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Airlines

Name: AIR KORYO
7JetSet7 Code: KOY
Status: Operational
Region: ORIENT
City: PYONGYANG
Country: NORTH KOREA
Employees 2500
Web: korea-dpr.com/airkoryo.htm
Email: postmaster@korea-dpr.com
Telephone: +850 0217111999
Fax: +850 2 81 46 25
Sita: FNJEDJS
Background
(definitions)

Click below for data links:
KOY-2006-06-A
KOY-2006-06-B
KOY-2008-10-A
KOY-2008-10-B
KOY-2008-10-C
KOY-2012-10-A
KOY-2012-10-B
KOY-2012-10-C
KOY-2012-10-D
KOY-2012-10-FLT-A
KOY-2012-10-FLT-B
KOY-2014-10 - IL-18 INTERIOR
KOY-2014-10 - TU-204 MEAL
KOY-2015-06 - New Pyongyang Airport Terminal.jpg
KOY-2016-02 - Airport Terminal.jpg
KOY-2016-02 - IFE.jpg
KOY-2016-02 - The Burger.jpg
KOY-2017-03 - Flight to China.jpg
KOY-CABIN ATTENDANTS - 2012-10
KOY-CABIN ATTENDANTS - 2014-10
KOY-CABIN ATTENDANTS - 2014-10-A
KOY-Cabin Attendants - 2016-02.jpg
KOY-Cabin Attendants - 2017-03.jpg
KOY-Cabin Attendants-2017-01.jpg
KOY-Flight Crew Cabin Attendants-2017-01.jpg

ESTABLISHED IN 1950 AND STARTED OPERATIONS IN 1955. NATIONAL AIRLINE OF NORTH KOREA. FORMERLY CHOSONMINHANG KOREAN AIRWAYS AND (CAAK). DOMESTIC, REGIONAL & INTERNATIONAL, SCHEDULED, PASSENGER & CARGO, JET AIRPLANE SERVICES.

ADDRESS:
SUNNAN AIRPORT
SUNNAN DISTRICT
PYONGYANG, NORTH KOREA

NORTH KOREA (DEMOCRATIC PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF KOREA) WAS ESTABLISHED IN 1948, IT COVERS AN AREA OF 120,538 SQ KM, ITS POPULATION IS 24 MILLION, ITS CAPITAL CITY IS PYONGYANG, AND ITS OFFICIAL LANGUAGE IS KOREAN.

APRIL 1998: SERVICES TO KHABAROVSK, MOSCOW, VLADIVOSTOK, SOFIA, BANGKOK, BEIJING, BERLIN, MACAU, OSAKA & SOME INTERNATIONAL CHARTERS.

(IATA) MEMBER.

2,500 EMPLOYEES.

APRIL 1999: 2,500 EMPLOYEES. SITA: FNJEDJS.

APRIL 2000: TO SHENYANG (2/WEEK). APPLIES FOR ROUTE TO HONG KONG. RESUMES SERVICE TO NAGOYA.

2,500 EMPLOYEES.

(http://www.kimsoft.com/nk-koryo.htm).

AUGUST 2000: DENIED CHARTER OPERATIONS TO HONG KONG BECAUSE OF NOISE RESTRICTIONS FOR TU-154'S.

APRIL 2001: JOINS (IATA). PLANS TO INCREASE ITS INTERNATIONAL SERVICES. TO MOSCOW-BERLIN (SCHOENEFELD).

June 2003: 2,500 employees.

September 2003: Operates charter flight between Seoul (Incheon) and Pyongyang, on behalf of Pyonghwa Air and Tourism (Pyonghwa Tour), an affiliate of Pyonghwa Motors (TU-154). This was the 1st public tourist air service between South and North Korea. Will operate 21 flights before end of 2003.

July 2004: 2,500 employees.

August 2005: Belgian and French aviation regulatory authorities, as promised, are providing via the Internet the names of airlines that have been banned from operating to their respective countries. The Belgian Ministry of Transport listed nine carriers on its website, all of them cargo airlines and most of them from Africa. The website of the French (DGAC) identified 5 airlines on its blacklist: Air Koryo (KOY), Air St Thomas, International Air Service, (LAM) and Phuket Airlines (PHK).

March 2006: The European Union (EU) banned 92 airlines, most of them based in Africa, from landing at European airports, declaring them unsafe by international standards.

The ban applies to cargo and passenger carriers from Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Sierra Leone, Swaziland and Liberia judged to have an "inadequate system for regulatory oversight" or insufficient safety standards. It will be enforced by all 25 (EU) nations, plus Norway and Switzerland.

The flight ban also applies to Ariana Afghan Airlines (AFG), North Korea's Air Koryo (KOY) and Thailand's Phuket Airlines (PHK). 2 airlines each from Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan were listed as well.

June 2006: As the national airline of North Korea, Air Koryo (KOY) provides international services from the capital Pyongyang. It also operates occasional charter flights to points in Africa, Asia, and Europe.

(IATA) Code: JS - 120. (ICAO) Code: KOR (Callsign - AIR KORYO).

(http://www.airkoryo.com). (postmaster@korea-dpr.com).

Parent organization/shareholders: North Korean Government owned (100%).

Main Base: Pyongyang Sunan Airport (FNJ).

International, Scheduled Destinations: Beijing; Khabarovsk; Shenyang; & Vladivostok.

October 2006: The European Commission (EC) updated its list of airlines banned in the (EU), adding Kenya's (DAS) Air Cargo (DAC) and Uganda's Dairo Air Services (DAR), due to "the serious safety deficiencies identified in these twin airlines in the last few months," as well as Ariana Afghan Airlines (AFG). The (EC) also banned all 27 companies certified in Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyz Air (KYR), owing to "the national control authority's inability to supervise them effectively."

68 carriers, 19 from the Democratic Republic of Congo, 21 from Liberia, 18 from Sierra Leone, and 10 from Swaziland have been removed, as they ceased operating because they lost their Air Operator's Certificates (AOC)s. 8 recently created airlines in the (DRC) have been added. Air Services Comores (COM) of Comoros, previously banned outright, now is subject to operational restrictions, and will be allowed to operate services bound for Europe with an airplane recently fitted with appropriate safety equipment. The (EC) also decided to keep Phuket Air (PHK) and Air Koryo (KOY) on the list.

The Commission and the member states' aviation safety experts examined 6 other individual cases, including Pulkovo Aviation (STG), Pakistan International Airways (PIA), Ghana's Johnsons Air and Ajet (the former Helios Airways). It concluded that it did not consider an immediate banning measure was called for on the basis of air safety criteria, but stated that it will "be keeping a watchful eye" on those operators' implementation of the corrective action they and their respective national authorities have promised.

December 2007: Tu-204-300 (1450743364012, P-632), delivery.

May 2008: Tu-204-300 (1450742364012, P-632) entered commercial passenger service on the Pyongyang - Beijing route.

October 2008: Alongside its historical links to China (Beijing, and Shenyang), and Russia (Moscow and Vladivostok), Air Koryo (KOY) now also serves Bangkok, and Macau. It plans to offer services to Singapore and Tehran before the end of the year and resurrect a link to Berlin, but it is currently still on the European Union (EU) blacklist, which bans it from flying into Europe.

Its domestic flights are no longer operated on a scheduled basis, although connections to Smjiyon for tours to Baekdu-san (the highest mountain in the country), and the outlying towns of Chongjin, Hamhung, Kaesong, Kanggye, Kilju, Sinuiju, and Wonsan, are flown on an occasional basis, when demand requires.

October 2009: SEE VIDEO ON IL-62M FROM PYONGYANG - -

December 2009: The European Commission (EC) released its updated list of airlines banned from European Union (EU) airspace and cited progress with carriers from Ukraine and Angola. From the former, Motor Sich was removed from the list entirely and Ukrainian Mediterranean Airlines now is allowed to operate into the (EU) with 1 airplane, while (TAAG) Angola Airlines (ANG) was permitted to increase the number of planes it flies to Portugal owing to "significant progress" made by the carrier and civil aviation authority "to resolve progressively any safety deficiencies," the (EC) said. Conversely, all airlines from Djibouti, Republic of Congo, plus Sao Tome and Principe are newly banned, along with Air Koryo (KOY), Air West, Ariana Afghan Airlines (AFG), Siem Reap Airways (SRA) and Silverback Cargo Freighters (VRB).

March 2010: The European Commission (EC)'s 13th update of its list of airlines banned from operating within the European Union (EU)'s borders includes all carriers from the Philippines and Sudan, as well as Iran Air (IRN). Philippine Airlines (PAL) currently operates to 5 North American destinations but neither it nor its affiliates fly to Europe, while Iran Air (IRN) does serve the continent.

The (EC) said it "acknowledges the recent efforts launched by the competent authorities to reform the civil aviation system in the Philippines" and that (PAL) and Cebu Air (CEB) have taken measures. However, it said it would "follow the principle of precaution" and impose a full operating ban. Sudan, the (EC) said, was guilty of "persistent noncompliance with international standards in the area of oversight." Ramp checks of Iran Air (IRN) airplanes serving the (EU), along with "serious incidents and accidents suffered by the carrier and insufficient oversight from the authority over the past year," led the (EC) to ban certain airplanes from operating. It said it plans a visit to Iran "over the next months" to verify safety oversight. It did not indicate which airplanes are banned.

The (EC) lifted some restrictions on (TAAG) Angola Airlines (ANG) and Air Koryo (KOY). Air Koryo (KOY), banned since March 2006, will be allowed to operate 2 specially equipped airplanes into the (EU), while (TAAG) (ANG) will be allowed to fly to any (EU) destination "under certain strict conditions with specific airplanes." Other Angolan airlines remain banned. The commission said it is "closely monitoring" airlines from Albania and Egypt. The blacklist still includes Ariana Afghan Airlines (AFG), Siem Reap Airways International (SRA), Silverback Cargo Freighters (VRB) and all airlines from 17 countries, including Indonesia.

February 2012: Air Koryo (KYO) will open 2 new routes, media reports say. A 2x-weekly charter route between Pyongyang and Harbin will open a 3rd Chinese city to passengers. (KYO) will launch a charter flight between Pyongyang and Harbin, the capital city of Heilongjiang province in NE China from April 27, to meet passengers' traveling demands.

The 2x-weekly charter flight service will be operated by (KYO)'s TY-154 every Monday and Friday. The outbound service is scheduled to take off from Pyongyang at 10:30 am (Beijing time), arriving in Harbin at 12:00 pm. The return flight will depart from Harbin at 13:00 pm, and arrive in Pyongyang at 14:30 pm.

(KYO) will also re-open a route to Kuala Lumpur, according to the "Malaysia Digest" news website.

The routes have been reported in the Chinese and Malaysian media, but have yet to be released by (KYO).

Air Koryo (KYO) is North Korea's only airline and was established in 1950. It has operated sporadic routes to a number of European and Asian countries over the last two decades.

(KYO) joined a list of airlines banned from (EU) airspace in 2006, but the ban was relaxed to allow 2 of its newer airplanes (TU-204s (P-632; P-633) into Europe from March 2010.

July 2012: IL-62M (3749648, P-886P), ex-(CU-T1280), delivery.

November 2012: Air Koryo (KOY) is reportedly planning to lease a 1st An-148-100 (03-08, P-671) from Ilyushin Finance Company later this or early next year. The new airplane 1st flew on November 11. (KOY) currently uses a mix of Il-62, Tu-154 and Tu-204 airplanes on its international scheduled services.

February 2013: Air Koryo ((IATA) Code: JS, based at Pyongyang Sunan Internatonal (FNJ)) (KOY) has already taken delivery of a 1st An-148-100 (03-08, P-671) as previously announced, but the Antonov order has now been officially confirmed as well. Air Koryo (KOY) will take delivery of a 2nd An-148 (04-02, P-672) later this year and has also ordered a single larger An-158 regional jet.

October 2014: From England's "Daily Mail," by Sarah Dean with photos by Aram Pan:

A deserted airport customs lounge, luggage weighed by hand on an old fashioned scale and a cockpit with no digital assistance, are just some of the sites a photographer from Singapore has captured on camera after flying with the world's only "one-star" airline.

Aram Pan gained unprecedented access to the Soviet-era planes still used in North Korea by the nation's civil carrier, Air Koryo (KOY), plus cargo transporters and helicopters, after joining a tour for aviation enthusiasts inside the communist enclave.

From the photos, (KOY), which was founded in 1950 as a joint North Korean - Soviet partnership to connect the capital Pyongyang with Moscow, appears to be stuck in a time warp.

April 2015: Air Koryo (KOY), the flag carrier of North Korea, will resume its Harbin - Pyongyang service starting April 26, building a convenient air channel for tourism, economic and trade exchanges between the 2 regions.

After three flights on April 26, 30 and May 3, the scheduled charter service will be operated on Mondays and Fridays from July to September, using an An-148 airplane. The Harbin-bound flight JS591 is scheduled to take off from Pyongyang at 9:00 am and land in Harbin at 10:30 am, with the return trip JS592 leaving Harbin at 11:30 am and reaching Pyongyang at 12:50 pm.

Based at Pyongyang Sunan International Airport (FNJ), Air Koryo (KOY) is the only carrier in North Korea. It operates international scheduled services to Beijing, Shenyang, Shanghai, Russia's Vladivostok and Khabarovsk, etc, and charter services to Macao, Bangkok, Japan's Nagoya, Niigata, etc.

July 2015: North Korea opened a new terminal building at Pyongyang's international airport on July 1st, underscoring an effort to attract more tourists and to spruce up the country ahead of a celebration of a major anniversary of the founding of its ruling party in October. See attached - - "KYO-2015-06 - New Pyongyang Airport Terminal.jpg."

North Korean Premier, Pak Pong Ju officiated at the opening ceremony, which marks the completion of years of work at Pyongyang's main Sunan airport.

However, the airport is likely to appear largely empty. Just a handful of international flights come and go from Pyongyang every week, although since last year, the frequency has increased. Only 2 airlines have scheduled flights to Pyongyang (North Korea's flag carrier, Air Koryo (KOY), and Air China (BEJ).

The new international terminal building is roughly the same size as the old one which was long in service. But it is much bigger than the small, temporary terminal building that has been in use for the past few years while construction was going on.

The new Terminal II will be able to handle six times the traffic of the previous building, but exact numbers are not clear. Current figures estimate some 4,000 to 7,000 visitors a year travel to the country.

In recent years, the regular international connections from Pyongyang have been Beijing and Shenyang in China, along with Vladivostok in Russia. Air Koryo (KOY) occasionally flies further afield, for example to Malaysia and Kuwait, but those are not regular flights.

North Korean Leader, Kim Jong Un had shown a keen interest in the construction of the new airport facilities and North Korean state media reported him making inspection visits to the project 4 times in the past 2 years.

On one occasion last year, North Korean state media reported that Kim Jong Un criticized the construction of the new airport terminal building, highlighting "defects."

It is rare for North Korean media to mention any problems in the country, but under Kim Jong Un there have been other occasions where his criticisms have been published.

February 2016: "Five Things to Look Out for When You Fly with Air Koryo, the World's Worst Airline" by "Bloomberg News" February 19, 2016.

Change is in the air in North Korea. After years of being ranked by Skytrax as the world's worst airline, national carrier, Air Koryo (KOY) is undergoing a revolution, according to interviews with passengers and travel agents.

New planes, new in-flight entertainment options, smart new uniforms for the cabin attendants, even business (C) class. It's all part of supreme leader Kim Jong Un's effort to boost tourist numbers +20-fold to 2 million by 2020 and supplement the nation's meager foreign exchange.

Here are five reasons to book your ticket now, before the thrill of flying the world's only one-star airline vanishes forever. (And as long as you don't mind helping fund Kim's nuclear-weapons program.)

* The Hermit Kingdom

Besides the joy of experiencing Air Koryo (KOY), the main draw for most travelers is to have a peek inside the world's most isolated country. As Singaporean, Mindy Tan put it after visiting last year: "I'm sick of all the same footage of marching, pictures of Kim. I just had to witness it for myself.'

Don't worry about the odd nuclear test or missile launch. Here you can run a marathon down Pyongyang's totalitarian streets or watch 100,000 kids doing synchronized dancing. The country is trying to open up attractions like the Masikryong Ski Resort and the Lake Taesong golf club. And where else can you still get stopped from taking a selfie in the wrong place?

* The In-flight Entertainment

The communal screens that drop down from the ceiling will keep you entertained with propaganda broadcasts and concerts by supreme leader Kim Jong Un's favorite all-female band, Moranbong, who sing patriotic songs about, well, Kim Jong Un. Bring noise-canceling earphones. There's no volume control.

* The Planes

You don't often get tour agents who will arrange a trip to a country just to fly in its planes, but in North Korea this is possible. London-based, Juche Travel Services offers an aviation-themed tour. Air Koryo (KOY) recently acquired 2 Russian-built Tupolev Tu-204s for international routes, with an economy (Y) ticket costing about 900 yuan/$137 for the 2-hour journey from Beijing. Once in Pyongyang, you can hop into Soviet-era aircraft, such as a Mil Mi-17 transport helicopter for a buzz over the capital, or a view of the mountains.

"It's a very different experience, traveling back 20, 30 years,' said Sam Chui, an aviation enthusiast who's flown Air Koryo (KOY) about 20 times.

* Airport Queues

While you may suffer the inconvenience of long queues and immigration hassles at your point of departure on your way to North Korea, once you arrive in the Democratic People's Republic, it should be a breeze.

No longer do you have to shuffle through the strange temporary shed that has been masquerading as an airport terminal for the past 5 years: now the capital has a sleek, brand-new building. And with fewer than half a dozen international flights a day, and little chance of delays due to strikes, the airport bus may deliver you on time to an almost deserted building.

* The Burger

While the food, especially in the new business (C) class lounge, has improved, the most-photographed component of an Air Koryo (KOY) trip remains the famous "mystery-meat" burger.

"The burger has been going on for so many years, everyone's making fun of it," says Chui, who has eaten at least 10 of them. To put to rest the long-running dispute over the source of the protein, we contacted Air Koryo (KOY)'s office in Beijing for clarification. The airline's representatives didn't respond.

March 2017: A charter flight opened between Pyongyang and Dandong, a Chinese city near the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) on March 27, shortening the trip to 40 minutes.

About 50 passengers, mostly Chinese tourists and businessmen, attended the launch ceremony at the Pyongyang Sunan International Airport.

Air Koryo (KOY), a (DPRK) airline, will operate the 2x-weekly flights, taking off from Pyongyang at 9:00 am local time and returning to the (DRPK) capital city at 11:40 am.

Air Koryo (KOY) has regular flights to Beijing and Shenyang, which is also in NE China. The charter flight to Dandong is its 3rd route to China.

Facing Sinuiju of the (DPRK) across the Yalu River, Dandong in Liaoning province of NE China has become a transport hub connecting the 2 countries.

May 2017: The European Commission (EC) has added 4 airlines to the European Union (EU) Air Safety List, including Air Zimbabwe (ZMB), but at the same time lifted an earlier ban on all carriers from Benin and Mozambique.

In the May 16 update, all airlines certified in Benin and Mozambique were cleared from the list, following safety oversight improvements.
“Their reforms have paid off. This is also a signal to the 16 countries that remain on the list. It shows that work and cooperation pays off. The Commission and the European Aviation Safety Agency [EASA] are ready to assist them and raise the safety standards worldwide,” European transport commissioner Violeta Bulc said.

Air Zimbabwe (ZMB) was the highest profile of the 4 newly banned carriers, sitting alongside Nigeria’s Medview Airline (MEV), Mustique Airways from St Vincent and the Grenadines and Ukrainian carrier Air Urga.

The (EC) said the 4 failed to address safety deficiencies picked up during an (EASA) 3rd-country operator audit.

Banned airlines on the (EU) Air Safety List cannot operate to, from or within the (EU), but many of the 181 blacklisted carriers do not have European operations.

The (EU) sometimes bans every airline from a country because of poor regulatory oversight; this applies to the vast majority of banned airlines (174 airlines in 16 states) even though the airline itself may have a safe operation.

The remaining 7 airlines are blacklisted because specific safety concerns with their operation. Alongside the 4 new additions, these comprise Iran Aseman Airlines (IRC), Iraqi Airways (IRQ) and Suriname carrier Blue Wing Airlines.

Finally, 6 airlines are subject to operational restrictions and can only fly to the (EU) with specific aircraft types: Gabonese carriers Afrijet and Nouvelle Air Affaires SN2AG, Korean carrier Air Koryo (KOY), Air Service Comores from the Comoros, Iran Air (IRN) and (TAAG) Angola Airlines (ANG).

Fleet:
(definitions)

Click below for photos:
KOY-IL-62M
KOY-IL-18 COCKPIT - 2014-10
KOY-IL-18 COCKPIT - 2014-10-A
KOY-TU-204 - 2014-10
KOY-Tu-204 - 2016-02.jpg
KOY-TU-204-100B-2010-04

September 2017:

2 AN-24B (AI-24) (67302207, /66 P-527; 67302408, /66 P-537), 44Y.

3 AN-24RV (AI-24VT) (47309707, /74 P-532; 47309708, /74 P-533; 47309802, /74 P-534), 50Y.

1 +1 ORDER (2013-11) AN-148-100 (03-08, P-671, 2013-01; 04-02, P-672).

1 ORDER AN-158 REGIONAL JET.

1 IL-18D (AI-20M) (188011205, /68 P-835), 114Y.

0 IL-18V (AI-20M) (185008204, /65 P-836), STORED. FREIGHTER.

5 IL-62M (D-30KU) (2546624, /85 P-618; 3647853, /86 P-881; 2850236, /88 P-882; 3749648, P886P; 3933913, /79 P-885), 2 GOVT VIP OPS, & 33F, 136Y.

3 IL-76MD (D-30KP-2) (1003403104, /90 P-912; 1003404126, /90 P-913; 1003404146, /90 P-914), FREIGHTER.

2 TU-134B-3 (D-30-III) (66215, /83 P-813; 66368, /83 P-814), 76Y.

4 TU-154B (NK-8-2) (129, /75 P-551; 143, /76 P-552; 191, /77 P-553; 573, /83 P-561), 16C, 116Y.

1 TU-204-100B (PS-90A) (P-633, 1450741964048 - SEE PHOTO - - "KOY-TU-204-100B-2010-04"). 12C, 164Y.

1 TU-204-300 (PS-90A) (1450742364012, /94 P-632), 8C, 134Y.

Management:
(definitions)

KIM YONG, DIRECTOR GENERAL.

CHOE GU, CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER (CFO).

KIM HYON, VP FLIGHT OPERATIONS.

CHEO SAM, VP ENGINEERING.

 
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