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GRU-2014-09 - UPDATE
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GRU-OFFICES - 2014-08
ESTABLISHED IN 1945. PRIVATE CORPORATE CHARTER, JET AIRPLANE OPERATIONS. FLIGHT DIVISION OF NORTHROP GRUMMAN CORPORATION.
PO BOX 746-520
BALTIMORE, MD 21203-0746, USA
MAY 1999: ACQUIRES RYAN AERONAUTICAL, FROM ALLEGHENY TELEDYNE,
FOR $140 MILLION.
SEPTEMBER 1999: JOINT VENTURE WITH PRATT & WHITNEY (PWC) AND "SEVEN Q SEVEN" TO OFFER RE-ENGINING OF MILITARY/GOVERNMENT OPERATED 707'S, (ABOUT 150 AIRPLANES, OPERATED BY 22 COUNTRIES). NORDAM IS TO SUPPLY COWL DOORS/PYLONS, AND BFGOODRICH (BFG) IS TO PROVIDE INLET/THRUST REVERSERS. (JT8D-219) RE-ENGINES PROJECTS A $500 MILLION MARKET.
OCTOBER 1999: 3RD QUARTER = +$128 MILLION (+$116 MILLION) (NET PROFIT).
NOVEMBER 1999: ACQUIRES NAVIA AVIATION, OSLO, NORWAY (INSTRUMENT
LANDING SYSTEM, DIGITAL VOICE SWITCHING SYSTEM, & (ATC) SYSTEM, FOR $35 MILLION CASH. HAD $35 MILLION REVENUES IN 1998,
MAY 2000: 1ST QUARTER = +$173 MILLION (+$88 MILLION).
JUNE 2000: THE CARLYLE GROUP, NEW YORK ACQUIRES COMMERCIAL AEROSTRUCTURES BUSINESS OF NORTHROP GRUMMAN (GRU), FOR $843 MILLION, AND IS RENAMED TO "VOUGHT AIRCRAFT." (GRU) IS A SECTOR, TO BE RENAMED "INTEGRATED SYSTEMS SECTOR" (ISS), AND MOVED TO WASHINGTON DC.
OCTOBER 2000: 1 BEECH 1900D (PT6A-67D) (UE-416, N50916), EX-RAYTHEON (RAY).
JANUARY 2000: NORTHROP GRUMMMAN (GRU) ACQUIRES LITTON INDUSTRIES FOR $5.1 BILLION. LITTON WILL BECOME A WHOLLY OWNED SUBSIDIARY OF (GRU).
JANUARY 2001: 2000 = +$429 MILLION (+$390 MILLION).
APRIL 2001: ACQUISITION OF LITTON INDUSTRIES CREATES A $15 BILLION,
TOP-TIER, GLOBAL DEFENSE ENTERPRISE WITH 80,000 EMPLOYEES
1ST QUARTER = +$103 MILLION (+$173 MILLION).
July 2002: Kenneth Wilson, VP Command, Control, Communications, Computers, Intelligence, Surveillance, Reconnaissance, & Targeting Network Systems for Northrup Grumman Corporation (GRU) Electronic Systems Sector.
$13.2 billion acquisition of TRW Inc, to become the USA's 2nd largest defense contractor (including assuming approximately $5.5 billion in net debt). Northrop Grumman Corp (GRU) now has the financial and technological clout to compete head-on with Boeing (TBC) and Lockheed Martin in missile defense and other classified space systems, as well as for large system integration projects. (GRU) will also become the government's largest supplier of Information Technology (IT) services - an area in which (GRU) wasn't even involved, prior to 1994.
The TRW acquisition, would seem to complete (GRU)'s 10-year transformation through acquisitions, but Kent Kresa, Chairman, & CEO, indicated the company will continue to evolve. "It's never finished, because you're always looking at how you can make it better. It will be a stronger company than I ever envisioned."
TRW's agreement with Goodrich Corporation (BFG) for the purchase of its aeronautics business for $1.5 billion, will be completed, and TRW's $10 billion automotive operation will be sold or spun off. At that point, TRW's Cleveland HQ will be closed, with the probable loss of many of those jobs. TRW Chairman, Philip Odeen will retire. Earlier this year, David Cote, Chairman resigned to accept an offer to head Honeywell International (SGC). Former TRW President & COO, is now (GRU)'s President & COO.
September 2002: Robert Del Boca, VP Infrared Counter-measures & Laser Systems, Electronics Systems sector, Baltimore.
November 2002: $34.2 million contract to design a new, radar antenna, for the B-2 bomber. In what may become a $900 million program, Northrop Grumman (GRU) will integrate an active electronically scanned array to improve radar range and resolution, on the bomber fleet by decade's end. Raytheon (RAY) is the principle subcontractor, and is also teamed with (GRU) to build the radar on the new, multi-sensor command and control airplane. (AESA) radars can scan, track, and jam simultaneously in low-probability-of-intercept modes.
Qantas Airways (QAN) orders (GRU)'s Navigation Systems Division's, LTN-92 Inertial Navigation Systems for installation on its 747-300's.
The Blackstone Group, New York buys TRW Automotive, Michigan from (GRU) for $4.725 billion.
December 2002: Completion of the merger with TRW makes it the nation's 2nd largest defense company with >$25 billion annual sales and nearly 120,000 employees. TRW Systems will be renamed Northrop Grumman (GRU) Mission Systems, with about 15,000 employees at Reston, Virginia. TRW Space & Electronics will be renamed Northrop Grumman (GRU) Space Technolgy, with more than >8,600 employees at Redondo Beach, California.
January 2003: Kent Kresa, Chairman & CEO, was honored with the 2002 Howard Hughes Memorial Award (HHMA) by the Aero Club of Southern California.
Ronald Sugar, CEO, to take office in April 2003.
March 2003: Albert Myers, Corporate VP Strategy & Technology. John Sanford, Corporate VP/Treasurer.
May 2003: $120M, 3-year contract from Vought Aircraft Industries, for Info Technology (IT) outsourcing services.
December 2003: Signed $100M, 15-year lease extension for its Century City, Los Angeles HQ that also expands floor space from 131,140 sq ft to 193, 129 sq ft of the 300,000 sq ft Northrop Tower II building.
May 2004: Sidney Fuchs, President TASC Unit, Herndon, Virginia.
June 2004: Its stock split 2-for-1.
November 2005: Jerry Agee, Corporate VP & President Mission Systems.
January 2007: Northrop Grumman (GRU) began testing and evaluation of its laser-based Guardian counter-Manpad missile defense system aboard an MD-10 at Los Angeles International. FedEx (FED) is the likely operator of the airplane. Testing will run through March 2008 and will include eight other MD-10s in revenue service. The Guardian system is designed to detect shoulder-fired missiles and direct a nonvisible laser to the seeker head that will disrupt its guidance and cause it to miss the airplane.
December 2007: Northrup Grumman (GRU) is recruiting a Pilot In Command (PIC) (FC) of company-operated turbine engine airplanes. Employment is based on the ability to pass a (FAA) Class I flight physical with no waivers. Minimum flight experience required is 4,000 hours total, 1,000 hours turbine, 500 hours jet, and 250 hours in the last 12 months. Prefer CE-560XL Type Rating and 500 (PIC) hours in type. (FAA) (ATP) pilot certificate required. Knowledge of FlightPak aviation software desirable. Perform other duties as assigned by management. USA citizenship is required. Must be eligible for Dept of Defense (DoD) clearance. Applicants can apply online.
March 2008: Boeing (TBC)'s plans to offer a new freighter variant of the 767F based on its KC-767 proposal are in doubt, after Northrop Grumman (GRU) and (EADS) (EDS) won the (USAF) (USF) tanker contract. The move was an attempt to match the A330-200F's capability of carrying 69 tons over 3,200 nm. The current 767-300F can carry 55 tons over a similar distance. Boeing (TBC) was moving to offer a 767-200LRF Long Range Freighter and a 767-300LRF, with the former carrying less payload over much greater distances, while building on the nonstop appeal of the 777-200F. The company has a backlog of 51 767s, mostly freighters for (UPS), and is producing them at the rate of 1.5 per month. (EADS) (EDS)'s win gives Airbus (EDS) a production facility in the USA for its A330-200F and will aid sales efforts for the airplane to freight giants FedEx (FED) and (UPS). Boeing (TBC) has 28 days to appeal the decision, but may waive that strategy, hoping to win the KC-10 tanker replacement with its 777.
Airbus (EDS) President & CEO, Tom Enders said "preparatory work is now underway" to establish an A330F freighter final assembly line (FAL) in Mobile following last week's USA Air Force (USF) decision to award (EADS)/Northrop Grumman (GRU) an initial contract potentially worth $40 billion to build KC-30 aerial refueling tankers based on the A330 design. Enders said Airbus (EDS) will "co-locate" the (FAL), which would be its first in the USA, on the site of the tanker (FAL). The company currently has an engineering center in Mobile, that is slated to employ 150 by 2009, but "hundreds" of workers are expected to be added to build the tankers and A330Fs.
February 2009: Northrop Grumman Corporation (GRU) reported a fourth quarter loss from continuing operations of -$2.5 billion and a 2008 loss from continuing operations of -$1.3 billion driven by a non-cash, after-tax charge of $3.1 billion for impairment of goodwill in accordance with Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (SFAS) 142 "Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets." Fourth quarter 2008 sales increased +4% to $9.2 billion from $8.8 billion in the 2007 fourth quarter. 2008 sales increased +6% to $33.9 billion from $31.8 billion in 2007. Cash from operations for the 2008 fourth quarter increased to $1 billion from $734 million in the 2007 fourth quarter, and cash from operations for the year increased to a record $3.2 billion from $2.9 billion in 2007. Cash from operations, for both the fourth quarter and total year, was reduced by discretionary pension pre-funding of $200 million in both 2008 and 2007.
"Our underlying fourth quarter operating results were outstanding and represent a strong finish to the year. We begin 2009 with a $78 billion dollar backlog, the highest in (GRU)'s history, and a tribute to the dedication and talent of our 120,000 employees," said Ronald D Sugar, (GRU) Chairman & CEO. "Looking ahead, we continue to position our organization to be more agile and competitive. Our priorities are flawless execution for our customers and superior returns for our shareholders through the generation of outstanding cash flow and solid growth in pension-adjusted earnings," Sugar concluded.
Fourth quarter 2008 adjusted earnings from continuing operations increased +15% to $524 million, or $1.57 per diluted share, from $457 million, or $1.32 per diluted share, in the fourth quarter of 2007. For 2008, earnings from continuing operations before the goodwill impairment charge was comparable to the prior year period at $1.8 billion, or $5.21 per diluted share in 2008, compared with $5.18 per diluted share in 2007.
July 2009: Northrop Grumman Corporation (GRU) reported that second quarter 2009 earnings from continuing operations totaled +$394 million, compared with +$483 million in the second quarter of 2008. Second quarter 2009 net pension adjustment reduced earnings from continuing operations by -$49 million, compared with an increase to earnings from continuing operations of $45 million in the second quarter of 2008.
November 2009: Northrop Grumman Corporation (GRU) has signed a definitive agreement to sell (TASC) Inc, its advisory services business, for $1.65 billion in cash to an investor group led by General Atlantic LLC and affiliates of Kohlberg Kravis Roberts & Co. Completion of the transaction is subject to customary regulatory conditions including Hart-Scott-Rodino approval. The transaction is expected to close by year end.
(GRU)'s board of directors separately authorized a $1.1 billion increase in the company's share repurchase program. At the end of the third quarter of 2009, approximately $280 million remained on (GRU)'s prior $2.5 billion share repurchase authorization. (GRU) expects the sale to generate net cash proceeds, after taxes, of approximately $1.1 billion. Net proceeds will be used to repurchase shares of common stock, after which the transaction is expected to be neutral to (GRU)'s 2010 earnings per share from continuing operations. (GRU) also expects the transaction to be neutral to 2009 net income and diluted earnings per share. "This transaction is in the best interest of (GRU)'s customers, employees and shareholders," said Ronald D Sugar, Chairman & CEO. "It reflects (GRU)'s desire to align quickly with the government's new organizational conflict of interest standards, while preserving (TASC)'s unique organizational culture and its status as the advisory services employer of choice. (TASC) is a remarkable organization with a proud 43-year heritage of supporting critical national security missions. We are confident the investors understand the critical importance of its customers' missions and the depth and sophistication of its employees' expertise."
Chantilly, Virginia-based (TASC) Inc is part of (GRU)'s Information Systems sector and has approximately 5,000 employees. (TASC) Inc expects 2009 revenue of approximately $1.6 billion.
October 2010: Northrop Grumman Corporation (GRU) third quarter net earnings were +$497 million (+$75 million).
December 2010: Boeing (TBC) has won a one-year, $5.29-million (NASA) (NAS) study contract to study advanced airliner concepts under (NASA)’s Environmentally Responsible Aviation (ERA) project. (TBC) joins Lockheed Martin and Northrop Grumman, which won parallel (ERA) study contracts in late November to examine airliner concepts for service entry in 2025. The teams will define a preferred system concept for an airplane that can meet (NASA)’s aggressive N+2 environmental targets for commercial airplanes starting development after 2020. N+2 refers to technology appropriate for two generations beyond what is currently state-of-the-art.
Compared to a current twin-engine wide body, the N+2 goals include designs that burn -50% less fuel, reduce harmful emissions by -50% and reduce areas affected by objectionable airport noise by -83%. The concept will be capable of cruise speeds around Mach 0.85, a range of up to 7,000 miles and a payload of 50,000 to 100,000 lbs. As part of the contracts, each of the three teams will evaluate how its concept will operate within the (FAA)'s NextGen air transportation system. This will include noise profiles, output of nitrous oxide gas and carbon, as well as the ability to fly operational trajectories. The teams also will develop road maps for developing and maturing technology to specific Technology Readiness Levels (TRL), a (TRL) of six being considered the right jumping-off point to move into full-scale development. They also will prioritize technologies that must be developed in the Fiscal 2013 to 2015 time frame.
February 2011: On February 4, the Northrop Grumman Corporation (GRU)-built US Navy X-47B Unmanned Combat Air System Demonstration (UCAS-D) airplane successfully completed its historic first flight at Edwards Air Force Base (AFB), California.
Conducted by a US Navy/Northrop Grumman (GRU) test team, the flight took off at 2:09 pm (PST) and lasted 29 minutes. This event marks a critical step in the program, moving the team forward to meet the demonstration objectives of a tailless fighter-sized unmanned airplane to safely take off from and land on the deck of a US Navy aircraft carrier.
“First flight represents the compilation of numerous tests to validate the airworthiness of the airplane, and the robustness and reliability of the software that allows it to operate as an autonomous system and eventually have the ability to take-off and land aboard an aircraft carrier,” said Captain Jaime Engdahl, the Navy’s UCAS-D Program Manager.
November 2011: Northrop Grumman Corporation (GRU)’s Europe subsidiary, Northrop Grumman Park Air Systems has announced that the first part of the air traffic management (ATM) communications systems that it has delivered to Air Traffic Control the Netherlands (LVNL) for airports across the Netherlands is now in full operational use at Maastricht Aachen Airport. This is the first of 14 radio sites to become operational.
The radio system including monitoring and control is a part of the full voice communication control system (VCCS) replacement program that (LVNL) will complete in 2014. The digital end-to-end (VCCS) will consist of Northrop Grumman (GRU)’s GAREX 220 switching systems and PAE T6 air-ground radios, installed at sites across the Netherlands.
“Our integration of the GAREX Voice Communication Control System with PAE radio equipment, underpinned by our extensive expertise and experience has set the industry standard in communication systems for air traffic management,” said Eldar Hauge, the Managing Director of Northrop Grumman Park Air Systems, Norway. “The successful long-term collaboration we have with (LVNL) demonstrates our commitment to meeting customer needs and delivering reliable, high-performance solutions. We look forward to continuing to work with (LVNL) on this important program. ”
The GAREX 220 switching systems are actively being developed and tested to optimise (LVNL)’s communication suite. When completed, the (VCCS) will provide fully-integrated air traffic control voice communications across all (LVNL) controlled airspace.
The voice communications program with the (LVNL) includes more than >500 radio systems that will be installed across radio sites of Rotterdam Airport The Hague, Groningen Airport Eelde and Vlissingen in addition to those already delivered earlier this year at Amsterdam Airport Schiphol and Maastricht Airport Aachen.
(LVNL) provides air traffic services in the Dutch civil airspace up to Flight Level 245. (LVNL)’s area control unit handles about 500,000 flights yearly and its four tower and approach control units together handle around 600,000 flights yearly.
With a 50-year legacy in air traffic management systems ranging from individual airport installations to countrywide, multiple-site turnkey integrated system solutions, Northrop Grumman (GRU)’s state-of-the-art air traffic management systems are operationally controlling air traffic in numerous countries around the world, including recent major programs in: Norway, Canada, France, United Arab Emirates (UAE), United States, and the United Kingdom.
Northrop Grumman Park Air Systems, based in Oslo and Horten, Norway, and in Peterborough, UK, supplies air traffic management systems for air-space operations worldwide.
December 2011: Northrop Grumman Corporation (GRU)’s Europe-based air traffic management subsidiary, Northrop Grumman Park Air Systems has been granted temporary certification by the Civil Aviation Administration of China (CAAC) for its NOVA 9000 airport surface movement guidance and control system.
Park Air Systems is the first, and currently only, supplier of Advanced Surface Movement Guidance & Control Systems (A-SMGCS) to obtain this certification from the (CAAC). Under (CAAC) regulations, all communication, navigation and surveillance products serving the Chinese civil aviation market require certification as a compulsory prerequisite to site acceptance and operation at airports or en route.
“We congratulate Northrop Grumman Park Air Systems on this vital achievement and are honoured to award the company with the first (CAAC) Temporary Certificate,” said Tian Zhencai, Director Communication, Navigation & Surveillance Department within the Air Traffic Management (ATM) Division of the (CAAC). “We trust that the company will continue to deliver top quality (A-SMGCS) systems, thereby ensuring exceptional ground safety at Chinese airports.”
As a key supplier of (A-SMGCS) in China, Park Air Systems has delivered NOVA 9000 systems to Beijing, Guangzhou and Macau airports, with an additional delivery to Shenzhen airport in progress. Since commencement of the application process in 2009, the company has carried out its activities in compliance with application procedures and (CAAC) requirements. As a result of successful installations and a thorough final evaluation, the company obtained the (CAAC) Temporary Certificate in November 2011.
Northrop Grumman (GRU) has a significant number of (ATM) systems in operation in international markets and its 50-year legacy ranges from individual airport installations to countrywide, multiple-site turnkey integrated system solutions. The company’s state-of-the-art (ATM) systems are in use in numerous countries including Norway, France, Switzerland, Egypt, Brazil, Kazakhstan, Qatar, Oman, Israel, Canada, India, Poland, Romania, Hungary, Croatia, Latvia, United Arab Emirates, USA, and the UK, in both civil and military applications.
October 2012: The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) Autonomous High-Altitude Refueling (AHR) program recently completed successful flight demonstrations of technology that allows unmanned airplane systems (UAS) to automatically refuel in-flight.
(DARPA) conducted the flights in collaboration with Northrop Grumman (GRU) and the (NASA) (NAS) Dryden Flight Research Center using two (NASA) Global Hawk (UAS)s.
The (DARPA) agency said that the two Global Hawks successfully flew in close formation (as close as 30 feet) for more than >2.5 hours at 44,800 feet. The close formation flight showed the ability of (UAS) to operate autonomously under in-flight refueling conditions.
"The technical developments that enabled these two high-altitude, long-endurance unmanned Global Hawks in close formation is an outstanding accomplishment for the (AHR) program," said Fred Ricker, VP & Deputy General Manager for Northrop Grumman (GRU) Aerospace Systems' Advanced Programs & Technology. "Coupled with the advanced design and technical implementation of aerial refueling systems on board both airplanes, the demonstration has truly brought a concept to life, which has the potential to change the operations for unmanned airplane utility and enable mission flexibility never before realized."
Northrop Grumman (GRU), (DARPA) and (NASA) (NAS) Dryden Flight Research Center successfully completed a series of flight demonstrations, moving the (DARPA)'s Autonomous High-Altitude Refueling program closer to demonstrating the first autonomous aerial refueling between two unmanned, high-altitude airplanes. The flights, which used two (NASA) (NAS) Global Hawk unmanned airplanes ( one configured as a tanker and the other as a receiver) were conducted at Edwards Air Force Base, California.
May 2013: See video of X-47B (UCAS) stealth jet (un-manned drone) taking off from nuclear aircraft carrier USS George H.W. Bush:
November 2013: Northrop Grumman (GRU) on November 25 announced the successful flight test of a new active traffic surveillance system with Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast (ADS-B) designed to provide USA Department of Defense (DoD) airplanes with capabilities required by the (FAA)'s NextGen airspace modernization program.
The flight test integrated the aerospace and defense manufacturer's Communications, Navigation, Surveillance/Air Traffic Management (CNS/ATM) with its Real Time Situational Awareness (RTSA) system which provides a tactical common operational picture to all airplanes within a participating area. (CNS/ATM) also addresses many of the requirements for the US Air Force's C-130 avionics modernization program, Northrop (GRU) said.
(ACSS) provided a C-12 surrogate airframe to complete the flight test, which occurred in August at Montgomery Field in San Diego, California. The air traffic management (ATM) system uses the (T3CAS) Traffic Management Computer developed by (ACSS).
Military airplanes are required to be equipped with avionics for required navigation performance and area navigation, reduced vertical separation minimums and (ADS-B Out) by 2015 in Europe and 2020 in the United States.
December 2013: Northrop Grumman Corporation (GRU) has been awarded a contract by (NATS) Services, to provide ground-to-air communication solutions for up to 15 United Kingdom airports, including the London gateway airports Heathrow, Gatwick and Stansted. (NATS) is the UK’s leading provider of air traffic control (ATC) services.
The contract was awarded to Northrop Grumman (GRU)’s UK-based subsidiary, Park Air Systems and followed an international tender process, where suppliers were asked to demonstrate innovation and prove value for money through life costs. The communication solutions will build upon existing infrastructure and will allow airports to meet the 8.33 kHz channel spacing requirements set by EuroControl.
The re-use of existing Park Air assets that have many years of useful life remaining, will be maximized wherever possible. This approach underpins Park Air’s commitment to the environment embodied in its (ISO 14001) certification, allowing (NATS) to deliver a reliable service with minimal outlay. “Park Air has for many years delivered innovative air traffic communication solutions to UK customers including both (NATS) and the Ministry of Defence,” said Charles Houseago, Managing Director, Northrop Grumman Park Air Systems. “Our solution makes maximum use of the existing assets, whilst injecting new technology to meet legislative and support demands, thereby allowing our customers to sustain a highly reliable service at the lowest possible cost.”
Park Air Systems, based in Peterborough, UK, supplies aviation communication systems for operations worldwide.
On a grey, chilly afternoon 20 years ago today, the first operational B-2 stealth bomber, the "Spirit of Missouri," circled the airfield at Whiteman Air Force Base, Missouri, once, then landed, marking the start of a remarkable history that has given the USA one of its most powerful defensive (and diplomatic) weapons.
Developed, produced and sustained by a USA Air Force (USF)/Northrop Grumman Corporation (GRU)-led industry team, the B-2 is the nation’s premier long range strike airplane. The fleet of 20 bombers is based at Whiteman, near Kansas City, ready to defend the nation’s interests anywhere in the world, anytime, day or night. “For 20 years, the B-2 has been one of the nation’s most decisive, most effective weapon systems for defending America’s interests around the world. It deters our enemies and assures our allies of our capabilities and our commitment,” said Brig. Gen. Thomas Bussiere, commander of the Air Force’s 509th Bomb Wing.
The B-2, which can carry both conventional and nuclear weapons, is the only airplane that combines stealth, long range, large payload and precision weapons. Its stealth characteristics allow it to penetrate sophisticated enemy air defenses and threaten heavily defended targets. “The strength of the B-2 lies not simply in its warfighting capabilities, but also in the passion and the spirit of innovation of the men and women who have kept it lethal and effective against evolving threats for the past 20 years,” said Dave Mazur, VP & B-2 Program Manager, Northrop Grumman Aerospace Systems (GRU). “It remains one of America’s most important symbols of strength and freedom.”
Northrop Grumman (GRU) leads all B-2 modernization efforts. It also performs programmed depot maintenance on the fleet at its B-2 program office in Palmdale, California. Current modernization efforts will enhance the bomber’s communications, defensive and weapons capabilities. “The capabilities of the B-2, and the technological innovations behind it, are part and parcel of USA defensive and diplomatic leadership around the world,” said Mazur. “As it has helped define the present, so it will continue to inform and help define the future.” SEE ATTACHED PHOTO - - "GRU-B-2 STEALTH BOMBER - 2013-12."
February 2014: Northrop Grumman (GRU)'s Australian subsidiary, Northrop Grumman Australia Pty Limited, has completed its acquisition of Australian aerospace and defense company Qantas Defence Services.
The acquisition will allow Northrop Grumman (GRU) to expand its Australian footprint, as the company seeks more international opportunities for unmanned, cyber, (C4ISR) and modernization growth. The new company will be called Northrop Grumman Integrated Defence Services Pty Limited (IDS).
"Northrop Grumman (IDS) enhances our in-country footprint and local capabilities, and demonstrates our commitment to the Australian and regional defense markets. We expect this to be an important platform for international growth in our key focus areas of unmanned, cyber, (C4ISR), and logistics and modernization," said Ian Irving, Northrop Grumman (CEO) for Australia.
August 2014: United States Air Force Weather (AFW) awarded Northrop Grumman (GRU) an Indefinite Deliver, Indefinite Quantity (IDIQ) contract valued at $300 million. The contract promises (AFW) continued help with a full range of terrestrial and space environmental information, products and services to military forces worldwide.
Under the Systems Engineering, Management and Sustainment (SEMS) III contract, (GRU) will continue to facilitate Systems Engineering, Systems Management and Sustainment Services. In addition, (GRU) will support scientific projects, the transition of new capability to operations, logistics analysis and management, and testing and field support.
The Air Force (USF) and other military forces use (AFW) environmental information and forecasts for mission planning, combat operations and airfield and flight operations. Northrop Grumman (GRU) has been the prime contractor for (SEMS) since 2002.
November 2014: Intended to effortlessly spin on-orbit at nearly 15 revolutions per minute collecting data, Northrop Grumman (GRU)’s (NYSE: NOC) lightweight mesh reflector has been successfully installed on (NASA) (NAS)’s Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) spacecraft and delivered to Vandenberg Air Force Base in preparation for launch in January 2015.
The (SMAP) mission will provide global measurements of soil moisture and indicate whether it is frozen or thawed. The data will be used to understand the processes that link Earth’s water, energy and carbon cycles and improve weather and climate prediction models. (SMAP)’s freeze and thaw data will be used to detect changes in growing season length to help scientists better understand how much carbon plants absorb from the atmosphere each year. (SMAP) data will also be used to improve flood prediction and drought monitoring capabilities.
As the satellite orbits Earth, the mesh reflector, which deploys and expands to a 19-foot aperture, will provide a conically scanning antenna beam of approximately 40 degrees or a swath of 621 miles for total global mapping every 2 - 3 days.
In spite of the complexities of the mission, the (SMAP) reflector weighs only 56 pounds. The extremely stiff boom, which deploys the reflector into position and reduces deflections caused by the spin rate, weighs 55 pounds. With the remaining launch restraint equipment weighing approximately 14 pounds, the entire system totals a mere 125 pounds.
“Ultra-lightweight technology is critical to meet the demanding requirements of this mission,” said Geoff Marks, Chief Technologist at Astro Aerospace, a strategic business unit of Northrop Grumman (GRU), which developed the assembly. “The reflector is based on AstroMesh® technology, which is lighter, stiffer and inherently more accurate than competing technologies. These characteristics and innate surface accuracy makes it an ideal choice for high frequency communication and radar applications.”
The (SMAP) observatory is scheduled to be launched in January 2015 into a 426-mile near-polar, sun-synchronous orbit, with equator crossings at 6 am and 6 pm. It will provide data over a three-year period.
Since 1958, Astro Aerospace (www.northropgrumman.com/astro) has helped enable complex missions to Earth orbit, Mars and beyond with its innovative deployable space structures and mechanisms. The business unit’s products have been successfully deployed on more than >150 space flights with a 100% success rate, a testament to Northrop Grumman (GRU)’s commitment to reliability, quality and affordability.
February 2015: Northrop Grumman (GRU)'s UK-based Air Traffic Management (ATM) communications systems subsidiary, Northrop Grumman Park Air Systems, has won a contract from South Korea's Ministry of Land, Infrastructure & Transport to provide additional air traffic communication system sites for the Incheon, South Korea Air Traffic Control (ATC) Center. The systems will enable ground-to-air communications for the center.
The new contract will build on the current infrastructure, delivering an additional six remote sites that will further extend the coverage for operations at Incheon (ACC). (GRU) will supply its Park Air T6 system featuring 30 (VHF) channels and 32 (UHF) channels, together with a remote control and monitoring system, to allow centralized awareness of the equipment performance and availability. The contract is slated for completion by mid-2015.
Northrop Grumman Park Air Systems supplies (ATC) communication systems for airspace operations worldwide, with components designed to ensure ease of purchase, installation and maintenance.
August 2015: Northrop Grumman (GRU) has announced an organizational realignment with the aim to improve performance and drive profitable growth across the company's aerospace systems portfolio.
Chris Hernandez has been appointed Vice President of the newly formed Research, Technology & Advanced Design organization. In this role, Hernandez will integrate resources to drive basic and advanced research; technology development; and advanced design, including the rapid prototyping expertise of the company's business unit, scaled composites.
The company has appointed Mary Petryszyn to the position of VP of the newly formed Global Business Development organization. Petryszyn, who formerly led the international organization, will integrate the sector's business development and strategy organizations to align with the company's growing global business areas.
Last, Tom Pieronek will assume the role of VP of Basic Research, reporting to Hernandez. Pieronek will lead collaborative research groups to identify, develop and align core science capabilities to enable key markets and new business areas.
October 2015: News Item A-1: "US Air Force Selects Northrop Grumman (GRU) as Partner on Long-Range Strike Bomber" by www.aviationnews.eu Rob Vogelaar, October 28, 2015.
The US Air Force (USF) has selected Northrop Grumman Corporation (GRU) to deliver the nation’s new Long-Range Strike Bomber (LRS-B) - - see attached - - "GRU-Long-Range Strike Bomber - 2015-10.jpg. This selection continues (GRU)’s 35-year partnership with the US Air Force (USF) in providing the world’s most advanced long-range strike systems.
“The Air Force has made the right decision for our nation’s security,” said Wes Bush, Chairman, (CEO) & President, Northrop Grumman (GRU). “As the company that developed and delivered the B-2 Spirit stealth bomber, we look forward to providing the Air Force with a highly-capable and affordable next-generation Long-Range Strike Bomber. “Our team has the resources in place to execute this important program, and we’re ready to get to work,” Bush added.
News Item A-2: "Northrop Grumman (GRU) to Refine Radar Software for Global Hawk Ground & Airborne Surveillance (UAV)" by www.militaryaerospace.com John Keller Editor, October 18, 2015.
HANSCOM AIR FORCE BASE, Massachusetts, October 12, 2015: - Surveillance radar experts at Northrop Grumman Corporation (GRU) are refining software in an advanced radar system aboard the Global Hawk Block 40 long-range unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) that tracks slow-moving ground vehicles and low-flying cruise missiles.
Officials of the US Air Force (USF) Life Cycle Management Center at Hanscom Air Force Base, Massachusetts, announced a $17 million contract modification to the Northrop Grumman Aerospace Systems segment in El Segundo, California, for radar software corrections for the Multi-Platform Radar Technology Insertion Program (MP-RTIP).
The (USF)'s (MP-RTIP) program is developing a modular, active electronically scanned array (AESA) radar system scalable for the Global Hawk UAV and the Air Force Joint Surveillance Target Attack Radar System (Joint (STARS)).
The Raytheon Company (RAY) Space & Airborne Systems segment in El Segundo, California, is a primary subcontractor on the (MP-RTIP) program, and is in charge of the radar system's hardware development.
The (MP-RTIP) system is being created from previously developed Northrop-Grumman (GRU) radar technology, including the (USF)'s E-8 Joint (STARS) aircraft and the existing Global Hawk radar system.
The block 40 Global Hawk is larger than the original Global Hawk models, with a longer fuselage, larger payload capacity, larger electrical output, and longer wingspan.
The (MP-RTIP) radar that Northrop Grumman (GRU) and Raytheon (RAY) are developing will be able to track slow-moving ground vehicles and low-flying cruise missiles. Compared with existing ground-surveillance radar systems, the (MP-RTIP) will have enhanced resolution and will be able to collect ground moving target indicator imagery and synthetic aperture radar still images simultaneously.
Northrop Grumman (GRU) and Raytheon (RAY) started developing the (MP-RTIP) radar system in late 2000, and company experts have finished the system's basic design, development, testing, and systems integration.
The Block 40 configuration of the RQ-4 Global Hawk first flew in late 2009. Northrop Grumman (GRU) began integrating the (MP-RTIP) radar aboard the Global Hawk Block 40 in 2012.
On this contract modification, Northrop Grumman (GRU) will do the work in El Segundo, California, and should be finished in November 2016.
For more information contact Northrop Grumman Aerospace Systems online at www.northropgrumman.com, or the Air Force Life Cycle Management Center at www.wpafb.af.mil/aflcmc.
November 2015: News Item A-1: "LRS-B Jet Bomber Starting Out on the Right Track, But We Should Keep a Close Eye on This Project" by www.militaryaerospace.com John Keller Editor, November 3, 2015.
The US Air Force (USF) appears to be on the right track with its plan to develop a new jet bomber (the Long-Range Strike Bomber (LRS-B)). Some of the best aspects that have come out of limited (LRS-B) details so far are cost, avionics upgrade ability, and pilot (FC) safety.
Air Force leaders announced last month their choice of the Northrop Grumman Corporation Aerospace Systems segment in Redondo Beach, California, to develop the (LRS-B). The contract, of undisclosed value, is for Engineering & Manufacturing Development (EMD) (the Pentagon's term for full-scale development).
I especially like three things about the (LRS-B) project, which if the (USF) can stay on course will bode well for the big jet bomber project and most likely prevent its cancellation in the future. Plans now call for the (LRS-B) to join the (USF) aircraft fleet in the mid 2020s.
First is cost. Air Force leaders say they plan to develop a bomber that can deliver conventional and nuclear weapons anywhere in the world from bases within the Continental United States at a cost of about one-third of today's most advanced U.S. bomber, the Northrop Grumman B-2 Spirit stealth bomber.
Second is technology. The Air Force seeks to use an open-systems architecture for the plane's avionics and other subsystems. This approach will help mitigate the effects of electronics component obsolescence and has the potential to ensure the bomber can be designed and retrofitted with the latest electronic technologies over the duration of its lifetime.
Third is the (USF)'s plan to introduce optionally piloted versions of the (LRS-B) sometime after the plane's introduction. This plane won't see action for at least 10 years, and just imagine the advances in unmanned aircraft technology that will come over the next decade.
While the (LRS-B) today is envisioned primarily as a piloted aircraft, I would imagine that ultimately the plane's operations mostly will be unmanned. Let's face it, for most of that aircraft's routine missions there won't be much need for human pilots (FC) to be aboard (even in heavily contested environments).
I suspect that (LRS-B) pilots (FC) nearly all the time will be safely on the ground at unmanned aircraft operating centers at (USF) air bases. In addition, we don't know what the next 10 years will bring in aircraft automation technology.
With apologies to today's (USF) bomber pilots (FC), it may turn out that the (LRS-B) will be more effective and survivable without human pilots (FC) on board. Think of what it takes to accommodate a human pilot (FC): air conditioning, survival gear, protective systems, oxygen, and the list goes on. Might the space on that aircraft be better used for weapons, sensors, electronic warfare equipment, and other systems dedicated to the attack mission?
All this sounds good on paper, but we'll see how things play out as the (LRS-B) program moves forward. It's rare for major weapons programs to avoid deep problems like cost overruns, requirements creep, or compromising capability to stay within budget constraints.
Curiously, the only references to dollar figures in (USF)'s (LRS-B) announcement were to 2010 dollars (that's five-years-ago dollars, not this-year's dollars). It comes across as deceptive, as if the (USF) is trying to conceal what the real (LRS-B) program costs will be.
Each dollar-value reference, furthermore, is based on an estimate (again in five-years-ago dollars). "The independent estimate for the (EMD) phase is $21.4 billion in 2010 dollars," reads one passage. Here's another: "Based on approved requirements, the Average Procurement Unit Cost (APUC) per aircraft is required to be equal to or less than <$550 million per aircraft in 2010 dollars, when procuring 100 (LRS-B) aircraft. The (APUC) from the independent estimate supporting today’s award is $511 million per aircraft, again in 2010 dollars."
So what's with the shell game of estimating program costs based on what money was worth half a decade ago? This doesn't sound good to me at all. The Pentagon is very experienced with shuffling cost estimates on major weapons programs to make things sound good.
On aircraft programs, there is program cost, which takes the entire cost of the program (the anticipated costs of research and development, manufacturing, maintenance, and upgrades) and dividing that by the number of aircraft to be made. You can see how changing the number of aircraft to be built, VASTLY changes the program cost of each airplane.
Then there's fly-away cost, which is an estimate simply of what it costs to build one airplane, without including research, development, and other non-manufacturing program costs. There are other kinds of cost estimates as well, of which that come in handy when the (USF) approaches Congress or the public to give program updates.
Right now, (USF) leaders say they want to build 100 Long-Range Strike Bombers. I couldn't imagine the actual number will come anywhere close to that.
Then there are technology challenges. Radar-evading stealth technologies are only a part of what will be necessary for the (LRS-B) to operate and prevail on a modern technology-dominated battlefield. Not only do USA adversaries have advanced radar systems, but they also have infrared, acoustic, and other kinds of sensors that could put the plane in jeopardy.
Electronic warfare, optical warfare, and cyber warfare capability also will be paramount to enable the new bomber to avoid modern surface-to-air missiles and other aspects of air defenses in-depth. No matter how technologically advanced the new plane might be, it still has to fight and survive in the most dangerous airspace the world has ever imagined.
Will the (LRS-B) be expensive? Of course it will. Will there be technological roadblocks to overcome? Certainly. The real question is what kind of national security value will we get for what the (LRS-B) will cost? For now, so far, so good. All of us, however, would be well-advised to keep a very close eye on this program.
See attached - - "GRU-2015-11 - Bomber Contract-A/B/C/D/E/F.jpg."
News Item A-2: "Northrop Grumman up Upgrade SATCOM Capability for Navy E-6B Airborne Command Post" by www.militaryaerospace.com John Keller Editor, November 3, 2015.
PATUXENT RIVER NAS, Maryland. November 3, 2015: Satellite communications (SATCOM) experts at Northrop Grumman Corporation (GRU) will build and test advanced (SATCOM) capability for the US Navy (USN) (E-6B) Mercury strategic airborne command post & communications relay aircraft under terms of an $12.2 million contract modification announced November 6.
Officials of the Naval Air Systems Command at Patuxent River Naval Air Station, Maryland, are asking (GRU) Information Systems segment in Herndon, Virginia, to provide modifications to the (E-6B) aircraft involving the Multi-Role Tactical Common Data Link (MR-TCDL) B-Kit #3, B-Kit #4, and B-Kit Spares #2.
The (MR-TCDL) provides (Ku) line-of-sight and (Ka SATCOM) systems for the (E6-B). The data link includes two (Ku) line-of-sight channels and one (Ka) satellite communications channel. Other equipment includes power conditioning, cooling, electrical, and network distribution. The system also has equipment that interfaces Block II B kits into the existing (E6-B) avionics architecture.
The Boeing (TBC) (E-6) Mercury is an airborne command post and communications relay aircraft that conveyed instructions from the National Command Authority to deployed Navy nuclear ballistic missile submarines, as well as to land-based atomic missiles and nuclear-armed bombers.
The (E-6B) provides command and control of USA nuclear forces, should ground-based control become inoperable. The plane is based on the four-engine Boeing 707 passenger jetliner.
The (E-6B) has a battle staff area and new flight deck systems based on modern Boeing 737 airplanes. The (E-6) flew in 1987, and the first (E-6B) was accepted in December 1997. The last production (E-6B) was delivered to the Navy (USN) in late 2006.
On this contract modification Northrop Grumman (GRU) will do the work in Salt Lake City and San Diego, and should be finished by September 2017.
For more information, contact Northrop Information Systems online at www.northropgrumman.com, or Naval Air Systems Command at www.navair.navy.mil.
News Item A-3: Embedded computing experts at Northrop Grumman Corporation (GRU) are assisting USA military researchers in an effort to develop military embedded systems technology, that boosts performance dramatically without increasing size, weight, and waste heat.
Officials of the USA Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) have awarded a $12.2 million contract modification to the Northrop Grumman Aerospace Systems segment in Redondo Beach, California, for the second phase of the (DARPA) Power Efficiency Revolution For Embedded Computing Technologies (PERFECT) program.
The (PERFECT) high-performance embedded computing (HPEC) program seeks to increase today's embedded computing efficiency from about 1 billion floating point operations per second per Watt ((GFLOPS) per Watt) to 75 (GFLOPS) per Watt.
Northrop Grumman (GRU) experts are trying to push the limits of processing power efficiency in the (PERFECT) effort that involves near-threshold voltage operation and massive heterogeneous processing concurrency, combined with ways of using the resulting concurrency and tolerating the resulting increased rate of soft errors.
Northrop Grumman (GRU) and (DARPA) are developing a simulation capability to measure and demonstrate progress toward these goals by using computing hardware and software, concurrency, resilience, locality, and algorithms simulation.
The (DARPA PERFECT) program seeks to deal directly with some of the primary limitations to advancing military embedded computing: power, thermal management, and size and weight.
Current embedded computing systems have power efficiencies of around 1 (GFLOPS) per Watt, yet (DARPA) officials say current needs call for at least 50 (GFLOPS) per Watt, and at least 75 (GFLOPS) per Watt will be necessary in the near future.
In the past, embedded computing technology could rely on increasing computing performance with each processor generation per Moore's Law, which anticipated doubling the number of transistors in each new generation, with clock speeds increasing by about +40% for each new generation, without increasing power density. This allowed for increasing performance without the penalty of increased power.
However, this free ride in processing performance increases is over, (DARPA) scientists declare, because increasing clock speeds now results in unacceptably large power increases.
The (PERFECT) program has seven program elements: architecture, concurrency, resilience, locality, algorithms, simulation, plus test and verification.
Architecture seeks to develop innovations hardware and software architecture to improve embedded processing system power efficiency. Concurrency seeks to use hardware and software to support high levels of concurrency Resilience focuses on soft errors. Locality looks at minimizing runtime data communication. Algorithms refers to representations of software at a higher level of abstraction than source code. Simulation refers to developing simulation capability to measure and demonstrate progress. Test and verification, meanwhile, will define the benchmark applications to assess research, and to assess progress.
On this contract modification Northrop Grumman (GRU) will do the work in Redondo Beach, California; Manassas, Virginia (17%); Livermore, California; Cincinnati; and Littleton, Colorado, and should be finished by November 2016.
For more information: contact Northrop Grumman Aerospace Systems online at www.northropgrumman.com, or (DARPA) at www.darpa.mil.
April 2016: "Why BAE Systems is Well-positioned to Score Big on the Air Force's Secret B-21 LRS-B Bomber"
by http://www.militaryaerospace.com April 7, 2016.
The (BAE) Systems Electronic Systems segment in Nashua, New Hampshire, USA is set for big contracts in the future to provide sophisticated electronic warfare (EW) equipment for the next-generation US Air Force (USF) Northrop Grumman B-21 Long-Range Strike Bomber (LRS-B).
(BAE) Systems (formerly Lockheed Sanders, and Sanders Associates before that) is one of the world's foremost (EW) houses, and is in a position to design the kind of electronic protection that the new B-21 penetrating bomber will need.
It's still too early for any contractor involved in the B-21 program to start counting profits, however. It's far from certain if the B-21 will evolve into a large procurement program. Tight military budgets, and competition with unmanned aircraft, could prevent that from happening.
Click below for photos:
GRU-B-2 STEALTH BOMBER - 2013-12
GRU-B-21 - 2016-04.jpg
GRU-Long-Range Strike Bomber - 2015-10.jpg
GRU-LRS-B - 2015-11.jpg
GRU-USF-UAV Global Hawk - 2015-10.jpg
1 707-3J6C (JT3D-3B HK) (873-20719, /73 N719QS), EX-(CAC)/(QSI), STAGE 3 HUSHKIT PROJECT.
1 707-307C (JT3D-3B HK) (750-19998, /68 99-0006), EX-(GRF), REFURB FOR (USF).
1 707-321C (JT3D-3B HK) (752-20016, /68 95-0121), EX-(PAA)/(GMS), REFURB FOR (USF).
0 707-323C (JT3D-3B) (710-19574, /68 42 18), EX-(AAL)/(USF), SCRAPPED.
1 707-336C (JT3D-3B HK) (841-20375, /70), EX-(BAB)/(TBN), STORED LAKE CHARLES, POSSIBLY SCRAPPED.
1 707-338C (JT3D-3B HK) (652-19621, /67 90-0175), EX-(QAN)/(STT), TEST APL.
4 707-347C (JT3D-3B HK) (825-20316, /70 96-0043; 826-20317, /70 97-0200; 829-20318, /70 97-0201; 833-20319, /71 96-0042), EX-(CDD), REFURB FOR (USF).
1 707-355C (JT3D-3B HK) (730-19986, /68 97-0100), EX-(AFA)/(OMG), REFURB FOR (USF).
1 707-373C (JT3D-3B HK) (609-19442, /67 94-0285), EX-(WLD)/(GMS), REFURB FOR (USF).
1 707-384C (JT3D-3B HK) (497-18949, /66 JY-AEC), EX-(OLY)/(OMG), E-8C GROUND TRAINER.
1 737-247 (JT8D-9A HK) (57-19605, /68 N165W), EX-(WAL)/(ESM), FOR US GOVT OPS.
1 BEECH 1900D (PT6A-67D) (UE-416, N50916), EX-RAYTHEON.
1 NORTHRUP GRUMMAN X-47B STEALTH JET (UN-MANNED DRONE): SEE VIDEO:
Click below for photos:
GRU-1-WES BUSH - 2015-02
WES BUSH, CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER (CEO) & PRESIDENT.
RONALD SUGAR, CHAIRMAN, PRESIDENT & CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER (CEO), EX-(TRW) (2002-07), (2003-04).
SIDNEY FUCHS, PRESIDENT (TASC) UNIT, HERNDON, VA (2004-05).
IAN IRVING, (CEO) NORTHRUP GRUMMAN INTEGRATED DEFENCE SERVICES (IDS) AUSTRALIA (2014-02).
CHARLES HOUSEAGO, MANAGING DIRECTOR, NORTHROP GRUMMAN PARK AIR SYSTEMS, PETERBOROUGH, UK.
GORIK HOSSEPIAN, PRESIDENT NAVIGATION SYSTEMS (2007-10).
DR ROBERT BRAMMER, VP ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY & CHIEF TECHNICAL OFFICER (CTO).
JERRY AGEE, CORPORATE VP & PRESIDENT, MISSION SYSTEMS (2005-11).
DAVE MAZUR, VP & B-2 PROGRAM MANAGER, NORTHROP GRUMMAN AEROSPACE SYSTEMS.
ALBERT MYERS, CORPORATE VP STRATEGY & TECHNOLOGY (2003-03).
JAMES SANFORD, CORPORATE VP/TREASURER (2003-03).
ALEXIS LIVANOS, VP/GENERAL MANAGER NAVIGATION SYSTEMS DIV (2003-10).
CHARLES NOSKI, CORPORATE VP/CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER (CFO), LOS ANGELES (2003-10).
CAROLYN PITTMAN, VP FINANCE/CONTROLLER, INTEGRATED SYSTEMS SECTOR, EL SEGUNDO, CA. (2004-04).
GENE FRASER, VP, CORPORATE PROGRAMS QUALITY & ENGINEERING.
CHRIS HERNANDEZ, VP RESEARCH, TECHNOLOGY & ADVANCED DESIGN (2015-08).
TOM PIERONEK, VP BASIC RESEARCH (2015-08)
Tom reports to Chris Hernandez.
MS MARY PETRYSZYN, VP GLOBAL BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT (2015-08).
JOHN FINDLEY, HEAD FLIGHT DIVISION, BALTIMORE.
RICHARD EWERS, DIRECTOR MAINTENANCE, NORTHROP GRUMMMAN.
EV BENNETT, DIRECTOR QUALITY, NORTHROP GRUMMAN.
MIKE SERAFIN, DIRECTOR MAINTENANCE (10/98), BALTIMORE,
WILLIAM GIBSON, PROGRAM MANAGER.
STEVE AVITABLE, MANAGER MANUFACTURING OPERATIONS.
MARTIN THOMPSON, MANAGER ENGINEERING, LAKE CHARLES, LA
JIM BROWN, MANAGER OF STRUCTURES ENGINEERING, LAKE CHARLES, LA
EDWARD LEONARD, MANAGER INSPECTION, MELBOURNE,
MIKE FOLEY, SUPERVISOR MAINTENANCE, MELBOURNE (1999-01).
JOAO FALCAO, PROJECT ENGINEER, MELBOURNE,