||MERPATI NUSANTARA AIRLINES
||Currently Not Operational
||+62-(21) 654 8888
||+62-(21) 654 0620
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ESTABLISHED AND STARTED OPERATIONS IN 1962. FULL NAME: MERPATI NUSANTARA AIRLINES. DOMESTIC, REGIONAL & INTERNATIONAL, SCHEDULED & CHARTER, PASSENGER & CARGO, JET AIRPLANE SERVICES.
JALAN ANGKASA BLOK B-15, KAV 2-3
JAKARTA 10720, INDONESIA
Indonesia (the Republic of Indonesia) was established in 1945, it covers an area of 1,904,569 sq km, its population is 210 million, its capital city is Jakarta, and its official language is Indonesian.
MARCH 1995: TO >130 DESTINATIONS, INCLUDING BATU BESUR, BALI, AND SURABAYA.
MAINTENANCE BASE IN SURUBAYA.
1 737-230 (JT8D-15), EX-LUFTHANSA (DLH).
JANUARY 1996: BUDIARTO SUBROTO, PRESIDENT, REPLACES RIDWAN FATARUDIN.
TO ADD SEVERAL 737-200'S & F28'S, IN NEAR FUTURE, IN ADDITION TO 16 CN-235'S.
APRIL 1996: NEW ROUTE TO THE UK.
AUGUST 1996: 1 A310-300, EX-KUWAIT AIRWAYS (KUW), 5 YEAR LEASED, & 2 A310-300'S EX-DELTA AIRLINES (DAL), LEASED FROM AIRBUS, FOR SERVICES TO AUSTRALIA. 1 A310-200 (PW4152), EX-CARIBJET (CBJ).
SEPTEMBER 1996: TO SEPARATE FROM GARUDA INDONESIA (GIA) BY THE END OF 1996.
FISCAL YEAR (FY) 1995 = -$40 MILLION (NET LOSS): NEED FOR URGENT RESTRUCTURING.
OCTOBER 1996: 10 B AE 146'S (-100 & -200), (NAN) WET-LEASED, TO REPLACE 15 F27'S, & 25 F28'S, ON REGIONAL ROUTES.
DECEMBER 1996: 1 A300C4-600 (344), EX-KUWAIT AIRWAYS KUW. 2 F28-4000'S (11139; 11140), 3 YEAR LEASED.
JANUARY 1997: 1996 = -$53.5 MILLION.
FEBRUARY 1997: 2 F28-4000 (SPEY 555-15P), EX-AIR OSTRAVA.
MARCH 1997: 1 A310-300 (PW4156), EX-CARIBJET.
APRIL 1997: ACCDT: B AE ATP (PK-MTX) CRASHED 6 KM SHORT OF RUNWAY, INTO COCONUT PLANTATION, NEAR BULUH TUMBANG AIRPORT, BELITUNG = 3 (FC)-(CA)/12 PASSENGER FATALITIES OF 4/49.
JUNE 1997: SUNARKO KUNTJORO, TECHNICAL DIRECTOR.
1 A310-300 (PW4152) (539), EX-CARIBJET, PARTNAIRS 5 YEAR LEASED.
AUGUST 1997: CODE SHARE WITH (EVA) AIR, PASSENGER & CARGO SERVICE, TO BALI (767-200, 212 PAX).
ACCDT: IPTN C-212 CRASHED ON POST-MAINTENANCE CHECK FLIGHT, ON SINGLE-ENGINE APPROACH TO AMBON = ALL 3 (FC) CREW FATALITIES.
OCTOBER 1997: PLANNED TO DROP 80 UNPROFITABLE DOMESTIC ROUTES, BUT GOVT DID NOT APPROVE.
APRIL 1998: 2,150 EMPLOYEES.
JULY 1998: CEASED OPERATIONS.
MOST JETS RETURNED TO LESSORS LEAVING MOSTLY TURBOPROPS. LEASED JETS RETURNED INCLUDED 3 737-200'S, 3 A310'S, AND 10 F28'S. LEAVES 3 737-200'S, 3 F 100'S, 8 F27'S, 8 F28-4000'S, 8 CN-236'S, 4 CASA-212'S, & 6 DH-6'S.
AUGUST 1998: 3 F 100'S (11512; 11517; 11527) TO TAM (TPR), BRAZIL.
SEPTEMBER 1998: THE GOVERNMENT OK'S +40% DOMESTIC FARES.
1 L-1011-385-1 (1043), ORIENT THAI (CAK) WET-LEASED.
OCTOBER 1998: COOPERATES MORE CLOSELY WITH GARUDA INDONESIA (GIA), AND MAY MERGE.
EXPANDS FROM BALI TO HONG KONG, SYDNEY AND OTHER INTERNATIONAL POINTS.
NOVEMBER 1998: THE GOVERNMENT DIRECTS MERPATI (PNM) TO MERGE WITH GARUDA INDONESIA (GIA).
FEBRUARY 1999: F28-4000 (11193) PARTED OUT.
MARCH 1999: GROUNDED LAST AUGUST, DUE TO REGIONAL ECONOMIC CRISIS, RESUMES OPERATIONS TO 7 CITIES, AND REGIONAL FLIGHTS TO KUALA LUMPUR, PENANG, JOHOR BARU, AND KAOHSIUNG (ROUTES WHICH WERE ABANDONED LAST YEAR BY GARUDA INDONESIA (GIA)).
RECALLED 1,500 EMPLOYEES.
CURRENTLY OPERATES 2 MD-90'S AND 4 F28'S. IN MAY 1999, WILL LEASE 2 A300'S FOR SERVICE TO TAIPEI, DARWIN, AND HONG KONG. TO START FLIGHTS TO SEOUL IN JUNE 1999. WILL RETURN TO FORMER STATUS WITHIN 12 MONTHS.
APRIL 1999: 2,150 EMPLOYEES.
MAY 1999: MUCHTARUDDIN SIREGAR, STATES MERPATI (PNM) IS TECHNICALLY BANKRUPT ($212 MILLION DEBTS). LOOKING FOR FOREIGN INVESTOR.
AUGUST 1999: RETURNED B AE ATP (2046), TO B AE.
OCTOBER 1999: 1999 OPERATIONAL INCOME PROJECTED = 900 BILLION RP (400 BILLION RP): 70% LF (LOAD FACTOR) (40% LF).
8 ORDERS A318/A319/A320'S, SUBJECT TO GOVERNMENT APPROVAL BY THE END OF 1999.
DECEMBER 1999: HAS GROUNDED 38 AIRPLANES, SINCE REGIONAL ECONOMIC CRISIS, WHICH STARTED IN MID-1997. DOES NOT HAVE FUNDS FOR ONGOING MAINTENANCE, OR EVEN THE RESOURCES, TO RECONDITION THEM FOR SALE OR LEASE. GOVERNMENT REJECTED APPLICATION, FOR $200 MILLION LOAN TO OVERHAUL AND SELL AIRPLANES. MERPATI (PNM)'S ROUTES HAVE BEEN REDUCED FROM 221 TO 144. THE GOVERNMENT FAILS TO SUPPORT (PNM) AS A BACK-UP AIRLINE TO GARUDA (GIA). HOWEVER, THE GOVERNMENT JUST OK'D 2 NEW AIRLINES: INDONESIAN AIRLINES (IPB), OPERATING 737'S, AND MENTARI AIRLINES.
(PNM) PLANS TO TEMPORARILY GROUND 30% OF 700 FLIGHT ATTENDANTS (CA). IT IS NOT PREPARED TO WRITE OFF ITS GROUNDED AIRPLANES, WHICH ARE IN A DILAPIDATED STATE. STILL PLANS FOR +8 ORDERS (DECEMBER 2000) A320'S.
JANUARY 2000: BENI HERDIAT, ENGINEERING MANAGER.
MARCH 2000: RESUMES DENPASAR - DILI (2/WEEK).
1999 = +$23.9 MILLION (NET PROFIT).
DECEMBER 2000: TO ADD 129 NEW FLIGHTS INCLUDING SERVICES TO PONTIANAK, PANGKALPINANG, TANJUNGPANDAN, KUALA LUMPUR, DENPASAR, AND MAKASSAR, AS WELL AS BETWEEN BANDUNG - DENPASAR, AND MAKASSAR - SURABAYA.
FEBRUARY 2001: ADDS SURABAYA TO ITS JAKARTA TO KUALA LUMPUR SERVICE.
1 737-2T4 (22368, PK-MBF), EX-LAPA (LAZ), GECAS (GUI) LEASED.
MARCH 2001: ACCDT: (PNM) F27-500F CRASHED INTO SHRIMP PONDS AT JUANDA, NEAR SURABAYA, ON TRAINING FLIGHT = ALL 3 (FC) FATALITIES.
1 737-2T4 (22369, PK-MBG), (GEF) LEASED.
MAY 2001: LOMBOK - SURABAYA - KUALA LUMPUR (737-200, 6/WEEK). TO SEMARANG.
1 737-2S3 (22279), & 1 737-2U4 (22576), EX-AIR SAHARA (SAQ), (CLJ) 5 YEAR LEASED. ATP (2047) RETURNED.
JUNE 2001: TO PRIVATIZE BY 2004, INCLUDING A STRATEGIC FOREIGN PARTNER AMONG ITS INVESTORS.
JULY 2001: 4,800 EMPLOYEES.
SEPTEMBER 2001: URIP KUSMONO, MANAGER ENGINEERING, REPLACES BENI HERDIAT.
DECEMBER 2001: TARAKAN - KOTA KINABALU.
MARCH 2002: (email@example.com).
April 2002: Owners/Shareholders: Government (90.5%); Garuda Indonesia (GIA) (9.5%).
Alliances: (GIA); Pelita Air Service; Silkair (SLK).
September 2002: Manado - Davao (weekly).
4 orders 737-4YO's.
November 2002: 1 737-4YO (24689, PK-MBK), Futura (FUA) wet-leased.
December 2002: 3 737-4YO's (24467; 24513), GECAS (GEF) leased.
March 2003: Padang - Malaka (3/week). Jakarta - Pekanbaru - Singapore. Jakarta (HLP) - Cilacap.
June 2003: 2,150 employees.
Wahyu Hidayat, CEO.
July 2003: Jambi - Singapore (2/week).
October 2003: F28-4000 (11116), GECAS (GEF) leased.
February 2004: Plans to be privatized this year.
DHC-6-300 (551, PK-NVA), bought from MacAir.
March 2004: Resumes Padang - Malaka (2/week).
10 orders ATR42-320, ex-Continental (CAL) Express, from Bank of America. Also plans to order 10 737's and 2 Twin Otters.
May 2004: 2 F28-4000's sold to Biman Bangladesh (BNG).
June 2004: 2 737-377's (24304; 24305), ex-Biman Bangladesh (BNG), leased from Singapore Technology Aerospace and 2 737-200's from Asia Fortis Aerospace, both on 2 year contracts.
August 2004: Denpasar (Bali) - Surabaya - Makassar (daily).
2 737-217's (22260, PK-MBQ; 22341, PK-MBR), Triton (TIA) leased.
October 2004: 2,150 employees.
F28-4000 (11201, PK-GKQ) bought from Garuda (GIA).
November 2004: (firstname.lastname@example.org).
December 2004: Needs a capital injection of IRP 400 million/$44.44 million by the end of January 2005 to avoid being grounded.
March 2005: F 100 (11463) returned to service.
June 2005: Merpati Nusantara (PNM) is a major domestic airline operating scheduled services to more than 25 destinations, on 270 flights/week. The airline also operates scheduled international services to East Timor, Malaysia and Singapore.
4,191 employees (including 558 Flight Crew (FC); 352 Cabin Attendants (CA); & 1,163 Maintenance Technicians (MT)).
(IATA) Code: MZ - 621. (ICAO) Code: MNA (Callsign - MERPATI).
Parent organization/shareholders: Indonesian government (93.2%); & Garuda Indonesia (GIA) (6.8%).
Owns: Sabang Merauke Raya Air Charter (100%).
Alliances: Airnorth; Kuwait Airways (KUW); SilkAir (SLK); Thai Airways (TII); & Yemenia (YEM).
Main Base: Jakarta Soekarno Hatta International airport (CGK).
Domestic, Scheduled Destinations: Bali/Denpasar; Balikpapan; Bandar Lampung; Bandung; Banjarmasin; Batam; Bengkulu; Biak; Bima; Jakarta; Jayapura; Kendari; Kupang; Manado; Manokwari; Mataram; Maumere; Medan; Merauke; Padang; Palangkaraya; Palembang; Palu; Pekanbaru; Pontianak; Semarang; Sorong; Surabaya (SUB); Tembagapura; Ternate; Ujung Pandang; Waingapu; & Yogyakarta.
International, Scheduled Destinations: Dili; Kuala Lumpur; & Singapore.
August 2005: Since Garuda Indonesia (GIA) has debts of $830 million and lost -$85 million in 2004, the government has agreed to a bail out if (GIA) merges with Merpati (PNM).
October 2005: Indonesian government banned the operation of 737-200s owing to "safety concerns" in the wake of last month's Mandala Airlines (MND) crash. At the same time, the government banned all airplanes more than 35 years old and/or with more than 70,000 cycles. The crash was the eighth involving (MND) since 1975 and there have been 74 crashes involving transport airplanes in Indonesia since 1990.
January 2006: Merpati Nusantara Airlines (PNM) soon will reopen 40 domestic routes shuttered two years ago in a cost-cutting move, The Jakarta Post reported. The airline said it received IDR75 billion/$7.9 million from the government for service upgrades and fleet repair and renewal.
June 2006: Merpati Nusantara (PNM) placed an order for 15 Xian MA60s, a 60 seat Chinese built airplane. The first airplane is scheduled to be delivered in November 2006 and all are to be received by the end of 2007. The MA60s are to replace (PNM)'s fleet of Casa CN-235s and Fokker F27s.
March 2007: The Indonesian government announced a ban on commercial airplanes older than 10 years following several mishaps and accidents, the worst of which was the January 2007 crash of a 17-year-old Adam Air (DHI) 737-400 that killed 102. According to the "Associated Press," Transport Minister, Hatta Rajasa insisted the regulation would not require parliamentary approval, but did not indicate when it would go into effect. The current age limit is 20 years. Adam Air (DHI) announced last month, that it intended to lease six A320s and build up a fleet of 30 of the type "over the next five years," replacing the 737s it now operates. New airplanes will be both leased and purchased.
April 2007: The USA (FAA) announced that Indonesia "does not comply with international safety standards set by (ICAO)" and lowered the country's safety rating to Category 2, ruling that it is "no longer overseeing the safety of its airlines in accordance with international standards." The USA State Dept issued its own statement saying that last month's safety assessment conducted by the Indonesian Directorate General of Civil Aviation did not include "detailed methodology supporting the ratings" and that "Americans traveling to and from Indonesia should fly directly to their destinations on international carriers from countries whose civil aviation authorities meet international aviation safety standards."
July 2007: Indonesia and (ICAO) signed a "groundbreaking declaration" in Bali under which Indonesia committed to wide-ranging initiatives to improve the safety of its civil aviation system. The deal comes after the European Union (EU) banned all Indonesian airlines from flying into its airspace. Indonesia will restructure the Directorate General of Civil Aviation, enact the required legal framework for it effectively to meet international safety obligations, ensure the required human and financial resources and correct deficiencies identified by (ICAO)'s Universal Safety Oversight Audit Program and other internal or external audits. (ICAO) said, "Indonesia will also implement a proactive and systemic management of safety to comply, in a verifiable manner, with national requirements and (ICAO) international safety standards and industry best practices. This includes a commitment by government authorities and the local air transport industry to foster transparency and the sharing of safety-related data to support the safety management process, under guidelines established by (ICAO)."
August 2007: 2 737-3ZOs (23449, N192AT; 23450, N193AT), ex-ATA Airlines (AAT). 2 737-301s (23932, PK-MDH; 23931, PK-MDJ), ex-US Airways (AMW)/(USA), ex-(N587US; N586US).
November 2007: The European Commission (EC) issued the sixth update of its airline blacklist, removing Suriname's Blue Wing Airlines and lifting the operating restrictions imposed on Pakistan International Airlines (PIA). Both carriers, however, will remain subject to prioritized ramp inspections at Community airports in order to ensure their "consistent adherence" to relevant safety standards. "This latest revision shows that when airlines take rapid and sound corrective action to comply with safety standards, they can be withdrawn from the list quickly," (EC) VP Transport, Jacques Barrot noted. "It also shows that the list increasingly serves as a preemptive, rather than punitive tool for safeguarding aviation safety." He added that relevant oversight authorities verified measures taken by (PIA) and Blue Wing Airlines and "that these measures provide for long-lasting sustainable solutions to avoid the same problems recurring in the future."
The blacklist now comprises eight individual carriers including TAAG Angola Airlines (ANG), Mahan Air (MHN), and Ukrainian Mediterranean Airlines (UM Air - (UKM)), whose operations are fully banned in the (EU). Also banned are all airlines from Equatorial Guinea (ECV), Indonesia: (AWR); (BLN); (BTV); (DHI); (FES); (GIA); (KTK); (LKW); (MLI); (MND); (NOK); (PNM); (PTF); (REX); (SJA); (TGN); (TMG); (WON); (XPR); Kyrgyzstan: (ITL); (KYR); (PHG); (PHX); (STZ); Liberia: (LBG); Sierra Leone: (ORG); (RUM); (UVL); Swaziland: (AFC); and Democratic Republic of Congo: (TCS); (WDA); & (WET) with the exception of Hewa Bora Airways (EXD), which is subject to operating restrictions). Operational restrictions were placed on Air Bangladesh (BGD) and Air Service Comores (COM).
737-3Q8 (24300, PK-MDQ), delivery.
July 2008: The eighth edition of the European Commission (EC)'s blacklist of banned airlines does not include Iran's Mahan Airlines (MHN), thanks to "significant efforts and progress accomplished by this carrier, which were verified during an on-site inspection," but continues to include Indonesian airlines, including Garuda Indonesia (GIA). "The Commission (EC) decided that the Indonesian authorities have still not developed and implemented an efficient oversight program on any of the carriers under their regulatory control," it said. Ukraine Cargo Airways remains banned as well, and Yemenia Airways (YEM) was told it "should complete its corrective actions plan" by the Air Safety Committee's next meeting. All airlines from Equatorial Guinea, Indonesia, Kyrgyzstan, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Swaziland, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo are banned, while Gabon Airlines and Afrijet (FRJ) from Gabon are allowed to maintain operations at their current level.
August 2008: Indonesia's economy grew +6% (year/year) in the second quarter (Q2).
November 2008: The European Commission (EC) added some other airlines to its list of airlines banned from flying into the European Union (EU). Regarding the Philippines, the (EC) said it "intends to carry out with member states a safety assessment of the Philippine civil aviation authorities in early 2009."
April 2009: Indonesia's Ministry of Transportation said all airlines based in the country will be required to operate at least 10 airplanes (each) by 2012, at least five of which must be owned. "If not, they will have to shut down or merge with other airlines to meet the quota," a ministry spokesperson told reporters. The rule change (currently Indonesian carriers only have to own two airplanes) is driven by safety concerns. "We want airlines to be financially sound and committed to giving the best in terms of service and safety," the spokesperson said, according to "Agence France Presse."
June 2009: BAE Systems Asset Management arranged the placement of a BAe 146-200QT freighter with PT Nusantara Air Charter of Indonesia. The airplane was owned by Erik Thun and previously was managed by European Turboprop Management of Sweden.
July 2009: Iran's Mahan Air (MHN) was added to the (EU)'s list of banned airlines, while Garuda Indonesia (GIA), Airfast Indonesia (PTF), Mandala Airlines (MND) and Premiair were removed from the "blacklist." The latest update did not include Yemenia Yemen Airways (YEM), despite recent controversy following the June 29 A310-300 crash that killed 152 passengers and crew. All airlines from Zambia and Kazakhstan were added to the list with the exception of Air Astana (AKZ), which will be allowed limited access to (EU) nations.
TAAG Angola Airlines (ANG), already on the list of more than >200 carriers, will be allowed to operate "into Portugal only with certain airplanes and under very strict conditions," the European Commission (EC) said, adding that the limited access was granted to acknowledge "progress made by the civil aviation authority of Angola [and TAAG (ANG)] to resolve progressively any safety deficiencies." All other Angolan airlines remain banned. All Indonesian carriers remain banned apart from the aforementioned four. Complete bans are in place on airlines from Benin, Democratic Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Kyrgyzstan, Liberia, Sierra Leone and Swaziland.
European Commission VP Transport, Antonio Tajani has called for a global blacklist, a suggestion that has been rejected by (ICAO) for now. "We will not accept that airlines fly at different standards when they operate inside and outside Europe," he said, renewing his call. "It is high time that the international community rethinks its safety policy; those airlines which are unsafe should not be allowed to fly anywhere."
August 2009: ACCDT: A Merpati Nusantara Airlines Twin Otter DHC-8-300 carrying 16 passengers and three crew (FC) remained missing after failing to arrive at Oksibil on a scheduled 50-minutes flight originating Sunday morning in Javapura. The airplane first flew in 1979, according to the "Aviation Safety Network."
All sixteen passengers and three crew (FC) - (CA) on the (PNM) Twin Otter that crashed Sunday in eastern Indonesia were confirmed dead. (PNM) President Director, Bambang Bhakti confirmed the loss, according to press reports, some of which claimed there were 15 on board. The crash site was on the slope of Bintang Mountain at 9,300 ft.
March 2010: Maintenance on Shaheen (SHK) 737-236 (AP-BIU).
April 2010: ACCDT: A Merpati Nusantara Airlines (PNM) 737-300 (CFM56-3) (24660, PK-MDE) crashed April 13 overshooting the runway, while attempting to land at Rendani in Manokwari in the remote Indonesian province of West Papua. The accident occurred at approximately 9:36 am local time, according to the Aviation Safety Network (ASN). The runway was described as being wet owing to drizzle. There were no fatalities but the number of injured was put at between 20 and 78 by various press reports. The flight, carrying 109 passengers and crew, originated in Sorong, also in West Papua. The airplane skidded on landing and ran off the end of the runway before crashing into a creek. The (ASN) said the 737 hit a bridge, causing the fuselage to break in two.
Merpati is a government-owned airline that has had 37 major crashes since 1971, including 21 that involved fatalities. Last August, a Merpati DHC-6-300 Twin Otter disappeared in Papua and its wreckage was found two days later; all 16 passengers and three crew (FC) - (CA) were killed. The domestic airline is on the European Union (EU) blacklist. It operates 14 airplanes to 25 destinations.
May 2011: ACCDT: A Merpati Nusantara Airlines (PNM) Xian MA60 crashed near Kaimana Airport (KNG) in Indonesia, killing all 21 passengers and six crew ((FC) - (CA)) aboard.
Flight 8968 was en route from Sorong and was cleared for an approach to (KNG)'s lone runway. According to Flight Safety Foundation's Aviation Safety Network (ASN), the airplane crashed into the sea about 600 m short of the runway. Citing the Indonesian Ministry of Transportation, (ASN) reported that the "weather at the time of the approach was poor with heavy rain and strong winds."
The MA60, powered by (PW127J) engines, was built in 2008 but stored in Xian until delivery to Merpati (PNM) in December. The airplane had operated just 615 hours and 764 cycles, according to (ASN). The MA60's flight data and cockpit voice recorders have been recovered.
(PNM) is a government-owned airline that has had 38 major crashes since 1971, including 22 that involved fatalities. This accident was its third crash in as many years. In 2010, a 737-300 skidded on landing at Rendani and ran off the runway, ending up in a creek; there were no fatalities but the airplane was destroyed. In 2009, a Merpati Twin Otter disappeared in Papua and its wreckage was found two days later; all 16 passengers and crew aboard were killed.
September 2011: Merpati Nusantara Airlines (PNM) will launch daily. Bandarlampung - Bandung service on October 16.
February 2012: Indonesia's state-run airlines firm PT Merpati Nusantara Airlines (PNM) is planning to expand its fleet up to 75 planes by 2017 by purchasing jet planes from China, the ARJ 21-700, an airlines senior official said.
The signing of purchase contract Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) on 40 ARJ 21-700 planes was conducted in the opening day of the Singapore Air Show on February 14, witnessed by Indonesian state-owned Enterprises Minister, Dahlan Iskan, (PNM) President Director, Sarjono Djony Tjitrokusumo said.
He said that the plane that accommodates 100 passengers was acquired at $30 million each, produced by (AVIC) International Holding Corporation/Commercial Aircraft Corporation (CCC) of China.
"Delivery of the planes is scheduled to commence in 2014 until 2017. Ten are expected to get delivered each year starting from 2014," Sarjono said. (PNM) now operates 35 planes from various types in its fleet that mostly serving in eastern Indonesia region.
The purchase on the ARJ 21-700 planes was expected to improve relationship between Indonesia and China particularly in aviation industry and to develop (PNM)'s reliable, safe and economical transportation network, he said. According to Sarjono, the purchase contract would constitute Indonesian aviation industry, PT Dirgantara Indonesia (PTDI), in the plane's production process. (PTDI)'s involvement was related to a clause in the contract to fit local components in the plane' s production.
Sarjono said that (PNM) had already pocketed commitments from Chinese financiers regarding its purchase plan on ARJ 21-700 planes.
(PNM) has 35 airplanes in its fleet, comprising 11 737s, five DHC-6s, two CASA212s, three Fokker F 100s and 14 MA60s, with services mostly in eastern Indonesia.
May 2012: Indonesia's State-Owned Enterprises Ministry has replaced Merpati Nusantara Airlines (PNM) President Director, Jhony Sardjono Tjitrokusumo, citing his inability to improve the company’s performance, according to the "Jakarta Post" newspaper. In addition, the newspaper reports a number of senior employees of the ailing state-owned airline have also resigned.
Rudy Setyopurnomo has been named as acting President Director.
The ministry’s deputy for logistics and infrastructure Sumaryanto Widayatin told the newspaper the airline has suffered losses up to IDR251 billion ($27.3 million) since January.
The ministry’s decision to fire Sardjono has evoked strong protests from the airline’s pilots, who have threatened to strike.
In February, MZ signed a memorandum of understanding for 40 Commercial Aircraft Corporation of China (COMAC) ARJ21-700s, a 100-seat regional airplane.
Merpati (PNM) plans to add up to eight additional 737s later this year. It will first expand its presence at Balikpapan Sepinggan airport (BPN) and then plans to add other new routes, especially in the East of Indonesia.
July 2012: Merpati (PNM) has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with Indonesian airplane manufacturer, Dirgantara Indonesia for up to 20 C212-400 turboprops seating 26 passengers. (PNM) plans to mainly use the airplanes on regional routes to remote regions of Indonesia with the first airplane expected to be delivered later this year.
September 2012: Merpati (PNM) has reached a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with Hong Kong based, China Aircraft Leasing (CHD) to lease a total of 60 A320-200s, ERJ-145s and EMB-190s with deliveries scheduled over the next five years. According to Merpati (PNM)'s Executive VP Commercial, Sutan Banuara, (PNM) plans to reach a market share of 20% of the Indonesian domestic market by 2017.
June 2013: ACCDT: A Merpati Nusantara Airlines (PNM) MA60 turboprop made a hard landing at El Tari airport in Kupang, Indonesia, on Monday May 10, seriously damaging the airplane and injuring some passengers.
According to "Channel NewsAsia," officials said there were 52 people on board, including crew. Between two and eight people were said to have sustained minor injuries according to different local reports.
Merpati operates 14 Chinese-made Xian Aircraft Industrial Corporation MA60s.
A Merpati MA60 crashed in 2011 near Kaimana Airport in Indonesia, killing all 21 passengers and six crew aboard.
December 2013: Merpati ((IATA) Code: MZ, based at Jakarta Soekarno-Hatta) (PNM) flight MZ6516 operated by a MA-60 turboprop from Kupang to Bajawa was barred from landing at Bajawa Turelelo-Soa Airport on Saturday, December 21, 2013 after a local bureaucrat became enraged when told the outbound flight was full. “I had a meeting with the Ngada District Council [DPRD] to discuss development in Ngada, including airport facilities enjoyed by Merpati (PNM),” Marianus Sae, the district head of Ngada, East Nusa Tenggara, said. “As district head, I forbid Merpati (PNM) from landing at Turolelo Soa airport because as a state-owned company, Merpati (PNM) did not support development in our region.” Mr Sae then ordered public order agency [Satpol PP] officials to block Merpati (PNM) from using the airport. However, the incident has now landed Mr Sae in hot water with the police, who have now sought permission from the province's governor to bring him in for questioning. The alleged action "clearly violated the law" and was punishable by up to three years in prison, provincial police chief, Ketut Yoga Ana told the "Jakarta Post." Home Affairs Minister, Gamawan Fauzi waded into the melee stating Sae had endangered the lives of the people on board.
Currently, Merpati (PNM) has 23 airplanes, serves 2 countries, 38 destinations, 61 routes and 97 daily flights.
April 2015: Another Indonesian carrier (state-owned regional, Merpati (PNM)) is set to be erased from the record books following one of the worst years ever for the country's airline sector.
(PNM), which filed for bankruptcy in December last year, will be written off by the Indonesian government with outstanding debts of some -IDR1.5trillion/-$115million. Although its initial debt filing listed some -$500 million of debt, this has been reduced since it stopped flying operations in February last year.
Since then the Indonesian Ministry of Finance, which owns a 94% stake, has settled various airport charge debts and eight months back pay for 1,400 employees including pilots (FC), maintenance technicians (MT), and cabin crew (CA).
At the time Indonesian Minister for State-Owned Enterprises, Dahlan Iskan, said (PNM) would need almost $17 million just to resume operations. “The damage would be far greater if it were to continue,” he added.
Despite news of a relaunched Merpati (PNM) in April (the second attempted relaunch since mid last year) and an outstanding order for 40 ARJ-21 airplanes, it seems (PNM)’s debts and ongoing low viability have closed the final door. The Ministry is reportedly “out of funds” to pursue any further rescue attempts.
Last year saw a swathe of red ink hit Indonesian carriers, with Tigerair Mandala ceasing business in June 2014 following a loss of -$178 million up to March that year, and filing for bankruptcy in February this year.
State flag carrier, Garuda (GIA) recorded a massive -$234 million loss in 2014, its regional low-cost carrier (LCC) offshoot, Citilink (CNK) lost -$18 million, and (LCC) Indonesia AirAsia (AWR) made a -$56 million loss.
Although the largest Indonesian (LCC), privately owned Lion Air (MLI), was estimated to have made a profit in 2013, it has since delayed deliveries of outstanding Airbus A320, Boeing 737 and ATR72 airplanes. It also saw thousands of passengers stranded at Jakarta's Soekarno-Hatta Airport due to airplane non-availability over this year’s Chinese New Year festival.
December 2015: "Foreign Investors ‘Interested’ in Buying Merpati (PNM)" by (ATW) Jeremy Torr, December 3, 2015.
The Indonesian government has received inquiries from two foreign-owned airlines for the remaining assets of failed government-sponsored regional carrier, Merpati Nusantara Airlines (PNM).
Indonesia’s Minister of State Owned Enterprises, Rini Soemarno, said the possibility of a sale was still in the cards, but would have to be made “without burdening state finances.” (PNM) is 93.8% owned by the Indonesian government, with the remainder owned by flag carrier Garuda Indonesia (GIA).
Merpati (PNM), which ceased flying in February 2014, had suffered five years of negative cash-flow problems, partly from its remit to connect under-served and low-traffic destinations across remote regions in Indonesia.
Its operations had also been severely impacted by ongoing airworthiness problems with its 15 Chinese MA60 turboprop aircraft bought in 2008.
(PNM) is estimated to have debts of IDR1.5 trillion/$115 million, and nearly 1,500 unpaid employees on its books after two years of non-operation.
Its biggest debts are for outstanding airport and fuel accounts, totaling just under <$430 million.
The new offers are reported to have been made on condition of taking the airline into private ownership, “entirely to the private sector and no longer the responsibility of the state,” according to a spokesperson.
The precedent for this type of deal was set in 2001, when a Malaysian government subsidiary sold a near-bankrupt AirAsia (ASW) to Tony Fernandes for 50 cents.
Note: MERPATI NUSANTARA AIRLINES (PNM) is listed on the latest (EU) blacklist released 03.04.2012 of airlines whose operations are subject to a ban within the (EU)*. *Airlines listed in Annex A could be permitted to exercise traffic rights by using wet-leased airplanes of an air carrier which is not subject to an operating ban, provided that the relevant safety standards are complied with.
Click below for photos:
PNM-ARJ21-700 - 2012-02
PNM-F 100 PK-MJD
1 707-320C (JT3D-3B) (WET-LST MERPATI AIR CARGO).
0 ORDER 727-232 (JT8D-15 HK) (1298-21310, /77 PK-MBV), NTU, WENT TO (IPB). AVENTURA LSD 2003-09. 12C, 137Y.
1 727-232 (JT8D-15 HK) (1270-21306, /77 PK-MBW), AVENTURA LSD 2003-10. 12C, 147Y.
0 737-2Q8 (JT8D-17) (522-21518, /78 PK-BYD), BAYU LSD 2002. RTND. 20C, 76Y.
1 737-2S3 (JT8D-15) (650-22279, /80 PK-MBH), EX-(SAQ), (CLJ) 5 YR LSD 2001-05. 20C, 76Y.
0 737-2T4 (JT8D-15 HK) (707-22368, /80 PK-MBF; 708-22369 /80 PK-MBG), EX-(LAX), (DEA) LSD. RTND 2004-10. 20C, 76Y.
1 737-2U4 (JT8D-15A) (761-22576, /81 PK-MBJ), EX-(SAQ), (CLJ) 5 YR LSD 2001-05. 20C, 76Y.
2 737-200 (JT8D), ASIA FORTIS 2 YR LSD 2004-06. 20C, 76Y.
3 737-217 (JT8D) (22259; 784-22260, PK-MBQ; 786-22341, PK-MBR), (TIA) LSD 2004-08. 20C, 76Y.
2 737-228 (JT8D) (23004, PK-; 23005), (TIA) LSD 2005-03.
2 737-230 ADV (JT8D-15) (754-22129, /81 PK-MBC; 795-22141, /81 PK-MBD; 797-22142, /81 PK-MBE "BATANA"), EX-(DLH), 22129 WFU 2005-03. 20C, 76Y.
1 737-3Q8 (CFM56-3) (1666-24300, PK-MDQ), 2008-06.
2 737-3TO (CFM56-3) (1130-23354, N77303; 1133-23356, N63305).
2 737-3ZO (CFM56-3) (1184-23449, N192AT, 2007-08; 1196-23450, N193AT, 2007-08), EX-(AAT).
1 737-300 (CFM56-3) (24660, PK-MDE - - w/o - SEE ACCDT REPORT IN APRIL 2010).
2 737-301 (CFM56-3) (1552-23931, PK-MDJ, 2007-08; 1554-23932, PK-MDH, 2007-08), EX-(AMW)/(USA), EX-(N587US; N586US).
2 737-377 (CFM56-3B1) (1622-24304, /88 S2-AEA; 1641-24305, /88 S2-AEB), EX-(BNG), (SIA) TECH AEROSPACE LSD 2004-06. 12C, 118Y.
0 737-4YO (CFM56-3C1) (1883-24689, PK-MBK), (FUA) WET-LSD 2002-11, RTND (GEF) 2003-06. 8C, 150Y.
0 737-4YO (CFM56-3C1) (1733-24467, /89 PK-MBL; 1779-24513, /89 PK-MBM), (GEF) LSD 2002-12. RTND, LST (MLI) 2004-08. 8C, 150Y
0 L-1011-385-1 (1043), (CAK) WET-LSD 1998-08. RTND.
0 ORDERS A318/A319/A320, 8 DEFERRED:
0 A300C4-620 (JT9D-7R4H1) (344, /84 PK-MAY), (KUW) LSD, RTND. 22C, 234Y.
2 A310-324 (PW4152) (539, /90 PK-MAW; 542, /90 PK-MAX "BORUBUDUR TEMPLE"), 24C, 180Y.
5 DHC-6-300 TWIN OTTER (PT6A-27) (383, /73 PK-NUH "NATUNA;" 443, /74 PK-NUZ "ALOR;" 472, /75 PK-NUV "TANIMBAR;" 481, /75 PK-NUS "PELENG;" 484, /76 PK-NUR "MUNA;" 487, /76 PK-NUO "SINGKEP;" 551, PK-NVA, 2/04; 626, PK-NVC, 2007-12), 19Y.
4 F27-500 (DART 536-7) (10551, /77 PK-MFF "TENAH BELA;" 10552, /77 PK-MFG "LINGGA;" 10598, /80 PK-MFJ "ADANORA;" 10607, /80 PK-MFK "WANGI-WANGI;" 10618, /81 PK-MFN "BATANTA;" 10623, /81 PK-MFQ "BINTAN;" 10625, /82 PK-MFV "KABIA;" 10626, /82 PK-MFW "MAJA;" 10629, /82 PK-MFY "HALMAHERA"), 10551; 10598; 10607; WFU IN STORAGE 2005-02. 10629; WFU. 52Y.
5 F28-4000 (SPEY 555-15H) (11158, /80 PK-MGE; 11170, /81 PK-MGG; 11174, /81 PK-MGI; 11175, /81 PK-MGJ; 11188, /82 PK-MGK; 11189, /82 PK-MGL; 11199, /83 PK-MGM; 11213, /84 PK-MGP), (11193 PARTED OUT 1999-01) (11116; 11120; NTU; 11123 NTU), (GEF) LSD 2003-10. 2 ST (BNG) 2004-05. 11158; 11198; 11474; WFU IN STORAGE 2005-03. 80Y.
1 F28-4000 (SPEY 555-15H) (11201, PK-GKQ), BF (GIA) 2004-10. 80Y.
3 F 100 (TAY 650-15) (11453, /93 PK-MJA "BAWAL;" 11463, /93 PK-MJC "SABU;" 11474, /94 PK-MJD "RUPAT"), (11512; 11517; 11527; ST (TPR) 1998-08). 24C, 75Y.
7 CN-212-200 (TPE331-10-511C), 1 DESTROYED W/O 1997-07. 22Y.
10 CN-235-10 (CT7-7A), 36Y.
0 B AE 748-2A. 2 RTND.
0 B AE ATP, 2047 RTND 2001-05. 2 RTND.
1 +9 ORDERS ATR42-320 (159, PK-, 2004-10), EX-(CAL), BF BANK OF AMERICA.
14 XIAN AVIC I MA60 (PW127J) (410, PK-MZD; 501, PK-MZE; 502, PK-MZF; 505, PK-MZG; 506, PK-MZH; 601, PK-MZI; 602, PK-MZJ; 603, PK-MZK; 604, PK-MZL; 605, PK-MZM; 606, PK-MZN; 608, PK-MZO; 609, PK-MZP), 60Y.
20 ORDERS (2012-11) C212-400 TURBOPROPS, 26Y:
MUCHTARUDDIN SIREGAR, CHAIRMAN.
RUDY SETYOPURNOMO, ACTING PRESIDENT DIRECTOR (2012-05).
WAHYU HIDAYAT, CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER (CEO).
BUDIMAN RAFIOEDIN, EXECUTIVE VP FINANCE & ADMINISTRATION.
CAPTAIN HARRY INONU PARDJAMAN, EXECUTIVE VP FLIGHT OPERATIONS.
NYOMAN SUWINADJA, EXECUTIVE VP MAINTENANCE & ENGINEERING (JKT).
SUTAN BANUARA, EXECUTIVE VP COMMERCIAL.
YUNUS DZULUSNAIN, ENGINEERING SUPPORT DIRECTOR (SUB).
CAPTAIN EDDY KRISNAWAN, CHIEF PILOT 737.
MR SUMAYANG, MAINTENANCE MANAGER (JAKARTA).
URIP USMONO, ENGINEERING MANAGER (SUB) (email@example.com).
MR SUMARTO, MAINTENANCE MANAGER (SURABAYA).
ONY SOERJO WIBOWO, HEAD OF ENGINEERING STANDARDS & RELIABILITY (SURUBAYA).
EDY SANTOSO, HEAD OF WORKSHOP (SURUBAYA) (1997-04).
MR SUPRAPTO, WORKSHOP MANAGER (SURABAYA).
BAMBAMG SETIADI, HEAD OF QUALITY ASSURANCE (QA) (SURUBAYA) (1997-04).
BENI HERDIAT, ENGINEERING MANAGER (1999-12).
MR MASRURI, ENGINEERING MANAGER (SURABAYA) & QUALITY ASSURANCE (QA) GENERAL MANAGER.
URIP USMONO, ENGINEERING MANAGER (2002-01).