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IKT-2014-09 - UPDATE
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Founded in 1932 in the Transbaykal region of the Russian Federation. The Irkut Corporation (IKT) is a Russian airplane manufacturer and a member of the United Aircraft Corporation (UAC). It is best known as being the manufacturer of the Sukhoi SU-30 family of interceptor/ground-attack airplanes.
125315, 68, Building 1, Leningradsky prospkt
Moscow, 125315, Russia
Russia (Russian Federation) was established in 1991, it covers an area of 17,075,400 sq km, its population is 148.4 million, its capital city is Moscow, and its official language is Russian.
January 2009: In 2008, the Irkut Corporation (IKT) made a net profit of +$34.8 million. (IKT)'s revenue was of the equivalent of $1.25 billion, +25% more than in 2007.
December 2009: The Irkut Corporation (IKT) produces Su-27 and Su-30 fighters and amphibious airplanes in the "Be" family. The company includes the Irkutsk Aviation Plant, Beriev Aircraft Company, Yakovlev Design Bureau and BETA AIR. The company plans to begin flight testing its Yak-130 trainer airplanes in 2009.
(IKT) is also working on the design and series production of the MS-21 passenger jet. The future production of the MS-21-400 narrow body jet airliner (SEE ATTACHED - - "IKT-MS-21-400-2009-12") being designed by (IKT) and the Yakovlev Design Bureau is scheduled for first flight in 2014 and entry into service (EIS) in 2016. The program cost is estimated as $8 billion.
The company employs over >14,000.
The Russian government has merged the Irkut Corporation (IKT) with Ilyushin, Sukhoi (SSJ), Tupolev, and Yakolev as a new company named the United Aviation Corporation (UAC). (IKT) has also entered into a joint venture (JV) with Indian military aircraft manufacturer (HAL) to manufacture Multi-Role Transport Aircraft which will be designed by Ilyushin.
The Irkut Corporation (IKT), manufacturer of the MC-21 passenger airplanes scheduled to enter service in 2016, selected Pratt & Whitney (P&W)'s (PW1000G) geared turbofan engine to power the airplane - - SEE ATTACHED "AIRLINER WORLD" ARTICLE & PHOTO - - "IKT-2010-02 PW1000G."
The MC-21 family (sometimes identified as the MS-21) will comprise three variants seating between 150 and 212 passengers, with the first flight planned for 2014. (IKT) announced a design freeze 11 months ago.
The (PW1000G) also will power Bombardier's CSeries and the Mitsubishi Regional Jet. The engine program entered its 12 to 15-month detailed design phase over the summer. Core testing is scheduled to continue through January, with full testing planned for next summer.
(P&W) said the MC-21 will require an extension of the engine to the 30,000-lbs-thrust class. The CSeries requires up to 23,000 lbs. (P&w) will partner with Russia's United Engine Building Corporation on the Irkut application. (IKT) said participation of a domestic engine-maker is required under the Federal Special Purpose Program. The MC-21-200, the smallest of the trio, will be built first.
Rockwell Collins will provide avionics and pilot controls to the Irkut Corporation (IKT) for use on the new MC-21 narrow body passenger airplane. Rockwell will partner with Concern Avionica and Aviapribor on the avionics and pilot controls, respectively.
January 2010: Sukhoi Superjet SSJ 100's first delivery now is expected in mid-2010, confirming reports that the setback from the year-end 2009 timetable resulted from problems related to the (SaM146) engines developed and produced by Powerjet, a joint venture between Snecma and (NPO) Saturn. The source cited the "likely, but badly communicated, delays that traditionally accompany a new airplane type (look at the 787). The (SSJ) involves a new mainframe, a new engine and new [international] partnerships" that create additional complications.
United Aviation Corporation (UAC) Director General, Alexei Fyodorov told reporters in Russia that "Sukhoi (SSJ) is in talks with the buyers about new time frames for delivery of these planes. The engine-makers have shifted the timetable of certification. Well, it turned out they were not ready," "Reuters" reported. He added: "I think the problems were indeed technical. A new engine is being developed." (UAC) holds a 75%-minus-one-share stake in Sukhoi Civil Aircraft (SSJ). The remainder is held by Finmeccanica subsidiary Alenia Aeronautica. A Snecma spokesperson refused to comment on the reasons for the delay or whether technical issues or a longer-than-expected certification process for the (SaM146) is the cause. The firm order portfolio for the SSJ100 stands at 122.
February 2010: Goodrich (BFG) was selected by Russia's Irkut (IKT) and Aviapribor to provide the flight control actuation system for the new Irkut (IKT) MC-21. (BFG) said the system will become part of Aviapribor's complete integrated flight control system for the 150/212-seat airplane family. (BFG) further said it "will contract with Aviapribor to design, develop and produce primary and secondary flight control actuation systems for all variants of the MC-21" and will provide complete actuation system integration.
United Aviation Corporation (UAC) has selected Ulyanovsk's Vostochni Airport as the proposed site for a passenger to freight conversion facility for the Airbus (EDS) A320 family. (UAC) subsidiary, the Irkut Corporation (IKT) is the Russian partner on the project and is due to complete its first modification in 2013. The hangar will be constructed adjacent to the existing Aviastar (TUP) facility at the airport.
March 2010: The United Aircraft Corporation (UAC) of Russia announced that it signed a Memo of Understanding (MOU) to sell 18 An-148s to "three India-based, nonscheduled air operators" in a deal valued at $400 million. Eight of the airplanes are passenger versions of the regional jet while 10 are freighters. (UAC) official Yuri Grudinin told reporters in Hyderabad that deliveries will start in 2011, according to "Bloomberg News."
February 2011: The Irkut Corporation (IKT) has signed a state contract with the government to carry out the next stage of research and design work on the proposed MS-21 twinjet. Under the pact, (IKT) is to receive Rb24 billion/$820 million from the state budget for the work, which is to be completed by December 2012.
The firm is steering the development of a three-member family of medium-range airplanes accommodating 150, 180, and 210 passengers.
MS-21 Program Director, Sergei Galperin estimates its total costs at Rb190 billion, of which 40% is funded by the state.
(IKT) President, Oleg Demchenko says the launch customer, Crecom Burj, which has placed a firm order for 50 airplanes, is to make an advance payment shortly. He expects Aeroflot (ARO) to conclude a binding agreement, covering the supply of a further 50 MS-21s in March.
April 2011: As launch customer, Armavia (ARZ) accepts the 1st Sukhoi SSJ100 (97007, EK-95015) delivery. Armavia (ARZ) intends to use it for services to Moscow, St Petersburg, Sochi, and cities in Ukraine. The initial flight was Yerevan - Moscow.
Pratt & & Whitney (P&W) and Russia’s Irkut Corporation (IKT) have signed a contract for the companies to begin preliminary design activities on the Pratt & Whitney PurePower® (PW1400G) engine, which was selected to power the Irkut (IKT) MC-21 airplane. The contract represents the beginning of the development of the third airframe application for the PurePower engine, which will provide customers a significant reduction in fuel burn and noise with lower environmental emissions and operating costs than today’s engines.
Irkut (IKT) plans to develop the MC-21 as a family of 150 to 210-passenger airplanes with the first flight planned for 2014 and entry into service in 2016.
“We are pleased to work with Irkut (IKT) to offer the many economic and environmental benefits of the PurePower engine to the MC-21 airplanes,” said Todd Kallman, President, Pratt & Whitney Commercial Engines & Global Services. “Our Geared Turbofan™ engine architecture offers unprecedented advantages in the reduction of fuel burn, noise, emissions and operating costs. We believe our engine offers the best benefits possible to Irkut (IKT)’s potential customers and provides a competitive advantage.”
The PurePower (PW1000G) engine features an advanced gear system that allows the engine’s fan to operate at a slower speed than the low-pressure compressor and turbine. The combination of the gear system and an advanced core delivers double-digit improvements in fuel efficiency and environmental emissions and a -50% reduction in noise as well as reduced maintenance costs.
With core testing in progress and full engine testing scheduled this summer for the engine’s first applications, the PurePower engine program fully supports the Irkut (IKT) MC-21 development timeline.
May 2011: Aeroflot (ARO) will take delivery of its first Sukhoi Superjet SSJ100 this month and plans to put it into service June 16, according to Superjet International Deputy Senior VP Commercial, Svetlana Issaeva.
In all, (ARO) will receive 10 SSJ100s this year. She noted that the first SSJ100 delivered to Armavia (ARZ) last month has been operated on 54 flight cycles for a total of 105 flight hours. It has had 98% dispatch reliability, Issaeva said. She declined to release fuel burn statistics but said such figures will be revealed soon.
The SSJ100's Entry Into Service (EIS) will allow Superjet International to market the airplane to airlines around the world, she asserted. "With the airplane in operation, it will be much easier for us to introduce it to a wide range of customers because the airplane will speak for itself." She acknowledged that "it will take time" to convince Western airlines to purchase the SSJ100.
Meanwhile, an announcement about the next SSJ product could come as soon as June. "We are working internally in order to be able to introduce to the market the next generation of the family and I think by June we'll be able to do it," Issaeva said. "We've considered several options" in terms of size.
SSJ100 production rate is slated to reach 17 this year, 33 in 2012 and 60 by 2014.
September 2011: The Irkut Corporation (IKT) is aiming to develop the two smaller variants of its new twinjet first, before it sets timeline for 230-seat MC-21-400
Russia’s Irkut (IKT) MS-21 program has won the confidence of two key domestic customers, as state firm Rostekhnologii and lessor Hyushin Finance (IFC) sealed agreements covering up to 135 of the twinjet type.
Rostekhnologii agreed to acquire 35 of the MC-21-300 and 15 of the MC-21-200 variant, plus options on 35 more, for delivery between 2017 and 2022.
Aeroflot (ARO) has been lined up as a customer. (IFC) placed orders for 28 with 22 options.
The Irkut Corporation (IKT), which valued the contracts overall at $6 billion, remains optimistic that it will be able to complete the final design phase of the MS-21 narrow body by the end of 2012.
The first flight of the airplane remains on track for 2014, with certification scheduled to be completed in 2016 and deliveries to begin in 2017, said (IKT) President, Alexy Fedorov at the (MAKS) Air Show in Moscow.
“The first airplane will be the MC-21-200 and MC-21-300 variants, as that is where there is the most demand. We will decide on the timeline for the MC-21-400 later,” he added. (IKT) will start working on a concept for the MC-21-400 after it completes the final design work for the smaller variants of the narrow body. It displayed a model of the MC-21-400 at (MAKS), with larger wing, winglets and longer airframe than the other family members. It is likely to carry 212 - 230 passengers, and have a longer range, putting in the category of the Airbus (EDS) A321 and Boeing (TBC) 737-900ER.
“The MC-21-400 will be very different, but we are still studying the concept and the market for the airplane,” said Fedorov. “Our focus is now on the MC-21-200 and MC-21-300, as we have firm orders for those.” He admits the market would be tough for the MS-21, but believes there is sufficient demand.
“This narrow body market is the toughest, but it is also the biggest. There is room for another player that offers a competitive price and option. The MS-21 can hold its own as it will come out only one to two years after the A320neo,” he said.
The company envisages a market for 1,200 MS-21s.
Rostekhnologii has also signed a strategic partnership agreement with United Aircraft, covering development of domestic airframes. The purpose of the pact is to “create competitive Russian airplanes,” said Rostekhnologii, and secure 10% of the global sales in the civil market by 2025, with domestic suppliers providing at least 70% of the systems. Rostekhnologii and United Aircraft have identified four priority areas. These comprise new-technology airplanes (such as the Irkut (IKT) MS-21 and Sukhoi Superjet (SSJ) plus modernized types, like the Tupolev Tu-204SM, airplane for the government and a segment including the updated Antonov An-124 and An-70.
Their partnership comes in the wake of heavy criticism from the Russian government that the country’s commercial air transport industry is weak, and unable to compete on the same scale as foreign manufacturers. The two sides will create “innovative products”, featuring advanced engines, modular avionics and composite materials.
February 2012: Russian aircraft manufacturer, IRKUT (IKT) said at the Singapore Airshow it plans to sign contracts for further construction of the MC-21 soon, with manufacturers of airplanet systems. Already on board are Pratt & Whitney (P&W), Rockwell Collins, Eaton, Goodrich (BFG), Hamilton Sundstrand and Zodiac Aerospace.
Based on the demand it has seen and contracts it has already signed, IRKUT (IKT) said it will initially start with its 180 passenger model, the MC-21-300. Aeroflot (ARO) and lessor Ilyushin Finance are two of its major customers an d it expects a "big bunch" of orders from Malaysia, it said.
The Russian manufacturer said the airplane will have +7% better aerodynamic characteristics, +23% better fuel savings, and more than >-50% in sound reductions, compared to its main competitors.
IRKUT (ikt) said the design of the airplane is “practically frozen,” and should be more finalized in another two to three months. The maiden flight is slated for 2014, and certification and delivery are expected in 2016 - 2017.
March 2012: Lufthansa (DLH) Consulting was selected by the Irkut Corporation (IKT) to promote its MC-21 passenger airplane globally.
June 2012: Pratt & Whitney (PRW) and Russia’s Irkut Corporation (IKT) signed an agreement to offer the PurePower (PW1400G) engine on Irkut (IKT)’s MC-21 family of airplanes. It will be the only western powerplant offered on the new narrow body program. (IRK) is developing the MC-21 as a family of 150- to 210-passenger airplanes with first flight of the (PW1400G) engined airplane planned for 2015 and entry into service (EIS) in 2017. The MC-21 series will feature jetliners with 25,000 - 32,000 lbs of thrust.
In addition, the two companies selected Short Brothers plc, a subsidiary of Bombardier Aerospace (BMB) of Canada, as the exclusive nacelle provider for the (PW1400G) engine family.
June 2012: Russian state corporation, Rostechnology’s lessor, Aviacapital-Service, has firmed an order for 35 Irkut MS-21 airplanes. The deal, signed during the Engineering Technologies Forum in Moscow, is valued at $2.32 billion at list prices. Delivery is expected from 2022 to 2025.
The MS-21 airplanes will be equipped with Russian (PD-14) engines, which could be certified in 2015. Irkut Corporation (IKT) President Alexey Fedorov said the MS-21 will perform its first flight in 2015.
Aviacapital-Service signed a firm order for 50 MS-21s and an option for 35 airplanes in August 2011 at Moscow’s (MAKS) Airshow.
July 2012: Jeppesen has an Irkut (IKT) contract to provide Electronic Flight Bag (EFB), flight planning, charting, navigation data and mobile delivery solutions for the MC-21.
August 2012: The Irkut Corporation has elected United Aircraft Corporation (UAC) Senior VP, Oleg Demchenko as its President & Chairman following the early resignation of Alexey Fedorov, (UAC) said.
Irkut (IKT) said its board of directors allowed Demchenko to combine the post of its President & Chairman with the post of General Director, General Designer of the Yakovlev Design Bureau.
Demchenko was Irkut (IKT)’s President from 2005 - 2011. During that time, the manufacturer launched jet trainer/light attack Yak-130 and passenger narrow body MS-21 projects. The MS-21 will operate its first flight in 2015; first deliveries are planned for 2017. Irkut (IKT)’s backlog includes 185 firm orders and options for the MS-21.
November 2012: The Russian government will invest RUB1.2 trillion/$38.5 billion to develop its airplane industry from 2013 to 2025. The industry will need a total of RUB1.7 trillion; however, the rest of the money will be raised through off-budget funding, Minister of Industry & Trade, Denis Manturov said.
In 2013 the budget investment will be RUB78.3 billion; in 2014, RUB107 billion; in 2015, RUB 123.5 billion. The government also plans to support the Irkut (IKT) MC-21 project, the creation of PD-14 engine and several helicopters projects.
Aircraft industry revenue should more than triple by 2025. This year, manufacturers are expecting RUB579 billion in revenue.
March 2013: Russia’s Ilyushin Finance Company (IFC) leasing company is planning to order 22 Irkut (IKT) MC-21s and up to 20 Sukhoi (SSJ) Superjet 100s (SSJ100s). The deals should be approved by company shareholders at the end of March, (IFC) (CEO), Alexander Rubtsov said.
The company placed a firm order for 28 MC-21s, plus 22 options, at the (MAKS) Airshow in August 2009. With the new contract, the number of firm orders will grow to 50 airplanes. Last month, (IFC) ordered 32 Bombardier CSeries 300s, scheduled for delivery from 2015 to 2018.
Rubtsov said most of the CS300 and MC-21 airplane will be delivered to carriers in the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), Latin America and the Caribbean, where it has previously placed airplanes. Currently, Cubana de Aviacion operates three (IFC)-delivered Ilyushin 96-300s and four Tupolev Tu-204s.
“[The] MC-21 and CS300 have much in common as 65% of the suppliers in these projects are the same,” Rubtsov said. “So we will promote them on the market in pair. The airplane capacity is different; those types will supplement each other.” The CS300 can be configured with 120 - 160 seats and the MC-21 with 150 - 200 seats.
Both the CS300 and MC-21 will be equipped with Pratt & Whitney geared turbofan engines. The (PW1500G) for the CSeries received Transport Canada type certification last month. The MC-21 will be powered by the (PW1400G).
June 2013: Russia’s Ilyushin Finance Company (IFC) shareholders have approved an order for 32 Bombardier CS300s, 50 Irkut (IKT) MC-21s and 20 Sukhoi Superjet (SSJ) SSJ100s, the company said.
Russia’s (VEB) Leasing signed a Memo of Understanding (MOU) with Irkut Corporation for 30 MC-21s at the Paris Air Show. The deal is valued at $2.5 billion. The firm order is expected before the end of the year. Delivery is planned for 2018 - 2020.
August 2013: UK-based airplane components-to-energy conglomerate Meggitt has announced that Meggitt Safety Systems (MSSI) has been selected by Abris (JSC) to provide fire protection equipment for the Irkut (IKT) MC-21 airplane program.
SEE ATTACHED - - "IKT-2013-08 MC-21-A/B."
Russia’s Ilyushin Finance Company (IFC) has firmed contracts for 22 MC-21s and 20 Sukhoi Superjet 100s (SSJ100s) at the (MAKS) Airshow in Moscow.
Russia’s (VEB) Leasing has firmed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) with Irkut Corporation for 30 MC-21s at the (MAKS) Airshow in Moscow. The deal is valued at $2.5 billion at current list prices. The (MOU) was signed at the Paris Air Show in June. Deliveries are planned for 2018 to 2020.
(VEB) Leasing also signed an (MOU) with UTair (TYU) and Transaero airlines (TRX).
UTair (TYU) intends to lease 10 MC-21s with deliveries between 2018 and 2020. (TYU) (CEO), Andrey Martirosov said the company will firm the order after Irkut (IKT) confirms the airplane’s design performance capabilities. (TYU) is planning to phase out its Soviet Union-era Tupolev Tu-154 airplanes. UTair (TYU) also signed a lease agreement for six Sukhoi Superjet SSJ100LRs at (MAKS).
The Transaero (TRX) (MOU) with (VEB) Leasing includes six MC-21s for delivery between 2018 and 2020. (TRX)’s fleet consists mostly of Boeing (TBC) airplanes, but also includes three Russian-built Tupolev Tu-214s and two Tu-204Cs.
Bombardier Aerospace (BMB) presented further evidence of its growing relationship with Russia and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) with the announcement of its intention to enter into exploratory discussions with leading Russian airplane manufacturer, the IRKUT Corporation (IKT) on potential strategies and collaboration for the provision of customer support.
Exploratory discussions would focus on the development of (IRKUT)’s (IKT) customer support infrastructure within Russia based on Bombardier (BMB)’s widely respected customer support model and also explore areas of knowledge sharing and potential future areas of collaboration. “Russia continues to be a key area of focus for Bombardier (BMB) and, in the spirit of partnership, we are pleased to explore areas of potential common interest with a view to building stronger relationships with our Russian counterparts,” said Éric Martel, President, Customer Services & Specialized & Amphibious Aircraft, Bombardier Aerospace. “It is our hope that these preliminary discussions will lead to several areas of cooperation that will support successful entries into service of the MS-21 and CSeries airplanes in Russia, and around the world.”
IRKUT’s 150- to 212-seat MS-21 commercial airliner is currently in development and is scheduled to enter into service (EIS) in 2017.
Bombardier (BMB) has maintained an accelerated pace in expanding its customer support network in the region as well. The company maintains a full-service regional support office in Moscow, which opened in September 2012, operated by Bombardier Aerospace Services Russia LLC (BASR). In August 2012, Tulpar Technic of Kazan, Russia was appointed as a Bombardier Authorized Service Facility for CRJ100 and CRJ200 regional jets. Bombardier (BMB) will also host a regional review for (CRJ) Series operators in Moscow in September.
October 2013: Russia’s government has indicated that the Irkut (IKT) MC-21 will be re-designated as the Yak-242 once the twinjet type goes into serial production. The disclosure came from Russian Deputy Premier, Dmitry Rogozin (a senior defence figure in the country) during a visit to the Irkut (IKT)aviation facility.
Rogozin visited the plant, he said, to “verify the preparedness” of the country’s airplane industry to meet not only state defence orders but to develop civil products. Irkut (IKT) will unveil the first MC-21 prototype in summer 2015, Rogozin said, adding that facilities in Perm would produce the Aviadvigatel PD-14 engine for the type.
He also disclosed that, once serial production is under way, the airplane will be known as the Yak-242, according to an official Irkut government statement.
The Yakovlev Yak-242 name was originally attached to a 130- to 180-seat twinjet proposal of the 1990s, which eventually evolved into the MC-21. But it is unclear whether a revival of the identity would also carry the Yakovlev association.
Rogozin was shown initial assemblies for the first prototype MC-21 during the visit to the Irkut plant. He was accompanied by the regional governor as well as Irkut (IKT) Chief, Oleg Demchenko.
The United Aircraft Corporation (UAC) is to open a new facility for the production of composite wings for the new MS-21 passenger jet by the end of the year. Construction of the 250 million ruble/$7.8 million facility in the Volga city of Ulyanovsk began in November 2011.
The facility at the Ulyanovsk-based Aviastar-SP is being built by AeroKompozit company, co-owned by the Sukhoi holding (26%) and United Aircraft (74%).
The MS-21 is designed to carry between 150 and 212 passengers and is expected to make its maiden flight in 2015 with first deliveries due to begin in 2017.
May 2014: Pratt & Whitney (PRW) has delivered the first (PW1100G) engines designated to power the Airbus A320neo to Airbus (EDS), which is expected to begin flight testing the re-engined narrow body later this year.
(PRW) also announced it is offering an increased thrust rating on the neo program. The 35,000 lb thrust rating will be for A321neo operators at high altitude airports, (PRW) President Paul Adams said at Pratt’s (PRW) East Hartford, Connecticut headquarters. (PRW) had previously offered a thrust rating of 33,000 lb for the A321neo.
(PRW)’s (PW1100G) geared turbofan (GTF) engine competes with the (CFM) International’s (LEAP-1A) on the A320neo family. Adams said (PRW) is “above >50% on market share” on neo family engines.
The delivery of (PW1100G)s to Airbus comes nearly a year after the engine first flew on (PRW)’s Boeing 747 flying testbed.
(GTF) engines are also slated to power the Bombardier CSeries, Mitsubishi Aircraft Corporation MRJ, Embraer E-Jet E2 and Irkut MC-21. Adams noted (GTF) engines have achieved 8,900 hours in ground and flight testing.
The CSeries is currently in the midst of flight testing. “The airplane and the engine are doing extremely well,” Adams said.
Later, Bombardier (BMB) grounded the CSeries flight test program, while it investigates an engine failure that occurred May 29 on flight test airplane (FTV1) during ground testing. While (BMB) has confirmed “an engine-related incident,” Canada’s Transportation Safety Board (TSB) confirmed that “a Bombardier CS100 airplane experienced an engine failure during ground testing.” The (TSB) dispatched an investigator to (BMB)’s facility in Mirabel, Quebec, where the engine failure occurred.
The CSeries is powered by Pratt & Whitney (PRW) (PW1500G) geared turbofan (GTF) engines. (PRW) spokesman, Ray Hernandez said that (PRW) “is working with (BMB) to understand the incident that occurred on May 29. At this time, it is premature to discuss the incident in detail.”
Bombardier (BMB) said that “the CSeries airplane flight test program will resume once the investigation [into the engine failure] is completed.” Entry into service (EIS) for the CSeries has already been delayed by (BMB) to the second half of 2015. It is unclear how the May 29 engine failure will affect that timeline.
The CSeries is the first application for (PRW)’s (GTF) program. (GTF) engines are also slated to power the Airbus A320neo, Mitsubishi Airplane Corporation MRJ, Embraer (EMB) E-Jet E2, and Irkut (IKT) MC-21.
Briefing reporters last week at (PRW)'s headquarters in East Hartford, Connecticut, (PRW) President, Paul Adams said the CSeries “and the engine are doing extremely well” in flight testing.
There was an apparently minor incident with a (GTF) engine flying on (PRW)’s Boeing 747SP flying testbed airplane on April 29. “That April 29 incident in Mirabel was a minor anomaly with a test engine, which is common during flight testing,” Hernandez said. “Examination of that engine revealed that there was no apparent damage, and we were able to run it again the next day.”
June 2014: Russia’s United Aircraft Corporation (UAC)/(IKT) and the Commercial Aircraft Corporation of China (COMAC) (CCC) have entered into an agreement to study the feasibility of designing a new wide body jet airplane, according to a statement by Russia’s Ministry of Industry & Trade.
The Ministry said the new jet airplane would have a capacity of 250 - 300 seats and should be competitive with airplanes of the same type from other manufacturers. Currently, only Airbus (EDS) and Boeing (TBC) manufacture jet airplanes of that size.
“We expect both sides to take part in the project on a par that means Russia and China will invest in the project in equal proportion and provide intellectual sources by the same rules,” Russia’s Minister Industry & Trade, Denis Manturov said.
September 2014: Russian Deputy Prime Minister, Dmitry Rogozin has announced the Irkut (IKT) MC-21 will begin flight tests in April 2016. Rogozin added that Irkut has already built the first fuselage.
From 2018, Irkut (IKT) will assemble 50 airplanes per year. (IKT) has selected Pratt & Whitney (PRW)’s (PW1400G) engine for the MC-21 family, but also plans to equip the airplane with the Russian PD-14. According to Rogozin, it is the fourth-built airplane to be equipped with Russian engines.
At the end of August, Russia Prime Minister, Dmitry Medvedev approved $400 million in state guarantees for Irkut (IKT) MC-21 development. The guarantees secure Irkut Corporation’s obligations under the loan, issued by Sberbank, which extended a $1 billion line of credit for the project. According to the government, the MC-21 program is worth $3.497 billion.
December 2014: The Russian roubles decline has "unnerved" the MC-21's engine maker! by Flight International's Tom Zaitsev, Moscow.
Aviadvigatel has expressed concern about the cost impact of the Russian rouble's depreciation on its development of the PD-14 alternative powerplant for the Irkut (IKT) MC-21 twinjet.
While the PD-14's design is based solely on domestic technologies, modernization of facilities for the certification campaign and serial production "requires purchasing advanced technological equipment and tools from Western manufacturers" (and a total program investment of Rb85 billion/$1.5 billion according to the Chief Designer, Alexander Inozemtsev.
"But the rouble's sharp devaluation both against the dollar and the euro cannot but affect this activity and unnerve us. Over the past two years, we've worked out tooling schemes for each of the plants selected as a supplier for the PD-14 program. To date, Western economic sanctions on Russia have not impacted them, yet the rouble exchange rate has become an especially acute issue."
Over the last six months, the Russian currency has depreciated by -60% in dollar terms and -44% against the euro.
Adviadvigatel's currency concerns may not impact the MC-21 program significantly, however. The principle engine offer, which will power airplanes for export customers is Pratt & Whitney's (PRW) geared turbofan, a variant of the (PW1500G) as used on the Bombardier (BMB) CSeries airplanes.
April 2015: The Irkut Corporation (IKT) has reported a 2014 net income of +RUB72.27 million/+$1.88 million at the 38.4 $/RUB rate), down 16 times from RUB1.17 billion in the year-ago period. The results are published according to International Financial Reporting Standards.
Full-year revenue rose +8.06% to RUB65.58 billion; the Russian manufacturer received RUB34.28 billion from military airplane sales. Production costs for the period increased +16.8% to RUB52.36 billion.
Irkut (IKT)’s main projects are the Sukhoi Su-35 and Yakovlev Yak-130 military training airplanes. (IKT) is also developing the MC-21 as a family of 150- to 210-passenger airplanes with (PW1400G) engines. This program (which was originally planned for 2015 and entry into service (EIS) in 2017) has been postponed several times. Last September, Russian deputy Prime Minister, Dmitry Rogozin announced the Irkut MC-21 would begin flight tests in April 2016. However, last November Industry & Trade Minister, Denis Manturov changed it to the first half of 2016. The company said it will continue MC-21 investments despite the severe economic situation.
June 2015: Russia’s Aviadvigatel Company and Perm Engine Company, which are developing a (PD-14) engine for the Irkut MC-21 airplane, plans to start testing the engine in its flying laboratory in the third quarter. Ilyushin Il 76LL aircraft will be used as a flying test bed for the program.
Both Aviadvigatel Company and Perm Engine Company are members of Russia’s United Engine Corporation (UEC). Irkut is a subsidiary of Russia’s United Aircraft Corporation (UAC).
“The first (PD-14) will be delivered to Irkut in 2016 to perform MC-21 flight tests,” (UEC) General Director, Vladislav Masalov said. Several manufacturers in Rybinsk, Ufa, Samara, and Moscow, united by (UEC) will be involved in the (PD-14) production. “All the preparations should be finished by the end of 2016; in 2017, we will start (PD-14) serial deliveries,” Perm Engine Company Managing Director, Sergey Popov said.
Irkut expects to operate the first test flight for the MC-21 in the first half of 2016. The first test aircraft will be assembled before the end of this year; manufacturing will start in 2017.
Irkut (IKT) has chosen two engine options for the aircraft (Russia’s (PD-14) and Pratt & Whitney (PRW)’s (PW1400G) engine. The landing gear system will be provided by Russia’s Gidromash Company; the auxiliary power unit (APU) by Hamilton Sundstrand; and the interiors by (C&D) Zodiac Aerospace.
August 2015: Plans to begin flying testbed flights of the Russian engine option for the Irkut MC-21 narrow body jetliner have been pushed back a month or two, although no reason was given for the delay.
November 2015: "Dubai Air Show: Cairo Aviation Charter to Get 10 MC-21s" by Polina Montag-Girmes, November 10, 2015.
Egypt’s (KATO) Investment has ordered six MC-21s with four options from Russia’s Irkut Corporporation for its subsidiary, Cairo Aviation (CAR) at the Dubai Air Show.
The two companies may also establish a regional MC-21 Maintenance Repair & Overhaul (MRO) center at Al Alamain International Airport, which is located 184 km from Cairo. Russia’s United Aircraft Corporation said that (KATO) Investment is ready to rent the space to the aircraft manufacturer for free.
The charter carrier, Cairo Aviation (CAR), operates three passenger Tupolev Tu-204-120s and two Tu-204-120Cs cargo on dry lease from parent, Sirocco Aerospace International, which is also a member of the (KATO) Investment group.
February 2016: "Irkut’s (PD-14) Engine-equipped MC-21 Begins Flight Laboratory Tests" by (ATW) Polina Montag-Girmes, February 12, 2016.
Russia’s Perm Engine Company has assembled three (PD-14) engines (100-07, 100-08, and 100-09) for Irkut (IKT) MC-21 aircraft in 2015. (IKT) has begun engine flying laboratory tests.
Through the beginning of 2016, Ilyushin Il-76LL aircraft, which was used as a flying test bed for the program, operated 12 test flights, Perm Engine Company said. The (PD-14) engine-equipped MC-21 should operate its first flight in 2018. This year, the company will assemble four more (PD-14)s.
There are two engine options for the MC-21, which is being developed to compete with the Airbus A320neo and Boeing 737 MAX. The alternative is the Pratt & Whitney (PRW) (PW1400G) engine.
The manufacturer has also assembled 23 (PS-90A)s engines for the Tupolev Tu-204 and Ilyushin Il-96 aircraft in 2015, up two engine types year-over-year. Three Tu-214s and eight Il-96s, equipped with Perm-assembled engines, were delivered last year.
In 2016, the company plans to manufacture 25 (PS-90A)s.
May 2016: May 2016: Pratt & Whitney (PRW) (PW1400G-JM) engine receives (FAA) Certification.
The (FAA) has certified Pratt & Whitney (PRW))’s (PW1400G-JM) engine to power Russian aircraft manufacturer Irkut (IKT)’s MC-21 aircraft.
September 2016: "Irkut Initiates MC-21 (EASA) Certification" by (ATW) Polina Montag-Girmes, email@example.com, September 21, 2016.
See attached - "IKT-2016-09 - MC-21 EASA Certification.jpg."
Russian aircraft manufacturer Irkut Corporation (IKT) has applied to Russia’s Federal Air Transport Agency, Rosaviatsia, to begin MC-21 (EASA) certification.
The Russian authority is forming a group to include Rosaviatsia and manufacturer representatives to cooperate with (EASA) and organize necessary flight tests. Irkut (IKT) is part of THE United Aircraft Corporation.
(IKT) rolled out the MC-21-300 aircraft June 8 at its factory in Irkutsk. Its first flight is planned for December 2016 - February 2017. Delivery to a first customer is expected before the end of 2018.
In August, Rosaviatsia announced it is continuing MC-21 certification in accordance with Russian standards.
Last year, the Russian government transferred the powers for aircraft design, engines, propellers and airfields certification from Moscow-based Interstate Aviation Committee to Rosaviatsia.
December 2016: News Item A-1: Russia’s United Aircraft Corporation (UAC) expects revenue generated from civil aircraft sales to grow as much as +45% through 2035 from the existing +20%.
The total share of (UAC) civil aircraft at the global market should reach 4.5% through 2025, the company said in its 2035 strategy plan.
UAC) plans to reach net-profit breakeven in 2025; during 2025 - 2035 it aims to decrease its dependence on government investments. (UAC) intends to maximize sales of civil regional, narrow- and wide body aircraft internationally.
The company estimates the total effect from floating-capital-management optimization, investment optimization and non-core assets sales at 700 billion rubles/$11.4 billion through 2035.
(UAC) was created in 2006, uniting the assets of Sukhoi (SSJ); Ilyushin; Tupolev; Yakovlev; Irkut Corporation (IKT); and others. The company manufactures the Sukhoi (SSJ) Superjet 100 and is developing the Irkut MC-21. (UAC) also is designing a new wide body aircraft with the Commercial Aircraft Corporation of China (COMAC) (CCC).
News Item A-2: Russia’s United Aircraft Corporation (UAC) expects revenue generated from civil aircraft sales to grow as much as +45% through 2035 from the existing +20%.
The total share of (UAC) civil aircraft at the global market should reach 4.5% through 2025, the company said in its 2035 strategy plan.
(UAC) plans to reach net-profit breakeven in 2025; during 2025 - 2035 it aims to decrease its dependence on government investments. (UAC) intends to maximize sales of civil regional, narrow- and wide body aircraft internationally.
The company estimates the total effect from floating-capital-management optimization, investment optimization and noncore assets sales at 700 billion rubles/$11.4 billion through 2035.
(UAC) was created in 2006, uniting the assets of Sukhoi (SSJ); Ilyushin; Tupolev; Yakovlev; Irkut Corporation (IKT); and others. The company manufactures the Sukhoi (SSJ) Superjet 100 and is developing the Irkut MC-21. (UAC) also is designing a new wide body aircraft with the Commercial Aircraft Corporation of China (COMAC) (CCC).
News Item A-3: Irkut Corporation (IKT) has begun testing the MC-21-300 aircraft on frequency response. “The works are held in the final assembly shop of the Irkutsk Aviation plant with the participation of specialists from the Central Aerohydrodynamic Institute (TsAGI),” Irkut said, adding the aircraft is preparing for flight tests.
“The fuselage has been tested for airtightness, onboard measurement systems and equipment have been installed, and the aircraft systems are undergoing adjustment procedures. The aircraft has switched to electric power and frequency response tests have been started to identify frequencies of natural oscillations of the structure,” the manufacturer said in an MC-21 program status update.
Irkut (IKT) rolled out the MC-21-300 on June 8. The aircraft type is available in 2 versions (the -200 and -300) which seat 132 and 163, respectively, in a standard 2-class layout, or a maximum 165 and 211 seats.
Earlier this year, (IKT) submitted applications to obtain MC-21 type certificates to Russia’s Federal Air Transport Agency and the European Aviation Safety Agency.
In December, Russia’s United Engine Corporation (UEC) started the 2nd stage of PD-14 engine testing for MC-21 aircraft.
April 2017: Russian aircraft manufacturer Irkut Corporation (IKT) reported a 2016 net income of +RUB1.2 billion/+$20 million, reversed from a -RUB2.3 billion net loss in the year-ago period. Revenue for the year rose +28.8% to RUB108 billion.
(IKT) cited export growth in 2016 as the reason for the improved results. Operating profit grew 19x- from +RUB421.8 million to +RUB8.1 billion.
Irkut (IKT) builds the MC-21 passenger aircraft, named as the successor to the Tupolev Tu-154, which is intended to compete with the Airbus A320neo and Boeing 737 MAX.
The MC-21 is available in 2 versions—the -200 and -300 (which seat 132 and 163, respectively, in a standard 2-class layout, or a maximum 165 and 211 seats).
The MC-21 was rolled out June 8, 2016. 1st flight (which was expected at the end of 2016 and then at the beginning of 2017) has not yet happened.
May 2017: Russia’s United Engine Corporation (UAC), a part of state-owned Rostec Corporation, has completed the 2nd stage of flight tests for the PD-14 engine that will power the Irkut (IKT) MC-21.
“The major aim of the trials was to confirm the working efficiency of the engine within different altitude and speed conditions, in which it will be operated on the MC-21 airliner, and to assess the level of its operational performance,” Rostec said on May 25.
The PD-14 flight tests were conducted on an Ilyushin Il-76 flying testbed at the Flight Research Institute at Zhukovsky, Moscow region.
Irkut (IKT) has chosen 2 engine options for the MC-21—Russia’s PD-14 and Pratt & Whitney (PRW)’s (PW1400G) engine.
In addition, the MC-21-300-0001 test aircraft has completed taxi and runway roll tests to prepare for the 1st flight. According to an Irkut statement, “The aircraft systems are being checked, ground starts of major and auxiliary power plants are being practiced, taxiings are being performed at the plant's airfield.”
The MC-21 was rolled out June 8, 2016 at Irkut’s factory in Irkutsk. Its 1st flight was planned for December 2016 - February 2017, but then it was postponed several times. Now Irkut (IKT) said “preparation for the start of flight tests is being performed in accordance with the approved schedule.”
September 2017: Russia’s Irkut Corporation (IKT) has started the 2nd stage of in-plant development tests for the MC-21-300.
November 2017: Irkut (IKT)´s MC-21-300 test aircraft performed its 1st flight from the Flight Research Institute at Zhukovsky airfield in the Moscow region on November 3.
“The flight lasted >3 hours,” aircraft manufacturer Irkut Corporation (IKT) said. “The characteristics of stability and controllability were assessed at altitudes varying from 6,000 to 12,000 m. All aircraft systems operated normally.”
Earlier, on October 17, the aircraft performed a non-stop flight from an airfield in Irkutsk to Zhukovsky, after the completion of test flights at the Irkutsk aviation plant, the affiliate of Irkut Corporation (IKT).
The MC-21-300 was rolled out on June 8, 2016. The aircraft type is available in 2 versions (the -200 and -300), which seat 132 and 163, respectively, in a standard 2-class layout, or 165 and 211 in a high-capacity configuration. (IKT) made its 1st flight on May 28, 2017.
Several international companies (including Thales (THL), Honeywell (SGC), Goodrich (BFG) and Zodiac Aerospace) have been chosen as component suppliers for the MC-21.
December 2017: "Rostec Member to Provide MC-21 After-sale Support"
by Polina Montag-Girmes (firstname.lastname@example.org), December 18, 2017.
The Aircraft Service Center of the Technodinamika Holding Company, a part of Rostec State Corporation, has won the tender for logistics and maintenance for the Irkut Corporation (IKT)-produced MC-21 after-sale service.
“The center will manage the repair of air-technical products, supply and replacement of failed equipment as well as provide access for airlines to components required for aircraft operation.”
“We are currently in the final stage of negotiations with our partners on the legal aspects of the deal and will be able to sign a contract in the near future,” Rostec (CEO) Sergey Chemezov said.
Technodinamika’s storage facilities are placed near Moscow Sheremetyevo International Airport. Aircraft operators will get 24-hour access to the customer service department, Rostec added. “With regard to the contract sum, we estimate that during the 1st 10 years the total revenue from all the activities agreed under the contract can amount to $1 billion," Technodinamika (CEO) Igor Nasenkov said. “Under a composite logistics and maintenance program, we are planning to service >400 aircraft during the 1st 10 years after putting the MC-21 into commercial operation, and the aircraft service center will carry out maintenance both under warranty and during the post-warranty period.”
In March 2017, Chemezov said a merger between Russia’s state-owned Rostec and United Aircraft Corporation, which includes MC-21 manufacturer Irkut Corppration, “could probably be appropriate.”
February 2018: Russia’s largest carrier Aeroflot (ARO) has firmed up an order for 50 MC-21-300 narrow body airliners, which will be leased through Avia Capital Services, a leasing arm of government-owned Rostec Corporation. The preliminary order was placed in 2011. According to the firm contract, signed between Aeroflot (ARO) and Avia Capital Services, each aircraft will be leased for 12 years with a possible extension for 6 more years. The deal is valued at $5 billion. (ARO) chose a 2-class configuration.
May 2018: "Russia’s 2nd MC-21-300 Completes 1st Flight" by Maxim Pyadushkin May 14, 2018.
Irkut Corporation’s (IKT) 2nd MC-21-300 prototype completed a maiden flight on May 12 from the Russian manufacturer’s Irkutsk airfield, a year after the 1st test aircraft took to the air for the 1st time.
(IKT) reported the 1st flight lasted 1 hour and 7 minutes, at an altitude of up to 3,000 m/9,842 ft at a speed of up to 400 km per hour/249 mph.
The flight program included aircraft testing for stability and controlability in various wing configurations, with folded and extended landing gear, as well as checks for on board equipment.
The new aircraft is expected to speed up the MC-21 trials as (IKT) plans to get the Russian certification in a year, in mid-2019.
This flight test aircraft became the 3rd airframe of the type. Besides the 1st flight prototype, 1 more aircraft is used for ground tests in Russia’s TsAGI Central Aerohydrodynamic Institute in Zhukovsky, near Moscow.
The 1st prototype moved from Irkutsk to Zhukovsky in October 2017 where it started certification trials. Irkut (IKT) reports that flight tests prove the design solutions. The MC-21 has already been tested for stability and controllability, for takeoff and landing parameters and for recovery from deep roll. The aircraft’s (PW 1400G-JM) engines have been tested for various operation modes including in-flight relight.
3 more prototypes are being assembled in Irkutsk along with the preparations for serial production.
The MC-21 backlog now stands at 175 firm orders, mostly from the Russian leasing companies. The country’s largest carrier Aeroflot (ARO) is expected to be the major operator of this type. It has an order for 50 aircraft through Avia Capital Services, a leasing arm of Rostec Corporation, and is to take the 1st delivery in early 2020.
The MC-21-300 will carry 163 to 211 passengers for a distance of 6,000 km. It will be initially powered by a pair of (PW1400G-JM) engines, but the Russian PD-14 will be an alternative engine.
October 2018: "Rostec Takes Control of Russian Aircraft Manufacturer United Aircraft Corporation (UAC)" by Maxim Pyadushkin, (email@example.com).
The Russian aircraft industry went through another round of consolidation on October 25 as the country’s aircraft manufacturing conglomerate United Aircraft Corporation (UAC) fell under control of industrial giant Rostec.
To move the deal forward, Russian President Vladimir Putin issued a bill on October 25 allowing transfer of the government’s 92.31% share to Rostec. The deal will close in 18 months. Rostec is a state-owned corporation governed by Putin associate Sergey Chemezov.
Founded in 2007, Rostec gradually took control of government assets in the defense and automotive industries.
Rostec was already the largest supplier to (UAC), providing the
manufacturer with 70% of aircraft components and subsystems,
including engines, avionics, hydraulics and composites. Rostec’s most important asset is United Engine Corporation that supplies
powerplants for the (UAC) and the country’s rotorcraft manufacturer
Russian Helicopters (also owned by Rostec).
Rostec’s avionics facilities are merged into Concern Radio-Electronic Technologies, which supplies products for both military and
commercial Russian aircraft. Another important aerospace subsidiary
is Technodinamika, which manufactures various aircraft components.
Russian media reported Vice-Premier Yury Borisov as saying the
integration with Rostec will help (UAC) to strengthen supply chains
and minimize production expenses. Borisov supervises Russia’s
defense and the aerospace industries.
Earlier in 2018 Rostec promised to invest up to RUB40 billion ($611 million) in (UAC)’s major commercial program, the development of MC-21 narrow body passenger aircraft. But this looks like a modest price for the merge with (UAC), which gives Rostec control over all financial resources that the aircraft manufacturer receives from the government in the form of various subsidies and huge defense orders from the country’s military.
(UAC) has become the world’s largest manufacturer of combat aircraft. It delivered 94 fighters and bombers to the Russian air force and foreign customers in 2017. Its major commercial programs include Sukhoi Superjet SSJ100 regional aircraft, MC-21s, Russo-Chinese CR929 wide bodies and upgraded Ilyushin Il-114 turboprops.