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Airlines

Name: TIGERAIR MANDALA
7JetSet7 Code: MND
Status: Currently Not Operational
Region: ORIENT
City: JAKARTA
Country: INDONESIA
Employees 1322
Web: mandalaair.com
Email: suhadi@mandalaair.com
Telephone: +62 (21) 568 3083
Fax: +62 (21) 566-3787
Sita: JKTRCRI
Background
(definitions)

Click below for data links:
MND-2004-11
MND-2004-12-A
MND-2004-12-B
MND-2004-12-C
MND-2005-09-ACCDT-A
MND-2006-03-NEW LIVERY
MND-2006-06-SALE TO UPS
MND-2013-10 - JOG TO PLM
MND-CABIN ATTENDANTS - 2013-10
MND-LOGO
MND-MAP

ESTABLISHED AND STARTED OPERATIONS IN 1969. DOMESTIC & REGIONAL, SCHEDULED & CHARTER, PASSENGER & CARGO, JET AIRPLANE SERVICES.

ADDRESS:
JL TOMANG RAYA, KAV 35-37
JAKARTA DKL 111440, INDONESIA

Indonesia (the Republic of Indonesia) was established in 1945, it covers an area of 1,904,569 sq km, its population is 210 million, its capital city is Jakarta, and its official language is Indonesian.

NOVEMBER 1994: (http://www.mandala.co.id).

2 737-230'S ADVANCED, EX-LUFTHANSA (DLH).

AUGUST 1995: INTEREST IN 737-500 AIRPLANES.

JUNE 1996: 1 F28-3000 (SPEY 555-15H), EX-DELTA AIR TRANSPORT (DAT).

JUNE 1998: 1 737-200 (JT8D-9A) TO (LAM) MOZAMBIQUE.

AUGUST 1997: 1 737-200 (22396), EX-EAST WEST AIRLINES (BOM), 7 YEAR (GUI) LEASED.

SEPTEMBER 1998: THE GOVERMENT OK'S +40% DOMESTIC FARES.

OCTOBER 1998: 737-209 (23796), RETURNED TO TRANSMILE (TML).

FEBRUARY 2000: 1 737-2P6 (21357, PK-RIA), EX-LAPA (LAZ), GECAS (GEH) 5 YEAR LEASED.

JUNE 2000: PURNOMO SUJUDI, DIRECTOR ENGINEERING & TECHNICAL. MR WIDOD, DIRECTOR QUALITY ASSURANCE. MR MUFAKIR, MAINTENANCE DIRECTOR REPLACES MR SUYOTO.

2 737-2T4'S (906-22803, /83 37 29; 908-22804, /83 38 29), EX-MALEV (HGA), (GEH) 3 YEAR LEASED. 737-2S3 (646-22278, /80 61 35, PK-RIC), EX-LAPSA (LAZ), (GEH) 5 YEAR LEASED.

JULY 2000: 1999 = 789 MILLION (RPK) PASSENGER TRAFFIC; 76.6% LF LOAD FACTOR; 19.70 MILLION (FTK) FREIGHT TRAFFIC; 747,000 PASSENGERS (PAX).

SEPTEMBER 2000: GUNAWAN KOSWARA, PRESIDENT DIRECTOR, REPLACED CAPTAIN GUNADI SUGOTO.

NOVEMBER 2000: 1 737-2L9 (549-21685, /79 53 38), EX-MAERSK AIR (MRS)/(UKA) GECAS (GUI) LEASED. 1 A300B4-203F (TC-MNA), MNG CARGO (MCG) WET-LEASED.

MARCH 2001: MOVES ITS HQ & FLIGHT OPERATIONS OFFICES FROM KEMAYORAN TO TOMANG.

CODE SHARE WITH ASIANA AIRLINES (AAR), TO SEOUL.

APRIL 2001: 875 EMPLOYEES (INCLUDING 50 FLIGHT CREW (FC), 100 CABIN ATTENDANTS (CA), & 94 MAINTENANCE TECHNICIANS (MT)).

BASED AT JAKARTA (SOEKARNO HATTA INTERNATIONAL).

LOOKING FOR USED 767-200 FOR JAKARTA, & DENPASAR (BALI), TO TAIPEI, AND POSSIBLY SEOUL.

JULY 2001: FORMS SIGMA ALLIANCE WITH PELITA AIR.

2 AN-12'S USED FOR CARGO SERVICE TO BATAM.

AUGUST 2001: 1ST INTERNATIONAL SERVICE, SURABAYA - SINGAPORE.

OCTOBER 2001: TO EXPAND IN NOVEMBER 2001, WITH SINGAPORE - JAKARTA - PERTH (737-300, 3/WEEK). DOMESTICALLY, MANDALA AIRLINES (MND) OPERATES TO 14 CITIES WITH 96 FLIGHTS/WEEK.

737-4YO (23868), ALPS LEASED.

NOVEMBER 2001: FACED WITH GROWING COMPETITION, & INCREASING NUMBERS OF NEW START UP AIRLINES, MANDALA AIRLINES (MND) FORMS AN ALLIANCE WITH BOURAQ (BDA), PELITA AIR, AND DIRGANTARA AIR SERVICE, CALLED THE SIGMA ALLIANCE, TO AVOID HEAD-ON COMPETITION WITH EACH OTHER, AND POOL THEIR SERVICES TO COMPETE WITH NATIONAL CARRIER GARUDA INDONESIA (GIA), AND OTHER DOMESTIC AIRLINES.

DECEMBER 2001: (mandalaairlines@hotmail.com).

1 A300C4-203F (292, TC-MNB), MNG (MCG) WET-LEASED.

JANUARY 2002: PLANS TO REPLACE ITS 737-200'S WITH UP TO 12 737-400'S, THROUGH 2004.

APRIL 2002: 875 EMPLOYEES (INCLUDING 50 FLIGHT CREW (FC); 100 CABIN ATTENDANTS (CA); & 94 MAINTENANCE TECHNICIANS (MT)).

MAIN BASE: JAKARTA - SOEKARNO HATTA INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT (CGK).

(http://www.manadala.co.id).

August 2002: 2 737-400's leased for total 15 737's.

December 2003: 737-4YO (23979), GECAS (GEF) leased.

May 2004: 1,000 employees.

727-232 (22045), Aventura leased.

September 2004: 737-2H6 (21732, PK-RIN), Indigo (INZ) leased.

December 2004: 3 orders (February 2005) 737-300's.

June 2005: Mandala Airlines (MND) operates scheduled services to destinations within Indonesia. (MND) is a member of the Indonesian National Air Carriers Association's endorseable ticket system, allowing passengers to use tickets on any of the participating carriers.

1,322 employees (including 101 Flight Crew (FC); 230 Cabin Attendants (CA); & 110 Maintenance Technicians (MT)).

(IATA) Code: RI. (ICAO) Code: MDL (Callsign - MANDALA).

SITA: JKTRCRI.

Parent organization/shareholders: Yayasan Dharma Putra Kostrad (90%); Dharma, Kencana; Sakti & Nusamba (10%).

(http://www.mandalaair.com). (k-danu@mandalaair.com).

Main Base: Jakarta Soekarno Hatta International airport (CGK).

Hubs: Surabaya airport (SUB); & Ujung Pandang Hasanuddin airport (UPG).

Domestic, Scheduled Destinations: Ambon; Balikpapan; Banjarmasin; Batam; Denpasar (Bali); Jakarta; Jambi; Manado; Medan; Padang; Pekanbaru; Semarang; Surabaya; & Ujung Pandang.

September 2005: ACCDT: A Mandala Airlines (MND) 737-230 (783-22136, /81 PK-RIM) crashed on takeoff from Medan = 15 survivors of 117 on board and 47 fatalities on the ground when the airplane crashed into a busy residential neighborhood in overcast weather, 500 yards from Medan airport. The 737-230 crashed Monday seconds after taking off from Medan in Indonesia, killing 102 of the 117 aboard plus as many as 47 people in a marketplace where it came to rest. Passengers who survived the crash all appeared to have been seated in the rear of the airplane. The accident occurred around 9:40 am local time and the 737 went down just 500 m from the end of the runway. Mandala (MND) was formed in 1969 and is run by a military foundation. It operates a 727-200, 13 737-200s and two 737-400s on domestic routes.

October 2005: Indonesian government banned the operation of 737-200s owing to "safety concerns" in the wake of last month's Mandala Airlines (MND) crash. At the same time, the government banned all airplanes more than >35 years old and/or with more than >70,000 cycles. The crash was the eighth involving Mandala (MND) since 1975 and there have been 74 crashes involving transport airplanes in Indonesia since 1990.

October 2006: Indigo Partners (INZ) said it has acquired 49% of Indonesia's Mandala Airlines (MND) from PT Cardig International Aviation (PTC), which purchased (MND) in April and will retain a 51% holding. "The parties recently received the necessary regulatory approvals and closed the investment," said Phoenix-based private equity firm Indigo (INZ)/(DEA) in a statement. Indigo (INZ), which was founded by former America West (AMW) Chairman & CEO, William Franke, also holds 24% of Tiger Airways (TGR). Mandala (MND), established in 1969, operates a fleet of 12 airplanes serving 23 domestic destinations in Indonesia. "Cardig (PTC) and Indigo (INZ) are committed to the growth of Mandala (MND) and will undertake a strategy of expanding air travel opportunities for Indonesians with low fares, modern Airbus (EDS) airplanes and a strong commitment to safety," Indigo (INZ) said. (MND) only operates Boeing (TBC) airplane types.

INCDT: A Mandala Airlines (MND) 737-200 en route from Balikpapan to Tarakan as (RI394) skidded off the runway into swampland while landing at the Tarakan-Juwata Airport on October 3 in low visibility. The airplane came to a stop around 100 feet off the runway with reports one of its engines detached from the wing.

(MND) should shortly be taking delivery of an ex-Eirjet (EIR) A320 (EI-DOZ) - see photo.

February 2007: AWAS (AWW) delivered an A320 to Indonesia's Mandala Airlines (MND) on a medium-term lease. It is Mandala (MND)'s second A320.

June 2007: Warwick Brady, CEO, ex-Air Deccan (DCC) COO, EX-Ryanair (RYR).

July 2007: Indonesia and (ICAO) signed a "groundbreaking declaration" in Bali under which Indonesia committed to wide-ranging initiatives to improve the safety of its civil aviation system. The deal comes after the European Union (EU) banned all Indonesian airlines from flying into its airspace. Indonesia will restructure the Directorate General of Civil Aviation, enact the required legal framework for it effectively to meet international safety obligations, ensure the required human and financial resources and correct deficiencies identified by (ICAO)'s Universal Safety Oversight Audit Program and other internal or external audits. (ICAO) said, "Indonesia will also implement a proactive and systemic management of safety to comply, in a verifiable manner, with national requirements and (ICAO) international safety standards and industry best practices. This includes a commitment by government authorities and the local air transport industry to foster transparency and the sharing of safety-related data to support the safety management process, under guidelines established by (ICAO)."

September 2007: A319-132 (3252, PK-RMD), CIT Group (TCI) leased, delivery.

October 2007: INCDT: A Mandala Airlines (MND) 737-200 overran the runway at Malang Airport, East Java, causing the nose gear to collapse. The 5 crew (FC)/(CA) and 95 passengers were OK.

A320-232 (3264, PK-RME), AerCap (DEA) leased.

November 2007: The European Commission (EC) issued the sixth update of its airline blacklist, removing Suriname's Blue Wing Airlines and lifting the operating restrictions imposed on Pakistan International Airlines (PIA). Both carriers, however, will remain subject to prioritized ramp inspections at Community airports in order to ensure their "consistent adherence" to relevant safety standards. "This latest revision shows that when airlines take rapid and sound corrective action to comply with safety standards, they can be withdrawn from the list quickly," (EC) VP Transport, Jacques Barrot noted. "It also shows that the list increasingly serves as a preemptive, rather than punitive tool for safeguarding aviation safety." He added that relevant oversight authorities verified measures taken by (PIA) and Blue Wing Airlines and "that these measures provide for long-lasting sustainable solutions to avoid the same problems recurring in the future."

The blacklist now comprises eight individual carriers including TAAG Angola Airlines (ANG), Mahan Air (MHN), and Ukrainian Mediterranean Airlines (UM Air - (UKM)), whose operations are fully banned in the (EU). Also banned are all airlines from Equatorial Guinea (ECV), Indonesia: (AWR); (BLN); (BTV); (DHI); (FES); (GIA); (KTK); (LKW); (MLI); (MND); (NOK); (PNM); (PTF); (REX); (SJA); (TGN); (TMG); (WON); (XPR); Kyrgyzstan: (ITL); (KYR); (PHG); (PHX); (STZ); Liberia: (LBG); Sierra Leone: (ORG); (RUM); (UVL); Swaziland: (AFC); and Democratic Republic of Congo: (TCS); (WDA); & (WET) with the exception of Hewa Bora Airways (EXD), which is subject to operating restrictions). Operational restrictions were placed on Air Bangladesh (BGD) and Air Service Comores (COM).

A319-132 (3317, PK-RMF), CIT Group (TCI) leased.

December 2007: A320-232 (3330, PK-RMG), AerCap (DEA) leased.

July 2008: The eighth edition of the European Commission (EC)'s blacklist of banned airlines does not include Iran's Mahan Airlines (MHN), thanks to "significant efforts and progress accomplished by this carrier, which were verified during an on-site inspection," but continues to include Indonesian airlines, including Garuda Indonesia (GIA). "The Commission (EC) decided that the Indonesian authorities have still not developed and implemented an efficient oversight program on any of the carriers under their regulatory control," it said. Ukraine Cargo Airways remains banned as well, and Yemenia Airways (YEM) was told it "should complete its corrective actions plan" by the Air Safety Committee's next meeting. All airlines from Equatorial Guinea, Indonesia, Kyrgyzstan, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Swaziland, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo are banned, while Gabon Airlines and Afrijet (FRJ) from Gabon are allowed to maintain operations at their current level.

August 2008: Indonesia's economy grew +6% (year/year) in the second quarter (Q2).

September 2008: 2 A319-132s (2784, N520NK; 2797, N521NK), ex-Spirit Airlines (SPR), (ILF) leased.

November 2008: The European Commission (EC) added some other airlines to its list of airlines banned from flying into the European Union (EU). Regarding the Philippines, the (EC) said it "intends to carry out with member states a safety assessment of the Philippine civil aviation authorities in early 2009."

December 2008: 2 A320-232 (3524, PK-RML; 3543, PK-RMK), Kingfisher Airlines (KFH)/(SAQ) leased.

April 2009: Indonesia's Ministry of Transportation said all airlines based in the country will be required to operate at least 10 airplanes (each) by 2012, at least five of which must be owned. "If not, they will have to shut down or merge with other airlines to meet the quota," a ministry spokesperson told reporters. The rule change (currently Indonesian carriers only have to own two airplanes) is driven by safety concerns. "We want airlines to be financially sound and committed to giving the best in terms of service and safety," the spokesperson said, according to "Agence France Presse."

May 2009: EasyJet (EZY) announced that Group Finance Director, Jeff Carr will leave (EZY) and Mandala Airlines (MND) CEO, Warwick Brady will join (EZY) as Procurement Director this month.

July 2009: Indonesia Foreign Minister, Hassan Wirajuda said the European Union (EU) will lift its ban on Garuda Indonesia (GIA), and Mandala Airlines (MND) this month, according to "The Jakarta Post." "The (EU) judge[s] that our local airlines have fulfilled 62 out of the 69 requirements to fly to the continent," Hassan said during a hearing with the House of Representatives Commission for Foreign Affairs. Indonesian carriers have been on the (EU)'s blacklist for two years.

Iran's Mahan Air (MHN) was added to the (EU)'s list of banned airlines, while Garuda Indonesia (GIA), Airfast Indonesia (PTF), Mandala Airlines (MND) and Premiair were removed from the "blacklist." The latest update did not include Yemenia Yemen Airways (YEM), despite recent controversy following the June 29 A310-300 crash that killed 152 passengers and crew. All airlines from Zambia and Kazakhstan were added to the list with the exception of Air Astana (AKZ), which will be allowed limited access to (EU) nations.

TAAG Angola Airlines (ANG), already on the list of more than >200 carriers, will be allowed to operate "into Portugal only with certain airplanes and under very strict conditions," the European Commission (EC) said, adding that the limited access was granted to acknowledge "progress made by the civil aviation authority of Angola [and TAAG (ANG)] to resolve progressively any safety deficiencies." All other Angolan airlines remain banned. All Indonesian carriers remain banned apart from the aforementioned four. Complete bans are in place on airlines from Benin, Democratic Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Kyrgyzstan, Liberia, Sierra Leone and Swaziland.

European Commission VP Transport, Antonio Tajani has called for a global blacklist, a suggestion that has been rejected by (ICAO) for now. "We will not accept that airlines fly at different standards when they operate inside and outside Europe," he said, renewing his call. "It is high time that the international community rethinks its safety policy; those airlines which are unsafe should not be allowed to fly anywhere."

August 2009: A319-132 (3252, PK-RMD), returned to (TCI) and leased to Olympic Air (OLY).

May 2010: Mandala Airlines (MND) received (IATA) Operational Safety Audit (IOSA) certification from (IATA) (ita) and will launch its first international service from Jakarta to Singapore Changi (SIN), Macau, and Hong Kong, as well as Balikpapan - (SIN) service, June 25. (MND) said it is the first privately owned Indonesian airline to achieve (IOSA) registration.

August 2010: Up to four new Indonesian airlines are expected to be given rights to fly from Indonesia to Australia after the two countries announced an increase of almost +50% in the weekly capacity to 14,800 seats. Indonesian carrier Batavia Air (BTV) announced it had been given rights to fly from Bali to Perth, Melbourne, and Sydney, while applications from Sriwijaya Air (SJA), Mandala Airlines (MND) and Lion Air (MLI) are pending.

Australian-based Pacific Blue (PBI), Jetstar (IMU) and Strategic Airlines (STC) - - along with AirAsia Indonesia (AWR) and Garuda (GIA) - - already operate on the principal routes leading some analysts to suggest that too many airlines were being allowed to service the market. However, that market is growing at an unprecedented rate. Travel from Perth to Bali jumped +46% in 2009 with 463,352 passengers carried both ways and early figures point to another +50% increase this year.

January 2011: Mandala Airlines (MND) suspended all flights pending a "major restructuring exercise" aimed at attracting new investors, but the financially troubled airline's future viability is unclear with its fleet of five A320 family airplanes being returned to lessors.

President Director, Diono Nurjadin said (MND) hs asked an Indonesian court to grant a "suspension of payment obligation" to give management "a 45-day window to submit a business plan to restructure the company." During a Jakarta news conference, Nurjadin insisted (MND) could return to business and vowed no workers would be laid off, according to media reports. He said employees' salaries would continue to be paid. He cited high airplane lease rates as helping to cause (MND)'s downfall.

In a statement, he conceded that "over the past few months, (MND) has been performing at a commercial loss and the situation now is such that we need to restructure the company to pave the way for the entry of new investors. We are confident of attracting new investors to inject additional funds into the airline because, once restructured, (MND) will be an attractive investment. There is a huge demand for air travel in Indonesia and the market has lots of space for a well-defined and positioned mid-cost carrier."

(MND) began operations in 1969, originally belonging to the Indonesia military. In April 2006 Indonesian transport group Cardig International (PTC) acquired it for IDR300 billion/$34 million. In October 2006 Indigo Partners (INZ), a USA investment firm with a portfolio of investments in Low Cost Carriers (LCC)s, purchased 49% of (MND)'s shares from Cardig (PTC), which remains the majority owner. Indigo is also a part-owner of Singapore-based Tiger Airways (TGR).

According to "Ascend," (MND)'s in-operation fleet comprised two A319s and three A320s; (MND) said those airplanes would be returned to lessors immediately. It has 25 A320s on order with five options. "We will not only pull through but come back with a better and stronger airline," Nurjadin stated.

In May 2010, (MND) became the first privately owned Indonesian airline to achieve (IATA) Safety Operational Audit (IOSA) registration.

September 2011: Tiger Airways (TGR) Holdings announced it would buy a 33% stake in Mandala Airlines (MND), which will be held through Tiger (TGR)’s wholly owned subsidiary, Roar Aviation.

Mandala (MND) is undergoing a financial restructuring after ceasing operations in January. Indonesian investment company, the Saratoga Group will be the largest shareholder in the restructured (MND), with a 51% holding; the remaining 16% will be held by the previous shareholders, Indigo Partners and creditors.

Indigo Partners, which holds 24% of Tiger (TGR), acquired 49% of Mandala (MND) in 2006. In January, (MND)’s President Director, Diono Nurjadin blamed high airplane lease rates as a prime contributor to (MND)’s downfall.

Tiger Airways (TGR) Holdings said it expects to complete the deal in about 90 days after getting regulatory approvals and to restart Mandala (MND) operations soon after.

Tiger Airways (TGR) Holdings acting CEO, Chin Yau Seng said, “We are pleased to have reached agreement for this transaction, and are excited at the prospect of (MND) resuming operations. We will continue to work closely with our business partner in this venture in order to achieve this.”

The restructured (MND) plans to adopt the Tiger Airways (TGR) business model and will offer low-fare travel to international and domestic Indonesian destinations within a 5-hour radius. The restructured (MND) will operate A320s.

April 2012: Mandala Airlines (MND) relaunched operations with international service from Medan airport (MES), Indonesia to Singapore after undergoing financial restructuring last year. Domestic services from Jakarta to (MES) began with 12 weekly flights. It has a fleet of new A320s. This will be followed by (JKT) - Kuala Lumpur service on May 4.

(MND), which was grounded January 13, 2011 due to its large debt, was cleared by Indonesian authorities to fly again in February after it completed a restructuring process, which included a cash injection by Singapore-based Low Cost Carrier (LCC) company Tiger Airways (TGR) Holdings. (MND) said it owed creditors IDR800 billion/$87 million, and cited the high cost of leasing airplanes among the reasons for the debt.

Tiger (TGR) now owns 33% of (MND), while Indonesian investment company Saratoga Group holds a majority 51.3% stake; the remaining 15.7% is owned by (MND)’s previous shareholders and creditors.

(MND) said it will adopt Tiger (TGR)’s (LCC) model and will use new A320s in its fleet. It will then re-brand its name to "Tiger Airways Indonesia." In a change to its previous role as a domestic Indonesian carrier, (MND) is looking to operate mostly on international routes, industry think tank (CAPA) reported on its website.

(MND) was founded in 1969 and owned by the Indonesian military until 2006 when private investors took over.

May 2012: Mandala Airlines (MND) now flies between Jakarta and Kuala Lumpur International Airport in Malaysia in partnership with Tiger Airways (TGR) of Singapore.

June 2012: Mandala Airlines (MND) is expanding its international network with flights to Bangkok (BKK), its third international destination after Singapore (SIN) and Kuala Lumpur.

(MND) is launching seven weekly flights between Jakarta and (BKK) from August 10.

According to (MND), the number of Indonesians traveling overseas has increased to 7 million in 2011 compared to 5.1 million year-over-year. As Indonesia is one of the largest economies in Southeast Asia with an annual growth rate of just over >6%, this rate of growth is “expected to continue in 2012,” according to (MND).

(MND), which was grounded in early 2011 due to its large debt, was cleared by Indonesian authorities to fly again in February after it completed a restructuring process, which included a cash injection by Singapore-based, Low Cost Carrier (LCC) company Tiger Airways (TGR) Holdings. It relaunched international service to (SIN) in April.

July 2012: Boeing (TBC) has signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) with Indonesian’s Ministry of Transportation to help establish advanced aviation training programs and practices that meet globally recognized standards. These will be used for training the country’s pilots (FC), maintenance technicians (MT), dispatchers and air traffic controllers (ATCO)s.

The (MOU) focuses on the development of an aviation training center and infrastructure, including the establishment of ab initio through to commercial jet pilot training programs in accordance with the (FAA) and European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) regulations.

It will also help align (ATCO) training programs to standards and equipment deployed throughout Indonesia, and to align airline maintenance training programs with global standards of courseware, curriculum and the education and training of instructors, management and staff.

The Boeing Pilot and Technician Outlook projects that Southeast Asia, including Indonesia, will require more than >47,000 new commercial airline pilots (FC) and more than >60,000 new maintenance technicians (MT) over the next 20 years to support economic and air travel growth and new airplane deliveries.

Indonesia is working hard to address a poor track record in commercial aviation safety, and in April this year, the European Commission (EC) said it “recognizes the efforts of [its] safety oversight authorities to reform the civil aviation system and notably to improve safety to guarantee that international safety standards are effectively and consistently applied.”

All Indonesian carriers were added to the European Union (EU)’s blacklist of unsafe airlines in 2007 and most remain on the list. However, national carrier Garuda Airways (GIA) was removed from the list in 2009 and a handful of other airlines (including Airfast Indonesia (PTF), Mandala Airlines (MND), Ekspres Transportasi Antarbenua, Indonesia AirAsia (AWW) and Batavia Air (BTV)) have now been given the all-clear.

August 2012: Mandala Airlines (MND), Tiger Airways (TGR)’s Indonesian partner, launched a new daily route to the Thai capital Bangkok (BKK) on 10 August. The flights from Indonesia’s capital Jakarta (CGK) are operated with the airline’s 180Y-seat A320s. This is (MND)’s third international route after Singapore and Kuala Lumpur. Competition comes from twice-daily flights on Garuda Indonesia (GIA) and each daily flights on Indonesia AirAsia (ASR) and Thai (TII), making Mandala Airlines (MND) the second low-cost airline on the route.

January 2013: Mandala Airlines (MND) launches daily service from Surabaya to Jakarta in competition with 359 weekly frequencies from other carriers and gets the prize for bravery.

Mandala Airlines (MND), the Indonesian low-cost carrier (LCC), which resumed its services last April, continues its expansion in the country’s second-largest city, Surabaya (SUB) with three new routes, in addition to the Denpasar flights launched earlier in December. This month (MND) commenced services to Jakarta (CGK), Kuala Lumpur (KUL) and Singapore (SIN) and now offers seven weekly frequencies on each route facing substantial competition from numerous airlines already operating in those markets.

(MND) now flies to Jakarta, Medan, and Singapore from Pekanbaru, and to Jakarta, Kuala Lumpur and Singapore from Surabaya.

Tiger Airways (TGR) on February 1 will implement "Tigerconnect' in collaboration with Singapore’s Changi Airport Group (CAG). This system allows passengers to transfer through Changi Airport without the need for a travel visa to enter Singapore, immigration clearance, or to retrieve and recheck-in bags for onward flights.

Tigerconnect is hosted on the Changi Connects platform that was launched by (CAG) in November. It will be available to passengers connecting through Singapore on (TGR), partner airlines: Mandala (MND) and SEAir (SRQ), and on joint itineraries offered with Scoot (SCT).

Changi Airport has seen a strong increase in transfer traffic over the past year, with a +21% year-over-year increase in the 12 months ending November 2012. Tiger (TGR) has also seen growing demand for connecting flights across its network, with more than >120,000 passengers transiting Changi Airport in 2012.

February 2013: Mandala Airlines (MND) is looking at adopting the Tiger Airways (TGR) brand name for its operations in Indonesia. (MND) is working towards rebranding itself as "TigerMandala," says its President Director, Paul Rombeek. "We'll like Tiger Indonesia to be more consistent as a group, but the Mandala name has to stay, so that's where we are," he adds.

Tiger Airways (TGR) bought a 33% stake in Mandala (MND) after a financial restructuring in (MND). (MND) then restarted operations last April, after emerging from bankruptcy. It operates a fleet of seven A320s and plans to grow this to up to 25 airplanes by 2015.

Philippine carrier Seair (SRQ), in which (TGR) holds a 40% stake, has meanwhile applied to the country's Exchange Securities Commission to "do business under the name and style of Tiger [Airways]".

It is understood that both carriers want to take on the Tiger name so as to capitalize on the brand name in the region. (TGR) said in January that its focus is on bringing its Indonesian and Philippine affiliates back to profitability as the longer-term potential of both markets is promising.

April 2013: Indonesia’s Mandala Airlines (MND) is planning to buy 18 A320 airplanes, according to several Jakarta media reports quoting major shareholder PT Saratoga Investama Sedaya. The firm’s (CEO), Sandiaga Uno was quoted by "Reuters" as saying the airplane order is part of (MND)’s effort to capture the growing middle class travel in Southeast Asia. The order, valued at $1.6 billion at list prices, would be delivered by the end of 2014, he said.

Mandala Airlines (MND), which was grounded in early 2011 due to its large debt, was cleared by Indonesian authorities to fly again after it completed a restructuring process, which included a cash injection by Tiger Airways (TGR) Holdings. It relaunched international service in April 2012.

May 2013: Mandala Airlines (MND) launched services on the sixth domestic route it offers from Jakarta (CGK) on May 16th, and now offers daily services on the 450 km route to Yogyakarta (JOG), the capital of the special region of the same name in Java. Competition to (MND)’s A320-operated schedule comes from Garuda Indonesia (GIA), Lion Air (MLI) (70 weekly flights each), Batik Air (BTK) (recently o launched), Indonesia AirAsia (AWR) (thrice-daily services each), and Sriwijaya Air (SJA)’s twice-daily flights.

Competition in the Indonesia - Singapore market will intensify in the 3rd quarter 2013 with Singapore Airlines (SIA) adding capacity while its regional subsidiary, SilkAir (SLK) and low-cost carrier (LCC) affiliate Tiger Airways (TGR) each launch services to two new Indonesian destinations. Garuda Indonesia (GIA), (TGR) affiliate Mandala Airlines (MND) and Jetstar Asia (JSA) are all planning to follow (SIA), SilkAir (SLK) and (TGR) in adding capacity in the dynamic Indonesia - Singapore market.

The surge in capacity is in part made possible by a newly expanded bilateral agreement between the two countries. Slot constraints, however, threaten to impede growth for some carriers operating in the market and make it difficult to use newly awarded traffic rights. For example, Indonesia AirAsia (AWR) has already been set back by slot constraints at Changi Airport in attempts to launch three new routes to Singapore.

July 2013: Tiger Airways Holdings slipped back into the red for the quarter ending June 30 2013 (1st Quarter, Fiscal Year FY2014) as its affiliates in Australia, Indonesia and the Philippines were again unprofitable. The group is confident its new partnership with Virgin Australia (VOZ) will soon lead to profits at Tigerair Australia (TAU) and there will also be improvements at Tigerair Mandala (MND) and Tigerair Philippines (SRQ), but challenges remain at all three low cost carriers (LCC)s.

Meanwhile, the group faces potential over-capacity in its home market as Tigerair Singapore (TGR) accelerates expansion. (TGR) is adding five airplanes over the next nine months for a total of 26 A320s, marking the biggest expansion in two years, when over-capacity led to losses.

There are bigger potential opportunities for growth in Indonesia, but Tigerair Mandala (MND) has not yet become profitable. The outlook for Tigerair Philippines (SRQ), which has been stuck at only five A320s for the last year, is bleaker.

tigerair Mandala (MND), formerly known as Mandala Airlines, commenced operations on the 3,200 km route from Jakarta (CGK) to Hong Kong (HKG) on July 24, making it its fourth international destination from the Indonesian capital. Five weekly flights are initially offered on the new route and operated using A320s in competition with Cathay Pacific (CAT) (25 weekly frequencies), China Airlines (CHI) (24), and Garuda Indonesia (GIA) (14). From August 2, (MND) will increase the frequencies to daily.

2 A320-232s (5662, PK-RMV; 5697, PK-TRK), ex-(F-WWDO & F-WWBN), leased to TigerAir Mandala (MND)

October 2013: Tigerair Mandala (MND) has added a new Indonesian domestic route to its growing network. From October 1st (MND) is operating daily flights between Yogyakarta (JOG), Java and Palembang (PLM), Sumatra, a sector length of some 830 km. No other carrier operates on this city-pair. SEE ATTACHED - - "MND-2013-10 - JOG TO PLM."

(MND)’s fleet of A320s has now reached nine.

December 2013: Tigerair Mandala (MND) has added two more routes to Hong Kong (HKG). It already serves the airport from Jakarta but on December 15th, it began daily flights from Denpasar (DPS) in Indonesia, followed the next day by daily flights from Surabaya (SUB). The 3,440 km route from Denpasar is already served by Hong Kong Airlines (CRY) (17 weekly flights), Cathay Pacific Airways (CAT), and Garuda Indonesia (GIA) (both with daily flights), while Cathay Pacific (CAT) also serves the 3,270 km Surabaya route with daily flights. Tigerair Mandala (MND) will operate both routes with its fleet of A320s, which currently number 10, with a further 25 on order, according to Airbus (EDS) data.

February 2014: Tigerair Mandala ((IATA) Code: RI, based at Jakarta Soekarno-Hatta) (MND) and Indonesia AirAsia ((IATA) Code: QZ, based at Jakarta Soekarno-Hatta) (AWR) are cutting back on some of their flights because of soaring fuel costs. Airline Route says that over the next two months, the following Tigerair Mandala (MND) services will be dropped including: Surabaya to Hong Kong Chep Lap Kok, Kuala Lumpur International, Bangkok Suvarnabhumi, Singapore Changi; out of Jakarta Soekarno-Hatta to: Kuala Lumpur, Yogyakarta, Surabaya, Hong Kong; out of Medan Kuala Namu: Singapore Changi; and out of Pekanbaru to: Singapore. Tigerair Mandala (MND) will completely pull out of Medan and Surabaya as part of the cuts. Flights from Jakarta to Pekanbaru and Singapore will see their services reduced, respectively. Similarly, Indonesia AirAsia (AWR) began winding down its Jakarta to Makassar route on February 1, the airline's Chief Operating Officer (COO), Ridzki Kramadibrata said. Carriers in Indonesia have been hurt by recent hikes in aviation fuel prices as well as the Indonesian Rupiah's plummeting value.

TigerAir Mandala (MND) currently operates 10 airplanes and serves 5 countries, 11 destinations, 18 routes and 42 daily flights.

May 2014: Singapore-based low-cost carrier (LCC) Tigerair Group is replacing its (CEO) Koay Peng Yen with ex-Singapore Airlines (SIA) executive and Tigerair board member, Lee Lik Hsin after continuing heavy losses in fiscal year (FY) 2014.

The Tigerair Group (comprising Tigerair Singapore (TGR), Tigerair Mandala (MND) and Tigerair Australia (TAU)) posted a net loss of -S$223 million/-$177 million for the year ended March 31, 2014, widened from a net loss of -S$45 million/-$36 million for the same period in 2013.

The Group reported an operating loss of -S$52 million, reversed from an operating profit of +S$7.3 million year-over-year.

The flagship Tigerair Singapore (TGR) reported an operating loss of -S$59 million, reversed from a profit of +S$57 million in 2013.

Tigerair (TGR) pointed to overcapacity, increased competition and “turbulence in [various] markets that hampered fledgling carriers from establishing a decisive hold” as reasons for the poor results.

As part of an ongoing cost-cutting program, Tigerair (TGR) has sold 60% of its Australian operation to Virgin Australia (VOZ), sold Tigerair Philippines (SRQ) to Cebu Pacific (CEB) and has trimmed the network of Tigerair Mandala (MND) (Indonesia). The situation at its Indonesian affiliate (MND) is particularly challenging, prompting the group to look at divesting its investment in Tigerair Mandala (MND). The group is grounding five of (MND)’s nine A320s and three of the five airplanes are being returned from Tigerair Philippines (SRQ). The removal of the eight airplanes, along with the March 2014 cancellation of nine A320 orders which would have been delivered in (FY) 2015 and (FY) 2016 are two components of a turnaround initiative.

Indonesian (LCC) Citilink (CNK) has also reportedly been in talks with Tigerair Mandala (MND) over its possible sale to the Garuda Indonesia (GIA) subsidiary.

The company expects to launch Tigerair Taiwan with China Airlines (CHI) at the end of 2014.

June 2014: Indonesian low-cost carrier (LCC) Tigerair Mandala (MND) has given its customers two weeks’ notice to shut down operations, despite negotiations with AirAsia (ASW) for a last minute rescue deal.

(MND) saw a drop in passenger numbers of -31.5% in May and cut its Indonesian fleet to just four airplanes to stem losses. Due to diminishing prospects and no buyers, shareholders Tiger Airways (TGR) Holdings, the Saratoga Group, and (PT) Cardig International have closed.

Fleet:
(definitions)

Click below for photos:
MND-737
MND-737-4YO JUN07
MND-A320-232-AUG09
MND-A320-EI-DOZ OCT06

June 2014:

0 ORDER 727-232 (JT8D-15 HK) (1479-21585, /79 PK-RIY), NTU, WENT TO (IPB). 12C, 137Y.

0 727-232 (JT8D-15 HK) (1423-21583). RTRD. 12C, 137Y.

0 727-232 (JT8D-15 HK) (1602-22045), AVENTURE LSD 2004-05. NTU. 12C, 137Y.

0 727-232 (JT8D-15 HK) (1604-22046, /80), AVENTURA LSD 2004-05, RTND. 12C, 137Y.

0 727-232 (JT8D-15 HK) (1492-21587, /79 PK-RIZ) to (JAJ) 2004-06. 12C, 137Y.

0 737-2E7 (JT8D-17A) (922-22876, /82 PK-RII), EX-(ARK)/(AAV), 16C, 84Y.

0 737-2H6 (JT8D) (559-21732, PK-RIN), EX-(SWA), (INZ) LSD 2004-09. RTND.

0 737-2L9 (JT8D-17) (549-21685, /79 PK-RIF), EX-(MRS)/(UKA), (GUI) LSD 2000-11. RTND. 16C, 84Y.

0 737-2L9 (JT8D-17A) (825-22735, /81 PK-RIR), EX-(MRS), (GEH) LSD, RTND & LST AIRQUARIUS AVIATION. 16C, 84Y.

0 737-2P6 (JT8D-15) (497-21357, /77 PK-RIA), EX-(LAZ), (GEH) 5 YR LSD 2000-02, RTND. 16C, 84Y.

0 737-2S3 (JT8D-15) (646-22278, /80, PK-RIC), EX-(LAZ), (GEH) 5 YR LSD. RTND. 16C, 84Y.

0 737-2T4 (JT8D-17A) (906-22803, /83 PK-RID; 908-22804, /83 PK-RIE), EX-(HGA), (GEH) 3 YR LSD 2000-06, RTND. 16C, 84Y.

0 737-2T5 (JT8D-15) (730-22396, /81), EX-(BOM), (GUI) 7 YR
RTND, LST (RYR).

0 737-2V5 (JT8D-15A) (724-22531, /81 PK-RIK), EX-(BAH), (GEH) LSD. RTND. 16C, 84Y.

0 737-210 (JT8D-17) (578-21820, /79 PK-RIJ), EX-(WIE)/(ARK). RTND. 16C, 84Y.
01 737-230 (JT8D-15) (783-22136, /81 PK-RIM; 788-22137, /81 PK-RIL), EX-(DLH). 22136 DESTROYED & W/O - - SEE ACCDT - - SEPTEMBER 2005. RTND. 16C, 84Y.

0 737-232 (JT8D) (21585), AVENTURA LSD, WFU IN STORAGE 2005-02.

0 737-291 (JT8D-17A) (957-23023, /83 PK-RIQ), EX-(FRO), (GUI) LSD. RTND. 16C, 84Y.

3 ORDERS 737-300 (CFM56-3): CANCELLED.

0 737-4YO (CFM56-3C1) (1616-23868, /88 PK-RIH), EX-(BMA), (ALPS) LSD 2001-10. RTND. 12C, 138Y.

0 737-4YO (CFM56-3C1) (1661-23979, /89 PK-RIT), (GEF) LSD 2003-12. RTND. 12C, 138Y.

0 737-400 (CFM56-3), LSD 2002-08. RTND.

0 A300B4-203F (CF6-50E2) (019), (MHK) WET-LSD 2000-11. RTND.

0 A300C4-203F (292, TC-MNB), (MHK) WET-LSD 2001-12. RTND.

1 A319-132 (V2500) (3252, PK-RMD, 2007-09; 3317, PK-RMF, 2007-11), (TCI) LSD. 3252; RTND & LST (OLY) 2009-08.

2 A319-132 (V2500) (2784, N520NK; 2797, N521NK; 2797, PK-RMH; 2784, PK-RMI), EX-(SPR), (ILF) LSD 2008-09. 2797; 2784; RTND.

2 A320-212 (EI-DOZ), EX-(EIR) - SEE PHOTO, (AWW) LSD.

0 A320-212 (391, PK-RMC), RTND AERCO.

2 A320-232 (3264, PK-RME, 2007-10; 3330, PK-RMG, 2007-12), (DEA) LSD.

0 A320-232 (3524, PK-RML; 3543, PK-RMK), EX-(DCC), (KFH) LSD 2008-12. RTND.

2 A320-232 (5662, PK-RMV; 5697, PK-TRK), EX-(F-WWDO & F-WWBN), (TGR) LSD 2013-07.

5 L-188C ELECTRA.

1 F28-3000.

1 F28-4000.

2 VICKERS VISCOUNT (GROUNDED).

1 AN-8.

1 AN-12, F SVC TO BATAM 2001-07.

1 AN-26.

Management:
(definitions)

PAUL ROMBEEK, PRESIDENT DIRECTOR.

SANDIAGA UNO, CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER (CEO).

CAPTAIN H SUPRAPTO SUSANTO, FLIGHT OPERATIONS DIRECTOR (supraptosusanto@lycos.com).

CAPTAIN RUDI HENDRAWAN, CHIEF PILOT 737.

MR BASUKI, DIRECTOR OPERATIONS.

MS SUNARDI, FINANCE DIRECTOR.

NDAN KAMANDANU, COMMERCIAL DIRECTOR.

PUDJO TARSIPIN, GENERAL AFFAIRS DIRECTOR.

PURNOMO SUYUDI, DIRECTOR TECHNICAL (2000-05),
(purnomo_suyudi@mandalaairlines.com).

MR WIDODO, QUALITY ASSURANCE (QA) MANAGER (2000-05).

ABDUL MUFAKIR, ASSISTANT MANAGER MAINTENANCE (2000-05).

 
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