tigerair (TGR) (owned by the same company and expected to be merged) and Cebu Pacific (CEB)/Cebgo (SRQ) (Cebu Pacific (CEB) owns Cebgo (SRQ)). (CEB) has the most overlap (4 routes) followed by Jeju (JJA) (3), Tigerair (TGR) and Scoot (SCT) (2), and then Vanilla Air (VNL) (1).
No route has more than >2 operators. The frequency split varies between relatively even and lopsided. As this analysis is focused on the opportunity to offer more flights, frequency (not seats) is considered. The use of wide bodies at Scoot (SCT), and sometimes Cebu Pacific (CEB), would alter a capacity share analysis.
* Value Alliance opportunity to link Northeast Asia with Southeast Asia.
The geography of east Asia means that (LCC)s cannot serve the entire region with existing narrow body technology, although (LCC)s in some markets can come close. The final analysis in this report considers the ability of the Value Alliance to link Northeast Asia with Southeast Asia, and vice versa.
6 of the members have routes between Northeast and Southeast Asia. Vanilla Air (VNL) operates wholly within Northeast Asia but is examining a Taipei base to use 5th freedom rights to fly to Southeast Asia. Cebu Pacific (CEB) has the greatest number of flights between Northeast and Southeast Asia. This is probably unsurprising given the Philippines' geographical position, which is more between the regions. Tigerair (TGR) and Scoot (SCT) have approximately 10 routes between the regions.
Evaluating the opportunity is complex: routes are often to points where there is no service from another Value member, or there is limited frequency, and it may not enable a same-day connection, or a connection within reason. Some connections would be circuitous. But as noted earlier, it is too soon to evaluate the opportunity for the alliance.
* Outlook: long haul operator, member with central geography, could bring opportunity but also competition.
The Value Alliance faces the same conundrum as full service alliances: adding members brings opportunities but also competition. A member that is more central between the regions (such as in Hong Kong or Taiwan) could enable more links and connection opportunities.
Alternatively, that member may prefer to serve points on its own. (As (CAPA) has previously recorded, some Value members are expected to work with HK Express outside the (LCC) alliance organizations). More long haul operations could mean that an airline gains access to the strong regional hub of a partner in a different part of Asia. Alternatively, this could preclude cooperation between other members.
The opportunities for the Value members today are varied, but they do exist. With time, the synergies within the alliance should become greater. Most critically, this is all being developed with minimal cost, unlike the high joining and membership fees of full service alliances. While the gains may not seem as significant, neither are the costs.
Conclusion: As (CAPA) has previously concluded of the alliance:
* Joining the Value Alliance should be an appealing option for Asia’s independent (LCC)s, since the cost and risk of membership are small. At the May 16, 2016 launch event, executives representing the founding members stressed that the concept is to add incremental passengers without incurring additional cost or adding any complexities. The members said that they would not have joined if they had not been able to retain their business models.
* The main objective is for each member to increase their brand awareness across Asia-Pacific. The main objective is for each member to increase their brand awareness across Asia-Pacific and augment their distribution network through cross-selling. The alliance members pointed out that most of their brands are not well known outside their respective home markets.
* The members expect that the alliance will only generate a small increase in their interline traffic volumes (at least in the initial phase).
* Interline traffic for most members is a very small part of their overall business (for some it has even been non-existent) and most members do not expect that interline traffic will ever account for a large share of their overall traffic.
* The Value Alliance essentially offers its members a nothing-to-lose alternative for attempting to increase transit traffic and attract passengers in new markets who are now flying with other airlines. Even if the alliance only brings each member a +1% incremental gain in passenger traffic, it can be deemed a success, given the limited cost and the simplicity of the new offering.
* Asia’s independent (LCC)s need to evolve and embrace new alternatives if they are to maintain their growth trajectory and succeed in an increasingly competitive marketplace.
News Item A-2: "Final Report: TransAsia ATR 72-600 Crash ‘Could Have Been Prevented’" by (ATW) Victoria Moores, June 30, 2016.
Taiwan’s Aviation Safety Council (ASC) has concluded the TransAsia Airways (FSH) ATR 72-600 crash on February 4, 2015 was caused by the flight crew (FC) shutting down the wrong Pratt & Whitney (PRW) (PW127) engine after a technical fault.
The ATR 72-600 was operating as flight GE235 between Taipei’s Songshan Airport and Kinmen with 58 people on board, when the flight crew (FC) lost control during the initial climb. The aircraft stalled and crashed into the Keelung River in Taipei, killing 43 people and injuring 15.
In its final report, released June 30, the (ASC) said: “The accident was the result of many contributing factors which culminated in a stall-induced loss of control.”
The (ASC) said engine 2 was automatically shut down during the initial climb, possibly triggered by an “intermittent signal discontinuity” in its auto-feather unit. The pilots (FC) did not follow company procedure and incorrectly shut down engine 1.
“The flight crew (FC)’s non-compliance with TransAsia Airways (FSH) ATR 72-600 standard operating procedures (abnormal and emergency procedures for an engine flame-out at takeoff) resulted in the pilot (FC) flying reducing power on and then shutting down the wrong engine,” the (ASC) said.
The aircraft stalled, but the flight crew (FC) did not respond to warning signals “in a timely and effective manner,” and there was not enough time to restart the healthy engine before impact.
“Had the flight crew (FC) prioritized their actions to stabilize the aircraft flight path, correctly identified the propulsion system malfunction (which was the engine number 2 loss of thrust) and then had taken actions in accordance with procedure of engine number 2 flame out at takeoff, the occurrence could have been prevented,” the final report stated.
The (ASC) also criticized the pilots (FC) for poor communication and coordination. “The pilot (FC) flying did not appropriately respond to, or integrate input from the pilot (FC) monitoring,” it said.
The final report, which follows a provisional version released in January, includes 25 findings and 16 safety recommendations, covering the auto-feather unit, human error, flight operations processes, and regulatory oversight.
The (ASC) said it has “issued a series of safety recommendations to TransAsia Airways (FSH), the (CAA), and aircraft/engine/component manufacturers to correct the serious safety deficiencies identified during the investigation. The manufacturers of aircraft, engine and auto-feather unit have also implemented various safety actions in response to the occurrence.”
(FSH) was criticized for human resources (HR), training and crew resource management (CRM) weaknesses and the (ASC) called for a “thorough review” of (FSH)’s flight crew (FC) training.
The (ASC) also said the (CAA)’s oversight was “in need of improvement” and that TransAsia Airways (FSH) should undergo a “detailed review.”
“The systemic (FSH) flight crew (FC) non-compliances with standard operating procedures identified in previous investigations, including GE222 [fatal (FSH) ATR 72-500 crash in July 2014], remained unaddressed at the time of the GE235 occurrence,” the (ASC) said.
October 2016: A320-232 (3581, B-22320), returned to service.
A321-121 (731, B-22606) put in storage at Goodyear. A321-231 (7375, B-22616), ex-(D-AZAG) delivery.
November 2016: News Item A-1: Taiwan's TransAsia Airways (FSH) will suspend all flights, Taiwan's Civil Aeronautics Administration (CAA) confirmed on November 21.
The Taipei-based carrier suddenly decided to ground all domestic and international flights without any notification, which may face a punishment of NT$600,000 to NT$3 million, the (CAA) said.
TransAsia (FSH) posted a net loss of -NT$951 million, 3x- higher than the -NT$301 million loss from the previous corresponding period. It has been loss-making in 3 consecutive quarters, with its business badly impacted since its 2 turboprop crashes in the last 2 years.
(FSH)'s low-cost carrier (LCC) subsidiary V Air (VAX) ended all flight operations on October 1, 2016, as (VAX) had accumulated net losses of >NT$1.1 billion since it began operations in December 2014.
News Item A-2: TransAsia Airways (FSH) has announced it is shutting down, citing heavy operating losses following 2 major crashes in 2014 and 2015.
(FSH)’s Chairman, Lin Mingsheng, told Taiwan media at a press conference November 22 that (FSH) suffered a -NT2 billion loss/-$63 million in 2015 and another -NT2.7 billion loss as of October 31 this year. “We can raise European Convertible Bonds worth NT2.3 billion due November 29, but I have to consider whether we can make a turnaround in the next 6 months or 1 year. We decided to shut down TransAsia Airways (FSH) because our capital is still more than our debt and we can therefore provide the necessary guarantees to our passengers, employees and relevant cooperative partners,” Lin told local media.
Industry analysts point out that the accidents, a sharp reduction in Chinese mainland travelers and fierce competition from other Taiwanese low cost carriers (LCC)s badly damaged the carrier.
* "TransAsia Airways' Flying Rights Revoked by Aviation Regulator"
by Christine Chou, The China Post, November 29, 2016.
Taiwan's Civil Aeronautics Administration (CAA) gave TransAsia Airways (FSH) until Tuesday, November 29, to make their case before the (CAA) revokes (FSH)'s domestic and international flying rights.
A (FSH) spokesperson said Monday the firm currently has no plans to resume operations. The (CAA) had previously fined the troubled airline NT$3 million for its abrupt shutdown and announced that it would revoke all of its flying rights, but will give the airline a revocation hearing period for it to raise opinions as regulated.
If TransAsia (FSH) fails to respond or to provide a sufficient reason to justify its violation of the Civil Aviation Act, the CAA said it would seek approval from the Ministry of Transportation and Communications (MOTC) to immediately revoke and redistribute the airline's flying rights.
(FSH) declared on November 22 that it would close due to heavy losses (thus laying off its nearly 1,800 employees) a day after it made the shock announcement that it would terminate all of the next day's flights.
The government said national carrier China Airlines (CHI) would take over TransAsia's domestic and overseas routes until February 15 of next year, carrying passengers that had already booked with the stricken company before the routes are redistributed to other airlines.
Labor Negotiations Show Progress.
Another negotiation session between TransAsia workers and employers was held November 28 afternoon, after which the company spokesman said they had reached an initial consensus.
The agreement was made with employee representatives that were not members the union, but the new conditions will apply to all employees, the firm stated.
(FSH) later said that it had agreed to pay out salaries earlier than planned (November salaries will be paid out on November 30 rather than the previously scheduled December 15, and salaries for December will be transferred to employees' bank accounts on January 5 of next year.
(FSH) also said employees that have worked at the company for >3 years will receive higher redundancy fees, while those with >10 years will receive greater benefits than the former.
According to local media, the union's Deputy Executive Director Pang Min-yi said though the firm promised to offer improved redundancy fee packages to employees working more than 3 years, there were senior staff that have been working for over 20 years but could only receive NT$10,000.
"This is ruthless," said Pang.
Government to Draft "TranAsia Clause."
According to local media, the Financial Supervisory Commission said Monday that it had ordered the Taiwan Stock Exchange to draft a special law in response to TransAsia's abrupt dissolution.
The (FSC) said one goal for the law revision is to raise penalties for publicly listed companies that deliberately withhold important information rather than hold press conferences as regulated.
While violating firms may be slapped with a fine of up to NT$5 million at present, the government is considering raising the maximum fine to >NT$10 million.
* "Former CAA Boss Chang Interested in TransAsia Deal" by Shelley Shan, "Taipei Times" November 30, 2016.
Former Civil Aeronautics Administration (CAA) Director General Billy Chang on November 29 said that he and his team are interested in acquiring TransAsia Airways (FSH), but refused to say where they would get the money.
The airline on November 22 announced that it would be dissolved due to persistent financial losses and consequently suspended all of its flights.
The Executive Yuan on November 23 announced that China Airlines (CHI) would take over TransAsia's domestic routes on December 1 to ensure that the flights would continue.
The (CAA) on November 24 notified (FSH) that (FSH)'s right to operate its cross-strait flights would be withdrawn if it failed to address the problems preventing it from providing services by November 29.
"TransAsia Airways (FSH) has encountered difficulties. The government is being criticized for its handling of the incident and (FSH)'s workers are to lose their jobs. Although other airlines have offered to lend a helping hand, none of them is willing to completely take over (FSH)'s operations because of an industry slump. I am here today to represent our team and announce that we are interested in taking over TransAsia (FSH). We hope the move will help solve the problems facing the government, (FSH) and its workers, as well as society at large," Chang told a news conference in Taipei.
Asked about the (CAA)'s deadline, Chang said he hoped it would delay making a final decision on the cross-strait flights. "We would not be interested in acquiring (FSH) should the (CAA) take back the cross-strait flights. Why would I buy something that I cannot do business with?" Chang said, adding that he was due to meet with (FSH) Vincent Lin after the news conference.
Asked to disclose the details of the team he was representing, Chang said work on a deal only commenced yesterday. "I cannot reveal any information about my team, it is confidential. The deal would be off if I tell you anything about my team," he said. Chang said that he would notify the media if there was any significant progress on the negotiations.
(CAA) statistics show that most of TransAsia (FSH)'s profit came from its cross-strait flights, particularly those to Shanghai. Prior to the suspension of services last week, (FSH) flew from Taipei International Airport (Songshan airport) to Shanghai Hongqiao Airport and from Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport to Shanghai Pudong International Airport.
Meanwhile, TransAsia (FSH) said that it had submitted its response to the (CAA) yesterday afternoon (November 29). "The company's board made a decision on Tuesday last week to dissolve the company's business, but the decision still needs to be discussed at an extraordinary shareholders' meeting in January. We will respect the decision made by the shareholders," (FSH) spokesman Liu Chung-chi said.
(FSH) is in the process of organizing severance payments for its employees, and refunding customers and travel agencies, he said,
Liu confirmed that Chang met with the company's management team, but he was reluctant to comment further. "We are a publicly traded firm and any major announcement has to be made on the open market," he said.
Click below for photos:
FSH-A321 VW JETTA
FSH-A330-300 - 2012-11
FSH-A330-800neo - 2014-12
0 A320-231 (V2500-A1) (369 RTND 1999-05, LST (CMA), 332 RTND (ACG) LSD 2000-06. 162Y.
1 A320-231 (V2500-A1) (347, B-22307; 441, /93 B-22306), KAWASAKI LSD 2001-03. 347 RTND. 162Y.
2 A320-232 (V2527-A5) (791, /98 B-22310; 822, /98 B-22311), (812, B-22315; RTND (DRG) 2003-01). 12C, 138Y.
1 A320-232 (3581, B-22320), RETURNED TO SERVICE 2016-10.
12 ORDERS (2017-02) A321NEO (PW1100G-JM) - - SEE ATTACHED - - "FSH-A321NEO-2011-06":
6 +3 ORDERS A321-131 (V2530-A5) (538, /95 B-22601; 555, /95 B-22602; 602, /96 B-22603; 606, /96 B-22605 - SEE PHOTO; 731, /97 B-22606; 746, /97 B-22607), 602 W/O 2003-03. ASIA'S 1ST A321. 194Y.
2 +4 ORDERS A321-231 (6693, B-22611, 2015-07; 7375, B-22616, 2016-10), EX-(D-AVZM) & (D-AZAG).
0 A330-300 (TRENT 700) - - SEE PHOTO - - "FSH-A330-300 - 2012-11." TWO CLASS, 300 PAX.
0 A330-343E (TRENT 700) (1146, B-22103; 1157, B-22105), EX-(SIA), LEASE CORPORATION INTERNATIONAL LSD 2015-08. BOTH LAST REVENUE FLIGHTS 2016-08.
4/4 ORDERS (2018-10) A330-800neo:
2 ATR 72-201 (PW124B) (381, /93 B-22715; 389, /94 B-22716) (322, B-22708 DESTROYED 2002-12). 74Y.
1 ATR 72-202 (PW124B) (364, /93 B-22712), 72Y.
2 +10 ORDERS ATR 72-600NG (1133, /14 B-22815, 2014-02; 1251, B-22821, 2015-07), 72Y.
8/1 ORDERS ATR 72-600:
6 +1/1 ORDER ATR 72-212A (PW127M) (517, /97 B-22801; 525, /97 B-22802; 527, /97 B-22803; 558, /98 B-22805; 560, /98 B-22806; 567, /99 B-22807; 568; 642, /00 B-22810 W/O & DESTROYED - - SEE ACCDT REPORT - - 2014-07; 749, B-22811, 2007-05; 774, B-22812, 2007-12; 1141 /14 B-22816 W/O - - SEE ACCDT REPORT - - 2015-02). 568 RTND. 72Y.
Click below for photos:
FSH-1-Billy Chang - 2016-11.jpg
LIN MINSHENG, CHAIRMAN.
FRED WU, CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER (CEO), (2014-08).
WILLIAM HSU, EXECUTIVE VP, ALSO GENERAL SECRETARY OF THE TAIPEI AIRLINES ASSOCIATION (REPRESENTS TAIWAN'S SIX SCHEDULED CARRIERS).
Y C HSIEN, VP ADMINISTRATION.
MS KAREN WU, VP BUSINESS.
WILLIAM HSU, VP CORPORATE PLANNING.
EDWIN LEE, GENERAL MANAGER (1999-01).
CHARLES CHEN, GENERAL MANAGER.
RICHARD WANG, VP FLIGHT & MECHANICAL OPERATIONS.