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VUL-2011-12 - Paul Allen Space Venture-A.jpg
VUL-2011-12 - Paul Allen Space Venture-B.jpg
VUL-2011-12 - Paul Allen Space Venture-C.jpg
VUL-2015-05 - Greater Seattle Space Firms.jpg
FORMED IN 1991. PAUL ALLEN, EX-MICROSOFT, OWNS 757-200'S VIP's, BASED AT BOEING FIELD, AND MAINTAINED BY AVIATION METHODS. ONE IS USED FOR THE PORTLAND TRAILBLAZERS (NBA) BASKETBALL TEAM.
505 5th Avenue South
Seattle, WA 98104-3821, USA
USA (United States of America) was established in 1776, it covers an area of 9,826,675 sq km/3,794,099 sq mi (in 2015), its population is 316,669,00 million (in 2015), its capital city is Washington DC, and its official language is English.
APRIL 1999: PAUL ALLEN BUYS 757-23A (24923), FROM FREEPORT-MCMORAN (FMR). AIRPLANE REFURBISHED AT ASSOCIATED AIR CENTER, DALLAS.
December 2005: Virgin Galactic, the British company created by entrepreneur Sir Richard Branson, (VAA) Chairman, to send tourists into space, and the state of New Mexico, USA, signed an agreement to build a $225M spaceport in the south of the state, 25 miles south of the town of "Truth or Consequences," near the White Sands Missile Range. The construction of the spaceport, to be built largely (90%) underground, could begin in early 2007, depending on approval from environmental and aviation authorities.
Virgin (VAA) will have a 20-year lease on the facility, with annual payments of $1 Million for the first 5 years and rising to cover the cost of the project by the end of the lease.
Up to 38,000 people from 126 countries have paid a deposit for a seat on one of the manned commercial flights, including a core group of 100 "founders" who have paid the initial $200,000 cost of a flight up front. Virgin Galactic is planning to begin flights in late 2008 or early 2009. Stephen Attenborough is the Virgin Galactic executive in charge of marketing the space flights.
Branson formed Virgin Galactic (VGC) after watching SpaceShipOne, a craft designed by Burt Rutan and funded by Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen, became the first privately manned rocket to reach space last year. SpaceShipOne went on to win the $10 Million "Ansari X Prize" with two suborbital flights in five days from Mojave, California, USA.
Virgin Galactic (VGC) has a deal with Rutan to build five spacecraft, licensing technology from Allen's company, Mojave Aerospace Ventures.
February 2006: 757-23A (24923, N756AF) flies the (NFC) Champions Seahawks (NFL) team and owner Paul Allen to the Superbowl in Detroit, where they lost 10-21 to the Pittsburgh Steelers.
December 2011: Virgin Galactic (VGC) believes that providing researchers and their experiments affordable, routine, and safe access to space is a core part of their mission. The same novel and innovative features that make SpaceShipTwo the ideal vehicle to carry private passengers into space also make it a versatile and attractive research platform that we know will allow scientists, engineers, educators, and others to collect data and study questions in a way they have never before been able to do. The large volume and weight capacity, high apogee, and high flight rate of the (WK2) and (SS2) allow (VGC) to offer a unique capability for payload and technology development in the upper atmosphere, outer space and microgravity environments.
As it enters into licensed commercial operations, Virgin Galactic (VGC) will offer two main types of research flights on board SpaceShipTwo:
1) One type of flight offers researchers (whether they be academic or corporate, scientists or engineers, teachers or students) the opportunity to board SpaceShipTwo and fly to space with their experiments, becoming astronauts themselves as they conduct their research.
2) Other flights will carry only payloads. On these dedicated payload flights, as much as 1300 pounds/600 kg worth of payloads will be mounted to our payload rack system, which takes the place of the seats normally in place for our astronaut customers. This system accommodates leading standards for mounting space experiments such as CubeSats, Mid-Deck Lockers, and 19 inch equipment racks; in addition, special payload sizes will be accommodated on a case-by-case basis. A Virgin Galactic (VGC) Flight Test Engineer will be available on these flights to monitor and interact with the payloads as required.
To learn more about the research environment and interface requirements for SpaceShipTwo, please download the (VGC) Payload Users’ Guide.
Eventually, (VGC) expects that WhiteKnightTwo (the mothership used to carry SpaceShipTwo aloft on each mission) to also become available for researcher and payload flights. With its unique capabilities, including the ability to carry large payloads and to loiter at altitudes greater than >50,000 feet/15 km for extended durations, WhiteKnightTwo also offers an attractive research platform. Additionally, WhiteKnightTwo may prove to be a useful stepping stone for researchers planning flights aboard SpaceShipTwo; with the cabins of the two vehicles being functionally identical, including the rack systems. More information about research flights aboard WhiteKnightTwo will be made available in the future; inquiries and requests are welcomed via email sent to firstname.lastname@example.org.
If interested in flying your researchers or payloads on board the revolutionary SpaceShipTwo platform, please send an email to email@example.com.
Potential payload providers are also encouraged to visit the website of (NASA)’s Flight Opportunities Program and their recent Announcement of Flight Opportunities Announcement of Flight Opportunities. Through this program, (NASA) has chartered as many as three full flights of SpaceShipTwo to provide opportunities for engineers, technologists, and scientific researchers to fly cutting-edge experiments in suborbital space. (NASA) will be responsible for selecting proposals from among those contributed through the Announcement of Flight Opportunities; winning proposals will have the cost of their flight covered by (NASA). Other (NASA) or (NSF) programs may cover the cost of payload development or data analysis.
The announcement from Paul Allen and Burt Rutan (http://www.stratolaunch.com) represents the latest chapter in the extraordinary story of commercial space. The initial collaboration between the two men produced SpaceShipOne and gave Sir Richard Branson and Virgin Galactic (VGC) the confidence to make the significant investment required to commercialize the prototype technology, thus creating the world’s first spaceline. With that project nearing completion and (VGC) on the cusp of offering safe and commercially viable suborbital space flight for the very first time, it is exciting to see such a credible consortium now seeking to continue the heritage of air-launched space access towards the significant challenge of orbital flight.
(VGC) has established itself as the lead operator of private sector manned spaceflight and as such is building a body of knowledge, expertise and assets, all of which will be invaluable as we assess the commercial opportunities that emerging technologies present. We therefore look forward to working closely with Stratolaunch Systems as the project unfolds over the coming years.
Commenting on the announcement, Sir Richard Branson, Founder of Virgin Galactic (VGC) said: “I very much welcome this announcement from Paul and Burt. It takes me back to the exciting conversations the three of us had in 2004 when we first started talking about commercializing SpaceShipOne technology. We’ve come a long way since then; WhiteKnightTwo and SpaceShipTwo are built and flying and we have nearly 500 private individuals and science researchers signed up and ready to fly. The potential of the industry we are leading is immense but will depend on the continuing emergence of truly safe, affordable and transformative technologies. Burt and Paul’s record in that respect is unmatched. I hope that in due course, in partnership with Stratolaunch Systems and others, we will be able to repeat the pattern that has worked so spectacularly well in the suborbital sphere, for orbital spaceflight.”
SEE ATTACHED "DOMINIC GATES SEATTLE TIMES" ARTICLE - - "VUL-2011-12 - PAUL ALLEN SPACE VENTURE - A/B/C."
Stratolaunch Systems, a Paul G Allen project, is developing an air-launch system that will revolutionize space transportation by providing orbital access to space at lower costs, with greater safety and more flexibility. Delivering payloads in the 10,000 lbs class into low earth orbit, the system allows for maximum operational flexibility and payload delivery from several possible operational sites, while minimizing mission constraints such as range availability and weather.
The air-launch system is made up of four primary elements: a carrier airplane, a multi-stage booster, a mating and integration system, and an orbital payload. Initial efforts will focus on unmanned payloads; however, human flights will follow as safety, reliability, and operability are demonstrated.
Stratolaunch Systems has assembled a team of innovative aerospace leaders to build and deliver a commercial air launch system.
Scaled Composites will build the carrier airplane; SpaceX (SPX) will provide the booster and space launch mission design and mission integration services; Dynetics will provide program management and systems engineering and integration, as well as test and operations support to Stratolaunch Syatems; Dynetics will also build the mating and integration system hardware. Stratolaunch Systems headquarters are in Huntsville, Alabama, and its airplane hangar is in Mojave, California.
The carrier airplane, built by Scaled Composites, weighs more than >1.2 million pounds and has a wingspan of 385 feet – greater than the length of a football field. Using six 747 engines, the carrier airplane will be the largest airplane ever constructed. The air-launch system requires a takeoff and landing runway that is, at minimum, 12,000 feet long. The carrier airplane can fly over >1,300 nautical miles to reach an optimal launch point.
SpaceX’s multi-stage booster is derived from the company’s Falcon 9 rocket. At approximately 120 feet long, the booster is designed to loft the payload into low earth orbit. After release of the booster from the airplane at approximately 30,000 feet, the first stage engines ignite and the spacecraft begins its journey into space. After the first stage burn and a short coast period, the second stage ignites and the orbital payload proceeds to its planned mission. The booster’s health and status during flight is monitored from the carrier airplane and on the ground.
Mating and Integration System (MIS)
Built by Dynetics, the mating and integration system (MIS) provides the single interface between the carrier airplane and the booster. The (MIS) includes all systems required for the booster to interface with the carrier airplane, including mechanical, electrical, thermal, fluids, and gases. The (MIS) is designed to safely and securely carry a booster weighing up to roughly 500,000 pounds. The (MIS) will secure the booster to the carrier airplane, from taxiing to flight maneuvers to release of booster. In the case of a mission abort, the (MIS) will keep the booster secure during return to base and landing.
October 2014: Seattle, Washington, USA's billionaire, Paul Allen's Stratolaunch Systems space venture began with the "largest jet airplane ever constructed."
Stratolaunch System's twin-fuselage plane, using systems cannibalized from two 747s and powered by six jumbo-jet engines, is intended to fly to an altitude of about 30,000 feet before launching into orbit with a rocket slung underneath its wing.
The giant carrier airplane, which is designed to transport the rocket, weighs more than >1.2 million pounds fully loaded and has a wingspan of 385 feet - - SEE PHOTO - - "VUL-2014-10 - PAUL ALLEN SPACE AIRPLANE."
April 2015: Subject: "AVIATION'S LARGEST AIRCRAFT."
Those Scaled Composites guys are at it again. Having a billionaire paying for it helps a lot.
Imagine the 320-foot span Spruce Goose. Then picture an aircraft larger than that.
An aircraft, backed by Seattle's Paul Allen, is expected to have a 385-foot wing span and will be used deliver satellites to space. It is reportedly being called "Roc."
"This thing is absolutely huge," AviationWeek.com Senior Editor, Guy Norris told The Dori Monson Show.
The "Roc" is being assembled in Mojave, California for Stratolaunch System's space launch program. It is being built by Scaled Composites.
Powered by six Boeing 747-400 engines, along with other parts salvaged from two 747s, the twin-fuselage carrier aircraft closely resembles the WhiteKnightTwo.
Once complete, the Roc will be mostly wing, according to Norris. Basically, its sole purpose is to fly to a high enough altitude to deliver satellites.
Norris said when the Roc is in space it will fire rockets to deliver satellites. The Roc will reportedly have a crew of three: a pilot, co-pilot and engineer.
"To be quite honest with you, it has been quite a secret up until now," he said.
Norris said the most difficult aspect of launching an aircraft into space is escaping earth's gravity - just that first few miles into the air. That's why the Roc will be mostly wing and engine.
The rocket used to launch a satellite is going to be named Thunderbolt, after one of Paul Allen's childhood toys. It will weigh more than >500,000 pounds and be 130-feet long, Norris told Dori. Combined with everything on it, the Roc will weigh about 1.3 million pounds.
But why did a project like this draw Paul Allen's attention, Dori wondered.
"I imagine it is the uniqueness of it," Norris responded.
The Roc is scheduled to fly sometime in 2016.
"It's going to be as big as you can imagine," Norris said.
May 2015: See attached: "VUL-2015-05 - Commercial Space Firms in Greater Seattle" which includes:
Location: Sodo, Seattle.
Projects in Work: Designs, builds airborne launch platform for spacecraft.
Founded by: Paul Allen (ex-Microsoft).
October 2018: Paul Allen passed away after recent illness.
"Paul Allen, the Quiet Space Baron" By Nicholas Schmidle.
20 years ago, a large business jet touched down on a desolate airstrip in the California desert. Burt Rutan, the founder of Scaled Composites and arguably the most innovative aerospace engineer of his time, stepped outside to greet his guest and potential investor, the billionaire Paul Allen. Rutan watched the plane park, and, as the author Julian Guthrie describes in her book “How to Make a Spaceship,” “Out flipped … an elegant air stair. Burt looked up at Paul Allen and thought, God is here.”
Allen, who died on Monday, at 65, was a man of tremendous wealth, accomplishment, and philanthropy. In 1975, he and Bill Gates co-founded Microsoft, ushering in the personal-computing age and catalyzing perhaps the most technologically innovative period of human history. “He changed the world,” Satya Nadella, Microsoft’s current (CEO), said this week. Allen bought a pair of sports teams (the NBA’s Portland Trail Blazers and the NFL’s Seattle Seahawks, and held an ownership stake in Major League Soccer’s Seattle Sounders FC. He spent 500,000,000 dollars on brain research, built a museum honoring pop culture, and, according to the "Times," “transform[ed] Seattle into a cultural destination.”
But perhaps the most underappreciated, yet consequential, of his endeavors were the contributions he made to the private space industry. Discussions about “new space” tend to focus on the billionaire trio: Elon Musk, of SpaceX (SPC); Jeff Bezos, of Blue Origin; and Sir Richard Branson, of Virgin Galactic (VGC). I wrote about Virgin Galactic (VGC)’s suborbital space program for The New Yorker in August, and am now at work on a book about the subject. Allen’s legacy, and his impact on the ventures of Musk, Bezos, and Branson, should not be lost.
It was on that initial trip to Mojave that Allen expressed his interest in sponsoring a spacecraft. He just wanted to make sure his money didn’t end up funding a suicide mission. “I wanted to do something in rocketry that no one had done before,” Allen wrote in his memoir, “Idea Man,” adding, “I wanted to do it with Burt because none of his designs had crashed during testing.” A year later, Rutan went to see Allen in Seattle. He, too, had been worried about breaking up on re-ëntry, but, as he now explained to Allen, he had come up with an engineering solution that involved the vehicle, which he called SpaceShipOne, essentially folding upon itself in order to descend through the atmosphere, slow and controlled, like a shuttlecock. “I believe in this so strongly that I would fund it myself if I had the money,” Rutan said, according to Guthrie’s account. “Let’s do it,” Allen replied.
In June, 2004, Allen, who would, all told, invest about 25 million dollars into SpaceShipOne, traveled back to Mojave to witness Rutan’s team attempt their 1st spaceflight. On the eve of the flight, in a scene captured in the documentary “Black Sky: The Race for Space,” Rutan hollered across the hangar for someone to bring “Mr Allen” a pen in order to sign his name on the rocket nozzle and inside the cockpit. Rutan said, confidently, “So that when it’s displayed in the Air and Space Museum, it’s still there and visible.”
Unlike Rutan, Musk, Branson, and, to a lesser extent, Bezos, Allen was not the swashbuckling type. He felt comfortable with the kind of failures a computer programmer might encounter (“Your worst outcome is an error message,” he wrote in “Idea Man”) but was far less at ease with manned spaceflight, where the most minor mistake could be fatal. “I found that hard to handle,” Allen said. And as Matthew Stinemetze, the project engineer on SpaceShipOne, told me yesterday, “It wasn’t a slam dunk. This was crazy, crackpot-idea stuff that he ponied up the money for.”
Still, Allen believed in Rutan and his team. He monitored the maiden flight over video and radio feeds, standing a few feet behind Rutan, his hands clasped behind his back (Allen characterized his management style as essentially hands-off), with “periodic high-intensity kibitzing.” When SpaceShipOne crested above the internationally recognized boundary for space, Rutan turned, with a giddy look in his eyes, and congratulated Allen, who, in a rare expression of emotion, patted Rutan on the back.
Later that year, as Allen and Rutan were preparing to fly to St Louis to receive the X Prize, the ten-million-dollar award earmarked for the 1st privately funded venture to go to space twice in a span of 2 weeks, Allen insisted on bringing the entire team and their families. Once again, he parked his 757 on the desolate runway in Mojave, California. “And he did it without a bunch of fanfare,” Stinemetze said. “So many billionaires want to publicize all this stuff. Paul Allen’s contributions were” (Stinemetze hesitated on the phone) “genuine.” Stinemetze went on. “He was literally just trying to move technology forward while keeping himself on the sidelines. His contribution to the industry was massive. At the time, all this other stuff” (Blue Origin, Virgin Galactic) “either didn’t exist or was merely a pipe dream.”
Nor did Allen stop dreaming. Today, across the airport from where Rutan and Scaled Composites once built SpaceShipOne, another Allen-funded project, called Stratolaunch, will be the world’s largest airplane; it has a wingspan greater than the length of a football field, and is designed to “air launch” rockets into orbit. Last year, Allen told the "Washington Post" reporter Christian Davenport, the author of “The Space Barons,” “30 years ago, the PC revolution put computing power into the hands of millions and unlocked incalculable human potential. 20 years ago, the advent of the Web and the subsequent proliferation of smartphones combined to enable billions of people to surmount the traditional limitations of geography and commerce. Today, expanding access to LEO” (low Earth orbit) “holds similar revolutionary potential.”
In 2005, true to Rutan’s prophecy, the Smithsonian’s Air and Space Museum invited Rutan and Allen to unveil a display of SpaceShipOne. Reflecting on that event later, Allen, who had by this time seen Microsoft products used by billions of people around the world and watched his football team win the Nor did Allen stop dreaming. Today, across the airport from where Rutan and Scaled Composites once built SpaceShipOne, another Allen-funded project, called Stratolaunch, will be the world’s largest airplane; it has a wingspan greater than the length of a football field, and is designed to “air launch” rockets into orbit. Last year, Allen told the Washington Post reporter Christian Davenport, the author of “The Space Barons,” “Thirty years ago, the PC revolution put computing power into the hands of millions and unlocked incalculable human potential. 20 ago, the advent of the Web and the subsequent proliferation of smartphones combined to enable billions of people to surmount the traditional limitations of geography and commerce. Today, expanding access to LEO” (low Earth orbit) “holds similar revolutionary potential.”
In 2005, true to Rutan’s prophecy, the Smithsonian’s Air and Space Museum invited Rutan and Allen to unveil a display of SpaceShipOne. Reflecting on that event later, Allen, who had by this time seen Microsoft products used by billions of people around the world and watched his football team win the Super Bowl, regarded the SpaceShipOne flights as perhaps his proudest moment.
A year after the Air and Space Museum ceremony, (NASA) sent a probe into deep space with a small piece of SpaceShipOne on board. Allen thought it was unlikely he would ever go to space himself. “I’m not an edge walker,” he wrote in his memoir. But whenever he looked up at the stars, full of wonder and humility, he knew, “A part of me is up there.”
By Nicholas Schmidle, a New York Times staﬀ writer, who was a 2017 Ferris Professor of Journalism at Princeton University.