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Name: AIR MADAGASCAR
7JetSet7 Code: MAD
Status: Operational
Region: AFRICA
City: ANTANANARIVO
Country: MADAGASCAR
Employees 1380
Web: airmadagascar.com
Email: communication@airmadagascar.com
Telephone: +261 20 22 222 22
Fax: +261 20 22 337 60
Sita: TNRDDMD
Background
(definitions)

Click below for data links:
MAD - LOGO
MAD-2003-07
MAD-2004-03-NEW LOGO
MAD-2004-05-A
MAD-2004-05-B
MAD-2004-05-C
MAD-2004-05-D
MAD-2004-05-E
MAD-2004-05-F
MAD-2004-06-NEW SVC
MAD-2004-07-NEW LIVERY
MAD-2004-09-737-300-NEW IMAGE
MAD-2004-09-737-3Q8-NEW LIVERY
MAD-2004-10-737-3Z9-VIP
MAD-2005-01-767-322
MAD-2005-01-LOGO
MAD-2005-10-A
MAD-2014-06-MARSEILLE-NOSY BE
MAD-MAINTENANCE MRO
MAD-MAP-FEB09

FORMED AND STARTED OPERATIONS IN 1962. NATIONAL CARRIER. FORMED UNDER THE NAME "MADAIR" - CHANGED ITS NAME TO "AIR MADAGASCAR" IN 1962. A K A "SOCIETE NATIONALE MALGACHE DE TRANSPORTS AERIENS." SCHEDULED DOMESTIC, REGIONAL & INTERNATIONAL, PASSENGER & CARGO, JET AIRPLANE SERVICES.

ADDRESS:
31 AVENUE DE L'INDEPENDENCE, ANALAKELY
101 ANTANANARIVO, MADAGASCAR

The Democratic Republic of Madagascar was established in 1960, it covers an area of 587,041 sq km, its capital city is Antananarivo, its official languages are French and Malagasy, and its population is 15 million.

JANUARY 1994: 1993 = +$8.5 MILLION (NET PROFIT).

JULY 1994: AIR MADAGASCAR (MAD) IS INTERESTED IN EXTENDED TWIN-ENGINE OPERATIONS (ETOPS).

SEPTEMBER 1994: 737-3Q8, 148 PAX DELIVERY.

AUGUST 1996: STUDYING 767-300ER & A340 AS POSSIBLE REPLACEMENT FOR 747-200. DATA PROVIDED FOR TECHNICAL REVIEW OF MAIN PROGRAM.

JANUARY 1997: 1996 = +$1.95 MILLION (+$2.27 MILLION).

JULY 1997: THE GOVERNMENT ASSIGNS NEW DIRECTOR GENERAL RESULTING IN OTHER MANAGEMENT CHANGES. JEAN RICHARD RAMANANTOANINA LEFT AND WAS REPLACED BY EDDY RASOAHAINGA. ALSO, JACQUES PAILHES LEFT.

747-200 WHICH IS UP FOR SALE, TO BE KEPT UNTIL SOMETIME NEXT YEAR, MAINTAINED BY AIR FRANCE (AFA). POSSIBLE FULL CONVERSION TO FREIGHTER.

OCTOBER 1997: 3 ATR 42-320'S FROM ATR (PW120).

NOVEMBER 1997: 1 ORDER (APRIL 1998) 767-300ER (PW4060) (25403), EX-LANCHILE (LAN), (GUI) LEASED AS INTERIM FOR 1 ORDER (JUNE 1999) 767-300ER (CF6-80C2B7F), (GUI) 7 YR LEASED.

DECEMBER 1997: 1 ATR 42 (155), EX-TRANSASIA, (AIT) LEASED. NOW OPERATES 5 DHC-6'S & 2 HS 748'S.

JANUARY 1998: APPONTS FORTIS AVIATION TO OFFER FOR SALE 1 747-200C, OPERATED & MAINTAINED BY AIR FRANCE (AFA) ON A CODE SHARE, & IBERIA AIRLINES (IBE) HAS BEING DOING (JT9D-70A) OVERHAUL.

APRIL 1998: 1,277 EMPLOYEES (INCLUDING 34 FLIGHT CREW (FC) & 230 MAINTENANCE TECHNICIANS (MT).

FORMULATING PRIVATIZATION PLAN BY (SH & E).

1ST 767-300ER DELIVERY.

JULY 1998: L RAVELONA, MANAGER HANGAR & LINE MAINTENANCE; J C RANDEIANARISON, MANAGER COMPONENT MAINTENANCE (NEW POSITIONS AFTER TRADING PLACES).

2 WEEK AUDIT BY REGULATORY AUTHORITY (GSAC) OF MAINTENANCE RECORDS AND PRACTICES WENT OK.

APPLYING FOR EXTENDED TWIN-ENGINE OPERATIONS (ETOPS) APPROVAL FOR 737-300 - HOPES TO HAVE BY NOVEMBER 1998.

FISCAL YEAR (FY) 1997 = +2.77 MILLION (+$1.50 MILLION): 572,000 PASSENGERS (542,000), 65.8% LF LOAD FACTOR (+7.0).

SEPTEMBER 1998: PROCEEDING TOWARD PRIVATIZATION BY THE END OF 1998.

RE-CONVERTING 747-200 BACK TO COMBI CONFIGURATION, ON LEASE TO AIR ANGOLA (ANG) TIL NOVEMBER 1998.

OCTOBER 1998: PLANS FOR EXTENDED TWIN ENGINE OPERATIONS (ETOPS) FOR 767-300ER TO SINGAPORE NOW COMPLETED FOR START IN NOVEMBER 1998.

NOVEMBER 1998: EXPANDED ITS INTERNATIONAL NETWORK TO ASIA AND OPENED AN ANTANANARIVO - SINGAPORE ROUTE, WHICH WAS LATER CHANGED TO ANTANANARIVO - REUNION - SINGAPORE.

MAY DO "D" CHECK MAINTENANCE CHECK ON TAAG ANGOLA (ANG) 737-200, GROUNDED SINCE 1995. DOING AIR MADAGASCAR (MAD) 737-200 (5R-MFB) "D" CHECK.

EXTENDED TWIN-ENGINE OPERATIONS (ETOPS) IS OK ON 767-300ER TO SINGAPORE.

747-200 RETURNED FROM TAAG ANGOLA (ANG).

APRIL 1999: 1,277 EMPLOYEES (INCLUDING 34 FLIGHT CREW (FC), 103 CABIN ATTENDANTS (CA), & 230 MAINTENANCE TECHNICIANS (MT)).

(http://www.air-mad.com). SITA: TNRDDMD.

"C4" CHECK ON AERO ZAMBIA (AOZ) 737-200 (5 WEEKS).

JUNE 1999: "C" CHECK MAINTENANCE FOR CAMEROON (CAM) 2 737-300'S & AERO ZAMBIA (AOZ) 737-200.

747-200 SHORT TERM LEASE TO ANGOLA (ANG). 767-36NER, GECAS (GEH) LEASED.

SEPTEMBER 1999: 767-33AER (PW4060) (25403), RETURNED TO (GEH), LEASED TO (TWA).

MARCH 2000: 1 ORDER (APRIL 2000) 767-300ER (CF6-80A2).

APRIL 2000: 1,276 EMPLOYEES (INCLUDING 46 FLIGHT CREW (FC), 135 CABIN ATTENDANTS (CA), & 196 MAINTENANCE TECHNICIANS (MT)).

767-216ER (CF6-80A2), EX-TRANSBRASIL (TBL), (ILF) 14 MONTH LEASED.

APRIL 2001: 1,276 EMPLOYEES (INCLUDING 46 FLIGHT CREW (FC), 135 CABIN ATTENDANTS (CA), & 196 MAINTENANCE TECHNICIANS (MT)).

MAIN BASE: ANTANANARIVO (IVATO INTERNATIONAL).

JULY 2001: 2000 = 1.04 BILLION (RPK) TRAFFIC (+23.1%); 59.6% LF LOAD FACTOR; 32.39 MILLION (FTK) FREIGHT TRAFFIC (+8%); 635 MILLION PASSENGERS (PAX) (+4.5%); 1,276 EMPLOYEES.

AUGUST 2001: (airmaddu@dts.mg).

July 2002: 2001 = 1.22 billion (RPK) passenger traffic (+6.7%); 63.6% LF load factor; 624,000 passengers (-6.6%); 47.86 million (FTK) freight traffic (+5.6%); 1,276 employees.

August 2002: Contract with Lufthansa Consulting (DLH) to manage its restructuring over next 2 years.

September 2002: 1,262 employees and fleet of 13 airplanes.

September 2003: 1,114 employees (including 57 Flight Crew (FC).

Government injects $10 million for financial restructuring program, being managed by Lufthansa Consulting (DLH) team: Klaus Oschlies (CEO); Berend Bruns, Deputy (CEO) Financial & Commercial; & Jean-Louis Rajaonarivelo Deputy (CEO) - Operations & Engineering. Authorized $800,000 investment to update the Information Technology (IT) infrastructure.

1 737-3Z9 (24081) bought from Lauda Air (LAL). Used as Presidential airplane by Marc Ravalomanana, President of the Malagasy Republic. 1 order (November 2003) 737-3Q8 ex-Frontier (FRO), (ILF) 5 year leased.

February 2004: In June 2004, Antananarivo - Milan (MXP) (2/week).

March 2004: USA and Madagascar inked an "open skies" civil aviation agreement that "modernizes USA - Malagasy aviation relations by allowing airlines to make commercial decisions with minimal government intervention." In addition, it provides for "open routes, capacity, frequencies, designations and pricing as well as opportunities for cooperative marketing arrangements, including code sharing." It includes all-cargo 7th freedom rights.

1,153 employees (including 56 Flight Crew (FC), 92 Cabin Attendants (CA), & 20 Maintenance Technicians (MT)).

Unveils a 737-300 painted with new livery representing the new corporate design created by Lufthansa (DLH) Consulting.

September 2004: 1,270 employees.

(http://www.airmadagascar.info). (airmaddu@dts.mg).

October 2004: Agreement with Air Mauritius (MAU) to increase the number of flights between Mauritius and Madagascar by +2 to 9/week, as well as to add Mauritius - Antananarivo - Nairobi (2/week), plus Mauritius - Antanarivo - Moroni.

May 2005: 1,292 employees (including 65 Flight Crew (FC); Cabin Attendants (CA) & 17 Maintenance technicians (MT)).

June 2005: 1 order ATR 42-500 and 2 orders ATR 72-500's.

November 2005: Air Madagascar (MAD) took delivery of ATR 72-500 (694, 5R-MJE) in Dubai.

December 2005: ATR 72-500 (698, 5R-MJF), delivery.

September 2006: ATR 42-500 (649, 5R-MJG), delivery.

November 2006: This month, Air Madagascar (MAD) is routing its bi-weekly nonstop service from Antananarivo to Bangkok via St Denis (Reunion Island) and operating in code share with Air Austral (AUX). Flights depart Antananarivo and St Denis on Mondays & Fridays, and depart Bangkok on Tuesdays & Saturdays on an Air Madagascar (MAD) 767-300.

January 2007: Starting March 28th, new 1/week, Antananarivo - Marseille, using 767-300s.

July 2007: Air Madagascar (MAD) is expecting a year-over-year passenger increase of at least +10% in 2007, (CEO) Ulrich Link said. "About one-third of our total of 600,000 passengers comes from international routes," Link said, adding that the carrier achieves load factors of up to 95% LF on some international services. For example, he said it enjoyed a "perfect" start on its new weekly Antananarivo - Marseille service.

(MAD) is looking to expand on that success with increased strategic cooperations and is contemplating joining the SkyTeam (SKT) Alliance as an affiliate. It also hopes to increase 3rd-party Maintenance Repair & Overhaul (MRO) work. It already is working on Air Austral (AUX) 737s and is negotiating with Kenya Airways (KEN), and Ethiopian Airlines (ETH).

(MAD) is 80% state-owned and operates 2 767-300ERs, 2 737-300s, 2 ATR 72s, 2 ATR 42s and 4 Twin Otters. It expects to add +1 more long-haul airplane and 1 regional airplane by 2010.

May 2008: As the national carrier, Air Madagascar (MAD) links the island of Madagascar with points in Europe, the Far East and to neighboring southern Africa and other Indian Ocean island states. Also has an extensive domestic network.

1,380 employees.

(IATA): MD - 258. (ICAO): MDG (Callsign - AIR MADAGASCAR).

SITA: TNRDDMD.

(http://www.airmadagascar.com). (communication@airmadagascar.com).

Parent organization/shareholders: Malagasy government (90.6%); Societe Nationale de Participation (SONOPAR) (4.85%); Air France (AFA) (3.17%); Assurance Ny Havana (0.62%); employees & private (0.77%).

Alliances: Air Mauritius (MAU); & Inter Air (ITI); & Thai Airways (TII).

Main Base: Antananarivo Ivato International Airport (TNR).

Domestic, Scheduled Destinations: Ambatomainty; Ankavandra; Antalaha; Antananarivo; Antsalova; Antsiranana; Antsohihy; Belo; Besalampy; Fianarantsoa; Fort Dauphin; Maintirano; Majunga; Mananara; Mandritsara; Manja; Maroantsetra; Morafenobe; Morombe; Morondava; Nossi-Be; Port Berge; Sambava; Soalala; Sainte Marie; Tamatave; Tambohorano; Tsaratanana; Tsiroanomamdidy; & Tulear.

International, Scheduled Destinations: Bangkok; Dzaoudzi; Johannesburg; Mauritius; Nairobi; Paris; St Denis de la Reunion; & Saint Pierre de la Reunion.

July 2008: DHC-6-300 (330, 5R-MGE), sold to Win Aviation, Illinois.

September 2009: (ILFC) (ILF) announced a lease deals for 1 used 737-800 to Sun Country Airlines (SCA) for 51 months.

May 2011: African Airlines Association (AFRAA) reiterated its strong criticism of the European Union (EU)'s "continued unilateral practice of blacklisting of mainly African states and airlines with no visible benefits in enhancing safety on the continent" and called on African governments, the African Union and the African Civil Aviation Commission to not "allow this state of affairs to continue as the continent's air transport industry is being progressively destroyed."

The statement follows the European Commission (EC)'s April decision to prohibit all carriers certified in Mozambique and 2 Air Madagascar (MAD) 767s from operating to (EU) airports. The (EC) cited "significant safety deficiencies requiring decisive action in both cases." Mozambique is the 14th African state to be subject to a blanket ban; an additional four African states are subject to either a partial ban or have an individual carrier that has been restricted from operating to the (EU).

(AFRAA) called the (EU) blacklist a "public relations exercise" that acts as "a blunt instrument that constrains the development of a viable African air transport industry in Africa." It continued, "While the net losers are African carriers, the net beneficiaries are always the (EU) community carriers that swiftly step in to fill the vacuum and take the market share of the banned airlines. (EU) carriers will continue to operate with increased frequencies and higher yields to Mozambique and the other states that are the subject of the ban. If the airspace of an African country is unsafe, it is unsafe also for European carriers who continue to fly the African skies for commercial benefit."

The organization pointed out that (LAM) Mozambique Airlines has had no major accidents since it was established in 1980 and no accidents of any kind since 1989. It noted that a number of European airlines "can make no such claim. However, [LAM's] impeccable safety record … has not spared it from the (EU) blanket banning. The (AFRAA) fails to see how such blanket banning contributes to encourage African carriers which strive to achieve industry best practices in safety standards."

(LAM) said it will be able to continue offering Maputo - Lisbon service despite Mozambique's addition to the (EU) blacklist by wet-leasing a 767-300ER from Portuguese wet-lease (ACMI) provider euroAtlantic (MAE).

September 2011: Air Madagascar (MAD) leased a 777-200ER from Portugal's EuroAtlantic Airways (MAE) for one year replacing a 767-300ER previously leased from Air Italy (ITZ). Due to safety issues with its own 2 767-300ERs, (MAD) was last year banned from operating in European airspace.

April 2012: Air Madagascar (MAD) has put its 1st ex-Air France (AFA) A340-300 (210, F-GLZL) into service on April 12 replacing a 767-300ER wet-leased from EuroAtlantic Airways (MAE) on routes between France and Madagascar. It will replace its own 767-300ER later this spring when it will take delivery of a 2nd ex-(AFA) A340-300.

1st of 2 A340-300s (210), ex-Air France (AFA) delivery.

August 2012: Air Austral ((IATA) Code: UU, based at St Denis de la Réunion) (AUX) and its regional competitors Air Madagascar (MAD) and Air Mauritius (MAU) have started talks exploring an alliance to jointly serve routes between the islands in the Indian Ocean and to jointly launch new routes to China and India. Air Austral (AUX) is planning to launch services to Chennai in October, Air Mauritius (MAU) already serves Hong Kong Chep Lap Kok and Shanghai Pudong, while Air Madagascar (MAD) currently already serves Guangzhou.

September 2012: Air Austral (AUX) and its regional competitors Air Madagascar (MAD) and Air Mauritius (MAU) have started talks exploring an alliance to jointly serve routes between the islands in the Indian Ocean and to jointly launch new routes to China and India. (AUX) is planning to launch services to Chennai Meenambakkam airport (MAA) in October, Air Mauritius (MAU) already serves Hong Kong Chep Lap Kok International (HKG) and Shanghai Pudong International (PVG), while Air Madagascar (MAD) currently already serves Guangzhou Baiyun (CAN).

Air France Industries (AFI)/(KLM) (E&M) won a total care maintenance contract from Air Madagascar (MAD) covering 2 A340-300s. The 2 ex-Air France (AFA) A340-300s underwent painting and cabin modification in Paris Orly and in Amsterdam.

February 2013: Air Madagascar (MAD) has stopped its cooperation with Air France (AFA) which had so far operated one of Air Madagascar (MAD)'s 2 A340-300s (210, F-GLZL) on a wet-lease basis on flights from Marseilles and Paris (CDG) to Antananarivo. It has temporarily wet-leased 777-200ER (28513, CS-TFM) from euroAtlantic Airways (MAE) until its new wet-lease partner Air Atlanta Icelandic (AID) is able to take over the A340-300 operations from Air France (AFA). Air Madagascar (MAD) is still currently blacklisted by the European Union (EU) because of a lack of safety oversight of the country's airlines. As a result, (MAD) is not allowed to operates its 4 weekly flights to France by itself. (MAD)'s 2nd A340-300 (319, 5R-EAA) is operated by the airline itself on its 2x-weekly service from Antananarivo via Bangkok Suvarnabhumi to Guangzhou.

June 2013: Air Madagascar ((IATA) Code: MD, based at Antananarivo) (MAD) will base a DHC-6 Twin Otter at Sambava, a town on the east coast of northern Madagascar, as part of plans to develop it into a mini-hub. Initially, flights will be offered to Maroantsetra and Antalaha though services to Mananara are expected to begin at some stage in the future. Sambava currently sees 4x-weekly flights to the Malagasy capital, Antananarivo, two of which are direct.

July 2013: Conviasa (VCV) and Philippine Airlines (PAL) have been cleared to resume services to the European Union (EU) in the latest (EU) blacklist update.

All carriers from the Philippines were banned from European airspace in 2010, but the European Commission (EC) said the Philippine authorities have improved their safety oversight and (PAL) has met the standards needed for the ban to be lifted. “For all other carriers registered in the Philippines, the ban remains,” the (EC) said in its 1st blacklist update since December 2012.

Conviasa (VCV), which has been on the list since April 2012, has now resolved its “serious safety deficiencies” following a European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) audit in Spain and an (ICAO) check in Venezuela, according to the (EC).

It also praised Libya’s progress, but said Libyan authorities have agreed to maintain a voluntary ban on their airlines operating to Europe until they reach full compliance with international safety standards. Sudan and Mozambique were likewise highlighted for their “good progress” and the (EC) recognized reform efforts in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Libya, Mauritania, Mozambique, Philippines, Russia and Sudan.

“Today we confirmed our willingness to remove countries and airlines from the list, if they show real commitment and capacity to implement international safety standards in a sustainable manner. Beside Philippines, Venezuela and Mauritania, good signs of progress are also coming from a number of other African countries,” (EC) VP Transport, Siim Kallas said.

Air Madagascar (MAD), which is not banned but remains under strict limitations and restrictions, was granted permission to operate another airplane.

The (EU) has a blanket ban on 20 countries covering 278 airlines with a few named exceptions. It has also banned 2 individual airlines (Surinam’s Blue Wing Airlines and Meridian Airways from Ghana) taking the blacklist total to 280 airlines. A further 10 airlines are allowed to operate under strict conditions.

Countries where all operators are banned comprise: Afghanistan, Angola, Benin, Republic of Congo, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Gabon (with 3 exceptions), Indonesia (with 5 exceptions), Kazakhstan (with 1 exception), Kyrgyzstan, Liberia, Mozambique, Philippines (with 1 exception), Sierra Leone, Sao Tome & Principe, Sudan, Swaziland, and Zambia.

(DTI) has signed a multi-year agreement with Air Madagascar (MAD) to supply the airline with a suite of in-flight entertainment (IFE) games.

September 2013: Air Madagascar (MAD)'s last 767-3YOER (26200, 5R-MFJ), has been ferried to Marana for storage. The 767 had been parked in Antananarivo following its withdrawal from revenue service. The Malagasy national carrier's long haul fleet now consists of 2 A340-313Xs (210, TF-EAB), Air Atlanta Icelandic (AID) wet-leased and (319, 5R-EAA), AirFrance (AFA) leased.

Air Madagascar (MAD) currently serves 9 countries, 23 destinations and 45 routes.

April 2014: Air Madagascar ((IATA) Code: MD, based at Antananarivo) (MAD) will wet-lease a 767-300ER from Portuguese wet-lease (ACMI) specialists, euroAtlantic Airways ((IATA) Code: YU, based at Lisbon) (MAE), over the period June 26 to October 23. The twinjet will be used to service a weekly, Marseilles to Antananarivo via Moroni International flight.

Owing to its presence on the European Union (EU)'s Banned Operators List, the Malagasy national carrier also uses an A340-300 operated by Air Atlanta Icelandic ((IATA) Code: CC, based at Reykjavik Keflavik) (AID) on its Europe-bound flights.

Air Madagascar (MAD) currently operates to 10 countries, and serves 24 destinations, 48 routes and 21 daily flights.

June 2014: Air Madagascar (MAD) will add to its existing Antananarivo operations in Marseille (MRS), by offering services to Moroni (HAH) in Comoros and Nosy Be (NOS) in Madagascar. Weekly (Thursdays) flights to Moroni began on June 26th, whereas weekly (Sundays) operations to Nosy Be start on June 29th. The flights, which both face no competition, will actually originate in Marseille, as they will utilize a 227-seat EuroAtlantic Airways (MAE) 767-300 which is based at the French airport for both flights.

August 2014: BH Air - Balkan Holidays Air (IATA) Code: 8H, based at Sofia) (BGH) A330-200 (255, LZ-AWA) leased to Air Madagascar (MAD) for summer operations. The A330-200 supplements the Malagasy national carrier's other 2 A340-300s used on flights to Marseilles and Paris (CDG) in France as well as to Bangkok Suvarnabhumi and Guangzhou in the Far East.

Air Madagascar (MAD) has leased a 767-36NER (26470, SX-BPN), ex-Martinair (MTH), from Skygreece Airlines ((IATA Code GW, based at Athens International) for use on flights to Marseilles, France. This 767-36NER was recently seen in service on the route taking over from Bulgarian carrier, BH Air - Balkan Holidays Air (BGH), whose A330-200 was only temporarily used on the route.

The contract with the Greek wet-lease (ACMI) operator supersedes that previously announced with Portuguese (ACMI) specialist, euroAtlantic Airways (MAE).

September 2014: Air Madagascar ((IATA) Code: MD, based at Antananarivo) (MAD) will replace 2 of its 3 737-3Q8s (26305, 5R-MFH) and (26301, 5R-MFI) with ARJ-85s, when their lease agreements expire at the end of this year, Managing Director Haja Raelison has said. The decision to switch to the quadjets came after an evaluation committee recommended the type as better suited to the country's more remote airports.

"While the renewal of the two Boeing's contracts is a possibility, they are old, so their operating expenses, including fuel and maintenance are high. Moreover, the new generation Boeing are not suited to our infrastructure. After reviewing several options, the Avro airplanes responded best to our financial and technical criteria," Raelison said.

Should talks with the airplanes' leasing firm succeed, the 1st Avro should arrive in Antananarivo in late October. Initial plans are to lease the planes for a period of 2 years, though this could be extended depending on their suitability. An additional 2 airplanes could also be secured in the long run.

At present, the Malagasy national carrier operates the 737s on flights to Antsiranana, Fort Dauphin, Morondava, Nossi-Be, Sambava, and Tulear locally, as well as to Dzaoudzi, Johannesburg O R Tambo, Moroni International, and St Denis de la Réunion, regionally.

In addition to its 2 ATR 42s and 2 ATR 72-500s,(MAD) also operates 2 A340-300s on long haul flights to the Far East. (MAD) is also hoping to be removed from the European Union (EU)'s Banned Operator's List Annex B (airlines restricted to only operating certain airplanes within the (EU)) in November this year, paving the way for its resumed serving the (EU) using its own airplanes and flight crews ((FC) - (CA)).

Air Madagascar (MAD) currently operates 9 airplanes, and travels to 9 countries, 24 destinations, on 46 routes and 31 daily flights.

March 2015: Air Madagascar (MAD) agreed to acquire 5 new ATR 72-600s from Elix Aviation Capital (2) and ATR (3).

April 2015: News Item A-1: Air France Industries (AFI) (KLM) (E&M) has been providing support for Air Madagascar (MAD)’s 2 A340-300s since September 2012, and (MAD) has renewed its Total Care agreement with the Maintenance Repair & Overhaul (MRO). Also, Royal Air Maroc (RAM) has signed a Boeing 787 Component Support agreement with the (MRO), extending an earlier contract for component support of 30 737NGs.

May 2015: The Indian Ocean Commission (IOC) airlines will sign a cooperation agreement on June 18 establishing the ‘Vanilla Alliance’ aimed at improving air services between (IOC) member states and international connectivity to the region.

The Vanilla Alliance will be made up of Air Austral (AUX) (Reunion), Air Madagascar (MAD), Air Mauritius (MAU), Air Seychelles (ASY), and the Ministry of Transport of the Union of Comoros (until the appointment of a carrier in that country). The airlines have agreed to “jointly defend their common interests and enhance international connectivity [to, from, and within the] islands, while taking care to preserve the attractiveness of passenger fares.”

Air Austral (AUX) (CEO) Marie-Joseph, Malé, who is also president of the (IOC) Airline Committee, said that the (IOC)-led initiative represented "a major turning point for regional air transport."

In parallel, the civil aviation authorities of the (IOC) member states are, through the (IOC) civil aviation committee, exploring the possibility of establishing a shared regulatory framework, as well as strengthening government competency in areas such as training and safety.

The Vanilla Alliance idea stemmed from an international symposium on air transport in the Indian Ocean region hosted by the (IOC) in May 2013. Following that symposium, the (IOC) published a report in January last year called ‘Indianocéania's Wings’ which demonstrated the measurable and sustainable added value of a coordinated approach to air transport.

June 2015: Air Madagascar (MAD) is teetering on the brink of collapse following a 10 day-old strike by disgruntled staff, the Malagasy Minister of Transport and Tourism, Ulrich Andriatiana, has warned.

Unable to operate all but a few flights, Andriatiana told the "Madagascar-Tribune" that Air Madagascar (MAD) had racked up losses of USD3.5 million since the industrial action began. The added burden comes at a time when the carrier is already unable to meet its financial obligations on time, among which are employee salaries. As a consequence, he said, the state is considering laying-off some of its short-term employees as a means of lightening the load.

Echoing Andriatiana's sentiments, (MAD) (CEO) Haja Raelison has described (MAD)'s present situation as "very serious".

"If this situation continues, this may end up in a cessation of payments. For now, it is difficult to say when it will happen, it will depend on the financial situation. But the situation is very serious," he told "Reuters."

For their part, workers claim they are fed up with the airline's alleged poor governance and mismanagement, adding that they will not return to work until concrete action has been taken to address their grievances.

While the majority of flights have been grounded, some long haul A340-300 flights have operated thanks to technical assistance from engineers (MT) based in Mauritius.

Air Madagascar (MAD) is listed as having 8 airplanes, operates to 9 countries, to 24 destinations, 49 routes and 32 daily flights.

ATR 72-600 (1248, 5R-EJB), ex-(F-WWEX) delivery.

July 2015: Air Madagascar (MAD) workers ended a strike on July 17 that has grounded most of the state-owned (MAD)'s fleet for weeks, after union officials and (MAD) signed a deal.

"Staff will return to work and flights will resume shortly," said Leon Rajaobelina, Chairman of (MAD)'s board.

The strike started on June 15 over what workers said was poor governance and mismanagement of (MAD), leading to a 65 - 70% cancellation of flights.

"We can say that we are satisfied with this agreement," said Rado Rabarilala, a representative of the workers, before adding: "It is just a draft of what we want to implement."

Madagascar officials want more foreign firms to start flying to the Indian Ocean island nation to boost tourism.

Madagascar is offering foreign airlines cabotage rights. The Malagasy Minister of Transport and Tourism, Ulrich Andriatiana, said his government has held talks with foreign carriers over their possible entry into the island's domestic market.

Speaking to "Reuters," Andriatiana said opening up Madagascar's local market to foreign carriers would help reduce the country's dependence on ailing national carrier, Air Madagascar (MAD). As the summer high season presses on, the country's tourism sector has suffered significant losses.

September 2015: News Item A-1: The Indian Ocean Commission (IOC) airlines have signed a multilateral cooperation agreement establishing the Vanilla Alliance, which is aimed at improving air services between (IOC) member states and international connectivity to the region. The alliance is made up of Air Austral (AUX), Air Madagascar (MAD), Air Seychelles (ASY), Inter Ile Air, and Air Mauritius (MAU).

The alliance offers >50 destinations, operates a fleet of 30 aircraft, and employs about 6,000 staff. It is expected to transport >2.3 million passengers a year.

Initially, the alliance will develop attractive fares, schedule connectivity, optimize code shares, as well as optimize resources such as fleet and airport facilities.

It is understood that these small Indian Ocean flag carriers were faced with economical challenges over the years and feared tough competition from Gulf carriers on some routes, such as Emirates Airline (EAD)’s double daily A380 services from Dubai to Mauritius.

“The islands and airlines of the region share similar geographical realities, hence have a similar need for reinforcing air links. By joining our efforts, we will be able to tap synergies and optimize our resources and to improve inter-island air connectivity,” Air Mauritius (MAU) board officer, (Raja) Indradev Buton said.

News Item A-2: Air Madagascar (MAD) intends to wet-lease an Air Austral (AUX) 777-200(LR).

December 2015: Air Madagascar (MAD) will terminate flights to Asia early next year as part of a far reaching review of (MAD)'s operations currently being undertaken by its newly appointed board of directors.

Holitina Rakotondrainibe, (MAD)'s Deputy Chairman, told the "Madagascar Express" that although China is the island's second largest trading partner, flights there have never been profitable. As such, the current 2x-weekly service to Guangzhou via Bangkok Suvarnabhumi will be scaled back to weekly, later this month before being dropped outright from January 4.

Flights to Asia may resume in April next year albeit in partnership with fellow Indian Ocean carrier Air Austral (AUX).

Hamstrung by legacy debts and loss-making routes, (MAD) has reportedly removed itself from (IATA)'s clearing house system citing the costly monthly subscription fees.

Employees at the state-run carrier striked for 2 weeks this year demanding a change to (MAD)'s leadership as well as the settlement of unpaid back wages. Their industrial action eventually led to the resignation of then (CEO) Haja Raelison and his fellow board members.

Air Madagascar currently operates 9 aircraft, and flies to 9 countries to 22 destinations on 45 routes and 30 daily flights.

December 2015: Air Madagascar (MAD) is to end Asia flights in January 2016.

Holitina Rakotondrainibe, (MAD)'s Deputy Chairman, told the "Madagascar Express" that although China is the island's 2nd largest trading partner, flights there, have never been profitable. As such, the current 2x-weekly service to Guangzhou via Bangkok Suvarnabhumi will be curtailed.

The Malagasy government in Antananarivo will inject a total of MGA128 billion/USD39.7 million into Air Madagascar (MAD) over the next 3 years as part of plans to shore up the struggling carrier.

December 2016: The Indian Ocean island of Madagascar is making headway in its bid to privatize ailing national carrier, Air Madagascar (MAD) with 4 prospective partners now shortlisted: - South Africa's Airlink, Kenya Airways (KEN), Air Austral (AUX), and Air Mauritius (MAU). Government expects the process to be wrapped up during the 1st half of next year.

So why is this such a big deal? Well you have to look at it more from a regional perspective. While the Indian Ocean islands of Madagascar, Mauritius, Reunion, Seychelles, and Sri Lanka have historically been end-point leisure destinations, there has been a growing shift towards developing hub operations. And given their geographical locations, this makes sense.

Air Mauritius (MAU) has already set about re-positioning itself as a primary conduit for Africa - Asia traffic with Air Seychelles (ASY), part owned by Etihad (EHD), slowly tapping into the Africa - Europe and Africa - Asia markets.

As such, with a new strategic partner in place, and given its removal from the (EU)'s Banned Operators list, Air Madagascar (MAD) is likely to follow suit. But how this all takes shape will depend on who is eventually picked. And if Air Austral (AUX) or Air Mauritius (MAU) are chosen, will the Malagasy airline be relegated to being a simple regional feeder carrier? Time will tell.

February 2017: Air Madagascar (MAD) recommenced flights to Asia on February 12, adding a weekly (Sundays) route between Antananarivo (TNR) and Guangzhou (CAN), China. Flown via St Denis de la Reunion, flights leave Antananarivo at 10:45, arriving into St Denis de la Reunion at 13:30. After a stopover of 1 hour and 30 minutes, flights then leave St Denis de la Reunion at 15:00, getting into Guangzhou at 05:30 the following morning. It should be noted that (MAD) does not have local traffic rights on St Denis de la Reunion – Guangzhou sector, and the route will be operated by an Air France (AFA) A340-300. A 2nd weekly (Wednesdays) flight will be added to the schedule from March 26. Air Madagascar (MADF) last served Guangzhou in January 2016 when it operated 2x-weekly flights to the Chinese city via Bangkok Suvarnabhumi.

April 2017: Air Madagascar (MAD) has signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) to create a strategic partnership with Reunion-based Air Austral (AUX), under a deal which is expected to be finalized by May 31.

(AUX), which is already partnered with (MAD) through the Vanilla Alliance, was selected as (MAD)’s preferred partner in March after beating off a rival bid from Star (SAL) Alliance carrier Ethiopian Airlines (ETH).

In an update released April 4, (MAD) said the Madagascan Finance & Transport Ministers have now signed an (MOU) with Air Austral (AUX) (CEO) Marie-Joseph Malé. “This is an important step towards a final agreement. We hope that this long-term partnership will return the company to stability and help (MAD) regain its position at the center of national, regional and international aviation development. The business plan proposed by (AUX) will allow us to develop commercial relationships with major international companies,” Air Madagascar (MAD) Chairman Léon Rajaobelina said.

Air Austral (AUX)’s Malé said the agreement signaled a turning point for the 2 companies, although he added there are several more steps yet to clear.

>30 companies were interested in a strategic partnership with Air Madagascar (MAD), although only 7 of these were pre-qualified to submit an offer.

Air Austral (AUX) and Ethiopian Airlines (ETH) were both invited to more detailed talks, but (MAD)’s board decided to recommend (AUX) to the Madagascan government as the preferred bidder.

October 2017: "Air Austral Signs Agreement to Take 49% of Air Madagascar by Victoria Moores victoria.moores@penton.com ATWOnline, October 10, 2017.

Reunion-based Air Austral (AUX) has finalized its equity joint venture with Air Madagascar (MAD), agreeing to take a 49% stake alongside the Madagascan government which will maintain a controlling 51% shareholding.

(AUX), which is already partnered with (MAD) through the Vanilla Alliance, was selected as (MAD)’s preferred partner in March after beating a rival short-listed bid from Star (STM) Alliance carrier Ethiopian Airlines (ETH).

Building on this initial selection, the 2 Indian Ocean carriers signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) to form the partnership in April.
In a joint press release, the 2 airlines said the (MOU) was firmed October 9, cementing the terms and conditions for the joint venture. They said this marks the start of an “interim phase.” The strategic partnership will be fully finalized at the end of October, when Air Austral (AUX) acquires 49% of (MAD), closing the deal.

(MAD) will go through a 2-stage turnaround over the next 10 years. During the 1st 3 years, (MAD) is aiming to recover and to lay foundations for future growth. After this, (MAD) will go through a growth phase, expanding its fleet and opening new routes.

(AUX) (CEO) and former SkyTeam (STM) Alliance Managing Director Marie-Joseph Malé said the 2 companies have spent 6 months refining their business plan. “We are now more determined than ever to join forces for our development and to strengthen our positions in the Indian Ocean,” Malé said. Malé added that the agreement marks a turning point for the 2 companies, but he cautioned that there is still a lot of complex work to be done. Under the joint venture, the 2 airlines will focus on regional development and traffic growth.

The Madagascan government will continue to hold 51% of its national carrier and has committed to upgrading local airport infrastructure.
(AUX) will select (MAD)’s (CEO) and will be responsible for day-to-day operations, but the government will appoint the Chairman. (AUX) has also committed to invest $40 million in its new partner.

>30 companies were interested in a strategic partnership with (MAD), although only 7 of these were pre-qualified to submit an offer.

(AUX) and (MAD) are both Indian Ocean carriers. They are also joined together through the Vanilla Alliance, alongside Air Mauritius (MAU) and Air Seychelles (ASY).

The Indian Ocean Commission Vanilla Islands of Comoros, Réunion, Madagascar, Mauritius and Seychelles started pushing connectivity in 2012 and held a conference on regional air services in May 2013. This gave birth to the “Wings of the Indian Ocean” strategy, which was published in January 2014, calling for stronger inter-island links. In July 2014, 2 committees were created to pursue the project, 1 for the airlines and 1 for their civil aviation authorities.

(AUX), (MAD), (MAU) and (ASY) teamed up to form the airline part of this in 2015, launching the Vanilla Alliance under the leadership of Air Austral (AUX) (CEO) Malé.

Fleet:
(definitions)

Click below for photos:
MAD-737-2B2
MAD-737-3Q8
MAD-767-300-2011-05
MAD-767-300ER
MAD-767-33AER
MAD-ATR42
MAD-ATR72

October 2017:

0 737-2B2 (JT8D-9A) (204-20231, /69 5R-MFA "BOINA"), PARTED OUT 2006-09. 125Y.

0 737-2B2 ADV (JT8D-15) (314-20680, /72 5R-MFB "SAMBIRANO"), PARTED OUT 2006-06. 125Y.

2 737-3Q8 (CFM56-3C1) (2623-26301, /94 5R-MFI; 2651-26305, /94 5R-MFH), (TIA) LSD 2003-12, 12C, 118Y.

1 737-3Z9 (CFM56-3B1) (1515-24081, /88 5R-MFL), EX-(LAL) 2002-09. OWNED BY (TIK). MAINTAINED FOR AND OPERATED BY THE MADAGASCAN GOVT. VIP.

0 737-800 (CFM56-7B), (ILF) 51 MTH LSD 2009-09. RTND.

0 747-2B2C (JT9D-70A) (353-21614, /79 5R-MFT "ANKOAY"), (AFA) MAINT, FOR SALE, RF (ANG), GROUNDED. PARTED OUT AT FILTON 2004-06. 16F, 31C, 326Y.

0 ORDER 747-230B (663-23509, /87 D-ABZE), EX-(DLH). NOT TAKEN UP (NTU).

0 767-216ER (CF6-80A2) (144-23624, /86 5R-MFE), (ILF) 14 MTH LSD 2000-04, RTND 2003-02, LST (ZXD). 16F, 24C, 153Y.

0 767-300ER, (MAE) WET-LSD 2014-06 TO 2014-10. REPLACED BY (BGH) A330-200 2014-08.

1 767-31AER (PW4060) (416-26470, /92 SX-BPN), EX-(MTH), SKYGREECE AIRLINES LSD 2014-08. 110C, 164Y.

0 767-36NER (CF6-80C2B7F) (754-29898, /99 5R-MFD), (GEF) 7 YR LSD, RTND 2002-09, LST (NNA), 10F, 22C, 198Y.

0 767-3S1ER (CF6-80C2B6F) (384-25221, /91 5R-MFF), EX-(ACN), (GEF) LSD 2003-05. RTND & LST (LUZ) 2009-09. 24C, 220Y.

0 767-3YOER (PW4062) (450-26200, /92 5R-MFJ), FERRIED TO MARANA FOR STORAGE 2013-09. 38C, 182Y.

0 767-383ER (CF6-80C2) (359-25088, 5R-MFG), MUZUN LEASING ONE LSD 2004-04. 24C, 220Y.

0 777-200ER (28513, CS-TFM), (MAE) WET LSD 1 YR 2011-09.

1 777-200LR (AUX) LSD 2015-10.

0 A330-200 (255, LZ-AWA), (BGH) LSD 2014-08, USED ONLY TEMPPORARILY, NOW RETURNED.

1 A340-313X (CFM56-5C4) (210, /98 TF-EAB), (AID) WET-LSD 2013-03. 30C, 21PY, 224Y.

1 A340-313X (CFM56-5C4) (319, /00 5R-EAA), EX-(F-GLZL), (AFA) WET-LSD 2012-06. 30C, 21PY, 224Y.

0 B AE HS 748-2B (DART 536-2) (249-1772, /79 5R-MJA "KANDREHO"), 1773 ST HORIZON 2001-07. RTND. 44Y COMBI.

3 DHC-6-300 TWIN OTTER (PT6A-27) (328, /71 5R-MGC; 329, /71 5R-MGD; 330, /71 5R-MGE; 482, /76 5R-MGF), 330; ST WIN AVIATION 2008-06. 19Y.

1 ATR 42-320 (PW121) (044, /87 5R-MVT; 132, /89 5R-MVC; 155, /89 5R-MVD), EX-(FSH), 132; 155; RTND. 49Y.

1 ATR 42-500 (PW127) (649, /06 5R-MJG), 2006-09. 49Y

2 ATR 72-500 (PW127) (694, /02 5R-MJE; 698, /02 5R-MJF). 8C, 62Y.

1 +4 ORDERS ATR 72-600 (1248, 5R-EJB), EX-(F-WWEX) 2015-06, 2 ELIX AVIATION LSD, 3 FROM ATR:

Management:
(definitions)

Click below for photos:
MAD-1-HUGUES RATSIFERANA-2014-06

LEON RAJAOBELINA, CHAIRMAN.

HOLITINA RAKOTONDRAINIBE, DEPUTY CHAIRMAN.

HAJA RAELISON, MANAGING DIRECTOR, RESIGNED.

HUGUES RATSIFERANA, CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER (CEO).

KLAUS OSCHLIES, EX-(DLH).

OLIVIER ROBINSON, DEPUTY (CEO).

RAKOTOMALALA ANDRIAMIALISOA, SENIOR VP COMMERCIAL.
(commercial@airmadagascar.com)

CAPTAIN SOLOFONJATOVO RATSIMBAZAFY, SENIOR VP FLIGHT OPERATIONS.

CLAUDE RAKOTOARIVELO, SENIOR VP MAINTENANCE.

ARTHUR RANDRIANAMBININTSOA, SENIOR VP FINANCE.

FIDY RAKOTONIRINA, SENIOR VP HANDLING.

JEAN ROBERT ANDRIAMAHERISOA, SENIOR VP GROUND OPERATIONS.

J RANAIVOSON, MANAGER PRODUCTION PLANNING.

BERNARD ANDRIANOELISON, MANAGER AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE.

JOHN FELIX RABIA, MANAGER QUALITY ASSURANCE (QA).

MAMY RASOLOFONIAINA, MANAGER AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE.

R ANDRIAMASIMANANA, MANAGER MECHANICAL WORKSHOPS.

LUC RAVELONA, MANAGER TECHNICAL SUPPORT.

R RAMAHENINA, MANAGER AIRCRAFT ENGINEERING.

R RAKOTOZAFY, MANAGER AVIONICS ENGINEERING (TNRIGMD).

J RANDRIANARISON, MANAGER COMPONENT MAINTENANCE (1998-07).

L RAVELONA, MANAGER HANGAR & LINE MAINTENANCE (1998-07).

 
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