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PWD-1958-ORIGINAL PAN AM 707
PWD-ROUTE MAP - 2011-11
Formed and started operations in 2002. Domestic and regional, scheduled & charter, passenger & cargo, jet airplane services.
Gustavo Mejia Ricart 93
Plaza Piantini 2 Do Piso
Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic.
THE DOMINICAN REPUBLIC WAS ESTABLISHED IN 1844, IT IS AN ISLAND IN THE CARIBBEAN COVERING AN AREA OF 48,734 SQ KM, ITS POPULATION IS 8 MILLION, ITS CAPITAL CITY IS SANTO DOMINGO, AND ITS OFFICIAL LANGUAGE IS SPANISH.
SEE ATTACHED PHOTO OF THE ORIGINAL PAN AM WORLD AIRWAYS - - "PWD-1958-PAN AM 707" which shows Pan American World Airways flight attendants posing with one of the five original Boeing 707s delivered to Pan Am in 1958. Powered by Pratt & Whitney (PRW) (JT3-C6) engines, the Pan Am 707 inaugurated regular scheduled jet service on October 26, 1958:— service that continued uninterrupted across the transatlantic to such destinations as Paris, London and Rome. The Pan Am jetliners flew to some 93 USA and international destinations around the world.
April 2002: Established by Pan Am owner, Guilford to operate scheduled flights between the Dominican Republic and Haiti, Puerto Rico, and Curacao.
June 2005: The airline was acquired by ServAir.
May 2007: Pan Am Dominicana (PWD) was awarded its Air Operator Certificate (AOC).
November 2011: Pan Am World Airways Dominicana (PWD) operates scheduled domestic services linking Santo Domingo with Punta Cana and regional services to destinations in Haiti and Purto Rico. Also offers domestic charter flights.
(IATA) Code: 7N - 110. (ICAO) Code: PWD. (Callsign - PAWA).
Main Base: Santo Domingo Las Americas Airport (SDQ).
August 2014: DC-9-31 (48139, HI-), ex-(YV1879), delivery.
June 2015: PAWA Dominicana ((IATA) Code: 7N, based at Santo Domingo Las Américas) (PWD) has announced it will commence scheduled passenger flights in August having recently completed all requisite certification and licensing procedures with the local Dominican authorities.
Now designated the country's national carrier, (PWD)'s Director Corporate Affairs, Alexander Barrios, has said it will serve the islands of St Maarten, Aruba, and Curacao initially, before expanding to San Juan Luis Muñoz Marin, Miami International, New York (JFK), and Havana International in its second phase.
Barrios added that the decision to delay the airline's official launch by almost two months was to allow for the securing of operating permits from authorities on the islands of Curacao, St Maarten, and Aruba. The Dominican government is also assisting the start-up in securing the necessary USA and Cuban traffic rights.
Thus far, (PWD) has acquired a fleet of 3 DC-9-30s, 1 MD-82, 2 MD-83s, and 2 MD-87s.
August 2015: ((PAWA) Dominicana ((IATA) Code: 7N, based at Santo Domingo Las Américas) (PWD) has resumed commercial operations following 3 years of inactivity. The Dominican Republic's national carrier's 1st flights were to Aruba, Curacao, and St Maarten, all in the Netherlands Antilles on August 14. Operations are on-board a DC-9-30 and an MD-82.
As previously reported, (PAWA) (PWD) intends to begin services to San Juan Luis Muñoz Marin, Miami International, New York (JFK), and Havana International during the 2nd phase of its expansion plan.
InselAir (INS) provides competition on Curaçao (4x-weekly) and St Maarten (3x-weekly) services, while its off-shoot InselAir Aruba is another incumbent on St Maarten (2x-weekly) and Aruba (2x-weekly). (INS) intends to use Santo Domingo as a regional hub, with services to San Juan, Miami, New York, and Havana mooted during the second phase of its start-up plans.
(PWD) currently operates 9 airplanes, and operates to 4 countries, to 4 destinations, on 3 routes and 6 daily flights.
September 2015: PAWA Dominicana (PWD) is planning to induct a fleet of 7 767 airplanes in the coming months (PWD)'s Director of Corporate Affairs, Alexander Barrios, has said.
Speaking to the "Arecoa" news site, Barrios said the airplanes would be 247-seaters. A similar initiative was planned back in 2013 when (PAWA)'s new owner, Simeón García Rodríguez, intended to co-opt 1 of his 2 Venezuelan carriers, (SBA) Airlines ((IATA) Code: S3, based at Maracaibo) into operating a 767-300ER on Caracas Simón Bolivar - Santo Domingo Las Américas - New York (JFK) flights in conjunction with (PAWA) (PWD). That plan, however, never came to pass.
Having resumed operations last month with flights from its Santo Domingo Las Américas hub to Aruba, Curacao, and St Maarten, (PWD) is now moving ahead with its 2nd phase of expansion which could see its serving San Juan Luis Muñoz Marin, Puerto Rico as well as Miami International and New York (JFK) on the USA mainland, come October. Their launch, however, is dependent on all regulatory requirements being fulfilled.
April 2016: 1 MD-82 (49741, HI-992), EX-N959PG.
February 2018: "The Demise of (SBA) (BBR), Aserca (SEZ), and (PAWA) Dominicana (PWD), by Joao Carlos Medau, "Airways" February 18, 2018.
3 carriers, 1 fate. Venezuelan (SBA) Airlines and Aserca Airlines (SEZ), together with sister carrier from the Dominican Republic, (PAWA) Dominicana (PWD), have all gone belly up in the span of a few weeks.
The 3 carriers, owned by the same conglomerate, Grupo Condor, have either been revoked of their flying permits, their assets have been seized by the governments in which they operate, or simply have run out of cash to pay for insurance.
Venezuela’s Aeropostal (LAV) also has ceased operations.
Grupo Condor, presided (and owned) by Venezuelan entrepreneur Simeon Garcia, has been a crucial long-time player in the country’s commercial aviation scene, owning (SBA) (BBR), and Aserca (SEZ).
(SBA) Airlines (BBR) (the country’s leading carrier since the demise of Viasa (VIA) and Avensa (AVN)) operated a large number of regional, narrow body, and wide body airplanes to a vast amount of destinations, including Madrid, Tenerife, Miami, and Panama. At 1 point, (SBA) (BBR) had a relatively strong fleet of 3 767-300ERs and 4 757-200s, with which it flew overseas to Europe and Miami several times per day.
However, as the economic health of the radical South American country faded, so did both (SBA) (BBR) and Aserca Airlines (SEZ) (but not for the same reasons). Even though Venezuela’s communist regime brought down the country’s economy to its knees, both (SEZ) and (BBR) were mismanaged. The owners never cared for their staff and owed them a lot of money. They purchased wrong parts for their airplanes, grounding them indefinitely. They left thousands of passengers stranded, and later fled the country hiding from their responsibilities.
* Aserca (SEZ) Runs Out Of Cash.
Similarly, (SEZ) (the country’s historic domestic carrier announced that its operations were suspended “due to technical reasons”).
However, in reality, (SEZ) had run out of funds to pay for the insurance of its last McDonnell-Douglas MD-83 (YV2971), as published by National Institute of Civil Aviation (INAC) (see following), contradicting (SEZ)’s public statement.
(INAC) – February 16, 2018: Effective immediately, all operations by Aserca Airlines (SEZ) shall remain suspended because the airline has failed to pay for its aircraft insurance. (SEZ) must assist its passengers according to the country’s air transport regulations.
“14 Captains and 10 First Officers were on duty for just 1 plane,” according to an Aserca Airlines (SEZ) pilot (FC). (IATA) shut down Venezuelan offices, as the situation worsened.
In some cases pilots sat at home waiting for a call to operate a 30-minute flight. However, now this wait has ended with the unfortunate news that (SEZ) cannot operate flights any longer.
(SEZ) has 10 McDonnell-Douglas MD-80s, with an average age of 29 years. The latest one to remain in operation was originally delivered in 1997 to Alaska Airlines (ASA). Today, all these planes are grounded at Caracas – Maiquetia International Airport (CCS).
* The (PAWA) (PWD) Scam.
As desperate Aserca (SEZ) pilots tried to fulfill their contracts, other “more fortunate” pilots had been assigned to the group’s carrier in the Dominican Republic, (PAWA) Dominicana (PWD).
A former (SEZ) MD-80 Pilot was granted the opportunity to fly for the Dominican carrier through his contract with (SEZ). “We never had a formal relationship with (PAWA),” he said. “Our contracts were with Aserca (SEZ), and we were given a daily stipend of about $130 to fly the (PAWA) (PWD) jets.” Such stipend, for a Venezuelan Pilot, is remarkable. With a recorded inflation rate of 2616% in 2017, earning money in foreign currency is a privilege. Venezuela’s economy has been listed as the only 1 with hyper inflation rates in the globe.
According to him, (PAWA) (PWD)’s pilots were purposely picked from Aserca (SEZ) because of specific qualifications. “My English was good enough, and I had a good amount of hours as Captain on the MD-80,” he explained. “But we had nothing to do with the airline’s management,” he said. According to the Captain, (PAWA) (PWD) was in “great shape” when he 1st started flying their planes. “They had 6 MD-80s operating at full swing. They had high load factors, and we flew regularly. However, 6 months later, they only had 2 airplanes. And today, they have none.”
The decline in the (PWD)’s operations was evident. Several airplanes were grounded because of missing parts, and even though load factors remained high, the financial difficulties crippled (PWD) rigorously.
“(PAWA) (PWD) is a scam,” said a Venezuelan travel agent. “They sold us a travel package for 4 passengers. When their flights were ultimately canceled, (PWD) didn’t assist our clients or even gave them a refund. They had to find their way back home on their own,” she said.
In the Dominican Republic, (PAWA) Dominicana (PWD)’s assets were seized by the country’s authorities, and (PWD)’s President, Gary Stone was taken into custody as he tried to flee Venezuela to Miami, USA.
“(PWD) has been suspended for 3 months due to the lack of payments to the Dominican government, private institutions, and airport handling companies,” published the Dominican newspaper "Expreso." “(PWD) owes >$7 million to Aerodom, the country’s main airport handler.”
Pilots (FC), flight attendants (CA), staff members of all 3 carriers were, therefore, left without a job. “There was no compensation. We just don’t know what’s going to happen to us,” 1 (SEZ) Pilot said.
* (SBA) Airlines (BBR) Aircraft Operating Certificate (AOC) Revoked.
In Venezuela, (INAC) revoked the Air Operator Certificate (AOC) of the ill-fated (SBA) Airlines (BBR) last month. The sanction has been imposed for at least 90 days because (BBR) continuously breached its schedules and services, therefore grounding all its aircraft because of a severe lack of funds. According to (INAC), to keep the (AOC), (BBR) had to demonstrate “the adequate accomplishment of the technical and legal procedures, which may determine or not the reboot of operations.”
To continue serving their passengers on the coveted Caracas to Miami route, (SBA) Airlines (BBR) had to wet-lease several Aruba Airlines Airbus A320s. However, after running out of funds, (BBR) had to pull the plug and announce the cancellation of all their flights in late November (1 month ahead of the busiest time of the year).
(BBR) announced that it would not be able to operate all its flights from Caracas to Miami until January 15, 2018, citing operative issues with its fleet. (BBR) also said that all tickets were not to be rescheduled, but refunded. However, (BBR) never resumed operations and the aviation authorities revoked its (AOC) in January.
(INAC) reaffirmed through a release their intention to supervise the fulfillment of the aviation duties (SBA) Airlines (BBR) has with its passengers and cargo, as well as the protection of (BBR)’s workers and passengers affected by the circumstances.
“The main problem with (BBR) has been its terrible management,” said a (BBR) Boeing 767 First Officer. “Because of them, all of us, pilots and workers, have been treated with insolence and haven’t been paid in a very long time.” (BBR) pilots were usually granted US$1,200 and First Officers $780 as a monthly bonus to cope with the rising inflation that has crippled the Venezuelan economy since 2014.
* What’s next for (PAWA) Dominicana (PWD)?
“They haven’t paid us in >8 months,” said another Boeing 767 Captain who is now moving to Hong Kong to search for new job opportunities.
"Because of the terrible management and corrupt environment in which these 2 airlines operate, I’m now forced to move to Asia to look for better flying opportunities,” he said. And corruption seems to have stirred the airline’s management for a long time. “Just like the country, corruption is the modus operandi at these airlines,” the 767 Captain said. “Not only they didn’t pay our bonuses, but they also purchased several planes by using preferential government [USD] exchange rates, which are only available to those who support the regime.”
“(BBR)’s Chief Pilot had been given a large ‘incentive’ to keep all other pilots (FC) kept quiet” until (SBA) Airlines (BBR) figured out how “to get out of the [economic] hole.” And from the operational perspective, (BBR)’s management even “purchased the wrong engine” of a Boeing 757-200 which needed replacement. “1 of their 757s had been grounded because of engine malfunctions. A new, overhauled engine had to be bought and (BBR)’s management purchased the wrong one,” the Pilot said. An overhauled 757 engine can cost up to $5 million.
* No Future In Sight
Today, these 3 airlines are practically bust, while all its pilots (FC) are looking for jobs elsewhere. According to 3 (BBR) pilots, there have been numerous attempts from staff to steal airplane parts, computers, and office assets at (BBR)’s headquarters in Caracas to counteract the debt (BBR) holds against them.
In the meantime, Venezuela’s current aviation outlook remains as dark as the country’s political state, which has been highlighted as a dictatorship by numerous governments in the region, including the USA.
The only airlines that remain active with partial operations are Conviasa (VCV, Laser (LSR), Avior (VIO), Turpial, Venezolana (VNE), and Rutaca (RUC) (just a fraction of what once used to be a busy air park with a myriad of domestic and international carriers fighting for slots at the country’s principal airport).
As all Aserca (SEZ), (SBA) (BBR), and (PAWA) (PWD) pilots, crew members, and ground staff are left adrift, the whereabouts of Simeon Garcia remains unclear. Not a single statement has been released from the Group’s (CEO) and both (BBR) and (SEZ) continue to reassure that their operations are “temporarily suspended,” when, in fact, the airlines are practically out of business.
All that’s left is the cemetery of Aserca (SEZ), (SBA) (BBR), and (LTA) Aerotuy planes grounded in Caracas, Miami, and Mexico City, together with the memories of what once was Venezuela’s largest airline.