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LAC-2013-05 - UNIFIED AVIANCA LIVERY A320
LAC-2013-07 - AVIANCA REBRAND
FORMED IN 1945 BY PAN AM (PAA) AND STARTED OPERATIONS IN 1946. NATIONAL AIRLINE. A K A "LINEAS AEREAS COSTARRICENSES," & "LACSA." REGIONAL, SCHEDULED, PASSENGER & CARGO, JET AIRPLANE SERVICES.
APARTADO 1531, LA URUCA
1000 SAN JOSE, COSTA RICA
JANUARY 1993: TO BARRANQUILLA, CANCUN, CARACAS, EL SALVADOR, GUATEMALA, LOS ANGELES (LAX), MARACAIBO, MEXICO CITY, MIAMI (MIA), NEW ORLEANS, NEW YORK, PANAMA CITY, SAN JUAN, AND SAN PEDRO SULA.
TACA INTERNATIONAL (TAC) OWNS 10%.
1992 = +49.2% (RPK) PASSENGER TRAFFIC; +58.6% PASSENGERS (PAX); +12.9% (FTK) FREIGHT TRAFFIC; 1,100 EMPLOYEES (INCLUDING 19 FLIGHT CREW (FC), 131 CABIN ATTENDANTS (CA), AND 125 MAINTENANCE TECHNICIANS (MT).
DECEMBER 1995: 737-200A (JT8D-17A) EX-(TAP) PORTUGAL AND 2 A320-200 (V2527E-A5), DELIVERIES.
FEBRUARY 1996: 2 737-200A'S (22406; 22636) EX-(TAP) PORTUGAL, (TAC) LEASED.
JUNE 1996: ROBERT MADRIGAL LEFT TO JOIN AEROMAN (TACA) AS DIRECTOR ENGINEERING & QUALITY ASSURANCE (QA)/QUALITY CONTROL (QC).
JULY 1996: CARLOS CARVAJAL, SENIOR MANAGER MAINTENANCE & ENGINEERING, AND MARCIAL SOLIS, MAINTENANCE MANAGER.
TO INSTALL NORDAM HUSHKITS ON 737-200'S.
JUNE 1997: 1,150 EMPLOYEES (INCLUDING 90 FLIGHT CREW (FC) & 10 MAINTENANCE TECHNICIANS (MT)).
SEPTEMBER 1997: TO HAVANA - TORONTO (737, 3/WEEK).
NOVEMBER 1997: 1 A320 (V2500) (425), EX-SAETA, (ILF) 2 YEAR LEASED.
FEBRUARY 1998: CONSIDERING ABANDONING ALLIANCE WITH TACA INTERNATIONAL (TAC) IN FAVOR OF AN ALLIANCE WITH AVIANCA (AVI).
TO DALLA/FORT WORTH (DFW).
APRIL 1998: 1,150 EMPLOYEES (INCLUDING 90 FLIGHT CREW (FC) & 10 MAINTENANCE TECHNICIANS (MT)).
JULY 1998: 737-2L9 (22408) RETURNED TO INDIGO.
DECEMBER 1998: CODE SHARE WITH (SAM) DOMESTICALLY IN COLOMBIA.
JANUARY 1999: (FAA) RATES COSTA RICA CATEGORY 2.
APRIL 1999: SITA: SJODULR.
JUNE 1999: (FAA) STILL RATES COSTA RICA REGULATORY AUTHORITY AS CATEGORY 2, WHICH PREVENTS LACSA (LAC) EXPANSION OF FLIGHTS TO USA.
SEPTEMBER 1999: 1 737-230 (22636, N271LR) & 1 737-2L9 (22408, N251LF TO LANPERU (LPU). 2 A320'S (V2500) (460; 461), TACA (TAC) LEASED.
DECEMBER 1999: STARTS SERVICE TO BUENOS AIRES (A319) VIA LIMA.
APRIL 2000: IN NOVEMBER 2000, TO TAMPA.
JULY 2000: (FAA) SAFETY OVERSIGHT RATES COSTA RICA CATEGORY 1.
1999 = 1.94 BILLION (RPK) TRAFFIC; 61.5% LF LOAD FACTOR; 77.15 MILLION (FTK) FREIGHT TRAFFIC; 923,000 PASSENGERS (PAX); 1,364 EMPLOYEES (+24%).
DECEMBER 2000: 4 A320-233'S (1300, N461TA; 1334, N462TA; 1339, N463TA; 1353, N464TA) TACA (TAC) WET-LEASED.
JUNE 2001: SCHEDULED SERVICE TO >20 DESTINATIONS IN CENTRAL, NORTH, AND SOUTH AMERICA.
DECEMBER 2001: SAN JOSE - MANAGUA - MIAMI.
JANUARY 2002: 2 737-230'S (22402; 22636), WET-LEASED TO SKYSERVICE (SKB).
April 2002: SITA: SJODULR.
Owners/Shareholders: Individual shareholders (86.98%); TACA International (TAC) (10.0%); ASA LACSA employees saving association (3.02%).
May 2002: To operate San Salvador to Boston for Taca (TAC) (A320).
July 2002: 2001 = 2.14 billion (RPK) traffic (-8.2%); 67.9% LF load factor; 631,000 passengers (PAX) (-1.5%); 33.75 million (FTK) freight traffic (-73.5%); 1,364 employees.
September 2002: In December 2002, to Mexico City - Los Angeles (LAX).
June 2003: 1,364 employees. SITA: SJOMRLR.
July 2004: 2003 = 1.65 billion (RPK) traffic (-6.3%); 65.3% LF load factor; 584,000 passengers (PAX) (+13.9%); 9.74 million (FTK) freight traffic (-22.2%).
November 2004: Changed name from "LACSA -Lineas Aereas Costaricenses" to "TACA Costa Rica."
September 2005: In November 2005, Martinair (MTH) operations in the Caribbean will be carried out by Lacsa (LAC), (part of TACA (TAC) Group), Costa Rica, using an A320-200 painted in full (MTH) colors. This airplane will replace the 737-800 (30618, N732MA), Miami Air (MIB) wet-leased, which operated Miami and Orlando to connect with (MTH) services to and from Amsterdam.
August 2006: TACA (TAC) and United Airlines (UAL) expanded their codeshare agreement to include Lacsa (LAC)-operated flights to Los Angeles, New York (JFK) and Miami, effective August 15.
October 2006: TACA Cost Rica (TAC), is the national carrier and operates scheduled services to more than 20 destinations in Central, North and South America.
(IATA) Code: LR - 133. (ICAO) Code: TAT (Callsign - TACA-COSTARICA).
Parent organization/shareholders: Individual shareholders (86.98%); TACA International Airlines (10%); & ASA LACSA (employee's saving association) (3.02%).
Owns: SANSA (100%).
Alliances: Avianca (AVI).
International, Scheduled Destinations: Bogota; Buenos Aires; Caracas; Chicago; Guatemala City; Guayaquil; Havana; Lima; Los Angeles; Managua; Mexico City; Miami; New York; Panama City; Quito; San Pedro Sula; San Salvador; & Toronto.
October 2009: Avianca (AVI) has confirmed it is merging with Grupo TACA (TAC). In a letter to employees, (AVI) CEO, Fabio Villegas said (AVI)'s board after months of study has decided to pursue a "strategic merger" with Grupo TACA (TAC). But Villegas stressed that each company intends to maintain its own identity and will continue to operate independently. He said "the project offers big opportunities given the multitude of synergies" the two carriers will be able to pursue. Their combined network will also provide (AVI) and (TAC) customers with improved connections throughout the Americas and the world. The two carriers already code share on some routes.
"I am sure with the commitment of all employees we will create with (TAC) the most important airline leader in Latin America," Villegas said. He called the deal with (TAC) "of great significance for our company and the Latin American aviation industry in general". Villegas said combined, the carriers have an "optimistic future" which is sure to be "recognized nationally and internationally".
(LAN) Airlines is now the biggest airline group in Latin America, with passenger airlines in Chile, Argentina, Ecuador, and Peru, plus cargo airlines in Brazil, Colombia, Mexico, and the USA. Publicly-traded (LAN) also has been looking at establishing new passenger airlines in Colombia and Brazil, perhaps through a merger or acquisition.
Grupo Taca (TAC) includes airlines in nearly every Central American country as well as in Peru. (TAC), which is privately owned, also has a stake in Mexican low-cost carrier Volaris (VLS).
(AVI) is predominately owned by Brazil's Synergy Group, which also owns Brazilian carrier OceanAir (ONE) and Ecuadorean regional carrier, VIP. It is unclear if the (AVI)-(TAC) tie-up will include these smaller carriers but (AVI) already last year took over the management of OceanAir (ONE). (AVI) last year also acquired Colombian cargo carrier Tampa (TMP).
Once the transaction is complete, (TAC) CEO & Chairman, Roberto Kriete will serve as Chairman of the new group’s board of directors and (AVI) CEO, Fabio Villegas plans to serve as CEO. Other members of the new company’s senior management team include current (TAC) COO, Estuardo Ortiz who will assume the same role upon the company’s formation, and (AVI) CFO, Gerardo Grajales, who also assumes the same role once the merger is complete.
(AVI) is roughly double the size of (TAC) on a revenue basis with the former generating about $2 billion in annual revenues and the latter about $1 billion. (LAN) as a group last year generated $4.5 billion in revenues.
Amadeus reached a five-year, full-content distribution agreement with TACA International Airlines (TAC) covering all inventory from (TAC) as well as its subsidiaries Lacsa (LAC), Aviateca (AVT) and TACA Peru (TNM).
January 2012: (GE) Capital Aviation Services Limited (GECAS) (GEF), announced delivery of two new A320 airplanes to TACA Airlines (TAC) to help them with fleet growth.
The A320s come from TACA (TAC)’s existing order book with Airbus (EDS) and are part of a purchase-and-leaseback transaction with (GEF) announced in February 2010.
They will be operated by (TAC)’s subsidiary in Costa Rica, TACA COSTA RICA (LAC), and will be joining a 44 airplane fleet that serves 51 destinations in 22 countries.
October 2012: The AviancaTaca group of airlines will unify all members under the single Avianca (AVI) brand name starting in the first half of 2013. Each member carrier will keep its own separate legal corporate status but will be authorized to do business under one brand name.
During the first stage, Avianca (AVI), Tampa Cargo (TMP) and the (TACA) (TAC) group of airlines ((TACA) International (TAC), Lacsa (LAC), TACA Peru (TPU) and Aviateca (AVT)) will adopt the single brand name in the 2013 first half. Aerogal (ERG) will join them in the second half.
Since the Avianca (AVI) and (TACA) group of airlines merged, it has implemented 45 new routes, increased (ASK)s by +37% and simplified its fleet by reducing it from 11 to four airplane family types. It also unified their respective frequent flyer programs into a single product, "LifeMiles" and joined the Star Alliance (SAL).
(CEO), Fabio Villegas Ramirez said, that in addition to the upgrade in infrastructure and technology and network expansion, the integrated member airlines have “simultaneously registered highly satisfactory results in domestic and international markets, as well as impressive customer satisfaction figures, which has facilitated growth and positive financial results.”
February 2013: TACA International Airlines ((IATA) Code: TA, based at San Salvador Cuscatlán International (SAL)) (TAC) as well as sister carrier TACA Costa Rica ((IATA) Code: LR, based at San José Juan Santamaría International (SJO)), (LAC), TACA Perú ((IATA) Code: TO, based at Lima Jorge Chávez International (LIM)) (TNM) and TAMPA Cargo ((IATA) Code: QT, based at Medellín José Maria Córdova International (MDE)) (TMP) are all expected to be rebranded as "Avianca" in June according to statements made by Avianca Colombia ((IATA) Code: AV, based at Bogotá El Nuevo Dorado International (BOG)) (AVI) said Chief Operating Officer (COO), Estuardo Ortiz. The rebranding of AeroGal ((IATA) Code: 2K, based at Quito Marsical Sucre (UIO)) (ERG) has been postponed until the end of the year or early 2014.
May 2013: Bogota-based, AviancaTaca Holdings reported a first-quarter net income of +$75.3 million, more than doubled from +$34.9 million in the year-ago.
AviancaTaca Holdings, created by the 2009 combination of Colombia’s Avianca (AVI) and El Salvador-based Grupo TACA (TAC), has formally rebranded itself Avianca Holdings and intends to integrate TACA (TAC) and its other airline subsidiaries under a single “Avianca” brand.
Other carriers in the group to move under the Avianca brand include Tampa Cargo (TMP), TACA Peru (TNM), Costa Rica-based Lacsa (TACA Costa Rica) (LAC), and Ecuador-based Aerogal (ERG).
Avianca Holdings (CEO), Fabio Villegas said that “the single commercial brand represents a very important milestone.” The combined fleet of Avianca (AVI) and TACA (TAC) stands at 151 airplanes. “Currently, the ‘new Avianca’ (AVI) covers 100 destinations in 25 countries in the Americas and Europe through 5,100 weekly flights,” the company stated.
Avianca (AVI) said the new branding will “gradually” roll out, with its airplane fleet and other facilities moving toward a single visual brand. SEE PHOTO - - "LAC-2013-05 UNIFIED AVIANCA LIVERY A320."
July 2013: (TICOS) - Líneas Aéreas de Costa Rica (based at San José Juan Santamaría) (LAC) is the name of a new airline that has begun the process of certification and intends to take over the routes recently abandoned by TACA International Airlines (TAC) subsidary, (LACSA) Costa Rica ((IATA) Code: LR, based at San José Juan Santamaría) (LAC) after its complete merger with Avianca Colombia (AVI). According to Costa Rica's General Directorate of Civil Aviation (Dirección General de Aviación Civil - (DGAC)), a proposal outlining (LAC)'s plans has been submitted for consideration. (DGAC) sub-Director, Mr Alvaro Vargas, said "the new airline is in the process of preparing financial and feasibility studies, to operate three to five Airbus airplanes." Among the consequences on the Costa Ricans were the loss of 261 jobs as well as TACA (TAC)'s recent axing of direct flights from San José Juan Santamaría to Los Angeles International, New York (JFK), Havana International, Quito International and Guayaquil. According to Costa Rican press reports, the (DGAC) is now in the process of obtaining outside legal counsel to research and recommend sanctions against (TACA) (TAC).
August 2014: Ceased operations.
Click below for photos:
0 737-2K5 (JT8D) (833-22601, /82 N233TA), (TAC) LSD, WET-LST (SEZ) 2001-12. RTND.
0 737-2L9 (JT8D-17A HK) (620-22071, /79 N281LF; 705-22408, /80 N251LF), EX-(MRS), NORDAM HUSHKITS, MAINT BY AEROMAN (TAC), RTND (TCI), LST (LPU). 22408 ST AAR 2004-11.
0 737-205 (JT8D) (595-21765, /79 N235TA), (TAC) LSD, WET-LST (SEZ) 2001-12. RTND.
0 737-230 (JT8D-17 HK) (744-22402, /81), EX-(DLH), 22636 TO (LPU) 1999-09 (N261LR), 22402; 22636; WET-LST (SSV) 2002-01. 22402 RTND 2002-06. 8C, 111Y.
0 737-242 (JT8D-17A HK) (630-22075, /80 N238TA), EX-(NOR), (ILF) LSD, RTND. 8C, 111Y.
0 737-25A (JT8D-17A HK) (1392-23789, /87 N239TA), EX-(MID), (TAC) LSD, WET-LST (SEZ) 2001-12. RTND. 8C, 111Y.
1 A319, (TAC) LSD.
2 A320, (GEF) LSD, (TAC) WET-LSD 2012-01.
1 A320-232 (V2527-A5) (425, /93 N340LA), 12C, 138Y.
4 A320-233 (V2527-A5) (461, /94 N941LF; 460, /94 N951LF; 558, /95 N981LF; 561, /95 N991LF), (TAC) LSD 1999-09. 12C, 138Y.
3 A320-233 (V2527E-A5) (1300, /00 N461TA; 1334, /00 N462TA; 1339, /00 N463TA; 1353, /00 N464TA), (TAC) WET-LSD 2000-12. 1353 RTND (TAC) 2001-03, LST (CUB). 12C, 138Y.
2 A320-233 (V2527E-A5) (1500, /01 N481TA; 1482, /01 N482TA), (TAC) LSD 2001-06. 12C, 138Y.
2 A320-233 (V2527E-A5) (1509, /01 N483TA; 1730, /02 N486TA), (TAC) WET-LSD 2002-12. 12C, 138Y.
ROBERTO KRIETE, CHAIRMAN AVIANCATACA (AVI)/(TAC) HOLDINGS.
FABIO VILLEGAS RAMIREZ, EXECUTIVE PRESIDENT (AVI) (2005-03) AND (CEO) AVIANCA TACA HOLDING SA (2010-02).
ALONSO LARA, CHAIRMAN (LAC).
JOSE GUILLERMO ROJAS, CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER (CEO) (LAC).
FERNANDO NARANJO, PRESIDENT (INTERNATIONAL DIVISION).
INDRA RIVERA, FINANCIAL DIRECTOR.
SERGIO MONTOYA, DIRECTOR FLIGHT OPERATIONS & CHIEF PILOT (SJOOWLR).
IGNACIO FERNANDEZ, DIRECTOR QUALITY CONTROL (QC)/TECHNICAL SERVICES (AEM), (SALMDTA) (firstname.lastname@example.org) (1999-01).
CARLOS CARVAJAL, MAINTENANCE DIRECTOR (SJOMDLR),
ENRIQUE ODIO, TECHNICAL DIRECTOR.
CARLOS LIZAMA, MARKETING DIRECTOR.
RAUL CAMPOS, COMMERCIAL DIRECTOR.
MANUEL MONTOVA, PERSONNEL DIRECTOR.
TEODORO REYES, MANAGER QUALITY CONTROL (QC).
MARCIAL SOLIS, MAINTENANCE MANAGER (1996-07).
JAIME RIVERA, TECHNICAL MANAGER.
ALBERT LORENT, CHIEF SAFETY OFFICER (SJOOWLR).
SERGIO MORALES, CHIEF TECHNICAL SUPPORT.
GERARDO DELGADO, CHIEF LINE MAINTENANCE (1996-10).
ALBERT LORENTE, CHIEF SAFETY OFFICER (SJOOWLR).