Formed and started operations in 1967. Subsidiary of (DLR)-Deutsches Zentrum. Non-commercial German Aeropsace Research Establishment.
Hauptabteilung Flugbetriebe Oberpfaffenhofen
D-82234, Wessling, Germany
Germany (Federal Republic of Germany) was established in 1949, it covers an area of 356,945 sq km, its population is 85 million, its capital city is Berlin, and its official language is German.
November 2008: (ICAO) Code: GPL.
September 2015: "SpaceLiner could Fly Passengers from Europe - Australia in 90 Minutes" by (ATW) Kurt Hofmann, September 10, 2015.
A hypersonic plane that could carry 100 passengers between Europe and Australia in 90 minutes could be a reality by 2050, according to the German Aerospace Center, (DLR) (GPL). Dubbed the "SpaceLiner," (GPL) wants to move ahead with developing the spacecraft, which is a rocket-propelled intercontinental passenger transport capable of carrying 50 passengers and two crew members.
It would have an 83.5 meter long/wing span of 37.5 meters, a rocket-propelled jet, and would work by launching into the Earth’s stratosphere to altitudes of 80 km, where it could travel at speeds up to 13,300 km/h. The two-stage, vertical-takeoff configuration concept consists of a large unmanned booster and a manned stage designed for 50 passengers and two crew members, (GPL) said on its website.
Since the termination of the Concorde operation at Air France (AFA) and British Airways (BAB) in 2003, intercontinental travel has been restricted to low-speed, subsonic, elongated multi-hour flight.
According to (GPL), the key challenge of space transportation is to reduce launch cost as low as possible. “Production is one of the main cost drivers due to the very low manufacturing numbers of stages and engines. Without a new market application for space technology, no improvement is to be expected,” (DLR) (GPL) said on its website.
(GPL) said it has developed a vision that “ultimately has the potential to enable sustainable, low-cost space transportation to orbit. The number of launches per year should be strongly raised and hence manufacturing and operating cost of launcher hardware should dramatically shrink. The obvious challenge of the vision is to identify the very application creating this new, large-size market.”
(GPL) said the new kind of high-speed transport, based on a 2-stage Reusable Launch Vehicle (RLV), could operate on distances like Europe - Australia in 90 minutes. Flying time between Europe and NW America could be reduced to slightly >1 hour. The aircraft will be accelerated by 11 liquid rocket engines operated using cryogenic liquid oxygen and hydrogen (meaning it will only release water vapor and hydrogen in the atmosphere).
It is expected this project is unlikely to get off the ground until 2050.