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7JetSet7 Code: IGO
Status: Operational
Region: ORIENT
Country: INDIA
Employees 177
Web: goindigo.in
Email: marketing@goindigo.in
Telephone: +91 1244352500
Fax: +91 1244068536

Click below for data links:
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Formed in 2005 and started operations in 2006. Domestic, regional & international, scheduled, charter, passenger & cargo, jet airplane services.

c/o Interglobe Aviation P/L, Tower C
1st Floor, Global Business Park
122001 Gurgaon (Haryana), India


June 2005: At Paris Air Show, announces commitment for 100 A320's.

IndiGo (IGO) is being jointly promoted by InterGlobe Enterprises Limited and Rakesh Gangwal, ex-US Airways (USA) (CEO). InterGlobe Enterprises was established in 1989 and has grown into India's foremost travel conglomerate, with a presence in aviation management, travel related services, travel technology, travel distribution and hotel development & management. Intends to operate as a Low Cost Carrier (LCC).

July 2005: Bruce Ashby (CEO) ex-US Airways (USA).

August 2005: Government deferred decision on 100 orders A320's.

October 2005: Weber Aircraft, a subsidiary of Zodiac, was awarded a 100-airplane seat order from IndiGo (IGO), the new Indian carrier partly owned by former US Airways (USA) (CEO) Rakesh Gangwal and headed by Bruce Ashby, former US Airways (USA) Executive VP Marketing & Planning. The seats are for (IGO)'s A320s.

(IGO) selected (V2500)s to power its 100 A320s on order, giving International Aero Engines (IAE) not only its biggest order at $1.7 billion but also launching the company's new (V2500) Select service product. The airplane order, announced during this year's Paris Air Show, starts delivery from July 2006, (IAE) said. (IGO) is the creation of InterGlobe Enterprises Ltd, an Indian travel conglomerate.

(IAE) President Mark King discussed the (V2500) Select program during the Paris show. Noting the number of new technologies under development by (IAE) partner companies, he said the (IAE) offer is to maintain a customer's engines at a guaranteed cost per flight hour, plus as part of the package to install all of the upgrades the company will introduce in production engines through 2008. He said he believed the product will compare favorably with (CFMI)'s selling of upgrade packages.

Upgrades to be incorporated in the (V2500) through 2008 include improved high pressure compressor airfoil shapes and finish, new materials and advanced sealing and airfoil cooling in the High Pressure (HP) turbine, realigned Low Pressure (LP) turbine vanes and improved electronic engine control software.

November 2005: Rockwell Collins said that Indian low-cost carrier (LCC) start up IndiGo (IGO) selected Collins avionics for its recently ordered fleet of A320s, deliveries of which begin in 2006. The avionics package includes the WXR-2100 MultiScan Weather Radar, ADF-900, DME-900, HFS 900 D HF system, CPL-920D HF communications, VHF-920 transceiver, VOR-900 and AOC-900 data link. (IGO) also signed a 12-year contract for the Rockwell Collins Dispatch Plus maintenance program.

Indian state-run oil companies reduced the price of aviation turbine fuel by -1.85% effective November 1 due to the drop in international oil prices, Newindpress reported. For domestic airlines the price per kiloliter has been cut approximately -2% to INR35,761/$792.31 in Delhi and INR36,715 in Mumbai. For international carriers the price has gone down -4% to $609 per kiloliter in Delhi and $601 in Mumbai.

January 2006: Bruce Ashby (CEO) has brought in Adrian Hamilton-Manns ex-Executive VP Commercial at South African Airways (SAA), as his Commercial Director.

February 2006: Indian startup IndiGo (IGO) named former North American Airlines (NNA) (COO) Steven Harfst as its (COO).

(IGO) is now planning to launch operations with its own airplanes between July 1st and August 5th. (IGO) is expecting delivery of the 1st airplane in July followed by 1 a month, through the end of 2006 and then an average of 10 a year for the next 10 years.

April 2006: Indigo Airlines (IGO) pPlans to operate between metros with stops at intermediate points, ie Delhi to Ahmedabad to Mumbai or Mumbai to Indore to Chennai to Thiruvananthapuram.

June 2006: 1st A320 (F-WWIH) delivery - see photo.

July 2006: A320-232 (2844, VT-INA), delivery.

August 2006: IndiGo Airlines (IGO) became the latest Low Cost Carrier (LCC) to enter the Indian market.

A320-232 (2863, VT-INB), delivery.

October 2006: Indigo (IGO) is expanding its network. With the delivery of its 4th A320, (IGO) will connect Mumbai, Nagpur and Vadodra to its route network. (IGO) is expecting +2 more A320s by the end of the year, at which point it will commence flights to Coimbatore, Mangalore, Kochi, and Panjim in Goa.

A320-232 (2911, VT-IND), delivery.

November 2006: The "Federation of Indian Airlines" is the name of the new industry body created by scheduled passenger carriers in India, according to press reports. Initial members are Air Deccan (DCC), Air-India (AIN), Air Sahara (SAQ), GoAir (GOZ), Indian Airlines (IND), IndiGo (IGO), Jet Airways (JPL), Kingfisher Airlines (KFH), Paramount Airways (PAT), and SpiceJet (ROJ). The group will cooperate in areas such as human resources (HR), maintenance, and ground handling, as well as lobbying issues.

(IGO) has a load factor of 73.5% LF, the 3rd highest of any Indian carrier, and has carved out a 3.5% share of the market.

A320-232 (2958, VT-INE), delivery.

December 2006: A320-232 (2990, VT-INF), delivery.

January 2007: A320-232 (3004, VT-ING), delivery.

February 2007: The Indian government is getting tough on English standards following a series of recent near mishaps, sending home at least 20 foreign pilots (FC) (mainly from Asia and central Europe) because of their poor command of the language. Indian Director General of Civil Aviation, Kanu Gohain told reporters that "the pilots (FC) posed a safety risk."

Operates 6 A320-232s on 60 daily flights to 13 domestic destinations.

March 2007: A320-214 (3050, VT-INH), delivery.

April 2007: A320-214 (3086, VT-INI), delivery.

May 2007: The Indian government made seat assignments compulsory for all domestic airlines. The Office of the Director General of Civil Aviation said it was imposing the regulation "in order to ensure correct loading of airplanes and keeping the center of gravity of the airplane within limits at all times during flight."

June 2007: Air France (AFA)/(KLM) Group's Maintenance Repair & Overhaul (MRO) division inked 2 new contracts. Air France (AFA) Industries (AFI) signed an agreement with IndiGo (IGO) for support of its fleet of A320s covering door-to-door logistics support, pool access, repair management and dedicated on-site management in support of (IGO)'s operations throughout India.

Shannon-based Genesis Lease Ltd signed a definitive agreement with InterGlobe Aviation Ltd (IGO) for the sale and leaseback of 2 new A320-200s. The airplanes are scheduled to be delivered to (IGO) in July and September.

A320-232 (3159, VT-INJ), delivery.

July 2007: A320-232 (3192, VT-INK), delivery.

September 2007: A320-232 (3227, VT-INL), delivery.

October 2007: A320-232 (3259, VT-INM), delivery.

November 2007: A320-232 (3308, VT-INN), delivery.

December 2007: (IASCO) is accepting online applications and interviewing A320 qualified Captains (FC) for Indigo Airlines (IGO). In India, the maximum age for Captains (FC) is 65. A 1-year contract is required. Pilots (FC) >60 years old who meet the currency requirements, are encouraged to apply. See Web site for details.

International Aero Engines (IAE) said the SelectOne build standard of the (V2500) received FAR 33 certification from the (FAA). (IAE) said SelectOne will reduce fuel burn and carbon dioxide emissions -1%, improve time-on-wing -20%, and reduce "miscellaneous" shop visits by -40%. (IGO) will launch the engine in the 2nd half of next year.

A320-232 (3335, VT-INO), delivery.

January 2008: A320-232 (3357, VT-INP), delivery.

February 2008: A320-232 (3414, VT-INQ), delivery.

March 2008: A320-232 (3453, VT-INR), delivery.

April 2008: A320-232 (3457, VT-INS), delivery.

May 2008: A320-232 (3497, VT-INT), delivery.

August 2008: IndiGo (IGO) appointed Aditya Ghosh as its President. Ghosh's appointment follows the completion of Ashby's commitment to dedicate 3 years toward establishing (IGO) as the low cost carrier (LCC) of choice in India.

Prior to assuming this new role, Ghosh has been a member of the Board of Directors of (IGO), as well as the General Counsel for InterGlobe Enterprises Limited. In his new role as President, Ghosh will continue to serve as a member of the Board of Directors of (IGO). As a key member of the leadership team at InterGlobe, Ghosh has played an important role in the management of the affairs of the Enterprise.

Rakesh Gangwal and Rahul Bhatia, Co-founders of (IGO), in a joint statement said, “Bruce has done a terrific job of building a truly world-class airline at (IGO) and we are grateful for having his services for the last 3 years. We will miss Bruce’s leadership at (IGO). Aditya is an extremely talented businessman and has played an important and critical role in (IGO)’s launch and ongoing operations. We are fortunate to have an executive of Aditya’s caliber provide leadership and direction as we continue to build (IGO) as the premier low-fare airline of India.”

Bruce Ashby (CEO) of (IGO) said, “After leading (IGO) for >3 years as (CEO) & President, I have decided to transition my role as President of the airline to Aditya. It’s been a great experience to have helped build India's award winning low cost carrier (LCC) from the ground up, and I am proud that in a very short span of 2 years since commencing operations, (IGO) is a very well established and highly regarded entity in the Indian airline industry. It gives me great comfort that Aditya is taking on this role, as he has been deeply involved in every step of the creation of this airline and has participated actively since our launch with me and the rest of our management team in the day-to-day running of the airline. I am confident that Aditya will successfully fulfill his role at (IGO) as the airline moves forward into its next phase of growth.”

Assuming his new position, Aditya Ghosh said, “This is truly a great opportunity and an honor for me and I am looking forward to working closely with Bruce and the (IGO) team to continue to successfully deliver on (IGO)’s commitment of affordability, industry leading on-time performance and a hassle free experience to our travelers.”

After a busy round of consolidation, India’s airline industry seems to be stabilizing around 3 airline groupings with international ambitions: Jet Airways (JPL), Kingfisher (KFH), and Air-India (AIN), and 3 (LCC)s: (IGO), SpiceJet (ROJ), and GoAir (GOZ). Regional carrier Paramount (PAT) also seems to have big ambitions.

September 2008: Indigo (IGO) will start flying nonstop to the following cities from Ahmedabad (in the state of Gujarat) next month: Bangalore, Pune, Kolkata, and Jaipur. It will also fly nonstop between Mumbai and Jaipur. (IGO), now under new management, flies to 17 cities throughout India, operating 99 daily flights and may have notions of flying to nearby destinations abroad when it qualifies to do so in 2011. According to recent government statistics cited by "Business Standard," (IGO) is now India’s largest Low Cost Carrier (LCC) (its 10% market share is slightly higher than Kingfisher (KFH)’s Deccan (DCC) unit).

(IATA) (ITA) Director General & (CEO) Giovanni Bisignani said that India's airlines could collectively lose as much as -$1.5 billion in 2008, and called on the nation to take "urgent action to help Indian carriers weather the perfect storm of high costs and falling demand." Speaking in New Delhi to the Confederation of Indian Industry, Bisignani noted that commercial air traffic growth in India has slowed dramatically this year, rising +7.5% in the 1st 6 months of 2008 compared to growth of +33% for full-year 2007. He said the country needs to lower the cost for airlines to operate, improve its aviation infrastructure, and adopt global standards. "India is among the most expensive places on the planet to buy aviation turbine fuel," he said. "In August, it was +58% more expensive to buy fuel in Mumbai for domestic flights than in Singapore for international [flights]. Excise duties, throughput fees charged by airport operators, and state taxes of up to 30% for domestic flights, result in a cost structure that cannot support a competitive industry." He added that taxes on overflight charges, premium class tickets and airport charges are "embarrassments" that must be eliminated. Bisignani further called for "infrastructure investments," particularly in Mumbai, which he said "needs an airport that can adequately serve the financial capital of the world's 2nd most populous nation. That means thinking much, much bigger." Finally, he said that "global standards should be at the heart of India's aviation policy," explaining that "nonstandard data transmission requirements [imposed by the Indian government] for Advance Passenger Information is an added cost burden [and] a serious flaw." He added, "Aviation is a fast-changing industry that is fueling much of the Indian economic success story. But India's decision-making is too slow. [The government needs to make] quick decisions based on global standards and build a solid platform for future expansion."

October 2008: Indigo Airlines (IGO) is an Indian low cost carrier (LCC) operating domestic services linking 17 destinations.

(IATA) Code: 6E. (ICAO) Code: IGO (Callsign - IFLY).

Parent organization/shareholders: Interglobe Enterprises & Rakesh Gangwal.

Main Base: Delhi Indira Gandhi International airport (DEL).

Domestic destinations: Agartala; Ahmedabad; Bangalore; Bhubaneshwar; Chennai; Delhi; Goa; Guwahati; Hyderabad; Imphal; Jaipur; Kochi; Kolkota; Mumbai; Nogpur; Pune; & Vadodara.

(IGO) plans to serve approximately 30 Indian cities by 2010, with a fleet of approximately 40 A320s.

(IAE) announced that the 1st (V2500) SelectOne engine entered service with launch customer (IGO) on a new A320. The airplane, which was delivered to the (IGO) on September 23, is leased from Australia's Allco Finance Group.

2 A320-232s (3259; 3308) sold to Crescent Leasing, leased to Turkuaz Airlines (TKZ).

December 2008: Bruce Ashby (CEO) resigns to become (CEO) of (SAMA) (SMA), Saudi Arabia.

January 2009: The Indian government appears to be softening its stance on foreign direct investment in the country's airlines as they contend with large losses and overcapacity. Civil Aviation Minister, Prafel Patel told reporters that "there is a more reasonable case now than there was 3 to 4 years ago" to allow foreign carriers to acquire up to 25% of an Indian carrier. Kingfisher Airlines (KFH) has been a strong proponent of investment liberalization. "There is no clarity on the issue. This is one of the proposals which can be considered," Patel was quoted as saying. "Every airline has a problem and we have to look for extraordinary solutions. It is not formalized yet. It is only a thought process. We are not saying we will give it. We just feel the need," he said.

The Indian commercial aviation industry experienced a rough 2008. According to "The Hindu," passenger numbers fell 5% to 40.8 million following growth rates of 32.5% in 2007 and 46.5% in 2006. Jet Airways (JPL) led with 8.8 million, followed by Air-India (AIN) with 6.6 million, (KFH) with 6.3 million, Deccan (DCC) with 5 million, IndiGo (IGO) with 4.7 million, SpiceJet (ROJ) with 4.1 million and Paramount Airways (PAT) with 630,000.

A320-232 (3782, VT-INX), delivery.

April 2009: A320-232 (3863, VT-INY), delivery.

June 2009: A320-232 (3943, VT-INZ), delivery.

August 2009: A320-232 (4008, VT-IGH), delivery.

September 2009: IndiGo (IGO) will launch 2x-weekly, Kolkata to Dibrugarh service on September 16.

November 2009: Indian airlines carried 4 million passengers in October, up +26.7% from the year-ago month. Passenger traffic through the year's 1st 10 months, rose +3.3% year-over-year to 36 million. Market share was divided as follows: Jet Airways (JPL) and JetLite (SAQ) 27.7%, Kingfisher Airlines (KFH) 20.7%, Air India (AIN)/(IND) 18.6%, IndiGo (IGO) 13.6%, and SpiceJet (ROJ) 12.4%.

A320-232 (4113, VT-IGI), delivery.

December 2009: A320-232 (4156, VT-IGJ), delivery.

January 2010: Indian airlines carried 44.5 million passengers in 2009, up +7.9% from the prior year, the Ministry of Civil Aviation reported. 4th-quarter traffic soared +30.5% year-over-year to 12.5 million passengers and December traffic rose +34.8% to 4.5 million.

Jet Airways (JPL) (17.9%) and JetLite (SAQ) (7.5%) led all companies in full-year market share with a combined 25.4%, followed by Kingfisher Airlines (KFH) at 23.9% and Air India (AIN) with 17.5%. IndiGo (IGO) (13.9%) and Spicejet (ROJ) (12.4%) rounded out the top 5. Indian carriers cut capacity during the 1st half of 2009 but registered year-over-year increases in both (RPK)s traffic and (ASK)s capacity in each of the year's last 6 months.

December (RPK)s rose nearly +40% over the year-ago month, with average load factor surpassing 80% LF owing to the peak season. IndiGo (IGO) posted a 90% LF load factor for the month, with Jet (JPL) posting the lowest figure at 78.2% LF.

India's airlines transported 43.8 million passengers on domestic routes in 2009. Kingfisher (KFH) led the way with a 23.9% share equal to 10.5 million passengers, followed by (JPL) at 17.9% and (AIN)/(IND) at 17.5%.

A320-232 (4216, VT-IGK) delivery.

March 2010: Optimism regarding the gradual recovery of India's commercial aviation industry was dampened in Hyderabad as the India Aviation show opened amid concerns that a new 10% tax on domestic tickets could stifle growth. On the bright side, Civil Aviation Minister, Praful Patel said the industry handled the recession "with composure" and that he has "cautious optimism" about 2010.

Airbus (EDS) Executive VP Marketing & Contracts Kiran Rao said India's passenger airplane market will increase at least +12% this year, according to "Mint," which added that (EDS) delivered 29 airplanes to Indian airlines in 2009. "People are starting to discuss their fleet requirements once again and there is a growing interest," he said. IndiGo (IGO) President Aditya Ghosh told "Mint" that (IGO) plans to add +10 A320s rather than 6 during the fiscal year starting April 1.

Patel told reporters that India could absorb about 300 new airplanes over the next 5 years and that there would be sufficient demand to increase the number of airports from 90 to nearly 400. "Demand for pilots (FC), which evaporated last year, is significant now with close to 120 flying schools operating in the country. The industry will see a very strong path of recovery from the beginning of 2011," he told "The Business Standard."

But Patel was among many who urged that the government repeal the 10% service tax on domestic air travel and scheduled to start in April. A similar tax on international flights already has been cancelled. He said the Ministry of Civil Aviation will ask the Ministry of Finance to do the same for domestic operations. The Federation of Indian Airlines also will lobby authorities, and executives admitted that fares may rise if the tax is implemented.

"The service tax and increased operating cost would inevitably result into hike in fares. The industry needs relief, not the additional taxes," Kingfisher Airlines (KFH) Chairman & (CEO) Vijay Mallya told "The Economic Times." "There is a recovery in passenger traffic. But the process of recovery will be impacted if airlines are burdened with taxes."

Central Board of Excise & Customers Chairman, V Sridhar told the "Times" that the government is discussing the issue with airlines and may reduce the rate to 1 "which is not too excessive and should not pass undue burden."

May 2010: IndiGo (IGO) received initial government approval to buy 150 unspecified airplanes to expand its operations, "The Wall Street Journal" reported. The newspaper said (IGO) recently sought government approval to fly to destinations in South Asia and the Middle East from 2011 and has mandated 4 investment banks for an Initial Public Offering (IPO) to raise about INR15 billion/$337.8 million in the current financial year that began April 1. An (IGO) spokesperson said, "There isn't a confirmed stance, as nothing officially has been spoken as of now." A senior official with India's Civil Aviation Ministry told "Dow Jones," "The in-principle approval [to buy airplanes] was given. These airplanes are intended for delivery post-2015." Civil Aviation Minister, Praful Patel previously remarked that he had "cautious optimism" about the industry's recovery from the recession in 2010.

A320-214 (4312, VT-IGL), delivery.

July 2010: Hong Kong Aviation Capital leased 3 new A320s to IndiGo Airlines (IGO) for 6 years, to be delivered from Airbus (EDS) in 2011. It will extend the leases on an additional 4 A320s it currently leases to (IGO).

August 2010: A320-232 (4384, VT-IGT), ex-(F-WWBN) delivery.

December 2010: India's Ministry of Civil Aviation reported that India's airlines carried +18.9% more domestic scheduled passengers in the 1st 11 months of 2010 compared to the corresponding period in 2009. As of November 30, Jet Airways (JPL) mainline had the highest share of the fragmented Indian domestic market at 19.2%, followed by Kingfisher (KFH) at 19.1%, IndiGo (IGO) at 17.3%, Air India (AIN)/(IND)/(AXB) at 17.1%, Spicejet (ROJ) at 13.2%, (JPL) affiliate JetLite (SAQ) at 7%, and Go Air (GOZ) at 6.9%, the Ministry stated.

Airbus (EDS)’s Quovadis Required Navigation Performance (RNP) subsidiary and IndiGo (IGO) have successfully demonstrated, using an A320, the 1st ‘Required Navigation Performance’ (RNP) flight of any commercial airliner in India, at Cochin International Airport, the nation’s 7th busiest airport. Specially developed by Quovadis, the (RNP) procedure for this airport was validated using Airbus flight simulators.

Jet Airways (JPL) will soon demonstrate the procedure at the airport using a 737-800.

(GECAS) (GEF) delivered 1 new A320 to IndiGo Airlines (IGO). (IGO) currently operates a fleet of 31 A320s.

January 2011: Indigo Airlines (IGO) signed a Memo of Understanding (MOU) with Airbus (EDS) to place an order for 180 A320s, including 150 A320neos, making (IGO) the launch customer for the re-engined version of the A320.

The order, if finalized, would be worth >$15 billion, based on list prices. A delivery schedule was not provided, but the A320neo is slated for a 2016 Entry Into Service (EIS).

"This order for industry leading fuel efficient airplane will allow IndiGo (UGO) to continue to offer low fares," (IGO) said. "The opportunity to reduce costs and to further improve our environmental performance through the A320neo were key to our decision."


India has granted (IGO) international traffic rights, which are likely to commence after (IGO)'s 5th year of operations in August.
The rights will allow (IGO) to operate from several Indian cities to Singapore, Bangkok, Dubai, and Muscat. According to Indian regulations, a carrier must be operational for 5 years before it can operate international services.

February 2011: 2 A320-232s (4603, VT-IEA; 4609, VT-IEB), delivery, ex-(D-AXAR; & D-AXAT).

April 2011: IndiGo (IGO) selected Pratt & Whitney (PRW) (PW1100G) engines to power its future fleet of up to 180 A320neo airplanes, "probably Pratt's largest order in the last 50 years," (PRW) President, David Hess remarked to journalists. (PRW) said the order represents 300 firm (PW1100G)s with options for additional units. Under terms of the agreement, (PRW) will also provide maintenance for the powerplants.

"We are honored (IGO) chose the PurePower engine (1 of the largest engine orders in recent aviation history) for their new A320neo family fleet," Hess said.

(IGO) President, Aditya Ghosh added, "The PurePower engine's benefits will allow us to make dramatic improvements in environmental performance with reduced emissions and significant savings in fuel consumption."

Hess said he expects (PRW) will engine "more than half" the 4,000 A320neo orders which Airbus expects to receive over the next 15 years. With this selection, (PRW) has a backlog of >1,200 (PW1000G) engines, including options. It also is the exclusive powerplant for Bombardier (BMB)’s CSeries and the Mitsubishi Regional Jet.

(IGO) will be a launch customer for the re-engined narrow body under a Memo of Understanding (MOU) signed with Airbus (EDS) at the end of December covering 150 firm and 30 option airplanes. Virgin America (VUS) was the 1st carrier to place a firm order for the airplane.

June 2011: Domestic Indian traffic data published by their regulatory authority the (DGCA) for January - May showed a +18% increase with market share of: Jet Airways (JPL) 26%; Kingfisher Airlines (KFH) 20%; IndiGo Airlines (IGO) 20%; SpiceJet (ROJ) 14%; Air India (AIN)/(IND) 13%; and GoAir (GOZ) 7%.

September 2011: IndiGo (IGO) will launch daily service to Singapore from New Delhi (September 15) and Mumbai (October 10).

October 2011: 2 A320-232s (4868, VT-IEK; 4888, VT-IEL), ex-(D-AUBQ & D-AVVE).

February 2012: IndiGo (IGO), the low-cost carrier (LCC) airline that had a 20.4% share of the Indian domestic market in December, has introduced 2 new non-stop routes with its A320s. It now offers daily flights between Ahmedabad (AMD) and Goa (GOI), competing directly with SpiceJet (ROJ). The other new route is between Bangalore (BLR) and Lucknow (LKO), 2 airports that were not previously connected with non-stop flights. Lucknow is 1 of India’s fastest-growing airports. In the period April to November, passenger numbers were up +39.1% compared with the same period in 2010.

IndiGo (IGO) resumed the domestic route between Bengaluru (BLR), also known as Bangalore, and Jaipur (JAI) on February 10 when it began operating the route daily with its 180Y-seat A320s. (IGO) previously operated between the 2 airports in May and June last year. Aditya Ghosh, President (IGO), said “Jaipur holds a lot of promise for us at (IGO). With our high quality of service at prices that are always affordable, I am sure that we will meet the burgeoning demand for air travel to and from Jaipur.”

March 2012: To overcome its airline industry's serious financial difficulties, India needs a more coherent aviation policy that creates conditions under which carriers can be more successful, according to (IATA) (ITA) Director General & (CEO) Tony Tyler.

Speaking in Hyderabad at the India Aviation 2012 conference, Tyler mapped out India's civil aviation potential. "Let's do some simple math," he said. "If India’s 1.17 billion people traveled at the same frequency as do Americans, a market of 2.1 billion travelers would be created. But even if they only traveled one-third as much, India would have an air travel market of about 700 million, rivaling that of the USA. "There is no doubt that India is a market with big potential and that aviation could be a much more significant contributor to the Indian economy. But there are no guarantees that this will occur without well-coordinated policy measures."

He pointed to the "major hurdles" facing Indian carriers. "Air India (AIN)/(IND) (the national carrier) is being sustained on life support of state aid," Tyler said. "The difficulties at Kingfisher (KFH) are well known. And the sector as a whole is not generating the sustainable profits that one would expect from such a large high-growth market."

The Indian government could improve the country's airlines' prospects through several initiatives, he told the conference. For starters, taxes on airlines are too high, he asserted. "All [airplane] fuel [in India] is subject to an 8.24% excise duty," Tyler said. "Then domestic flights face state fuel taxes of up to 30%. The result is destroying the competitiveness of Indian airlines."

2nd, airport infrastructure needs to be modernized where necessary. "Where we see value and a clear return on investment, airlines are willing partners in developing infrastructure capabilities," he added. 3rd, airport charges should be lowered, he said.

Finally, Tyler pushed for India to end its restriction on investment in Indian carriers by foreign airlines. But he warned that "allowing foreign airlines to invest in Indian aviation is not a panacea [because under the current regulatory environment] the odds are stacked against any investor making a positive return on investment in the Indian aviation sector."

IndiGo (IGO) has added 3 new routes to its network during March. It now operates daily A320 flights between Kolkata (CCU) and Bhubaneswar (BBI), between Bhubaneswar (BBI) and Vishakhapatnam (VTZ), and between Vishakhapatnam (VTZ) and Chennai (MAA). The Kolkata to Bhubaneswar route is already served by Air India (AIN) (daily), Jet Airways (JPL) (3x-daily flights) and Kingfisher (KFH) (2x-daily flights). The Vishakhapatnam to Chennai route is also already served by 3 carriers; Air India (AIN) (daily flights), Jet Airways (JPL) (daily flights) and SpiceJet (ROJ) (2x-daily). However, the Bhubaneswar to Vishakhapatnam route is not currently served by any other carriers. In 2011, (IGO) carried 11.83 million passengers on domestic routes at an average load factor of 83.3% LF. Having reached its 5th birthday in August 2011, (IGO) began international flights in September 2011, and by the end of the year had carried 209,300 passengers on international routes at an average load factor of 81.2% LF.

Later, (IGO), which currently battles Jet Airways (JPL) to become India’s leading airline, has further expanded its domestic network this month, as it launched services from Mumbai (BOM) to Srinagar (SXR) in the NE province of Kashmir. The new route, which was inaugurated on March 18, is offered with a daily frequency, and operated with (IGO)’s fleet of A320s. There is no direct competition, although Kingfisher (KFH) and Jet Airways (JPL)’s subsidiary JetLite (SAQ) offer 7x- and 1x-weekly connections, respectively, via Delhi, while another Indian low-fare airline, GoAir (GOZ), serves the market via Jammu on a 2x-weekly basis.

April 2012: IndiGo (IGO) will launch 2x-daily and direct flights between Delhi and Patna, taking the total to 3x-daily services on the route, effective April 4th. (IGO) will also introduce its 6th flight from Hyderabad to Delhi and a new daily flight from Delhi to Vizag, via Hyderabad.

(IGO) will launch daily and direct flights from Hyderabad to Vishakhapatnam and a new daily flight from Patna to Hyderabad via Delhi.

June 2012: Airlines in India have agreed to lower fares -5% to -20% after a reprimand by the Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA), which called the average airfare “phenomenal.” The (DGCA) action was in response to a steady rise in air fares on domestic routes since the end of 2011.

According to (DGCA) Chief E K Bharat Bhushan, who met with airline (CEO)s in Delhi, the (DGCA) has been under pressure to intervene on behalf of passengers. “The increase in average airfare offered by the airlines is phenomenal, though aviation turbine fuel prices have gone up only by +16% in the last 1 year,” the (DGCA) said.

Airlines have been advised to upload their revised tariff on their websites as soon as possible. The fare reductions will be on the highest fare categories, which are tickets typically sold very close to the date of departure. Most carriers typically sell >half their inventory in advance.

Indian carriers have been able to command higher fares mainly because seat capacity in the market has come down after the struggling Kingfisher Airlines (KFH) substantially reduced its international flights. (KFH)’s fleet is down to 14 airplanes from 88 at its peak.

The Indian government requires airlines to periodically submit fare charts to the (DGCA), which the airlines are free to discount. Most have been charging a premium because demand has exceeded supply recently.

An IndiGo (IGO) A320 conducted its 1st commercial Required Navigation Performance (RNP) approach, while landing at Kochi Airport (COK) on a scheduled flight from Bengaluru. The approach makes (IGO) (India’s largest low-cost carrier (LCC)) the 1st Indian carrier authorized to implement this fuel-saving practice.

(IGO) collaborated with Airbus (EDS) subsidiary Quovadis, the Airports Authority of India (AAI), and the Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) for the landing.

(COK), India’s 7th busiest airport, is equipped with a ground-based Instrument Landing System (ILS) on runway 27 and a Very High Frequency Omnirange (VOR) for guidance during landing on both ends of the runway.

“(RNP) provides (IGO) with a shorter flight path, saving 75 km on each approach, which translates into roughly 400 kg of fuel saving per landing, and a corresponding amount of reduction of greenhouse gas emissions,’’ (IGO) stated.

It also cuts dependence on conventional ground-based navigation installations by using on board systems and (GPS).

(IGO) President, Aditya Ghosh said the new technology “will enable tangible cost-savings, which in turn will have a positive impact on our overall operational efficiency.”

(IGO) began testing the new procedure in December. All its airplanes can fly the approach, which is expected to lead to easier traffic management in non-radar environments.

(IGO) is among the fastest growing (LCC)s in the world. It operates a fleet of 57 A320s, offering 351 daily flights to India and SE Asia.

A320-232s (5230, VT-IEY; 5231, VT-IEZ), ex-(D-AUBP & D-AVVN), leased.

August 2012: IndiGo (IGO) further expanded its international network as its launched its 3rd route to Dubai (DXB) on August 7th, complementing (IGO)’s flights from Delhi and Mumbai. With 180Y-seat A320s, (IGO) now operates the 2,550 km route from Hyderabad (HYD) in southern India on a daily basis. Competition comes from Emirates (EAD)’s 3x-daily as well as Air India (AIN)’s and Jet Airways (JPL)’s each daily flights, plus 4x-weekly on flydubai (FDB). Later this month, (IGO) is planning to launch to further routes to Dubai; from Kochi and Chennai. Vikram Jaisinghani, (CEO) of (GMR) Hyderabad International Airport Limited, said: “With >500,000 Telugu people in the United Arab Emirates (UAE), this new service will enhance connectivity between Dubai and Hyderabad. (IGO) plays an important role in promoting tourism and Hyderabad has always been a favorite holiday destination for the (UAE) residents.”

September 2012: IndiGo (IGO) continued expanding its network to Dubai (DXB) on August 25th, adding 2 routes from India to the (UAE)’s largest city. (IGO) now flies daily with its A320s from both Chennai (MAA) and Kochi (COK), located on opposing coasts in southern India. (IGO) now serves Dubai from 5 airports in total, already operating from Delhi and Mumbai, as well as Hyderabad that was only launched 2 weeks ago. Competition on the Chennai route comes from Emirates (EAD) 3x-daily and Air India (AIN)’s also daily service, while the Kochi route is operated in competition with Emirates (EAD) 2x-daily flights and Air India Express (AXB)’s 3x-weekly.

October 2012: The government of India plans to set up an Essential Air Services fund to subsidize and develop low-cost airports in smaller cities, encouraging domestic airlines to connect to places with tourist interest, the Minister of Civil Aviation, Shri Ajit Singh said. The Ministry of Tourism has identified 19 such sites, mostly in places of tourist and religious interest. Singh said, “We are looking at connecting these places with larger cities as well as facilitating affordable flights to them.”

Air connectivity in sub-continental India is poor beyond the large cities, and tourists often have to travel for hours by road to reach many places. One reason is the absence of small, regional carriers. All 6 domestic airlines in the country have a pan-India network and mostly operate a fleet of large jets. No niche, regional operator has succeeded in providing a sustainable service.

Also, airport owners are uncomfortable about investing in smaller cities that are unlikely to attract the bread and butter corporate travelers. A government fund, that shares some of the initial investment, will reduce the risk on such investments.

India reported 6.29 million tourists in 2011, a +8.9% growth over 2010. Foreign tourist arrivals in India are only one-tenth of that in China. The government plans to formulate clear guidelines to enhance the utilization of bilateral traffic rights by Indian carriers, Singh said. Recently, 2 Indian low cost carriers (LCC)s (IndiGo (IGO) and SpiceJet (ROJ)) have begun expanding their international network by using rights that were underutilized for many years. The government’s National Transport Development Policy Committee estimates that domestic air traffic by scheduled carriers in 2020 to 2021 will reach 159 million passengers compared to 54 million passengers in 2010 to 2011. This suggests a threefold growth in air travel over a decade.

December 2012: IndiGo (IGO) posted a loss of -$17 million in its 2011 to 2012 financial year, according to a report in "Business Standard," quoting an Indian Parliament statement. (IGO)’s operating expenses were $128 million on operating revenues of $1.1 billion.

From April 2011 to March 2012, (IGO)’s operating revenue rose +45%, while operating expenses rose +75% over 2010 to 2011. (IGO) does not give out its financial information publicly, but it is bound to provide financial data to the government.

(IGO)’s management denied (IGO) is loss-making: “As a matter of policy, (IGO) does not comment on its profitability. However, a recent news article stating that (IGO) did not generate profits for fiscal year 2011 to 2012 is not correct. (IGO) continues to generate healthy levels of profitability.”

(IGO) launched international routes in 2011. It now flies to 5 international destinations (Bangkok, Dubai, Muscat, Kathmandu, and Singapore) with an all-Airbus (EDS) fleet of 61 A320s.

In January 2011, (IGO) placed an order for 180 additional A320s, including 150 A320neos. Deliveries are expected to begin by 2016, making (IGO) 1 of the launch customers for the A320neo. The new fleet will be powered by (PRW)’s (PurePower PW1100G) engines.

(IGO) launched daily Kolkata to Bangkok service on December 21.

January 2013: Indigo Airlines (IGO) starts Chennai to Singapore in March.

Air Arabia (ABZ) and Indian carrier, IndiGo (IGO) have each taken delivery of their 1st sharklet-equipped A320s. (ABZ) is the 1st Middle East operator of the modified airplane, while (IGO) is the Indian launch customer.

February 2013: IndiGo Airlines ((IATA) Code: 6E, based at Delhi Indira Gandhi International (DEL)) (IGO) is reportedly considering setting up a regional operation with 18 to 20 ATR72-600s according to a news report by India's "Economic Times." IndiGo (IGO) President Aditya Ghosh has denied such rumors but (IGO) is under pressure to make adjustments to its route network from India's Civil Aviation Ministry that forces airlines to serve regional airports in the country through its so called route dispersal guidelines. Civil Aviation Minister Ajit Singh has said that the Ministry would only allow IndiGo (IGO) to import 5 A320-200s this year instead of the 16 A320s (IGO) wants to add to its fleet.

March 2013: IndiGo (IGO) added 2 international destinations to its network on March 1st, when it launched daily services from Chennai (MAA) to Singapore (SIN), and from Thiruvananthapuram (TRV) to Dubai (DXB). All flights are operated using (IGO)’s A320s. While (IGO) already serves Dubai from 5 other Indian cities, Singapore is a new destination in its network. Competition is substantial on both routes: on the Chennai to Singapore routing, (IGO) faces Tiger Airways (TGR) (11x-weekly flights), Air India (AIN)/(IND) (9x-), Jet Airways (JPL) (7x-), Singapore Airlines (SIA) (7x-) and Silkair (SLK) (4x-); Emirates Airline (EAD) and Air India Express (AXB) offer flights in the market from Thiruvanthapuram to Dubai, with 12x- and 4x-weekly frequencies, respectively.

The Indian government has eased control over airplane imports by airlines and other operators. For decades, airlines, flying schools and non-scheduled operators had to obtain permission for importing airplanes from the Aircraft Acquisition Committee, which was often a bottleneck for airline expansion plans.

This is the 2nd major move by India to liberalize civil aviation in recent months. The 1st was allowing foreign direct investment of up to 49% in Indian carriers. The move will be an incentive for carriers such as IndiGo (IGO) and GoAir (GOZ), which have ordered a large number of airplanes. It will also make the process easier for the proposed AirAsia (ASW)-Tata joint venture, which has ambitious plans to scale up as soon as permissions are in place.

The Ministry of Civil Aviation said that henceforth, operators wanting to import airplanes will need only an in-principle approval, which is mandated by the Indian Aircraft Rules & Reserve Bank guidelines.

The Ministry of Civil Aviation has served as a gatekeeper on airplane acquisitions, mainly to avoid over-capacity. The idea was to control growth so airlines remained profitable, preventing huge losses. With economic liberalization, the government wants airlines to decide for themselves. India’s Minister for Civil Aviation, Ajit Singh said the committee is no longer relevant. The Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) will deal with airplane import and replacement. The Ministry has approved imports of 97 airplanes by airlines and cargo operators in the last 15 months.

IndiGo (IGO) has a fleet of 35 A320s; Jet Airways (JPL) follows with 33 airplanes. India’s scheduled airlines have a total of about 390 airplanes in their fleets, according to (DGCA) data.

May 2013: Qatar Airways (QTA) is in talks with Indian budget carrier, IndiGo Airlines (IGO) over a possible code sharing agreement, (CEO) Akbar Al Baker has said, but denied (QTA) is interested in buying a stake in any Indian carriers, including Spicejet (ROJ). Mr Al Baker said the rumors of any buyout were unfounded, claiming "he doesn't have so much money to buy stakes in them." Regional rival, Etihad Airways (EHD) recently signed a deal with Jet Airways (JPL) which saw (EHD) taking a 24% stake in (JPL). A drastically liberalized bilateral air services agreement signed between India and the (UAE) will also put added pressure on (QTA).

June 2013: India’s largest low-cost carrier (LCC) IndiGo (IGO) has received government approval to import 28 A320 airplanes in 2013 and 2014.

(AFI) (KLM) (E&M) and IndiGo (IGO) are increasing cooperation on their A320 component support contract.

A320-232 (5641, VT-IFO), ex-(F-WWIN) delivery, and A320-232 (5676, VT-IFP), ex-(D-AVVC), Unicorn Leasing leased.

July 2013: A320-232 (5683, VT-IFQ), ex-(D-AVVD) delivery.

September 2013: IndiGo Airlines (IGO), India’s largest carrier by market share, has reported a profit of Rs 787 crore/$125 million, a sixfold profit increase for 2012 to 2013.

December 2013: IndiGo (IGO) made another Indian domestic connection possible this month, linking Hyderabad (HYD) with Goa (GOI) on December 15th to become (IGO)’s 14th route from the capital and largest city of the southern Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. The route will be flown daily by (IGO)’s 180Y-seat A320s in competition with SpiceJet (ROJ)’s existing 12x-weekly flights. IndiGo (IGO) previously operated the route in the from October 2007 to March 2008.

2 A320-232 (5893, VT-IFW; 5898, VT-IFX), ex-(D-AVVM & D-AVVN) deliveries.

January 2014: IndiGo (IGO), the leading carrier in the Indian domestic market with a 30% share of seat capacity, has since January 15th operated daily flights between Kolkata (CCU) and Pune (PNQ). The 1,580 km route is not served by any other carrier. This brings to 18 the number of destinations served by (IGO) non-stop from Kolkata (including 1 international route to Bangkok) and the 7th airport linked non-stop to Pune. As with all (IGO) routes, it will be operated by 1 of (IGO)’s 70-plus, 180Y-seat A320s.

February 2014: IndiGo (IGO), the biggest airline in the Indian domestic market has introduced a daily service between Delhi (DEL) and Bagdogra (IXB). The A320-operated flights on the 1,130 km route began on February 2nd. (IGO), which is the subject of our airline profile this week, will become the 4th carrier on the route joining Air India (AIN)/(IND), Jet Airways (JPL) and SpiceJet (ROJ), who all operate the route with daily flights. (IGO) made Bagdogra its 30th domestic destination last December, when it introduced non-stop services from both Kolkata (3x-daily) and Guwahati (daily).

March 2014: IndiGo (IGO), India’s leading domestic airline, has added a 2nd route to Dibrugarh (DIB) in the far NE of the country. On March 15th, (IGO) launched daily A320 flights from Delhi (DEL) on the 1,765 km sector, with return flights operating via Guwahati. (IGO) already serves Dibrugarh non-stop from Kolkata, a service it has been providing since September 2009. In the period April to December 2013, Dibrugarh Airport handled 181,203 passengers, an increase of +3.4% on the corresponding period in 2012.

April 2014: SriLankan Airlines (LNK) has signed a long-term Maintenance, Repair and Overhaul (MRO) agreement with IndiGo (IGO). The agreement, which is effective April 1, 2014, will see SriLankan Airlines (LNK)'s Engineering Division carry out "C" checks on (IGO)'s entire Airbus (EDS) fleet.

(LNK), which has been providing (MRO) services to IndiGo (IGO) since February 2009 on an annual contract basis, reached the milestone of completing the 100th (IGO) "C" check in January this year, as per a release.

The agreement, which will secure a multi-million-dollar revenue for SriLankan (LNK) over the long duration of the agreement, comes at a time when the Government of Sri Lanka is focusing on promoting the country as an aviation hub, in line with the "Mahinda Chinthana Vision for the Future," and aviation services as a key economic development that demonstrates the market-based viability of constructing (MRO), Training and other infrastructure facilities at the country's second international airport, Mattala Rajapaksa International Airport (MRIA) in Hambantota.

Speaking about the benefits of the (MRO) agreement to Sri Lanka, Kapila Chandrasena (CEO) SriLankan Airlines (LNK), said, "This agreement stands as confirmation of the level of trust SriLankan Engineering has always maintained among its partners and the efficiency of world-class service offerings it has maintained in its 30-year-long history of operations. In addition, with Sri Lanka (LNK) fast moving ahead in terms of developing itself as a hub for air and sea transport, this agreement will kick-start the (MRO) operations at the Mattala Rajapaksa International Airport. This agreement will not only bring about increased foreign investment and exchange, but also boost both opportunities and need for skilled labor in order to facilitate this agreement with IndiGo (IGO)."

May 2014: IndiGo (IGO) has widened its lead on domestic routes in April with a 31.6% market share, according to data released by the Directorate General of Civil Aviation. Its nearest competitor, Mumbai-based Jet Airways Group (which led the market until 4 years ago) has a 21.8% share. Air India (AIN)/(IND) has a market share of 18.3% and Chennai-based SpiceJet (ROJ) has 17.9%.

The data reflects (IGO)’s growing strength and consolidation in a competitive marketplace. The Gurgaon-based low cost carrier (LCC) (promoted by Rahul Bhatia, a travel industry entrepreneur, and the former US Airways (AMW)/(USA) (CEO) Rakesh Gangwal) was launched in 2006.

(IGO) has a fleet of 80 Airbus A320 family airplanes and operates 496 daily flights, mostly on domestic routes. While competitors Air India (AIN)/(IND) and Jet Airways (JPL) have a much larger international network, (IGO) carried the highest number of domestic passengers at 1.68 million, followed by the Jet Airways Group at 1.16 million; Air India (IND) and SpiceJet (ROJ) carried <1 million domestic passengers.

(IGO) faces competition later this year as 2 new carriers (AirAsia India (AAI) and a yet-to-be named full-service airline joint venture (JV) of the Tata group and Singapore Airlines (SIA)) prepare to launch.

In January 2011, (IGO) placed an order for +180 more A320s, including 150 A320neos. Deliveries are expected to begin by 2016, making (IGO) one of the A320neo launch customers. The new fleet will be powered by Pratt & Whitney (PRW)’s Pure Power (PW1100G) engines.

From January to April, Indian airlines collectively carried 20.7 million passengers, up +2% from 20.3 million in the year-ago period.

June 2014: 4 domestic Indian carriers have objected to the Tata to Singapore Airlines (SIA) full-service airline venture, slated to launch at the end of this year. The 4 airlines (IndiGo (IGO), SpiceJet (ROJ), Go Air (GOZ) and Jet Airways (JPL)) which control three-fourths of the country’s airline market, have requested the yet-to-be named airline be denied permission to launch.

The carriers have written to the Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) under the banner of the Federation of Indian Airlines (FIA). They argue the amended foreign direct investment (FDI) rules, which allow foreign airlines to buy up to 49% equity in Indian carriers, were meant for existing carriers, not startups. Indian airline analysts say the carriers are trying a last ditch effort to protect their turf.

Tata - (SIA) Ltd is a joint venture (JV) between Indian conglomerate Tata Sons Ltd (with a 51% stake) and Singapore Airlines (SIA) (49%). The airline has begun hiring this week. It plans to start with a fleet of 5 Airbus A320s and an initial investment of $100 million.

The airline’s board has cleared the appointment of Singapore Airlines (SIA)’s Phee Teik Yeoh as (CEO).

In February, the (FIA) tried to block AirAsia India (AAI), a new low-cost carrier (LCC) that launched this month. (AAI) is also a new company (a (JV) between the Tatas, Malaysia’s AirAsia Bhd and Arun Bhatia of Telestra Tradeplace).

The regulator dismissed the objections, saying the government made it clear the policy was meant for both existing and new airlines. In a move that will help the 2 new airlines, the Indian government has agreed in principle to scrap a rule requiring airlines to operate for 5 years or have a fleet of 20 airplanes before they are allowed to launch international flights.

The rule has prevented incumbent carriers from launching more lucrative, international operations. The Indian airline industry is in a crisis mode with most carriers reporting losses over the past 4 years.

July 2014: IndiGo (IGO) will introduce 12 new routes, including 2nd tier destinations Indore and Vizag from Mumbai and Hyderabad. It will also boost flight frequencies between Delhi and Pune, and Mumbai to Kolkata.

From the beginning of August, the Gurgaon-carrier will have >500 flights per day, using 79 Airbus A320 airplanes to cover 36 destinations. “IndiGo (IGO) offers enhanced connections between Delhi to Pune and Mumbai to Indore, and additional flights from August 3 connecting Mumbai, Kolkata, Indore, and Hyderabad,” (IGO) President Aditya Ghosh said.

In what could be a pre-emptive push against new AirAsia India (AAI) competition, (IGO) recently introduced Advance Boarding Pass electronic check-in, and a mini-group booking scheme called "Family Fares" aimed at families of up to 9 passengers.

August 2014: IndiGo (IGO), celebrating its 8th birthday has added a new non-stop service from its Hyderabad (HYD) base. On August 3rd, (IGO) launched daily services using its 180Y-seat A320s on the 665 km route to Indore (IDR), the largest city in the state of Madhya Pradesh. Competition is provided by SpiceJet (ROJ), who also operates the route daily but with Dash 8-Q400 turboprops. This brings to 15 the number of destinations served by (IGO) from Hyderabad, 14 of which are domestic points, plus Dubai in the (UAE). (IGO) already serves Indore from Mumbai (3x-daily), as well as daily from Delhi, Nagpur, and Raipur. Hyderabad is Indigo (IGO)’s 5th biggest base with 265 weekly departures. This compares with 649 at Delhi, 524 in Mumbai, 327 in Kolkata and 303 in Bengaluru.

2 A320-232s (6208, VT-IAP; 6247, VT-IAQ), ex-(D-AVVI & D-AVVQ), deliveries.

September 2014: IndiGo (IGO) has added +2 more non-stop routes to its Indian domestic network. On September 1st, (IGO), India’s biggest domestic airline began daily flights from Bengaluru (BLR) to Chandigarh (IXC), and from Chandigarh to Srinigar (SXR). The former 1,938 km route will also be served later by AirAsia India (AAI) with daily flights, while SpiceJet (ROJ) already serves the latter 414 km sector with 6x-weekly flights.

October 2014: Singapore-based no-frills carrier Tigerair (TGR) has agreed to sublease 12 surplus Airbus A320 airplanes to Indian low-cost carrier (LCC) IndiGo (IGO) as part of a program to “right-size operations,” (TGR) said.

Tiger Airways Holdings said the sublease of the 12 airplanes would enable the group to significantly reduce excess capacity and reduce its own related leasing cost. The move is part of (TGR)’s capacity and cost management effort, in line with its turnaround strategy.

Most of the airplanes were previously operated by Tigerair Philippines (SRQ) and Tigerair Mandala (MND), and had been returned to the group upon its divestment of (SRQ) in March this year and (MND)’s cessation of operations in July.

They will be progressively delivered to (IGO) over a 6-month period, starting in October, and will be subleased for between 3 and 4 years. With the lease of 1 of the 12 airplanes expiring in 2018, only 11 of the airplanes will be returned to Tigerair (TGR) at the end of their respective sublease periods. Following their return, 7 of the 11 airplanes are expected to re-join the operating fleet, while the remaining 4 may be progressively re-introduced into service over a 2-year period.

(TGR) said: “Given the current overcapacity situation in the industry, the 12 airplanes will be subleased at a discount to their original lease rates. However, compared to the idling of these 12 airplanes, this sublease agreement will significantly reduce the group’s cash flow burden by about -SGD162 million/-$128 million over the sublease periods.”

(TGR) will make a one-off accounting provision of approximately SGD93 million relating to the surplus airplanes up to the point at which they are returned to the group or the lessors, and no further sublease income is assumed from the 4 airplanes that are not immediately required by the Singapore operations on their return from (IGO).

(TGR) is reviewing various funding options (including the possibility of a rights issue) to “proactively strengthen its balance sheet and meet its general corporate funding requirements,” the company said.

Tigerair Group (CEO) Lee Lik Hsin said: “The sublease agreement resolves our excess capacity issue and puts us in a better position to focus on our Singapore operations. We will actively explore options for the placement of the surplus airplanes subsequent to their return from IndiGo (IGO).”

The sublease arrangement is the latest in a series of turnaround initiatives that have included the paring or divestment of (TGR)’s stakes in nonperforming “cubs,” cancellation of 9 airplanes ordered in 2007 and due for delivery in 2014 to 2015, and strategic alliances in advancement of its growth strategy. (TGR) said the group would continue to review its network operations and might trim its fleet by a further 2 to 4 airplanes, if necessary. “Such right-sizing of operations should place the group in a better position to focus on increasing its utilization and improving yield,” (TGR) said.

Indian low-cost carrier (LCC) IndiGo (IGO) has signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) for 250 Airbus A320neo family airplanes. The agreement will become Airbus (EDS)’ single largest order by number of airplanes.

(IGO) President Aditya Ghosh said, “This new order reaffirms IndiGo (IGO)’s commitment to the long-term development of affordable air transportation in India and overseas. The additional airplanes will enable us to continue to bring our low fares and courteous, hassle-free service to more customers and markets and will create more job opportunities and growth. The (IGO) team is energized and excited to herald this new phase of our growth.”

(IGO) has previously placed orders for 280 Airbus airplanes, comprising 100 A320ceos and 180 A320neos.

December 2014: News Item A-1: IndiGo (IGO), India’s #1 domestic airline that passed 70 million passengers since its launch, introduced its 7th route to Dubai (DXB) on December 15th, from Bengaluru (BLR). The 2,696 km sector, which is already flown by Emirates (EAD)’s 3x-daily flights, will be served daily by (IGO)’s 180Y-seat A320s. (IGO) already serves Dubai from Delhi and Mumbai (both 2x-daily) as well as Chennai, Hyderabad, Kochi, and Thiruvananthapuram, all with daily flights. An 8th Indian airport, Kozhikode, will also get non-stop Dubai flights starting in early January. (IGO) 1st started serving Dubai in September 2011 and is 1 of only 5 international destinations currently served by the airline. It is the only 1 served from >1 Indian airport as Bangkok (Kolkata), Kathmandu (Delhi), Muscat (Mumbai), and Singapore (Chennai) are each only served from 1 of the (IGO)’s bases.

News Item A-2: Allegiant Air (WJE) has elected former IndiGo Airlines (IGO) (COO) Steve Harfst as its (COO), effective January 1, 2015.

March 2015: News Item A-1: IndiGo (IGO) began daily non-stop flights on March 17th between Kolkata (CCU) and Goa (GOI), the popular tourism destination on India’s west coast. The 1,733 km service will be operated by (IGO)’s 180-seat A320s. This becomes (IGO)’s 20th route from Kolkata and (IGO)’s 6th route to Goa. (IGO) already serves Goa from Ahmedabad, Bengaluru, Delhi, Hyderabad, and Mumbai. IndiGo (IGO) becomes the 1st carrier to link Kolkata and Goa with non-stop flights, though Jet Airways (JPL) and SpiceJet (ROJ) both offer 1-stop flights via Mumbai. Last year, Goa International Airport handled just over >4.5 million passengers (up +13.2%) making it India’s 9th busiest airport.

News Item A-2: Qatar Airways (QTA) (CEO), Akbar Al Baker would like to invest in Indian low-cost carrier (LCC) IndiGo (IGO).

News Item A-3: IndiGo (IGO) has selected Revenue Management Systems’ (RMS) software airRM as its revenue management, inventory control and reporting tools.

April 2015: A320-232 (5449, VT-IDG), ex-(9V-TVR), TigerAir (TGR) leased.

May 2015: IndiGo (IGO) selected Honeywell (SGC)’s suite of avionics for its new Airbus A320neo fleet.

June 2015: A320-233 (2204, VT-IDM), ex-(N516VL), Macquarie AirFinance leased.

August 2015: "(LCC) IndiGo (IGO) Finalizes Order for 250 A320neos"
by (ATW) Alan Dron, August 17, 2015.

Low-cost carrier (LCC) IndiGo (IGO) has firmed up commitments for 250 Airbus A320neo family aircraft. It is the largest order, in terms of number of aircraft, Airbus (EDS) has ever won in a single contract. The order is valued at $26.55 billion at list prices.

The new order is the latest major tranche of aircraft for (IGO), already 1 of the largest users of Airbus (EDS)’ products. (IGO) placed an initial order for 100 A320s in 2005, which have all been delivered. It ordered 180 A320neos in 2011. The latest order will bring (IGO)’s total order for A320neo to 530 aircraft.

“This new order further reaffirms IndiGo (IGO)’s commitment to the long-term development of affordable air transportation in India and overseas,” (IGO) President Aditya Ghosh said. “The additional fuel efficient A320neo aircraft will enable us to continue to bring our low fares…to more customers and markets and will create more job opportunities and growth.”

The Indian carrier’s success has attracted the attention of Middle East major, Qatar Airways (QTA).

The A320 family has now taken >11,800 orders to date, with >6,600 delivered to 400 customers and operators world wide.

IndiGo (IGO)’s order takes the A320neo order backlog to >4100 aircraft.

October 2015: IndiGo (IGO) is looking to raise up to $500 million in an upcoming initial public offering (IPO) to cut debt and fund a recent $26 billion aircraft order.

Slated for the end of October, the (IPO) will place some 12% of the company’s shares into the market. IndiGo (IGO) President Aditya Ghosh said the offering would help capitalize on its previous successes in the competitive domestic market.

(IGO) carried 32% of Indian domestic traffic in 2014, with 21.4 million passengers boarded. It is estimated to have grown its share to around 35% so far this year. As one of the fastest growing low cost carriers (LCC)s in India, IndiGo (IGO) has built a strong reputation from its low fares and strong punctuality.

“There is huge opportunity in India due to limited supply and rising demand,” Ghosh said, adding that (IGO) would expand its existing schedules, but not move to introduce new services outside its existing low-cost offering.

“We have a simple model and we intend to keep it. There is no need to complicate things with frequent flyer program or lounges,” he said.

Earlier this year, Qatar Airways (QTA) expressed an interest in buying into IndiGo (IGO), but it is not clear if the Middle East carrier will be taking a substantial portion of the shares currently on offer.

(IGO), which started flying in 2006 and has a fleet of >90 Airbus A320 aircraft, confirmed a $26 billion order for 250 Airbus A320neos in October 2015 on top of a previous order for 180 Airbus aircraft placed in 2011.

November 2015: News Item A-1: IndiGo (IGO) has made Udaipur (UDR) the 39th airport on its network with the launch on November 1 of 2x-daily flights from both Delhi (DEL) and Mumbai (BOM) using its A320s. The 541 km route from Delhi is also served by Jet Airways (JPL) (14x-weekly flights), SpiceJet (ROJ) (13x-weekly flights) and Air India (AIN)/(IND) (daily flights). The 623 km route from Mumbai is already served by Jet Airways (JPL) (2x-daily flights) and Air India (AIN)/(IND) (daily flights). Udaipur Airport is on track to handle around 500,000 passengers this year.

IndiGo (IGO) now serves 29 destinations from Delhi and 27 from Mumbai.

News Item A-2: IndiGo (IGO) has extended its long-term maintenance agreement with Thales (THL) for A320s. The contract will cover avionics maintenance for up to 250 aircraft, including A320neos.

December 2015: "Delivery of Airbus A320neo Aircraft to be Delayed, said IndiGo" by "Business Standard" reporter, December 19, 2015.

Indigo Airlines (IGO), which ordered 430 of such planes, is said to be considering other options to meet shortfall in capacity.

(IGO), India's largest airline by market share, has said deliveries of Airbus A320neo aircraft will be delayed. It ordered 430 such planes and was expecting the 1st to be delivered on December 30.

In a stock exchange notification, (IGO) said it received an update from Airbus (EDS) that delivery of the 1st aircraft will be delayed due to “industrial reasons.”

“At this time, (IGO) does not have a clear visibility of its future A320neo delivery schedule and the potential for additional delays exist. (IGO) is looking at mitigating the potential shortfall in capacity through other options.”

IndiGo (IGO) has 98 Airbus A320 aircraft at present, and plans to add 23 planes in the next financial year. (IGO) may be forced to dry lease aircraft on a short term basis. Last year, (IGO) took 12 A320s on lease from Indonesia's Tigerair Mandala (MND) to ramp up capacity.

(IGO) did not specify the “industrial reasons”. Earlier this month, a report in Air Transport World (ATW) said an unresolved issue connected with the aircraft's geared turbofan engine was the reason for the delay and the last-minute swap in launch customer for the aircraft. The engine is made by Pratt & Whitney (PRW) and promises -15% less fuel burn.

Qatar Airways (QTA) was supposed to be the launch customer for A320neo and according to the report, (QTA) has refused to take deliveries until operational restrictions placed on the engine are lifted. (IGO) was to take delivery after (QTA).

Now, Lufthansa (DLH) will be the launch customer for Airbus A320neo followed by (QTA) and (IGO).

January 2016: "IndiGo (IGO) Introduces 24 New Routes for 2016" by (ATW) Jeremy Torr, January 14, 2016.

Indian low-cost carrier (LCC) (IGO) is launching 24 new schedules in January, including a new direct Delhi to Thiruvananthapuram service.

(IGO), the Guraon-based carrier, which placed an order for 100 Airbus A320neos last year, already has 100 aircraft in its fleet, and is pushing to expand both its route network and its existing 35+% market share of the domestic Indian market.

“We will continue to expand our network to meet the requirements of [both] business (C) and leisure (Y) travelers,” IndiGo (IGO) President Aditya Ghosh said.

(IGO), which went public in October 2015, saw a $464 million take-up for its initial public offering (IPO) of 30 million shares. It said it would use the extra cash to further fleet expansion and network, and pay down debt.

The new routes to start in January include the 7x-weekly, Delhi to Thiruvananthapuram service, plus extra schedules on existing flights from its hubs at Bengaluru, Kolkata, and Chennai as well as its base at Delhi. Added services include domestic destinations of Visakhapatnam, Bhubaneswar, Ahmedabad, Hyderabad, and Mumbai.

This will bring (IGO)’s schedules to >670 flights daily to 39 domestic and 5 regional international destinations.

February 2016: News Item A-1: "IndiGo Boosts Local, International Services" by (ATW) Jeremy Torr, February 10, 2016.

IndiGo (IGO) is adding 10 new services to its network in February, boosting its daily roster to 700 flights. The new destinations include several new nonstop schedules.

From February 15, (IGO) will launch domestic nonstop flights between Bengaluru to Patna, Ranchi to Bengaluru, as well as Delhi to Chandigarh, and Jaipur to Pune. It will also add to existing services with a 3rd Delhi to Dubai daily flight, and add an 8th service on its existing daily, Delhi to Lucknow route.

(IGO), the biggest airline in the Indian domestic market, has started operating from Bengaluru (BLR) to Ranchi (IXR) via Patna (PAT) using its A320s. The new service was introduced on February 15 and faces no competition. It operates as a triangle service; Bengaluru to Ranchi to Patna to Bengaluru. Last year, Patna Airport was 1 of India’s fastest-growing with passenger numbers up +26.9% to 1.465 million. Patna is the 2nd largest city in eastern India after Kolkata.

IndiGo (IGO), which finalized an order to buy up to 250 A320neos from Airbus in August 2015, has seen the aircraft’s delivery schedule pushed back and said it may have to lease extra fleet capacity to cover the delivery delay.

(IGO) (CEO), Aditya Ghosh told analysts recently (IGO) could end up leasing >20 aircraft to cover its fleet shortfall. Nonetheless, Ghosh said that current lower fuel prices [would help] further stimulate market demand, and “increase the propensity of people to travel.”

News Item A-2: IndiGo (IGO) has added +2 more domestic routes in India, both starting on February 18. Daily service has been introduced on the 237 km route between Delhi (DEL) and Chandigarh (IXC), a route that is already served by SpiceJet (ROJ) (19x-weekly flights), Jet Airways (JPL) (14x-weekly), JetKonnect (SQH) (13x-weekly) and Air India (AIN)/(IND) (7x-weekly). A daily service is now also operating on the 937 km route between Jaipur (JAI) and Pune (PNQ). Competition is provided by AirAsia India (AAI)’s daily service. (IGO)’s schedule on this route sees flights departing Jaipur at 21:35 arriving in Pune at 23:30. The return flight departs Pune at 00:05 and gets back to Jaipur at 01:50. Both new routes will be operated by (IGO)’s fleet of A320s, which now number 101.

(IGO) now serves 31 destinations non-stop from Delhi (of which 29 are domestic), 9 destinations from Pune, 7 from Jaipur, and 4 from Chandigarh.

News Item A-3: (UTC) Aerospace Systems’ Aerostructures unit has been selected by IndiGo (IGO) to provide nacelle asset support and Maintenance Repair & Overhaul (MRO) services for (IGO)'s fleet of new Airbus A320neos. The services will be provided under (UTC) Aerospace Systems' Prime Solutions, a flexible maintenance program that offers customized nacelle support designed to lengthen lifecycles at the lowest cost of ownership. The agreement extends the existing support program for (IGO)’s present fleet of A320ceo aircraft. The extended agreement will cover A320neo nacelle system components, including thrust reversers, fan cowls and inlet cowls. The (MRO) support for (IGO) will be provided at Goodrich Aerostructures Service (BFG) Center-Asia in Singapore.

March 2016: News Item A-1: IndiGo (IGO) on March 1 extended its domestic footprint by adding Dehradun (DED) to its network. On that day, (IGO) began 3x-daily non-stop flights on the short 208 km route from Delhi (DEL) using its A320s. The route is already served by Jet Airways (JPL) (20x-weekly flights), SpiceJet (ROJ) (13x-weekly flights) and Alliance Air (12x-weekly flights).

(IGO) now serves 32 destinations with non-stop service from Delhi, of which only two are outside of India (Dubai and Kathmandu). Overall, Dehradun becomes the 40th airport served by (IGO), India’s largest domestic airline.

News Item A-2: "IndiGo Trims A320neo Deliveries" by (ATW) Jeremy Torr, March 1, 2016.

India-based low-cost carrier (LCC) IndiGo (IGO) has trimmed its delivery schedule for 26 new Airbus A320neos by March 2017 by 2 aircraft, and will now take 24 over the next 13 months.

(IGO) finalized an order for 250 A320neos in August 2015, valued at $26.55 billion at list prices.

Airbus (EDS) has faced delay issues with the 1st orders for the new type, with launch customer Lufthansa (DLH) deferring delivery until January 2016.

To address demand, IndiGo (IGO) has taken up “attractive leases” on 7 used A320ceos, which it plans to take through the 3rd quarter of 2016.

(IGO) said it will continue expansion of its overall fleet numbers by +13 more aircraft in this year’s 4th quarter, but did not mention aircraft type. “This [move] marks the beginning of the next phase of our growth,” (IGO) (CEO) Aditya Ghosh said.

Ghosh described the change in delivery schedules as a “resolution of the delivery of the A320neos.” (IGO) said the planned growth would “allow (IGO) to absorb the additional manpower in its operations that were hired in expectation of taking delivery of 9 A320neo aircraft between December 2015 and March 2016.”

However, (IGO) warned that while year-over-year capacity is expected to grow by some +19% in the 4th quarter, year-over-year revenue may rise by only +6% to +8%.

(IGO) said that net profit “will also be impacted due to the exchange rate movement in the Indian rupee versus the USA dollar.”

Indigo (IGO) flies to 35 domestic destinations across India, using 102 A320 aircraft, and has cornered nearly 36% of the Indian domestic market with its no-frill, timely aircraft services.

News Item A-3: "IndiGo Takes Delivery of Asia's 1st A320neo" by (ATW) Jeremy Torr, March 11, 2016.

News Item A-4: Airbus (EDS) has predicted India (the world’s fastest-growing emerging aviation market) will require +1,600 new aircraft by 2034. Of those, >1,200 will be single-aisle types, Airbus (EDS) said as it unveiled IndiGo (IGO)’s 1st A320neo to visitors.

The aircraft is the 1st of 430 ordered in 2 tranches in 2011 and 2015 by (IGO), which is Airbus (EDS)’s biggest customer for the type. The aircraft was delivered to (IGO) on March 11 after a nonstop flight from Toulouse to Delhi of >8 hours. The aircraft is the 1st A320neo in Asia.

According to Airbus, by 2034, Indian passengers are expected to make 4x- as many flights as they do today. By 2025, India is expected to have overtaken China as the world’s most populous country and, with a 600 million-strong middle class taking an increasing number of flights, will have become the globe’s leading emerging aviation market.

Increasing wealth, urbanization, tourism and trade, will all combine to give predicted market growth of +8.4% a year over the next 2 decades, (EDS) said, well above the world average growth of +4.6%.

“As India’s industrial might grows, along with it come economic development, wealth generation and a rise in the number of regular and 1st-time flyers,” (EDS) Executive VP Marketing & Strategy, Kiran Rao said.

April 2016: News Item A-1: Key Indian international airports at Delhi and Mumbai are experiencing accessibility problems as a result of traffic volume increases and infrastructure upgrades.

Airport operator Delhi International Airport Ltd (DIAL) said surface improvements on the airport’s Runway 10/28 would take 1 week from April 5, but carriers would not be inconvenienced. However, some carriers have warned passengers to expect delays during the maintenance period.

(DIAL) said remaining runways, 09/27 and 11/29, would be fully available on a 24/7 basis to handle traffic and that “these 2 runways will be sufficient to take care of the current need of air traffic movement.”

In addition, low-cost carrier (LCC) IndiGo (IGO) issued a statement to travelers April 8 saying that “consequential delays and congestion” are to be expected during the upgrading work at Delhi International.

At Mumbai's Chatrapati Shivaji International Airport, IndiGo (IGO), SpiceJet (ROJ) and GoAir (GOZ) have all noted there are accessibility issues and extra costs involved with a planned relocation from the existing Terminal 1.

National carrier Air India (AIN)/(IND), which was the launch airline at the new terminal late last year, has advised passengers on some domestic flights to check-in up to 3 hours before takeoff because of extra security and check-in procedures.

Airport operator, Mumbai International Airport Limited (MIAL) is keen to move the (LCC)s to the new facility to improve overall capacity and service quality, but several (LCC)s and passenger groups have raised issues about the extra times required, as well as resulting increased operating costs and the longer distance between parking gates and terminals for transit passengers.

News Item A-2: In March, Indian low-cost carrier (LCC) IndiGo (IGO) took delivery of its 1st A320neo powered by the (GTF), making it the 1st Asian airline to receive the A320neo and the 2nd operator of the aircraft after Lufthansa (DLH).

May 2016: News Item A-1: Avolon (AZV) has delivered its 1st Airbus A320neo aircraft, which is the 1st of a number of A320neo sale and leasebacks contracted with IndiGo (IGO). It brings the number of aircraft leased by Avolon (AZV) to IndiGo (IGO) to 21.

June 2016: "India Allows Airlines to Import Up to 18-Year-Old Planes"
by (PTI), June 26, 2016.

Domestic airlines can now import aircraft that are up to 18 years old into the country with the government amending >2-decade old rules in this regard.

The move is expected to provide a fillip for the government's ambitious efforts to boost regional air connectivity as it gives more leeway for operators in expanding their fleet.

Till now, aircraft that are >15 years old were not allowed to be imported. As part of larger efforts to improve the ease of doing business in the domestic aviation sector, which has huge growth potential, the Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) has made changes to rules that had come into effect way back in July 1993.

With the revised norms, pressurised aircraft that are not >18 years old or those which have not completed 50% of design economic pressurisation cycle, can be imported.

A pressurised aircraft is one which is equipped to handle cabin pressure at an altitude of >10,000 feet. Such planes should not have completed "15 years of age or 75% of design economic life or 45,000 pressurization cycle."

The regulations would be applicable for entities having scheduled, non-scheduled and general aviation operations. "Considering that modern commercial air transport jet aircraft are significant economic assets that can have an effective economic useful life of decades, the restriction imposed on import of aged aircraft is cautiously revised," the latest Civil Aviation Requirements (CAR) signed by (DGCA) Chief M Sathiyavathy said.

In this regard, changes have been made in the relevant norms or Civil Aviation Requirements (CAR) effective from June 17. "Aircraft intended to be imported for air cargo operations shall not have completed 25 years in age or 75% of its design economic cycles or 45,000 landing cycles," it noted.

The regulator also said that studies were conducted by international aviation community on the correlation between fatal accidents and age of the aircraft. "Such studies have not clearly established that there is a correlation between accident rate and aircraft age up till 18 years," it added.

With respect to unpressurised aircraft, the decision would be taken on a case to case basis after examining the record of the plane that is to be procured from overseas. "However, the (DGCA) would normally not allow such aircraft which are >20 years old," it said.

The watchdog noted that aircraft intended to be imported and used for scheduled commercial operations should have their design economic calendar and operational life clearly established by the holder of type certificate, among other requirements. "It must be appreciated that normally manufacturers of jet aircraft prescribed a design economic life for their aircraft which extend to 20 years or 60,000 landings/pressurization cycles," the (DGCA) said.

According to the regulator, the minimum standard for aircraft life is set to ensure that the plane does not have problems such as corrosion, fatigue, and cracks in areas which are normally not accessible during even major checks.

Generally, manufacturers indicate a design-economic life in terms of years and pressurisation cycles for jet aircraft in order to keep a tab on age-related problems of the plane.

October 2016: News Item A-1: "India to Launch Regional Flight Scheme Next Year" by (ATW) Alan Dron alandron@adepteditorial.com, October 21, 2016.

The Regional Connectivity Scheme (RCS), announced originally in July 2016, is designed to encourage more flights in what is already a fast-expanding air travel sector. Passengers will be able to take advantage of a fare capped at a maximum of 2,500 rupees/$37 for every 500 km/270 nm flown.

India’s Ministry of Civil Aviation (MOCA) said it aimed to “enhance regional connectivity through fiscal support and infrastructure development.”

Setting out details of the (RCS), (MOCA) noted an (ICAO) study found air transport had a beneficial effect on both economic output and employment, by factors of 3.25 and 6.10, respectively. In India’s case, this would mean that every 100 rupees spent on air transport would contribute to 325 rupees worth of economic benefits, while every 100 direct jobs in air transport would result in 610 jobs in the wider economy.

This “ripple effect” could be expected to amplify the existing trend of consumption-led growth in populated metropolitan areas spilling over into the wider hinterland, the Ministry said.

Additionally, as production costs in the economy rose in densely populated metropolitan areas, air connectivity could provide impetus to the economic growth of more remote regional towns and cities.

The government has said that central funding, plus a small levy on existing routes, will help pay for the scheme, while Delhi will also earmark 40 billion rupees to re-open 50 disused airports within 4 years. Some airline industry executives have expressed reservations about the levy, but the (MOCA) said the (RCS) would boost the overall market. “When we jump-start the regional aviation market, the beneficiaries will be the airlines themselves. They will get a lot more traffic,” "Reuters" news agency reported junior Civil Aviation Minister Jayant Sinha as saying on October 21. The government plans to reduce taxes on fuel and other related aviation services to (RCS) route operators, who will bid for sectors.

"Reuters," quoting a senior government official, said airlines that successfully bid for (RCS) routes would have exclusivity on them for 3 years, after which the level of government subsidy would taper away as the sectors hopefully became self-sustaining.

News Item A-2: Indigo Airlines (IGO) leased ex-(LAN) A320-200 (V2500) (3264) from AerCap (DEA).

February 2017: 3 A320-271N (6772, VT-ITS; 7329, VT-ITO; 7331, VT-ITP), ex-(D-AXAN; F-WWIT; F-WWBO) deliveries.

March 2017: IndiGo (IGO) began daily non-stop flights on March 17 between Kolkata (CCU) and Goa (GOI), the popular tourism destination on India’s west coast. The 1,733 km service will be operated by (IGO)’s 180-seat A320s. This becomes (IGO)’s 20th route from Kolkata and (IGO)’s 6th route to Goa. IndiGo (IGO) already serves Goa from Ahmedabad, Bengaluru, Delhi, Hyderabad and Mumbai. (IGO) becomes the 1st carrier to link Kolkata and Goa with non-stop flights, though Jet Airways (JPL) and SpiceJet (ROJ) both offer one-stop flights via Mumbai. Last year, Goa International Airport handled just >4.5 million passengers (up +13.2%) making it India’s 9th busiest airport.

May 2017: Indian low cost carrier (LCC) IndiGo (IGO) has signed a letter of intent (LOI) for up to 50 ATR 72-600 regional turboprops.
The deal is valued at >$1.3 billion at list prices and the initial aircraft are anticipated to start operations by the end of 2017.

The order, announced May 9, gives New Delhi-based (IGO) the flexibility to cut the number of aircraft it orders in certain circumstances. The criteria for such a reduction were not explained.

(IGO) describes itself as India’s largest passenger airline with a market share of 39.9% as of March 2017. It operates primarily domestically.

(IGO), which has secondary hubs at Mumbai and Kolkata, is currently solely an Airbus A320 operator. These will be its 1st turboprops as it readies for what it says will be an ambitious development of its regional footprint.

(IGO)’s announcement coincides with the launch of the Indian Government’s Regional Connectivity Scheme (RCS) that aims to boost economic development, employment and tourism by connecting small and remote cities.

India’s rapidly expanding domestic market represented close to 100 million passengers in 2016 and has been steadily growing by >20% annually. At that rate, it is expected to become the world’s 3rd largest market by 2020. Under the (RCS), 100 new airports will be created within the next 2 to 3 years and airlines will receive financial support and other incentives to make air travel affordable.
“We are embarking on a journey to build a nationwide regional network and connect cities that have not benefitted from the growth in Indian aviation,” IndiGo (IGO) President Aditya Ghosh said, adding, "The ATRs’ low operating costs will help us build a large regional air travel network with reasonable fares.”

November 2017: (AFI) (KLM) (E&M) has a Sichuan Airlines (SIC) contract to provide Airbus A350 component support and component support contract from IndiGo (IGO) for 30 ATR72-600s.

December 2017: IndiGo Airlines (IGO) began services on 7 new routes in late December, including 4 new links from Hyderabad (HYD). On December 21 (IGO) commenced flights from Chennai (MAA) to Mangalore (IXE), from Kochi (COK) to Doha (DOH), and from Hyderabad to Doha, Mangalore and Nagpur (NAG). On December 29, (IGO) also launched services to Sharjah (SHJ) from both Hyderabad and Lucknow (LKO). All of the new routes will be operated with daily frequencies, and (IGO) faces direct competition from incumbent carriers on 4 of the airport pairs. The sector lengths vary from 435 km to 3,106 km, with an average sector length of 1,813 km. The Hyderabad to Managlore route became the 1st to be operated by (IGO)’s new ATR 72-600s.

Routes as follows:
Chennai (MAA) to Mangalore (IXE) ATR 72 7x-;
Hyderabad (HYD) to (IXE) ATR72 7x-;
to Doha (DOH) A320 7x-;
to Nagpur (NAG) ATR72 7x-;
to Sharjah (SHJ) A320 7x-;
Kochi (COK) to (DOH) A320 7x-;
Lucknow (LKO) to (SHJ) A320 7x-.

July 2018: IndiGo (IGO), India’s largest carrier by one-way seat capacity in 2018, has commenced year-round operations from its base in Chennai (MAA) to Kozhikode (CCJ) and Tuticorin (TCR) on July 26. The routes span a distance of 502 and 528 km respectively, and both are operated by (IGO)’s 74-seat ATR 72s.

Kozhikode will be served daily, with Tuticorin being connected 3x-daily. SpiceJet (ROJ) is the sole competitor on both routes, operating 6x-weekly frequencies to the former and 2x-daily to the latter. At the launch, N Subramanian, Airport Director at Tuticorin outlined the target demographic for the route: “The airport caters to passengers from Tirunelveli, Thoothukudi, Kanniyakumari districts.

As flight tickets cost around $3,000, it would attract passengers taking 2nd class (seats in trains) and omni buses.”

August 2018: "IndiGo to Launch 24 New Flights in September" by "Airways" Magazine, August 10, 2018.

IndiGo (IGO) has recently announced the launch of 24 new flights on its route network including services on 4 new routes to commence in September. The new routes consist on flights between Ahmedabad and Bhubaneswar, Ahmedabad and Varanasi, Hyderabad and Patna and Kolkata and Surat.

(IGO) will also offer a 2nd flight between Agartala and Guwahati, Hyderabad and Guwahati, and Kolkata and Nagpur, as well as a 4th flight between Hyderabad and Bhubaneswar and a 5th flight between Ahmedabad and Hyderabad. (IGO)’s domestic strategy is all about adding routes which customers demand and increasing frequency to serve them better,” shared IndiGo’s Chief Commercial Officer (CCO), William Boulter. “We offer the most comprehensive network in the country and will continue to expand it for the benefit of our clients, whose loyalty and repeat business we appreciate very much,” said Boulter.

(IGO) has a fleet of 160 Airbus A320 and 9 ATR72-600 aircraft as of June 30 and offers 1,157 daily flights connecting 44 domestic destinations and 8 international destinations.

The announcement was made as (IGO) grounded 6 of its A320neo aircraft, following Pratt & Whitney (PRW) engine issues during this July. As (IGO) stated in a press release, the planes are expected to resume operations in the 2nd half of August 2018.

Additionally, (IGO) celebrated its 12-anniversary this month alongside its employees and customers.

December 2018: "Indigo Welcomes 200th Aircraft: Brand-New A320neo."

Indian Low-Cost Carrier (LCC) Indigo Airlines (IGO) received its 200th airplane, a brand-new Airbus A320neo (8570, VT-IZI). The aircraft was ferried to Delhi nonstop from Toulouse.

(IGO) launched operations in August 2006. Since then, it has grown to become the country’s largest airline in terms of fleet and passengers carried. (IGO) is the largest domestic airline in India, with a market share as big as 43% in October 2018, according to the (DGCA).

(IGO currently has orders for another 220 A320neos, 150 A321neos, and 40 ATR turboprops. (IGO) currently operates 12 ATR72-600s, 126 A320ceos and 62 A320neos, with an average age of 5.8 years.


Click below for photos:
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IGO-A320-232 - 2015-11.jpg
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IGO-A320neo FAMILY - 2014-10
IGO-A320NEO ORDER-2011-01

December 2018:

1 A320-200 (V2500) (3264), (DEA) LEASED 2016-10.

37 A320-200 (V2500).

1 A320-214 (4312, VT-IGL), 2010-05.

85 A320-232 (V2527-A5) (2844, /06 VT-INA; 2863, /06 VT-INB; 2883, /06 VT-INC; 2911, /06 VT-IND; 2958, /06 VT-INE; 2990, /06 VT-INF; 3004, /07 VT-ING; 3050, /07 VT-INH; 3086, /07 VT-INI; 3159, /07 VT-INJ; 3192, /07 VT-INK; 3227, /07 VT-INL; 3259, /07 VT-INM; 3308, /07 VT-INN; 3335, /07 VT-INO; 3357, /08 VT-INP; 3414, /08 VT-INQ; 3453, /08 VT-INR; 3457, /08 VT-INS; 3497, /08 VT-INT; 3676, VT-INW; 3782, VT-INX, 2009-01; 3863, VT-INY, 2009-04; 3943, VT-INZ, 2009-06; 4008, VT-IGH, 2009-08; 4113, VT-IGI, 2009-11; 4156, VT-IGJ, 2009-12; 4216, VT-IGK, 2010-02; 4328, VT-IGS, 2010-06; 4384, VT-IGT, 2010-08; 4482, B-6763; 4603, VT-IEA, 2011-02; 4609, VT-IEB, 2011-02; 4614, VT-IEC; 4630, VT-IED; 4637, VT-IEE; 4868, VT-IEK, 2011-10; 4888, VT-IEL, 2011-10; 5230, VT-IEY, 2012-07; 5231, VT-IEZ, 2012-07; 5449, VT-IDG, 2015-04; 5641, VT-IFO, 2013-05; 5676, /13 VT-IFP; 5683, /13 VT-IFQ; 5893, VT-IFW, 2013-12; 5898, VT-IFX, 2013-12; 6208, VT-IAP, 2014-08; 6247, VT-IAQ, 2014-08). 3259; 3308; SOLD TO CRESCENT LEASING, LEASED TO (TKZ) 2008-10. 3676; TO ETIHAD (EHD). 180Y.

1 A320-233 (2204, VT-IDM), EX-(N516VL), MACQUARIE LEASED 2015-06.


1 +429 ORDERS A320neo FAMILY (PUREPOWER PW1100G) (8570, VT-IZI, 2018-12), WITH SHARKLETS.

41 A320-271N (neo) (6772, VT-ITS; 7329, VT-ITO; 7331, VT-ITP), ex-(D-AXAN; F-WWIT; F-WWBO), 2017-02.

30 ORDERS A321-231 (V2533-A5), 220Y.



Click below for photos:
IGO-1-Aditya Ghosh-R-2011-06.jpg
IGO-3-Ashim Mittra-R-2016-03.jpg



Mr Ghosh is an Indigo board member and general counsel for parent company, Interglobe Enterprises. Although he has taken over as President, a (CEO) has yet to be named to replace Bruce Ashby.

Mr Peermohammed joined IndiGo (IGO) in March 2006, and is responsible for finance.

Prior to joining IndiGo (IGO), Mr Peermohammed was Senior VP Corporate Treasury for Emirates Airlines (EAD), and was responsible for treasury, corporate finance, management accounts, budgeting, cost control and business finance. Previously Mr Peermohammed held the position of Corporate Treasurer of the Emirates Group (EAD) and was the Aircraft Financing Manager responsible for airplane acquisition and lease arranging.

Mr Peermohammed holds a Bachelor of Science from Bombay University, is a Chartered Accountant and a Chartered Financial Analyst.


Captain Nair joined IndiGo (IGO) in October 2005 and is responsible for safety and compliance.

Prior to joining IndiGo (IGO), Captain Nair was Deputy Director of Flight Crew Standards & Operations in the Directorate General of Civil Aviation and was responsible for the development of operational policies and flight crew training programs. Previously, Captain Nair was the coordinator of the safety oversight program, and was responsible for flight safety measures in civil aviation. Captain Nair has served with the United Nations (UN) and the African Development Bank as Air Transport consultant in Africa. Previously, Captain Nair worked for the Airports Authority of India as an Aerodrome Officer, Air Traffic Controller and Air Safety Officer.

Captain Nair holds a Bachelor of Arts from Osminia University, is a qualified Flight Navigator Examiner and commercial pilot, and is a member of the Aeronautical Society of India.

Mr Ramdas joined IndiGo (IGO) in October 2005, and is responsible for customer services and airport operations.

Prior to joining IndiGo (IGO), Mr Ramdas was Director of Airport Services at InterGlobe and managed the airport operations of InterGlobe’s airline partners. Mr Ramdas has been responsible for airport operations, aircraft handling, customer services, emergency response procedures, safety, contract negotiations, Ground Support Equipment (GSE) purchasing, service level agreements, and cargo. Previously, Mr Ramdas worked for Cambata Aviation Pvt Ltd, Scandinavian Airlines (SAS), Tarom (TRM), Turkish (THY), and Delta Airlines (DAL).

Mr Ramdas holds a Bachelor of Commerce degree (with Honours) from Delhi University and a Post Graduate diploma in Personnel Management and Industrial Relations.

Mr Gupta joined IndiGo (IGO) in September 2005, and is responsible for maintenance and engineering.

Prior to joining IndiGo (IGO), Mr Gupta was the Director of Engineering for Indian Airlines (IND) and was a member of the aircraft purchasing team. Previously, Mr Gupta was Director of the Jet Engine Overhaul Division and was responsible for gaining (FAA) approval for engine overhaul and repair. Prior to this appointment, Mr Gupta was General Manager – Engineering for the Northern Region, where he managed the induction and maintenance of Indian Airlines (IND)’s A320 fleet. Mr Gupta joined Indian Airlines (IND) as a Graduate Engineer.

Mr Gupta holds a Bachelor of Technology degree in Mechanical Engineering from the Indian Institute Of Technology, a Master of Business Administration from the Faculty of Management Studies, University Of Delhi, and is a licensed aircraft engineer.

Mr Bakshi joined IndiGo (IGO) in December 2006, and is responsible for human resources.

Prior to joining IndiGo (IGO), Mr Bakshi was the General Manager (HR) for Bharti Airtel Ltd, Broad Band & Telephone Services – NCR in Delhi. He has over 14 years experience in human resources management, with a special emphasis on building and improving (HR) processes and systems and on the acquisition, management, development, and retention of talented employees. He worked on various projects in the areas of leadership competency, employee engagement, and managing performance.

Mr Bakshi holds a Post Graduate Diploma in PM & IR from XLRI, Jamshedpur.

Mr Mittal joined IndiGo (IGO) in October 2005, and is responsible for financial planning, taxation, accounting, and purchasing.

Prior to joining IndiGo (IGO), Mr Mittal was a project manager at InterGlobe responsible for the IndiGo (IGO) project. Previously, Mr Mittal worked for Royal Airways as Revenue and MIS manager, and was responsible for revenue auditing and analysis. Prior to joining Royal Airways, Mr Mittal worked with DLF Universal as Deputy Manager Accounts and was responsible for accounting procedures, taxation compliance, and capital management. Mr Mittal began his career as a statutory and general auditor with Ernst and Young.

Mr Mittal holds a Bachelor of Commerce from Hansraj College, Delhi University and is a Chartered Accountant from the Institute of chartered accountants of India. Mr Mittal is also a graduate of cost accountancy from the Institute of cost and work accountants of India.

Captain Lumba joined IndiGo (IGO) in August 2005, and is responsible for flight operations.

Prior to joining IndiGo (IGO), Captain Lumba was an A320 Captain for Indian Airlines (IND). Captain Lumba also held management positions for Indian Airlines (IND) and was General Manager of short haul operations. Previously, Captain Lumba was the Executive Director of Airline Operations for the Alliance Air subsidiary and was responsible for its operational start-up. Captain Lumba was the President of the Indian Commercial Pilots Association and was responsible for contract negotiations.

Captain Lumba is a rated A320 Captain, holds type ratings on 737s and Fokker F27s, and has logged more than >16,000 hours of commercial flying.

Mrs Chopra joined IndiGo (IGO) in April 2006, and is responsible for inflight services and cabin-crew management.

Prior to joining IndiGo (IGO), Mrs Chopra was General Manager of inflight services, training and administration with Air Sahara (SAQ). Her responsibilities included setting up inflight operations at four locations and a training centre at Delhi. She also formulated a Quality Team for measuring the performance of cabin crew and service consistency. Previously, Mrs Chopra was the Quality Control Purser for Emirates (EAD), where she was involved in developing service standards. Mrs Chopra began her aviation career as an inflight crew member for Indian Airlines (IND).

Mrs Chopra holds an Honors Degree in Food and Nutrition from Delhi University and has over 23 years experience in domestic and international in-flight services.

In an airline career spanning almost 15 years, Mr Amit Khandelwal has worked on various assignments in the areas of Business Development, revenue strategy, and program management in the aviation industry, consulting & Information Technology (IT)-enabled services. Prior to joining IndiGo (IGO), he worked with Go Air (GOZ), United Airlines (UAL), PROS Revenue Management, Inc, and NIIT.

He holds a B.E. from BITS, Pilani and an M.S. (Operations Research & Management) from the University of Texas.


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