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LAO-MAP - LAOS
LAO-MAP SE ASIA
FORMED IN 1976 AND STARTED OPERATIONS IN 1979. NATIONAL AIRLINE OF LAOS. FORMERLY LAO AVIATION. DOMESTIC & INTERNATIONAL, SCHEDULED & CHARTER, PASSENGER & CARGO, JET AIRPLANE SERVICES.
2 PANGKHAM ROAD
PO BOX 6441
VIENTIANE, BP 6441, LAOS
LAOS (LAO PEOPLE'S DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC) WAS ESTABLISHED IN 1953, IT COVERS AN AREA OF 236,800 SQ KM, ITS POPULATION IS 5 MILLION, ITS CAPITAL CITY IS VIENTIANE, AND ITS OFFICIAL LANGUAGE IS LAO.
APRIL 1998: 300 EMPLOYEES.
TO BANGKOK, CHIANG MAI, HANOI, HO CHI MINH CITY, PHNOM PENH, AND KUNMING.
SEPTEMBER 1999: 737-200 (21440) RETURNED TO (IAL), LEASED TO PRINCESS AIRLINES (PRL).
FEBRUARY 2000: AGREEMENT WITH PB AIR (PBJ) TO OPERATE BANGKOK - VIENTIANE - LUANG PRABANG ROUTE.
JUNE 2000: ACCDT: MIL MI-8 CRASHED INTO PHASAY MOUNTAIN IN POOR
VISIBILITY EN ROUTE TO XIENG KHOUANG = ALL 3 (FC) - (CA)/15 PASSENGER FATALITIES.
OCTOBER 2000: ACCDT: YUNSHUJI Y12 (086, RDPL-34130) CRASHED IN
MOUNTAINOUS TERRAIN IN NORTHERN LAOTIAN PROVINCE OF SAM NEUR = 8 FATALITIES OF 2 (FC)/15 PASSENGERS.
NOVEMBER 2000: 1 ATR72-202 (316, RDPL-34137), ATR LEASED.
FEBRUARY 2001: LOUANGPHRABANG - NAN (3/WEEK) WITH EXTENSION TO MYANMAR IN MARCH 2001.
APRIL 2001: 440 EMPLOYEES (INCLUDING 42 FLIGHT CREW (FC), 13 CABIN ATTENDANTS (CA), & 440 MAINTENANCE TECHNICIANS (MT)).
MAIN BASE: VIENTIANE (WATTAY INTERNATIONAL). SITA: VTEKKQV.
April 2003: 351 employees (including 41 Flight Crew (FC), 15 Cabin Attendants (CA), & 60 Maintenance Technicians (MT)).
June 2003: Adopts new logo of a frangipani flower. "Laos is a country abundant in geographic riches, aquatic treasures and natural verdant landscapes of exquisite forests and mountains. Laos is a colorful land with many types of flowers and among the most beautiful of these is the frangipani or in Lao, the "Champa" flower." "...Oh, Champa flower, flower of Laos the equal of the stars, the pride of the Lao people blooming in the Kingdom of million elephants." (Composed by Maha Phoumi Chittaphong).
All of the Lao people know the “Champa” flower as the national flower.
Beyond its extraordinary fragrance, it is used as a decoration for the most special ceremonies and to make welcoming garlands for special guests according to ancient Lao tradition. The five petals that compose the Champa flower represent the way Lao Airlines (LAO) has achieved great success from past investments of time and effort in acquiring experience. The pale center of the flower is consistent with the shining prosperity of a successful company. The green leaf that supports the blooming Champa flower, symbolizes the Lao graceful hospitality and service, at the same time giving warmth, safety and confidence to its customers. The blue letters and blue airplane tail are the broad expanse of stable clear skies eternally above the earth.
For these reasons, Lao Airlines (LAO) has chosen the “Champa" Flower as its symbol. The Champa Flower will replace its former symbol and will move forward and dedicate itself to progress, as well as the strong sustained growth of its network, at the same time emphasizing its commitment to providing quality service.
1 A320-200 (024, VN-A123), SALE (SIL) 3 year leased, with support by Air France (AFA) Consulting. To be used for Vientiane - Bangkok (daily) and Vientiane - Hanoi (3/week).
August 2003: Lao Airlines Parent, the Laos government plans to sell a 40 - 60% share to private investors in 2003 to pay for its modernization program.
2 orders (2005 & 2007) A320's. Contract to Vietnam Airlines (VIE) for technical support and maintenance for A320-200 airplanes.
November 2005: Cessna 208B Grand Caravan (1159, RDPL-34149), delivery.
April 2006: Thai Airways (TII) and Lao Airlines (LAO) signed a Memo of Understanding (MOU) designed to encourage tourism and travel to Laos while promoting Thailand as the gateway to the peninsula. The carriers eventually will code share on the Bangkok - Vientiane and Chiang Mai - Luang Prabang routes, and interline on flights from the USA, Australia, France and Japan into Laos.
May 2006: As the national airline of Laos, formerly called Lao Aviation, now Lao Airlines (LAO), it operates to domestic and international destinations.
Employees = 440.
September 2006: Lao Airlines (LAO) will inaugurate nonstop service from Luang Prabang to Bangkok on October 4th. The airline will operate 3 flights a week, on Wednesdays, Fridays, & Sundays, using an MA-60. Lao Airlines (LAO) will inaugurate nonstop service from Luang Prabang to Hanoi (Vietnam) on October 29th. The airline will operate 2 flights a week, on Wednesdays & Sundays, using an ATR72 on Wednesdays and an MA-60 on Sundays. Lao Airlines (LAO) will inaugurate direct service from Luang Prabang to Siem Reap (Cambodia) on October 30th. The airline will operate 2 flights a week, on Mondays, & Thursdays, using an MA-60, via Pakse. Lao Airlines (LAO)will increase the frequency on its Pakse to Siem Reap route from 3 to 7 flights a week on October 29th. Currently the airline operates ATR72 flights on Wednesdays, Fridays, & Sundays, and ATR72 flights will be added on Tuesdays, & Saturdays, with MA-60 flights originating in Luang Prabang to be added on Mondays, & Thursdays.
June 2009: Lao Airlines (LAO) will take delivery of the first of two 70-seat ATR72-500s in the "coming weeks" and the second "later this year," ATR said. (LAO) currently operates two ATR72-200s. (LAO) CEO, Somphone Douangdara called the airplane "the right choice to respond to the demand of regional transportation in Laos and in Southeast Asia." (LAO) flies to 10 Laotian cities as well as Cambodia, China, Thailand, and Vietnam.
July 2009: ATR72-212A (870, RPDL-34173), delivery.
January 2010: Lao Airlines (LAO) signed an agreement with the Commercial Aircraft Corporation of China (CCC) to buy two ARJ21-700s, being the first export customer for the narrow body jet.
August 2011: Lao Airlines (LAO) as the national airline of the People's Republic of Laos, operates domestic and international flights to destinations in Cambodia, China, Thailand, and Vietnam.
Employees = 500.
(IATA) Code: QV - 627. (ICAO) Code: LAO (Callsign - LAO).
Parent organization/shareholders: Government of Laos (100%).
Alliances: Thai Airways International (TII), and Vietnam Airlines (VIE).
Main Base: Vientiane Wattay International airport (VTE).
Domestic, Scheduled Destinations: Houeisay; Luang Namtha; Luang Prabang; Oudomxay; Pakse; Phongsaly; Sayaboury; Vientiane; & Xieng Khouang.
International, Destinations: Bangkok; Chiang Mai; Hanoi; Kunming; Phnom Penh; & Siem Reap.
September 2011: Lao Airlines (LAO) ordered 2 A320-200s (CFM56-5A1), 16C, 126Y. "The aircraft will fly primarily on international services [from Vientiane] to Bangkok, Hanoi, Phnom Penh, Siem Reap, and Kunming."
"The A320 will see Lao Airlines (LAO) introduce a new level of premium service as we expand our international route network," Lao Airlines (LAO) President Somphone Douangdara said.
(LAO) currently operates to 12 destinations, including six internationally.
November 2011: Lao Airlines (LAO) has taken delivery of the first of two owned A320-214 (4596, RDPL-34188 - - (SEE PHOTO - - "LAO-A320-214 - 2011-11)) airplanes, its first of the type. It was given a welcome ceremony at Wattay Airport upon arriving from repainting at Dinard via Sharjah, (UAE). The airplane had previously been destined for Afriqiyah Airways as (5A-ONN).
The second A320 is scheduled to arrive in Vientiane next month, with the airplane entering service on routes to key destinations in Southeast Asia, including Bangkok, Hanoi, Kunming, and Singapore. The airplanes are powered by (CFM56-5A1) engines and feature a high comfort two-class layout, seating 126Y passengers in the main cabin and 16C in business class.
December 2011: Lao Airlines (LAO) launched 3X-weekly, Vientiane - Singapore Changi A320 service.
June 2012: Lao Airlines (LAO) will reportedly shortly finalize an order for two ATR72-600s that would be delivered in November 2012 and June 2013 according to local press reports in Laos. (LAO) currently operates two A320-200s, four ATR72-500s and four MA-60s on regional services.
July 2012: Lao Airlines (LAO) said it will purchase 2 ATR72-600s in an order valued at $47 million at list prices.
September 2012: Lao Airlines (LAO), the national carrier of the Southeast Asian country of Laos, is maybe unexpectedly one of Asia’s fastest-growing airlines in terms of seat capacity offered, as capacity has grown by +50% in the last year.
The reason is the arrival last November and December of two A320 aircraft to the airline’s fleet, which greatly have increased capacity on (LAO)’s services. The two brand-new 142-seat airplanes complement (LAO)’s remaining fleet of eight relatively new turboprops (four ATR72s and four MA60s) that are spread across the airline’s two bases in Laos’ capital Vientiane in the south of the country and the (UNESCO) World Heritage Site at Luang Prabang in the north.
On several of Lao Airlines (LAO)’s biggest routes, capacity has nearly, or even more than, doubled in the last year. However, there are two notable exceptions to the growing trend in the top 10. On two routes, (LAO) has in fact reduced capacity; the domestic route between Vientiane and Pakse, as well as from Pakse to Siem Reap in Cambodia.
Two new routes have also been launched in the last year; the route between Laos’ capital Vientiane and Singapore was launched as soon as (LAO) took delivery of the first A320 last November, while the domestic service between Vientiane and Savannakhet already is (LAO)’s sixth-largest, having launched at the end of October last year, but not operating between February and May this year.
The longer range of the new A320s have opened up destinations such as Singapore to (LAO), which otherwise focuses on the domestic market (43% of capacity) and international flights to neighboring countries; Thailand (25%), Vietnam (15%), China (10%) and Cambodia (4%).
In Laos’ capital Vientiane, (LAO) has a 50% share of total seat capacity, competing with Vietnam Airlines (VIE), Thai Airways (TII), the private local airline Lao Central Airlines, AirAsia (ASW), Jin Air (JIN) and China Eastern (CEA), while (LAO) has a larger 65% share at Luang Prabang, where the only competitors are Vietnam Airlines (VIE), Bangkok Airways (PGB) and Lao Central Airlines.
December 2012: Lao Airlines (LAO), which already offers daily services to Kunming in the Chinese province of Yunnan, inaugurated its second route from Vientiane (VTE) to China on 29 November, and now flies with thrice-weekly frequencies to Guangzhou (CAN), the largest city in the Guangdong province and an important trading port located on the Pearl River. Services on the 1,300 km route are operated with A320s.
January 2013: Lao Airlines (LAO) entered the market from Laos to South Korea with two routes from the Laotian capital of Vientiane (VTE). On 21 December, (LAO) commenced services to Seoul Incheon (ICN), while two days later flights to Busan (PUS) in the south-east of South Korea were launched. Thrice-weekly departures to each destination are all operated with the airline’s A320s. While South Korea’s Jin Air (JIN) operates four-weekly schedule on the 3,200 km route from Vientiane to Seoul Incheaon, there is no competition in the market to Busan.
October 2013: ACCDT: Lao Airlines (LAO) ATR72-600 (PW127) (1071, /13 RDPL-34233) crashed on a domestic flight; all 44 passengers and five crew on board are believed to be dead.
The flight was en route Wednesday, October 16th from Vientiane, the Lao capital, to Pakse. “Upon preparing to land at Pakse airport, the airplane ran into extreme bad weather conditions and reportedly crashed into the Mekong River,” the Lao Ministry of Public Works & Transport said in a widely quoted statement.
ATR said the crash occurred at around 4:00 pm local time. According to ATR, the ATR72-600 airplane was delivered to Lao from the production line in March 2013. “At this time, the circumstances of the accident are still to be determined,” ATR added, noting that authorities in Laos “will lead the investigation and will remain the official source of information.”
The Lao transport ministry said there is “no news of survivors at this time. Lao Airlines (LAO) is taking all necessary steps to coordinate and dispatch all rescue units to the accident site in the hope of finding survivors and at the same time informing relatives of the passengers.”
Rescuers in fishing boats pulled bodies from the muddy Mekong River on Thursday October 17th as officials in Laos ruled out finding survivors from a plane that crashed in stormy weather, killing 49 people from 11 countries. Backpacks, two broken airplane propellers and passports were among the debris scattered on the riverbank where the Lao Airlines (LAO) ATR72-600 turboprop plane left deep skid marks in the ground before disappearing into the water Wednesday.
"We have found nine bodies so far. At this point, we don't know their nationalities," said Yakao Lopangkao, Director General of Lao's Department of Civil Aviation, who was at the crash site in Pakse in southern Laos. "We haven't found the plane yet. It is underwater. We're trying to use divers to locate it." He ruled out finding survivors. "There is no hope. The plane appears to have crashed very hard before entering the water."
Some of the bodies were found by fishermen floating downstream as far as 20 km/12 miles from the crash site, he said. Thailand, which borders Laos, sent 30 scuba divers to help in the search for bodies.
State-run Lao Airlines (LAO) released an updated list of the 44 passengers' nationalities on Thursday. It said the flight included 16 Lao nationals, seven French, six Australians, five Thais, three Koreans, two Vietnamese and one person each from Canada, China, Malaysia, Taiwan, and the United States. The area is off the main tourist circuit in Laos but known for its remote Buddhist temples, nature treks and waterfalls.
Cambodian authorities said one of the plane's pilots (FC) was a 56-year-old Cambodian with more than >30 years' flying experience.
Details of the crash remained murky. (LAO) said that the plane took off from the capital, Vientiane, and "ran into extreme bad weather conditions" as it prepared to land at Pakse Airport. The crash occurred about 7 km/4 miles from the airport.
It was the first fatal crash for (LAO) since 2000, when two separate crashes left 23 people dead. The ATR72 has been involved in 16 crashes since it went into service in 1988, according to databases kept by the Flight Safety Foundation (FSF) and the Bureau of Aircraft Accidents Archives. The death toll from Wednesday's crash was the third highest on record involving an ATR72; accidents in the USA in 1988 and Cuba in 2010 each killed 68 people. ATR had delivered 611 of the planes by the end of last year.
Lao Airlines (LAO) was founded in 1976 after the communist takeover of Laos, operating under the name Lao Aviation until a rebranding in 2003. It originally operated with Chinese- and Soviet-built airplanes, which were replaced in the mid-1990s as part of a major upgrade that included the purchase of ATR turboprops and in 2011, the delivery of two Airbus A320 airplanes.
May 2014: Thales (THL) and its industrial partner (CIT) Lao are pleased to announce that Phase 1 of the (CNS)/(ATM) Improvement Project is completed and was officially handed over to the Ministry of Transports & Public Works of Lao (PDR) at a ceremony held in Vientiane, capital of Laos.
A new, fully equipped air traffic control (ATC) center housing the Thales (THL) TopSky-(ATC) system was officially opened at the ceremony. The air traffic management (ATM) system integrates the new Thales (THL) TopSky-(AMHS) with Thales (THL)’s state-of-the-art full Mode S radars and (ADS-B) functionalities. As part of the project, (THL) and (CIT) Lao have also delivered and installed new Navaids equipment across the country, (ADS-B) stations in Vientiane and a new radar system in the south of the country.
Lao (PDR)’s airspace is experiencing significant growth in volume, with up to 1,600 flights per month compared to just over >700 in 2008. The system is therefore geared up to manage increasing traffic flows, by providing up-to-date meteorological information from all the country’s airports to the control centre in Vientiane, and sharing this with pilots (FC) alongside all other mission critical information prior to take-off.
November 2014: Weather, incorrect procedure, is assumed to be probable causes of the Lao Airlines (LAO) flight (QV 301) Crash last October 2013.
A sudden change in weather conditions and the flight crew (FC)'s failure to properly execute procedure have been identified as the probable causes of the crash of Lao Airlines (LAO) flight (QV 301), according to a final report on the accident recently released.
The report, released by the Lao Ministry of Public Works & Transport, was the product of an investigation by officials from Laos, France's Civil Aviation Authority (BEA) (appointed by airplane manufacturer (ATR)) and Air Accidents Investigation Branch (AAIB) Singapore. The report states that (QV 301) crashed in bad weather, while attempting a go-around after a failed landing attempt.
The flight data recorders recovered from the crash, revealed that the flight crew (FC) set an altitude of 600 feet as the airplane's minima, or altitude at which visual references with the ground are analyzed as sufficient or insufficient for landing.
The flight crew (FC)'s minima of 600 feet was lower than the published minima of 990 feet and the incorrect height of 645 feet as published in the JEPPESEN Chart at that time.
After aborting the airplane's approach at an altitude of around 595 feet, the flight crew (FC) executed a right turn instead of a nominal climb as dictated by the airport's (VOR)/(DME) missed approach procedure.
When the flight crew (FC) realized that the airplane's altitude was too low, the Pilot Flying overreacted, leading to a high pitch attitude of 33. When the plane's altitude reached the minimum value of 60 feet, the airplane's roll had reached approximately 37 to the right.
During the plane's flight, there was a local thunderstorm approaching the airport from the Southwest. According to the report, the sound of heavy rain striking the plane was audible on the Cockpit Voice Recorder (CVR).
The report found that the engines were operating at nominal power until the end and that the flight crew (FC) were all licensed and qualified. No anomalies were reported following an investigation of the airport's ground equipment.
The Pilot (FC) in Command, 57 year old, Yong Som from Cambodia, had logged over >5,600 flying hours, including 3,200 hours in the ATR72. The flight's First Officer, 22 year old Soulisack Hongvanthong, had already logged more than >400 flying hours after finishing his training in France in the preceding months.
The report outlined a series of safety recommendations made to both the airline operator and regulatory authority. The recommendations include a review of the reporting system for flight crew (FC) to report operations related issues, such as errors in the JEPPESEN chart or in other future charts.
The recommendations also include training crews in the effects of somatogravic illusions (where human sensory input does not match the airplane's actual movement) which were highlighted as a possible contributing factor to the accident.
Lao Airlines (LAO) flight QV 301 crashed on October 16, 2013 on a flight between Lao capital Vientiane and Pakse. The flight carrying 44 passengers and five crew hit the bank of the Mekong River, several km away from its final destination of Pakse International Airport.
There were no survivors of the flight which claimed the lives of two Chinese nationals.
January 2015: Lao Airlines (LAO), the national carrier of Laos, will add a new route to its 19-destination network across the landlocked Southeast Asian country. The new route, to Attopeu, will be flown 3x-weekly from (LAO)’s base in Vientiane, retuning via Champasak region capital Pakse. (LAO) is looking to fly to Jakarta in the coming months using an Airbus A320.
(LAO) suffered a fatal crash in October 2013, killing 49 passengers and crew on an ATR72 approach to Pakse, but has since pushed for an expansion of its route both domestically and internationally. (LAO) now operates flights to Taiwan, China, Singapore, Korea, Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam, as well as 10 domestic destinations.
At the end of December, it added a fourth route to China from Luang Prabang to Chengdu.
The official opening up of the (ASEAN) "Open Skies" policy this year will likely see increased competition across the region, with Lao Airlines (LAO) already seeing increased inroads onto its potential market.
This is currently highlighted by a dispute between Thai Smile (TSM), a subsidiary of THAI Airways International (TII), and the Department of Civil Aviation of Lao (PDR) (DCA) over the former flying into Vientiane from Bangkok on THAI (TII)’s bilateral agreement’s ticket.
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LAO-A320-214 - 2011-11
0 737-200 (JT8D) (21440), RTND (IAL) LST (PRL) 1999-09, TO (MLI).
0 A320-211 (CFM56-5A1) (024, /88 VN-A123), (VIE) WET-LSD. WFU 2005-01. 20C, 120Y.
2 A320-211 (CFM56-5B4) (5356, /12 RDPL-34223; 5396 /12 RDPL-34224), (SIL) 3 YR LSD (2012-12). 16C, 126Y.
2 A320-214 (CFM56-5B4) (4596, /11 RDPL-34188 (SEE PHOTO - - "LAO-A320-214 - 2011-11; 4639, /11 RDPL-34199), REPLACES ATR72 TURBOPROPS, 2011-11. 16C, 126Y.
0 ATR72-202 (PW127M) (316, /93 RDPL-34137, 2000-11; 396, /93 RDPL-34132; 870, RDPL-34173, 2009-06; 878, RDPL-34172, 2009-09), ALL RTND. 70Y.
4 ATR72-500 (PW127) (0870, /09 RDPL-34173; 0878, /09 RDPL-34174; 0929, /10 RDPL-34175, 0938, /10 RDPL-34176), 70Y.
1 +2 ORDERS ATR72-600 (PW127) (1049, /12 RDPL-34222; 1071, /13 RDPL-34233 DESTROYED IN ACCDT - - SEE REPORT - - LAO-2013-10 - ACCDT ATR72-600."), 70Y.
2 ORDERS COMAC ARJ21-700 (CF34-10A), 90Y:
0 AN-24RV. 5 RTRD.
2 AN-26 (AI-24VT) (2302, /74 RDPL-34039; 2504, /74 RDPL-34038), 6 RTRD. 2302; STORED. FREIGHTER.
2 AVIC XAC MA60 (PW127J) (0402, /06 RDPL-34168; 0403, /06 RDPL-34169), 56Y.
2 AVIC XAC MA60 (PW127J) (0507, /07 RDPL-34171; 0508, /08 RDPL-34172), 60Y.
0 MIL MI-17-1V (TV3-117MT-3) (95946, /93 RDPL-34139; 95984, /04 RDPL-34140), RED/WHITE/BLUE COLORS. 12 - 22 PAX/UTILITY.
0 XIAN Y7-100C (WJ 5E) (12706, /94 RDPL-34127; 13701, /94 RDPL-34128), 2 RTND. 52Y.
0 HAMC Y12 (PT6A-27) (0033, /90 RDPL-34115; 0034, /90 RDPL-34116; 0043, /90 RDPL-34118; 0085, /94 RDPL-34129; 0087, /94 RDPL-34131), (086, RDPL-34130, DESTROYED 2000-10). 5 RTND. 17Y.
0 CESSNA 208B GRAND CARAVAN (PT6A-114A) (0967, /02 RDPL-34144, 2004-02; 1159, RDPL-34149, 2005-11; 2006, /08 N2251Z), 0967 RTND. 10Y.
SOMPHONE DOUANGDALA, PRESIDENT & CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER (CEO).
LEUY BOUNBANDIT, VP.
THOUMMY THAMMAVONG, VP.
LEUANGSAMAY LEUANGVANXAY, FINANCE DIRECTOR.
SENGPRASEUTH MATHOUCHANH, ADMINISTRATION DIRECTOR.
KHAMSING ANABRONG, MANAGER MAINTENANCE.