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SYR-2012-10 - ACCDT A320
FORMED IN 1946. A K A "SYRIANAIR." IT IS THE NATIONAL AIRLINE. DOMESTIC & INTERNATIONAL, SCHEDULED, PASSENGER & CARGO, JET AIRPLANE SERVICES.
PO BOX 417
YUOSSEF AL AZMEH SQUARE
SOCIAL INSURANCE BUILDING
SYRIA (THE SYRIAN ARAB REPUBLIC) WAS ESTABLISHED IN 1941. IT COVERS AN AREA OF 185,180 SQ KM, ITS POPULATION IS 17.2 MILLION, ITS CAPITAL CITY IS DAMASCUS, AND ITS OFFICIAL LANGUAGE IS ARABIC.
OCTOBER 1994: DOMESTIC SERVICES TO ALEPPO, LATAKIA & DEIREZZOR.
INTERNATIONAL SERVICES TO MAJOR EUROPEAN CITIES, NORTH AFRICA, THE MIDDLE AND FAR EAST.
3 727-269'S (JT8D-17R), EX-KUWAIT AIRWAYS (KUW).
DECEMBER 1996: 6 ORDERS A320'S TO REPLACE 727'S.
MARCH 1997: 3 ORDERS A320-232'S (1032; 1117).
MARCH 1998: SELECTS SEXTANT AVIONIQUE FOR DISTANCE MEASURING EQUIPMENT (DME), & RADIO-ALTIMETERS.
APRIL 1998: 3,568 EMPLOYEES.
OCTOBER 1998: A320-232 (886, YK-AKA "SYRIAN") DELIVERY.
FEBRUARY 1999: 2ND A320-232 & 3RD DEFERRED, DUE TO FINANCIAL PROBLEMS.
APRIL 1999: 3,568 EMPLOYEES. SITA: DAMPRRB.
2ND A320-200 (V2525) DELIVERY.
JULY 1999: SALIM AL SODAH TECHNICAL DIRECTOR.
OCTOBER 1999: A320-232 (1085, YK-AKE) DELIVERY.
DECEMBER 1999: A320-232 (1117, YK-AKF "AMRIT") DELIVERY.
APRIL 2000: 3,568 EMPLOYEES.
OCTOBER 2000: TO BAGHDAD (A320).
NOVEMBER 2000: RESUMES SERVICE TO AMMAN AFTER 21 YEARS.
SEPTEMBER 2001: SELECTS JORAMCO, ROYAL JORDANIAN (RJA) FOR "D" CHECK ON 727-200 (QD802).
NOVEMBER 2001: 5,270 EMPLOYEES. SITA: DAMDGRB.
APRIL 2002: OWNERS: SYRIAN GOVERNMENT (100%).
July 2002: Code share with Tarom (TRM), on Damascus to Halab (Aleppo) to Bucharest route.
February 2003: In March 2003, Graz to Dusseldorf, Frankfurt, Munich, Stuttgart, Linz to Dusseldorf, Frankfurt.
May 2004: Code share with Austrian Airlines (AUL), Aleppo to Damascus. Damascus to Halab (Aleppo) to Gothenburg (A320, weekly). In June 2004, Mumbai to Damascus to Manchester (weekly). Delhi to Damascus to Manchester (747SP, weekly).
August 2005: SyrianAir (SYR) as the national airline, operates scheduled international services to >30 destinations in Asia, the Middle East, Europe, and N Africa. Domestic services are also flown.
(IATA) Code: RB - 070. (ICAO) Code: SYR - SYRIANAIR.
(http://www.syrian-airlines.com). SITA: DAMPRRB.
Parent organization/shareholders: Syrian government (100%).
Alliances: Austrian Airlines (AUL); Cyprus Airways (CYP); Hemus Air (HMS); Iberia Airlines (IBE); (KLM); Royal Jordanian Airlines (RJA); & Tarom Airlines (TRM).
Domestic, Scheduled Destinations: Aleppo; Damascus; Deirezzor; Kameshli; & Latakia.
International, Scheduled Destinations: Abu Dhabi; Algiers; Amsterdam; Athens; Bahrain; Barcelona; Beirut; Benghazi; Berlin; Brussels; Bucharest; Cairo; Casablanca; Copenhagen; Damman; Delhi; Doha; Dubai; Frankfurt; Istanbul; Jeddah; Karachi; Khartoum; Kuwait; Larnaca; London; Madrid; Manchester; Marseilles; Milan; Moscow; Mumbai; Munich; Paris; Riyadh; Rome; Sana'a; Sharjah; Stockholm; Tehran; Tripoli; Tunis; Vienna; & Yerevan.
September 2005: Mercator, the Information Technology (IT) division of Emirates (EAD) Group, said Syrian Arab Airlines (SYR) signed up for the passenger version of its Fastrac revenue accounting system.
October 2005: Syrianair (SYR) resumed service from Damascus to Baghdad after a 25 year interruption. (SYR) stopped operating this route in 1980, when the countries broke off diplomatic ties. A 727-200 was used for the inaugural flight and (SYR) will operate 3x-weekly.
December 2005: Middle East Airlines (MEA) and Syrian Arab Airlines (SYR) are in the market for new lift. According to the Arab Air Carriers Organization, (MEA) is planning to add a new airplane to its fleet in 2007 and one in 2008. In addition, it is evaluating the possibility of operating 50/70-seat regional airplanes. It expects to achieve a $40 million net profit for 2005 after earning $50 million in 2004 and is planning to float 10% - 20% its shares on the Beirut Bourse next year. Syrian (SYR), meanwhile, is expected to finalize an order for 3 A330s and 4 A321s as early as year end. It is phasing out its 727 and 2 747SPs, which have been in service almost 30 years.
(SYR) said its planned Regional carrier joint venture with Middle East Airlines (MEA) should be ready to launch service in the second quarter of next year. The new airline, "Phoenician Express" (PHE), initially will operate a pair of 50/70-seat airplanes on a network based out of Damascus and Beirut. The 2 carriers jointly will own 50% (25% each) of (PHE) and the other half will be owned by private investors. The airline will serve domestic destinations in Syria and international routes to countries including Jordan, Cyprus, Turkey, and Egypt.
June 2006: Syrian Arab Airlines (SYR) plans to order up to 4 Tu-204s and 2 Il-96s. According to (RIA) Novosti, Syrian Minister of Transport Yarub Sulayman Badr was traveling to Moscow to examine details of the deal. "The Russian offer is very attractive and looks optimistic," he said, adding that (SYR) needs more capacity.
September 2007: Jordan Airline Training & Simulation (JATS), formerly the training subsidiary of Royal Jordanian (RJA), but now is a privately held company offering simulation and training to a variety of customers from its facility adjacent to Queen Alia International Airport outside Amman, inaugurated an A320-200 full flight simulator (FFS), that is the 1st Thales (THL) (FFS) to meet Airbus (EDS) Standard 1.4.0, allowing it to replicate a variety of A320 tail numbers. The $14.5 million simulator was certified as Level "D" by the French (DGAC), approved under (JAR)-STD 1A and launched at a ceremony attended by Prince Faisal Ben Al Hussein, and launch customers (RJA) and Syrian Arab Airlines (SYR), which signed 3- and 2-year training deals, respectively. It is the 2nd A320-200 simulator at (JATS), which was privatized in 2000, and now is majority owned by Eastern Investment Group Holding. It also offers A310-300 and 727-200 (FFS)s, as well as extensive cabin service and safety, door, slide and classroom training on a variety of airplane types. (JATS) Advisor to the General Manager Abdul-Rahman Arekat said that A320 usage is growing among the small and mid-size airlines that constitute the facility's likely customer base. He said (JATS) is negotiating use of the new simulator with Middle East Airlines (MEA), (S7) Airlines (SBR), SriLankan Airlines (LNK), Cyprus Airways (CYP), Air Malta (MLT), Jazeera Airways (JZI), and Air Arabia (ABZ). Pakistan International Airlines (PIA) and Airblue (ABU) also are potential customers.
The company's widebody ambition is not limited to the less-popular A310. With (RJA) committed to up to 12 787s, (JATS)' next move will be for a 787 (FFS). General Manager, Nasri Nowar said it will talk to Alteon about a partnership, and is targeting a delivery date in the second half of 2009 "if everything goes well."
(JATS) recently signed a training contract with Tarom (TRM) for A310 training and, according to Nowar, expects to work with Airbus (EDS) in the near future to secure (TRTO) certification from (EASA).
June 2008: Amadeus reached 10-year agreements with 12 Arab Air Carriers Org-affiliated airlines for distribution activities in their home markets. 6 members, who have partnered with Amadeus for the past 7 years, will be joined by another 6 when their current distribution agreements expire at year end. Accounting for 66% of the reservations made by travel agencies in the (MENA) region, the 12 airlines are Air Algerie (ALG), Afriqiyah Airways (AQY), EgyptAir (EGP), Etihad Airways (EHD), Kuwait Airways (KUW), Libyan Airlines (LAA), Qatar Airways (QTA), Saudi Arabian Airlines (SVA), Sudan Airways (SUD), Syrian Arab Airlines (SYR), Tunisair (TUN), and Yemen Airways (YEM).
August 2008: Syrian Arab Airlines (SYR) intends to buy a combined 50 A320s, A330s/A340s and A350s, Syrian Deputy Prime Minister for Economic Affairs Abdallah Dardari told "Bloomberg News" in Damascus. "We are now in agreement with the French to completely restructure the national airline, now that we have an agreement to buy Airbus (EDS) planes,'' Dardari said, adding that Syrian (SYR) will lease 4 airplanes in the next 18 months and take delivery of the 1st 14 ordered airplanes in the 2010 to 2018 time frame, with the remainder arriving by 2028.
September 2008: Airbus (EDS) and Syrian Arab Airlines (SYR) have had "exploratory discussions" about a potential order for >50 airplanes valued at as much as $35 billion, a French official told the "Financial Times (FT)." There had been recent speculation that French President, Nicolas Sarkozy's visit to Damascus for talks with Syrian President Bashar al-Assad would include an announcement of a blockbuster airplane order. But Airbus (EDS) has denied the deal, which would be complicated by the fact that its airplanes contain parts manufactured by companies in the USA, which imposed sanctions on sales to Syria in 2004. The "FT" quoted a "senior French official" as saying that discussions have taken place and that "the position of the USA" is a key element of the talks.
December 2008: Syrian Arab Airlines (SYR) earned its (IATA) (ITA) Operational Safety Audit (IOSA) certificate.
June 2009: (SITA) won a 7-year contract from Syrian Arab Airlines (SYR) to implement and maintain a global hybrid network solution for (SYR)'s worldwide (IP) connections.
November 2009: USA government sanctions against Syria have forced Syrian Arab Airlines (SYR) to ground half of its fleet, and maybe halt services completely, because of restrictions placed on its fleet airplane maintenance. (CEO) Ghaida Abdullatif said (SYR) is a commercial, not political organization: "This must not be against the people. It is not fair for us. I have 6,000 employees. They have to eat. Every month I must give them a salary.
SEE PHOTO - - "SYR-A320-211 2009-11."
April 2010: ATR 72-212As (836, YK-AVA; 845, YK-AVB), deliveries.
October 2010: The Syrian government may turn to Russia to buy planes as USA sanctions disrupt a mega Airbus (EDS) purchase aimed at boosting Syria’s tiny civilian passenger fleet, the Transport Minister said. The government is considering buying up to 6 medium range Tupolev Tu-204 planes on behalf of flag carrier Syrian Air (SYR).
(SYR) currently operates 6 A320s, 2 727-200s and 2 ATR 72s. 2 747s and several 727s have been grounded for some time owing to missing spare parts.
April 2011: Syrian Arab Airlines (SYR) will launch weekly, A320 Abu Dhabi - Aleppo service on June 1.
May 2011: Syrian Airlines (SYR) will reduce its European operations during the summer schedule. 2x-weekly service from Damascus (DAM) to Bucharest Otopeni, Copenhagen, Frankfurt and Paris Orly will operate weekly, and 4x-weekly (DAM) to Istanbul Ataturk service will decrease to 2x-weekly. (SYR) canceled services to Marseille and Milan Malpensa.
July 2012: Syrianair (SYR) has been included in an updated European Union (EU) sanctions list of new companies and people close to the Syrian government. It is unclear what impact that will have on the Syrian national carrier that despite the escalating violence in the country still continues to operate its 6 A320-200s and 2 ATR 72-500 on domestic and international services including limited flights to the (EU) destinations of Amsterdam Schiphol (AMS), Brussels National Zaventem (BRU), Bucharest Otopeni Henri Coanda International (OTP), Frankfurt International (FRA), Larnaca (LCA), London Heathrow (LHR) and Paris Orly (ORY) airports.
August 2012: Syrianair (SYR) has apparently given up all remaining routes to the European Union (EU) with the exception of Frankfurt International (FRA) and Paris Orly (ORY) airports, which it now plans to serve as a triangular flight from August 4 onwards.
September 2012: Syrianair (SYR) has launched 2x-weekly, ATR 72-500 service between Damascus and Amman Queen Alia International (AMM) on September 8 as Royal Jordanian (RJA) still does not serve Syria after initially terminating its routes from Amman to Aleppo International (ALP) and Damascus in mid-July.
October 2012: The European Union (EU) has banned Syrian airlines from landing at any of its 27 (EU) member airports. The (EU) adopted the new sanctions to further increase pressure on Syrian President Bashar Assad’s regime over his government’s violence.
The sanctions do not ban Syrian Arab Airlines (SYR) from flying over (EU) airspace and excludes emergency landings. (SYR) is the only Syrian carrier operating flights to Europe.
Turkey has banned all Syrian airplanes from its airspace. Earlier this month, a (SYR) A320 was forced to land at Ankara after it was intercepted by Turkish Air Force fighter jets.
Turkish Airlines (THY), which is banned from flying into or over Syrian airspace, is also affected. (THY) (CEO) Temel Kotil said “The detour around Syria has marginally affected us, but of course it hurts our business in Syria a lot, as flights to Damascus have stopped.”
The (EU) has also imposed a ban on Syrian cargo flights and inspections on airplanes suspected of carrying arms to Syria.
ACCDT: A Syrian Arab Airlines (SYR) A320-232 (V2527-A5) (1117, /99 YK-AKF "AMRIT"), had a mid-air collision with a military helicopter and sustained substantial damage to its vertical fin. The A320-232 was able to safely land at Damascus airport
SEE ATTACHED - - "SYR-2012-10 - ACCDT A320"
February 2017: A340-312 (381, YK-AZA), ex-(TT-WAG), ferried Tehran to Damascus.
June 2018: "Georgia Bars Syrian Airlines from Crossing Its Airspace"
by Margarita Antidze, "Reuters" June 27, 2018.
Georgia has denied 2 Syrian airlines access to its airspace in retaliation for Damascus recognizing the statehood of 2 Georgian breakaway regions last month, a senior aviation official told Reuters.
One of the airlines, Cham Wings (SAW), was revealed by a Reuters investigation in April to have transported Russian private military contractors to take part in the fighting in Syria. "I can confirm that Georgia's airspace is closed for 2 Syrian air companies: Syrian Air (SYR) and Cham Wings (SAW)," Gocha Mezvrishvili, Head of the ex-Soviet country's Air Navigation Service, said.
"It will be closed for any Syrian air (SYR) companies. We made this decision after Syria recognized our occupied regions."
Syrian Air (SYR), also known as Syrian Arab Airlines did not immediately respond to a request for comment sent to its Moscow office. A representative of Cham Wings (SAW) in Syria said the company had received Reuters questions and was working on a reply.
Georgia said last month it had started procedures to sever diplomatic relations with Syria after Damascus joined Russia in recognizing Georgian breakaway regions Abkhazia and South Ossetia as independent states.
Flight-tracking website flightradata24.com showed that Cham Wings (SAW) and Syrian Air (SYR) flights between Syria and Russia stopped using Georgian airspace in June. They diverted instead to Georgia's eastern neighbor Azerbaijan, adding about 30 minutes to the flight time.
Mezvrishvili said he had sent a letter to the European Organisation for the Safety of Air Navigation, which coordinates air traffic control in Europe and of which Georgia is a member, with a request not to route Cham Wings (SAWS) and Syrian Air (SYR) flights through Georgia's airspace.
The 2 are the only airlines operating direct flights between Syria and Russia. Civilian flights between the 2 countries had been passing through Georgia because Turkey, the most direct route, denies Syrian aircraft overflight rights.
Russia is the most powerful ally of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, and his administration depends heavily on Russian goods and military support.
The Reuters investigation published in April found that Cham Wings (SAW) charter flights from the Russian city of Rostov to Syria were transporting Russian private military contractors who are fighting for Assad's forces.
The Kremlin says any private contractors in Syria are nothing to do with the Russian authorities. But Reuters reporters tracked busloads of men landing in Rostov on a Cham Wings (SAW) flight traveling onwards to a Russian defense ministry base.
Abkhazia and South Ossetia broke away from Georgia in wars in the early 1990s after the collapse of the Soviet Union. Georgia and Russia fought a short war over South Ossetia and Abkhazia in August 2008.
After that war ended, Moscow, whose forces triumphed, recognized both regions as independent countries. The move was followed by Nicaragua, Venezuela, Nauru, and now Syria.
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3 727-269 (JT8D-17R) (1670-22360, /80 YK-AGD; 716-22361, /81 YK-AGE; 788-22363, /81 YK-AGF), EX-(KUW), 8F, 141Y.
3 727-294 (JT8D-17) (1188-21203, /76 YK-AGA "OCTOBER 6;" 1194-21204, /76 YK-AGB "DAMASCUS;" 1198-21205, /76 YK-AGC "PALMIYRA"). 21205 WET-LEASED TO (LAA) 2001-03. 8F, 141Y.
2 747SP-94 (JT9D-7A) (284-21174, /76 YK-AHA "16 NOVEMBRE;" 290-21175, /76 YK-AHB "ARAB SOLIDARITY"), 16F, 308Y.
1 A320-211 (JY-JAC - - SEE PHOTO - - "SYR-A320-211 2009-11"), JORDAN AVIATION (JOR) WET-LEASED.
6 +3 ORDERS A320-232 (V2527-A5) (886, /98 YK-AKA "UGARIT;" 918, /98 YK-AKB "EBLA;" 1032, /99 YK-AKC "AFAMIA;" 1076, /99 YK-AKD "MARI;" 1085, /99 YK-AKE "BOSRA;" 1117, /99 YK-AKF "AMRIT" - - SEE ATTACHED - - "SYR-2012-10 - ACCDT A320"), TO REPLACE 727'S. 8C, 144Y.
1 +1 ORDER A321.
1 A340-312 (381, YK-AZA), ex-(TT-WAG), FERRIED TEHRAN TO DAMASCUS 2017-02.
2 ATR 72-212A (836, YK-AVA; 845, YK-AVB), 2010-04. EX-(F-WWEC; F-WWEK).
0 AEROSPATIALE CARAVELLES 10B3, 2 RETIRED.
2 DASSAULT FALCON 20F (CF700-2D2) (328, /75 YK-ASA; 331, /75 YK-ASB), AIR FORCE (AF) OPERATIONS. (VIP).
1 AN-24B (AI-24) (87304203, /68 YK-ANA), (AF) OPERATIONS. SYRIAN AIR (SYR) COLORS. 50Y.
4 AN-26 (AI-24VT) (3007, /75 YK-ANC; 3008, /75 D; 3103, /75 YK-ANE; 3104, /75 YK-ANF), COMBI, (AF) OPERATIONS. SYRIAN AIR (SYR) COLORS. COMBI.
2 AN-26B (AI-24VT) (10907, /80 YK-ANG; 11406, /81 YK-ANH), (AF) OPERATIONS. SYRIAN AIR (SYR) COLORS. COMBI.
4 IL-76T (D-30KP) (093421613, /79 YK-ATA; 093421619, /79 YK-ATB; OO13431911, /81 YK-ATC; 0013431915, /81 YK-ATD), FREIGHTER.
2 ORDERS IL-96.
0 TU-134B-3 (D-30-III) (63992, /82 YK-ANA; 63994, /82 YK-ANB; 63989, /82 YK-ANC; 63990, /82 YK-AND; 66187, /83 YK-ANE; 66190, /84 YK-ANF), 1ST 2 (VIP); ALL 6 GROUNDED. 76Y.
3 TU-154M (D-30KU-154-II) (708, /84 YK-AIA; 709, /84 YK-AIB; 710, /84 YK-AIC), 9F, 134Y.
4 ORDERS TU-204.
5 YAK 40 (AI-25) (9341932, /73 YK-AQA; 530443, /75 YK-AQB; 830158 /78 YK-AQD; 830258, /78 YK-AQE; 931859, /79 YK-AQF), (AF) OPERATIONS. SYRIAN AIR (SYR) COLORS. 32Y.
1 YAK 40K (AI-25) (9941959, /79 YK-AQG), (AF) OPERATIONS. SYRIAN AIR (SYR) COLORS. 32Y.
SHAFIK ABBAS DAOUD, CHAIRMAN.
GHAIDA ABDULLATIF, CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER (CEO).
ABDUL MUNEM AL TIGJJAR, DEPUTY MANAGING DIRECTOR, TECHNICAL (2000-01).
GHASSAN HABEEB, FINANCE DIRECTOR.
CAPTAIN BASSAM AKKAD, FLIGHT OPERATIONS DIRECTOR (DAMODRB).
CAPTAIN MAHMOUD AL MAHMOUD, CHIEF PILOT 727.
CAPTAIN ADNAN SHOUJAA, CHIEF PILOT 747.
NIZAR HELADI, COMMERCIAL DIRECTOR.
NIBAL ISMAIL, COMMUNICATIONS & INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY (IT) DIRECTOR.
EFFAT MOREIDEN, ADMINISTRATION & LEGAL DIRECTOR.
MOHAMAD ALI SHEIKH NAJIB, FLIGHT SAFETY MANAGER (DAMODRB).
ABD ALMUNEIM ALTAJAR, TECHNICAL DIRECTOR (DAMTDRB) (10/01), (firstname.lastname@example.org).
KASEM SWEIDAN, TECHNICAL DIRECTOR.
SULEIMAN YOUSSEFF, DEPUTY TECHNICAL DIRECTOR.
DR HUSSEIN HIJAZI, MANAGER QUALITY CONTROL (QC) (2000-01).
AMIN ZABOUB, CHIEF ENGINEER.
S YOSSEF, TECHNICAL PLANNING MANAGER.
COLONEL ZUHEIR BAZO, CHIEF INSPECTOR (2000-09).