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ESTABLISHED IN 1990 AND STARTED OPERATIONS IN 1991. SCHEDULED & CHARTER, INTERNATIONAL, PASSENGER, JET AIRPLANE SERVICES.
4-11 HIGASHI-SHINAGAWA, 2-CHROME
TOKYO 14-8637, JAPAN
JAPAN WAS ESTABLISHED IN 660, IT COVERS AN AREA OF 377,815, SQ KM, ITS POPULATION IS 125 MILLION, ITS CAPITAL CITY IS TOKYO, AND ITS OFFICIAL LANGUAGE IS JAPANESE.
APRIL 1998: 1,046 EMPLOYEES (INCLUDING 160 FLIGHT CREW (FC)).
JAPAN AIRLINES (JAL) OWNS 82%.
AIRPLANES ARE WET-LEASED FROM (JAL).
MARCH 1999: OWNER JAPAN AIRLINES (JAL), PLANS TO CONVERT JALWAYS (JAI) INTO A SCHEDULED CARRIER, CHANGE ITS NAME, AND OPERATE SERVICES TO SE ASIA, HAWAII, OTHER PACIFIC RESORT AREAS, AND OCEANIA, TAKING ADVANTAGE OF LOWER PERSONNEL COSTS THAN (JAL) (-20% OVERHEAD).
APRIL 1999: 1,046 EMPLOYEES (INCLUDING 160 FLIGHT CREW (FC).
MAY 1999: YUKIO OHTANI, PRESIDENT, EX-JAPAN AIRLINES (JAL).
JUNE 1999: CHANGES NAME FROM "JAPAN AIR CHARTER" TO "JALWAYS."
TO TRANSFORM INTO A SCHEDULED CARRIER. WILL TAKE OVER JAPAN AIRLINES (JAL) ROUTES TO PACIFIC RESORT DESTINATIONS.
FISCAL YEAR (FY) 1998 = 1.16 MILLION PASSENGERS (PAX).
JULY 1999: PLANS SCHEDULED OPERATIONS IN OCTOBER 1999, TOKYO TO KONA TO HONOLULU (HNL), & WILL TAKE OVER SHORT-RANGE INTERNATIONAL SERVICE FROM JAPAN AIRLINES (JAL) IN APRIL 2000.
AUGUST 1999: FISCAL YEAR (FY) 1998 = 1.16 MILLION PASSENGERS, INCLUDING 1.14 MILLION JAPAN AIRLINES (JAL) WET-LEASE & 16,000 PASSENGERS FOR JALWAYS (JAI) CHARTER FLIGHTS.
986 EMPLOYEES (INCLUDING 151 FLIGHT CREW (FC), 779 CABIN ATTENDANTS (CA), & 56 MAINTENANCE TECHNICIANS (MT).
NOVEMBER 1999: 1 DC-10-40 (47825, JA8542), JAPAN AIRLINES
DECEMBER 1999: 747-246B (20504) RETURNED FROM JAPAN AIRLINES (JAL), SOLD TO GULF FALCON (GFG).
JANUARY 2000: 1 747-246B (22478, JA8149) LEASED TO JAPAN AIRLINES (JAL).
APRIL 2000: 1,046 EMPLOYEES (INCLUDING 160 FLIGHT CREW (FC)).
(http://www.jalways.co.jp). SITA: TYOGZJO.
JULY 2000: 747-246B (20505, JA-8111) PAINTED IN LIVERY OF COLORFUL FLOWERS AND HUMMINGBIRDS FOR ITS "RESO'CHA" SCHEDULED SERVICES, TO PACIFIC ISLAND, RESORT DESTINATIONS.
SEPTEMBER 2000: IN OCTOBER 2000, WILL TAKE OVER JAPAN AIRLINES (JAL) ROUTES FROM TOKYO, & OSAKA TO SAIPAN, & LATER FUKUOKA TO HONOLULU.
JANUARY 2001: JAPAN AIR LINES (JAL) ACQUIRES REMAINING 20% OF JALWAYS (JAI) FOR 100%.
FEBRUARY 2001: IN APRIL 2001, TO TAKE OVER NAGOYA TO HONOLULU (747-200, DAILY) FROM JAPAN AIRLINES (JAL).
JUNE 2001: 1 747-246B (20505) SOLD TO BOEING AIRCRAFT HOLDINGS.
OCTOBER 2001: 747-246B (20530, JA8114) SOLD TO BOEING.
DECEMBER 2001: 1 747-346 (JT9D-7R) (24019, JA8187), EX-JAPAN AIRLINES (JAL).
MARCH 2002: 1,430 EMPLOYEES.
April 2002: SITA: TYOGZJO.
October 2002: Japan's Ministry of Land, Infrastructure & Transport is emphasizing development of the new, Centrair international airport to open in Nagoya in 2005, and upgrades to Tokyo's Haneda airport, in its $4.1 billion airport improvement budget for 2003. $1.1 billion is for construction of a 4th runway at Haneda (Asia's busiest airport, even tho' it serves mainly domestic Japanese routes. $388 million has been allocated for Aichi-Japan International Airport - Centrair. Other major projects include $114 million for Narita, and $367 million for a 2nd runway for Osaka Kansai International Airport. Other funding goes for noise abatement, and air traffic control upgrades.
December 2003: 747-246B (22478), returned to Jalux Inc.
January 2004: 747-246B (21031) sold to Orient Thai (OTH).
November 2004: 1,550 employees.
July 2005: (JAL) Group 2nd Quarter = - Y 38.2 billion/-$341.7 million (- Y40.7 billion): +1.2% (RPK) traffic; -5.2% (FTK) freight traffic; international passengers (+1.6%); domestic passengers (0.3%). Fiscal year 2005 projected = +Y 17 billion.
Has plan of restructuring of its network and cost improvements in response to higher fuel prices. Key to the shift in strategy is a greater role for low-cost subsidiary JALways (JAI), which will take over more routes, e.g. in October 2005, Tokyo to Manila, Tokyo to Brisbane, Tokyo to Denpasar (Bali), & Osaka to Denpasar.
Will retire +3 747's than originally planned. In fiscal year 2005, will retire 4 747's, 1 747F, 4 DC-10's, 3 A300's & 2 YS-11's. Will add 3 767-300ER's, 2 777-200ER's, 2 777-300ER's & 2 CRJ200's. JAL Group will operate 281 airplanes by the end of fiscal year. 3 orders 767-300ER's and 3 orders 767-300ERF's.
February 2006: Soaring fuel costs, "adverse publicity" over recent safety-related operational events and declining demand on services to China resulting from lingering feelings about anti-Japanese protests in April all factored into another rough quarter for Japan Airlines (JAL)/(JAS), which reported a -¥11 billion/-$92.5 million loss for the 3-month period ended December 31, up from a loss of -¥3.7 billion in the previous year's 3rd fiscal quarter. Revenues rose +21% to ¥556.9 billion but expenses climbed +33.9% to ¥573.5 billion, leading to a -¥16.6 billion operating loss compared to a -¥3.8 billion loss in the 2004 quarter.
In conjunction with the results, (JAL)/(JAS) released its "Route, Frequency and Fleet Plan" for the coming fiscal year, which it said is designed to build a more "profit focused" network intended to return its international services to the black.
Plans to produce an annual income improvement of ¥8 billion include increased frequencies from Tokyo to markets including Chicago and Taipei, other seasonal increases, decreases to London and Bangkok and suspension of the Tokyo to Las Vegas and Osaka to Los Angeles services. Its JALways (JAI) subsidiary will take over operations on several routes throughout SE Asia including flights from Tokyo to Jakarta, Vietnam and Sydney. A host of alterations to its domestic route structure were announced as well.
During Fiscal Year (FY) 2006 (JAL)/(JAS) will retire 6 747s, 3 A300s and 4 YS-11s and add 2 777-300ERs and 1 767-300ER for international operations, 3 737-800s for domestic service and 3 Dash 8s. Its fleet at the conclusion of (FY) 2006 will number 275 airplanes. Cargo flights will increase with introduction of 2 747-400CFs.
For the 9-month period ended December 31, (JAL)/(JAS) slipped into the red with a net loss of -¥23 billion compared to a +¥79.2 billion profit in the year-ago period. Revenues rose +3.6% to ¥1.67 trillion and expenses climbed +9.3% to ¥1.67 trillion, resulting in an operating loss of -¥800 million compared to a profit of +¥83 billion last year. Fuel costs increased +30% to ¥284 billion. Consolidated passenger traffic declined -1.2% to 75.93 billion (RPK)s, capacity dropped -0.8% to 113.42 billion (ASK)s and load factor fell -0.3 point to 66.9% LF.
May 2006: Japan Airlines Group (JAL)/(JAS) blamed sluggish traffic growth caused by "safety-related occurrences" and anti-Japanese sentiment in China for its inability to overcome rising fuel costs, resulting in a drastic reversal in financial fortunes and a loss of -¥47.2 billion/-$423.2 million in the fiscal year ended March 31 compared to earnings of +¥30 billion in Fiscal Year (FY) 2005. Group revenue grew +3.3% to ¥2.2 trillion, but operating expenses were up +7.3% to ¥2.23 trillion, dragging the company to a -¥26.8 billion operating loss compared to a +¥56.1 billion operating profit in the previous year. Passenger numbers were down -3.8% to 14.2 million while passenger traffic (RPK)s fell -2.2% to 67.4 billion and (ASK)s declined -2.3% to 97.2 billion.
(JAL)/(JAS) suspended services to some resort destinations and increased flights on popular business routes during the year. While traffic was steady to the USA, Korea and Taiwan, the carrier said demand to Europe and Southeast Asia dropped, and Chinese traffic was down -8%. On the domestic network, "individual passengers failed to grow, mainly due to safety-related occurrences." Domestic revenues fell -2.2% as capacity dipped -1.9%.
A +¥88.2 billion surge in fuel costs was a critical factor in (JAL)/(JAS)'s result. Staff costs grew +¥3.3 billion owing to changes in the retirement fund, while currency exchange losses hit -¥6 billion. Going forward, the airline is focused on further streamlining its network to focus on business routes, restructuring its fleet, and expanding its JALways (JAI) subsidiary, which operates 747s domestically and to Pacific destinations.
(JAL) Group (JAL)/(JAS) also is looking to its pending Oneworld (ONW) membership to improve revenue streams. On the domestic front, the focus is on expanding Class J seating, introducing more 737-800 services to replace some 767s and A300s, and strengthening e-marketing initiatives. Both (JAL)/(JAS) and All Nippon Airways (ANA) have been phasing out domestic 747s in favor of 777-300s for some time.
June 2006: Japan Airlines (JAL) at a meeting in Paris, received a formal invitation to join the Oneworld (ONW) alliance, 7 months after the world's largest unaligned carrier announced its intentions. The mainline will be integrated by early next year and (JAL)/(JAS) Group members JALways (JAI), Japan Asia Airways (JAA), JAL Express (JEX), J-Air and Japan Transocean Air (SWL) will join as affiliate members. American Airlines (AAL) is (JAL)'s principal sponsor, assisted by Cathay Pacific Airways (CAT). (JAL) and its affiliates will add 47 destinations to (ONW)'s network.
"Japan Airlines (JAL) and oneworld have been able to conclude all necessary membership agreements extremely speedily, which signals excellent working relationships going forward," (JAL) (CEO), designate Haruka Nishimatsu said.
(JAL) already has interline e-ticketing agreements in place with (AAL) and British Airways (BAB) and will link up with (CAT) within months. Remaining members, plus new recruits Malev Hungarian Airlines (HGA) and Royal Jordanian (RJA), will be online by the time (JAL) joins next year. (ONW) said it is the only alliance with interline e-ticketing among all its members.
Following Star Alliance (SAL)'s lead, (ONW) will consolidate its operations at Tokyo Narita's Terminal 2. Most members of Star will operate out of T1. Qantas (QAN) and (JAL) already are housed in T2, and (AAL), Cathay (CAT) and Finnair (FIN) will relocate from T1 in 2007 and build their own lounges. (BAB) will remain in T1.
Narita spent $10 million to upgrade T2 last year. A $170 million investment starting this year will include a refurbishment of the check-in and security screening area, more user-friendly flight information displays, increased shopping areas and two new gates, bringing T2's total to 30.
July 2006: JALways (JAI) provides scheduled flights from Japan to Hawaii & Thailand, together with international scheduled flights for Japan Airlines (JAL) on a wet-lease basis. (JAI)'s scheduled flights will expand to other Pacific resorts and to SE Asia.
Employees = 2,633 (including 221 Flight Crew (FC); 2,341 Cabin Attendants (CA); & 1 Maintenance Technician (MT)).
(IATA) Code: JO - 708. (ICAO) Code: JAZ (Callsign - JALWAYS).
Owners/Shareholders: Japan Airlines (JAL) (100%).
Main Base: Tokyo Narita International Airport (NRT).
Hubs: Honolulu International airport (HNL); & Bangkok International airport (BKK).
Domestic, Scheduled services: Nagoya; Osaka; & Tokyo.
International, scheduled services: Bangkok; Denpasar Bali; Guam; Honolulu; & Kona.
February 2007: The Oneworld (ONW) Alliance confirmed that Royal Jordanian (RJA), Japan Airlines (JAL)/(JAS), and Malev Hungarian Airlines (HGA) will join (ONW) as full members on April 1. +5 additional subsidiaries of JAL Group (JAL)/(JAS) will join the same day as affiliates: JALways (JAI), Japan Asia Airways (JAA), JAL Express (JEX), J-AIR and Japan Transocean Air (SWL). At the same time, Aer Lingus (ARL) will withdraw from (ONW). 4 other airlines are lining up to join as affiliates in 2007: Dragonair (DRG), LAN Argentina (LNR), and LAN Ecuador (LNE). The membership changes will expand (ONW)'s reach to almost 700 airports, nearly 150 countries and 9,000 daily departures by around 2,500 airplanes.
March 2008: Japan Airlines (JAL) parent JAL Group (JAL)/(JAS) in its Fiscal Year (FY) 2008 to 2010 "Medium Term Plan" raised its profitability target for its 2010 to 2011 fiscal year to +¥96 billion/+$932 million from +¥88 billion in last year's "Medium Term Plan." The decision to increase the target is owing to early successes in its ongoing restructuring program, which also contributed to its raising its operating profit forecast for the current year ending March 31 to +¥48 billion from +¥35 billion. Over the period of the plan, (JAL)/(JAS) will retire 46 airplanes, including 747-200s and MD-81s, while adding 65 777s, 737-800s and 787s. As of March 31, 2011, the fleet will number 291 airplanes, up from 272 today.
(JAL)/(JAS) also expects to expand the use on international and domestic routes of subsidiaries JALways (JAI), JAL Express (JEX) and J-AIR, which have overhead costs approximately -10% lower than the mainline. JAL Express (JAI) currently serves domestic routes, but in Fiscal Year (FY) 2009, will start operating 737-800s internationally, primarily to China. J-AIR, which operates regional jets domestically, will expand operations with E170s in (FY) 2008. The group's strategy is focused on high-growth, high-profit markets. A key platform is the accelerated roll out of new first (F) and business class (C) seats on international services, along with premium economy. As previously announced, it plans to reduce staff numbers from 53,100 at the end of Fiscal Year (FY) 2006 to 48,800 by the end of (FY) 2008.
May 2008: Japan's Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport announced the following policies that will take effect when Tokyo Haneda's 4th runway opens in 2010, the Centre for Asia Pacific Aviation reported: Night curfew will be reduced to 10 pm from 11 pm, to "allow more convenient schedules for USA and European flights," international slots will be restricted to 30,000 until October 2010, and eventually will increase to 60,000, with new slots going to "expansion of Asian city routes where business need is strongest," and domestic slots will double to 20,000 annually.
March 2009: Jalways (JAI) is an affiliate member of the Oneworld (ONW) alliance.
The Japanese economy shrank -13% last quarter, the most since 1974.
May 2009: Japan Airlines (JAL)/(JAS) subsidiary, JALways (JAI) closed its Oahu office and terminated the assignments of 130 contract pilots (FC) that operated 747s from Hawaii to Japan and Asia, the "Honolulu Star-Bulletin" reported. Wages will be paid through June. Japan-based (JAL)/(JAS) pilots (FC) now are crewing the 5x-daily flights formerly operated by (JAI), the paper said.
October 2009: Japan Airlines (JAL) conducted an (ASPIRE) (Asia and South Pacific Initiative to Reduce Emissions) flight on October 10 to 11. (ASPIRE) is a joint venture among USA (FAA), Air services Australia and Airways New Zealand. 3 previous (ASPIRE) flights were conducted by United Airlines (UAL), Qantas (QAN) and Air New Zealand (ANZ). (ASPIRE) flights use a host of optimized operational procedures and Air Traffic Control (ATC) routings, including tailored arrivals, to save time and fuel. "This is an important milestone in our collective effort to lessen aviation's environmental footprint," said (FAA) Administrator Randy Babbitt, who signed the agreement along with Japanese Civil Aviation Bureau Director General Ryuhei Maeda.
The October 10 to 11 747-400 flight was operated by (JAL) subsidiary JALways (JAI) on a scheduled trip from Honolulu to Osaka. Although specific results of the flight have not been disclosed, (JAL) previously had announced that it aimed to reduce fuel burn by -9,421 lbs and carbon dioxide emissions by -28,969 lbs through a variety of means: A precise estimate of fuel required for the flight, lighter cargo containers, reducing the weight of items loaded on board, including cabin attendants (CA)'s carry-on baggage, maximizing the use of ground electricity instead of the Auxiliary Power Unit (APU), engine washing, 2-engine taxi, changing the runways for takeoff and landing to shorten taxi distance, faster climb to optimum cruise altitude, utilizing user preferred route, Dynamic Airborne Rerouting (DARPS), delayed flap and gear approach, and reduced reverse thrust.
(ANZ) conducted the 1st (ASPIRE) flight on September 12, 2008, from Auckland to San Francisco aboard a 777, saving -7,700 lbs of fuel and -27,700 lbs of CO2. (ANZ) General Manager Operations & Chief Pilot, Dave Morgan said almost all of (ANZ)'s flights to San Francisco are now conducted as (ASPIRE) flights. (ANZ) will commence regular (ASPIRE) flights to Los Angeles shortly, he said.
March 2018: "Government, Local Municipalities Approve Tokyo Narita Third Runway" by Adrian Schofield, (ATW) Daily News, March 15, 2018.
Tokyo Narita Airport has taken an important step in its efforts to add a 3rd runway and extend operating hours, after gaining clearance for its plans from local authorities. The expansion was approved during a meeting between the Narita International Airport Corporation (NAA), the central government, the Chiba prefecture, and local municipalities, according to Japanese media reports.
The (NAA)'s latest expansion plans have been under discussion with local groups since at least 2016. Runway construction and potential expansion at Narita have been hugely controversial topics in previous years, and gaining approval from local government and communities is a key milestone.
Narita currently has 2 parallel runways, designated A and B. Runway A is 4,000 m long/2.5 miles, and runway B is 2,500 m. The (NAA)'s plan calls for construction of another parallel runway, designated runway C, by about 2028. This would be 3,500 m long. The airport also proposes extending Runway B to 3,500 m to allow it to handle larger aircraft.
The airport currently operates from 6 am to 11 pm, although aircraft can land until midnight in certain circumstances. The proposed changes would extend operating hours to 5 am to 12.30 am.
Expansion at Narita is needed because the airport is increasingly congested during peak hours, and boosting its capacity will help it compete against connecting hubs in other Asian cities.
The Japanese government has ambitious plans to boost inbound arrivals to Japan by 2020, when the "Olympics" are due to be held in Tokyo. The Narita runway construction is unlikely to help with the 2020 goal, although another tourism growth target has been set for 2030. Short-term airport measures are also underway, including easing airspace restrictions at Tokyo Haneda Airport, and building high-speed runway exits at Narita.
Click below for photos:
0 747-146 (JT9D-7A) (199-20532, /72 JA8116), RTND. 33C, 399Y.
0 747-246B (182-20505, /72 JA8111 "RESO'CHA"), (JAL) LSD, ST (TBC) 2001-06. 37C, 398Y.
1 747-246B (JT9D-7Q) (489-22478, /81 JA8149; 496-22479, /81 JA8150), LST (JAL) 2000-01. 22478 RTND JALUX INC 2003-12 ST (KAC). "RESO'CHA" COLORS. 22479; ST (OTH) 2007-12. 37C, 398Y.
0 747-246B (JT9D-7A) (255-21031, /75 JA8127), LST (JAL). ST (OTH) 2004-01. 56C, 348Y,
0 747-246B (JT9D-7AW) (196-20530, /72 JA8114), LST (JAL), ST (TBC) 2001-10, TO (OTH). 16C, 450Y.
2 747-346 (JT9D-7R4G2) (694-24018, /88 JA8186; 695-24019, /88 JA8187), EX-(JAL). "RESO'CHA" COLORS. 50C, 402Y.
0 DC-10-40 (JT9D-59A) (366-47856, JA8547), (JAL) WET-LSD, RTND. 12C, 274Y.
0 DC-10-40 (JT9D-59A) (304-47822, /80 JA8539; 340-47852, /80 JA8544), EX-(JAL), 47822; 47852; RTND. 39C, 227Y.
2 DC-10-40 (JT9D-59A) (308-47824, /80 JA8541; 310-47825, /80 JA8542), 47824 LST (JAL). 39C, 227Y.
KAZUNARI YASHIRO, CHAIRMAN.
KATSUMI CHIYO, PRESIDENT & CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER (CEO).
YUKIO OHTANI, PRESIDENT & (CEO), THE AMERICAS.
TAKASHI SHIMOEDA, SENIOR EXECUTIVE/VP.
MICHIO KIMURA, MANAGING DIRECTOR/SENIOR VP.
MAKOTO AOKI, MANAGING DIRECTOR.
MAKOTO FUKADA, MANAGING DIRECTOR.
NAOKI HORI, MANAGING DIRECTOR (TYOGZJZ).
JAMIO SHIMADA, MANAGING DIRECTOR.
KAZUAKI KOBARI, MANAGING DIRECTOR.
JETSUYA HOSOCAUI, SENIOR DIRECTOR.
HIROYASU IWAI, VP FLIGHT OPERATIONS (TYOGZJZ) (firstname.lastname@example.org).
N TSUJIMOTO, CHIEF PILOT 737.
H AIHARA, VP ENGINEERING & MAINTENANCE (email@example.com).
SATOSHI SAYAMA, DIRECTOR ADMINISTRATION.